CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Archaeological site Šuma Oborova Position: Šuma Oborova, north of Grubišno Polje Place/Municipality: Grubišno Polje Head of excavations: Dr. Tatjana Tkalčec Excavation period: 15 th – 26 th June, 2015 Type of excavation: Test archaeological excavation Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Late Middle Ages, 15 th – 16 th century ŠUMA OBOROVA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE During the period between June 15 and 26 2015, the Institute of Archaeology carried out test archaeological excavations on three positions north of the town of Grubišno Polje in a forest called Obrovi or Šuma Oborova, located at the cadastral plot 4265/1 of the cadastral municipality Grubišno Polje in the Bjelovar-Bilogora County, compartment/subcompartment 39d and 40b of the “Grubišnopoljska Bilogora” management unit, owned by Hrvatske šume d.o.o. These positions are Grubišno Polje - Šuma Oborova 1 (GPŠO), Grubišno Polje - Šuma Oborova 2 (GPŠO-2) and Mala Peratovica - Šuma Oborova (MPŠO). All three positions are united under the name of “Archaeological site Šuma Oborova, Grubišno Polje”. It has been established that late medieval forts were located at the GPŠO and MPŠO positions, which are less than 1 km apart, while the position GPŠO-2, which is about 100 m away from one of the forts, was once the site of a church with a cemetery. The forts belong to a type of late medieval Slavic fortified settlement called “gradište”, and were defended by deep trenches and strong earthen ramparts. The MPŠO fort is single-part, while the GPŠO fort is tripartite, consisting of a central elevated part with a noble palace, a southern part which probably contained economic facilities and a smaller northern part which may have been used as a defensive (sentry) building. Test trench excavations yielded the most information on the latter fort. The finds included stove tiles, fragments of pottery and metal objects (a rowel, an arrow, a knife, a clasp, a bullet) that date back to the turn of the 16 th century. The recovered bricks point to the existence of buildings made of brick as well as of those made of wood. There are also remains of wooden palisades, pits and hearths. While researching the GPŠO-2 position, the existence of a medieval cemetery was discovered. Brick finds point to the possibility that a church was also located at this position. This should be confirmed by further research. All three positions – the two forts and the church with the cemetery - as well as a range of surrounding positions containing the remains of medieval rural structures and even some traces of old (likely also medieval) structures in the forest, provide researchers with great potential for research of medieval society built along the fort–church with a cemetery–village line. This is one of the few archaeologically researched cases of this type in Croatia. The vicinity of the two forts is especially interesting. A possible explanation is that one fort was a fortified seat of a noble family, while the other (MPŠO position) could be older than the first or it could have served as a refuge for the local people. Translated by Tomislav Domazetović
CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Hermanov vinograd Position: Filipovica Place/municipality: Osijek, Osijek-Baranja County Head of excavations: Jacqueline Balen, PhD, and Dragana Rajković Institution: Center for Prehistoric Research Excavation period: 18 th – 30 th July, 2017 Type of excavation: test trench excavation Total excavated area: 50 m 2 Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Neolithic, Sopot culture THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF HERMANOV VINOGRAD (HERMAN’S VINEYARD) 01 The archaeological site of Hermanov vinograd (Herman’s Vineyard) is located in Filipovica, the south-western suburb of Osijek, on a low, circular hill covering a surface of 12,108 m 2 . It is surrounded by family houses, fields and gardens. The construction of a railway line to Đakovo in the late 19 th century destroyed the eastern part of the site, while in 1974 the construction of the southern Osijek bypass destroyed its southern part. A vineyard was located on the hill in the 19 th and early 20 th century. During tillage, different prehistoric objects were regularly found, some of them finding their way to the Museum of the Royal City of Osijek. Professor Vjekoslav Celestin, the Museum’s curator at the time, became interested in this and started an excavation at a part of the site in the spring of 1897. It was the first prehistoric site excavation in Slavonia. Celestin’s excavation covered the surface of 794 m 2 , but the position in which it was conducted is not known today. In 1998, during the construction of a sewer main of the city’s sewerage, the next archaeological excavation was conducted in Hermanov vinograd. The curator of the Museum of Slavonia, Jasna Šimić, PhD, conducted a rescue excavation along the sewer route, covering a surface area of 638 m 2 . The excavation encompassed the edge of the settlement. No dwellings were found, but only a few waste pits and hearths. Rescue excavations were also conducted in 2007 and 2011 by the employees of the Museum of Slavonia. In 2013, a rescue excavation was conducted during the construction of the southern section of the state road, D2, on the southern bypass around the town of Osijek. The excavated area is located south of today’s bypass, and it was 3200 m 2 in surface. The excavation was conducted by a private archaeological company Kaducej d.o.o. In 2016, a test trench excavation was conducted on one of the hills located south of the site’s centre. This was done by the Centre for Prehistoric Research, supervised by Jacqueline Balen, PhD and Dragana Rajković. A 50 m 2 trench (5x10 metres, NW-SE direction) was excavated, located on the highest point, on the western edge of the arable land). Following the excavation and documentation, the trench was restored to its original state, that is, it was refilled in with soil. The excavations established the find to be single-layered site (SU 1 – surface layer, SU 2 – the Sopot culture layer, in which all structures were buried, SU 49 – the sterile layer). SU 2 is, in fact, assumed to have been a pre-sterile phase, that is, the walking surface of the inhabitants of the Sopot culture because there were almost no finds in it. Almost all structures were dug into SU 2. Smaller buried structures, such as pillars and channels, were mainly found, but a larger buried structure (SU 19/20) stands out. It is most probably a dugout working area, which seems to have been covered, as holes from pillars and smaller stakes were discovered. The structure has been partially excavated, because it is positioned underneath the western profile, and it consists of two pits (a so called “multicelled” pit). A large number of bone and stone tools were found in the structure, as was a hearth. Obsidian and spondylus jewellery were also discovered, which completely corresponds to the standard and usual repertoire of the Sopot culture.