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METRO DETROIT CHALDEAN COMMUNITY VOL. 21 ISSUE I <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong><br />

Living<br />

Lent<br />




Featuring:<br />

Dating Destinations<br />

Community Center Update<br />

Chaldean Kitchen


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2 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>



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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 3

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4 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

METRO DETROIT CHALDEAN COMMUNITY | <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> | VOL. 21 ISSUE I<br />


16 Living Lent<br />

Preparing for the resurrection<br />

By Fr. John Jwad<br />


18 Detroit’s Romance Renaissance<br />

8 places to take a date<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

19 The Spontaneity of Love<br />

By Beshar Shukri<br />

20 Chaldean Kitchen<br />

Traditional Iraqi Wedding Cake<br />

By Z.Z. Dawod<br />

22 From Mesopotamia to the Motor City<br />

How trade routes influenced culture<br />

By Cal Abbo<br />

26 Progress Report<br />

The Chaldean Community Center takes shape<br />

By Cal Abbo<br />


6 From the Editor<br />

A Real Renaissance<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

8 Guest Columns<br />

Dr. Samir Jamil<br />

My Retreat Experience<br />

9 Mena Hannakachl<br />

A Progressive Girl’s Perspective<br />

10 Foundation Update<br />

Advocacy, Citizenship,<br />

New Board Members<br />

12 Noteworthy<br />

Hunter Nannoshi, Luxie Kouza<br />

14 Iraq Today<br />

Iran-Iraq Tensions Escalate<br />

28 Life Skills<br />

Money Matters<br />

By Paul Natinsky<br />

30 Economics & Enterprise<br />

Tania’s Pizza<br />

By Paul Natinsky<br />

32 Sports<br />

Brendin Yatooma<br />

By Steve Stein<br />

36 New Americans<br />

Patrick N’golo<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

44 Chaldean Digest<br />

Missile attack, New TV channel in Iraq<br />

48 In Memoriam<br />

50 From the Archive<br />

Wedding Photos<br />

16<br />

34 February Covers<br />

Through the years<br />

By Sarah Kittle<br />

38 Culture & History<br />

Iraqi Christian Contributions<br />

By Dr. Adhid Miri<br />

20<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 5



Chaldean News, LLC<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

Martin Manna<br />



Sarah Kittle<br />


Cal Abbo<br />

Z.Z. Dawod<br />

Mena Hannakachl<br />

Dr. Samir Jamil<br />

Fr. John Jwad<br />

Sarah Kittle<br />

Dr. Adhid Miri<br />

Paul Natinsky<br />

Beshar Shukri<br />

Steve Stein<br />



Alex Lumelsky with SKY Creative<br />


Zina Lumelsky with SKY Creative<br />


Alex Lumelsky<br />

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Publication: The Chaldean News (P-6);<br />

Published monthly; Issue Date: February <strong>2024</strong><br />

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Publication Address:<br />

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Permit to mail at periodicals postage rates<br />

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A real renaissance<br />

February is officially cuddle month, when<br />

frosty weather and frigid temperatures<br />

keep us confined to the great indoors. On<br />

the other hand, it is also a great date month,<br />

with Valentine’s Day smack dab in the middle.<br />

Lucky for you, dear reader, we have supplied<br />

some fantastic ideas for dating in Detroit—there<br />

are so many places to go, some that may even be<br />

new to you!<br />

Detroit today is experiencing a real resurgence,<br />

unlike the “renaissance” I lived through<br />

growing up in the city in the 70s and 80s. It feels<br />

like it can now truly be called “the Renaissance City,” and<br />

not just because of the Lions winning the Division Championship<br />

in the National Football League (although that<br />

doesn’t hurt). Everywhere you look downtown, there is a<br />

vibrancy and energy we haven’t<br />

seen in a long time, if ever. And<br />

we are part of it!<br />


EDITOR<br />

IN CHIEF<br />

Embracing romance, we<br />

have curated a few stories to<br />

go with the theme. Besides the<br />

dating article, we have an update<br />

from Beshar Shukri, who<br />

penned the original “Dating<br />

While Chaldean” article in October<br />

2023, a wedding cake recipe<br />

in Chaldean Kitchen, and<br />

some love in a pizza pie, with a<br />

story about Tania’s Pizza. Wrapping up the romance issue<br />

are some archival wedding photos supplied by the Chaldean<br />

Cultural Center.<br />

Several features in this month’s edition focus on Iraq,<br />

with Cal Abbo’s Mesopotamia to the Motor City Part II in<br />

the lead, followed by Dr. Miri’s article on Christian contributions<br />

towards building the country of Iraq. Iraq Today<br />

and Chaldean Digest both relay stories about recent conflict<br />

in northern Iraq and the effect on the people living<br />

there. Noteworthy this month highlights a young boy who<br />

shares his faith and a young woman who found her calling.<br />

The Sports section celebrates an extraordinary<br />

individual by the name of Brendin Yatooma.<br />

For newcomers to America, Paul Natinsky<br />

gives some basic advice regarding money and<br />

budgeting in the Life Skills department. We also<br />

share a brief story about Patrick N’golo, a recent<br />

immigrant who came to the U.S. with his family<br />

for asylum and was helped by the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation.<br />

Our cover story this month was penned by<br />

none other than Fr. John “Junior” Jwad, newly<br />

ordained and filled with the Spirit. He reminds<br />

us that Lent is a way of life, not just something you give<br />

up for couple of weeks before Easter. The observance of<br />

Lent is a significant and solemn period emphasizing repentance,<br />

prayer, and fasting, mirroring the biblical 40<br />

Detroit today is experiencing a real<br />

resurgence, unlike the “renaissance”<br />

I lived through growing up in the city<br />

in the 70s and 80s. It feels like it can now<br />

truly be called “the Renaissance City.”<br />

days that Jesus spent fasting in the desert. The focus is on<br />

self-reflection and spiritual growth, and the time is special<br />

and sacred.<br />

Make the most of it.<br />

Sarah Kittle<br />

Editor in Chief<br />







6 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


Join the<br />

Publishers Circle<br />

As the publication of record for Michigan’s<br />

Chaldean community, the mission of the<br />

Chaldean News is to preserve and archive<br />

Chaldean heritage and history, and to tell the<br />

ongoing story of Chaldean contributions to the<br />

communities in which we live and work — in Michigan<br />

and around the world.<br />

Since being acquired by the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation in 2019, the Chaldean News has substantially<br />

increased its readership and social media following,<br />

introduced new digital and website content, and expanded<br />

storytelling with the help of small grant funding.<br />

The Publisher’s Circle initiative empowers community members<br />

to provide major support for the Chaldean News and its<br />

important mission. With the generous help of individuals and<br />

organizations, together, we can ensure that this vital resource<br />

continues to educate and connect the community, while<br />

evolving to meet the needs of future generations.<br />

The Chaldean News has ambitious plans which include<br />

launching a CN app and continuing to expand into new<br />

media such as radio and TV, all with the goal of preserving<br />

our culture and telling the story of our people. You<br />

can take part in helping to preserve your Chaldean<br />

heritage by joining the Publisher’s Circle today.<br />

Jibran “Jim” Manna<br />

Martin and Tamara Manna<br />

Sylvester and Rita Sandiha<br />

We are grateful for the generous and<br />

continuing support of our community.<br />

To learn more, visit chaldeannews.com<br />

or contact us at 248-851-8600<br />

Let’s grow the circle.<br />

SEPTEMBER <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> 2023 CHALDEAN NEWS 7


My Retreat Experience<br />


Recently, I attended<br />

my first silent retreat<br />

sponsored by the<br />

Eastern Catholic Re-Evangelization<br />

Center (ECRC). From<br />

the start, I felt that I did not<br />

belong to this crowd of mostly<br />

young devotees, especially<br />

after I noticed how much<br />

more spiritual they were.<br />

What I hoped for by attending<br />

this retreat was a true<br />

self-examination and to inch<br />

closer to God the Creator.<br />

I must admit that I succeeded in reexamining<br />

myself but failed at inching<br />

closer to God; however, my soul,<br />

my mind, and my heart are still open<br />

for the grace of God for a meaningful<br />

Metanoia — a true conversion.<br />

It was during this retreat that I discovered<br />

how deficient I was in spiritual<br />

life.<br />

Also, it was made clear to me that<br />

this younger crowd is so far ahead of<br />

me in pursuing the holy life. I noticed<br />

a great deal of enthusiasm among<br />

the attendees, energy that I envied<br />

throughout the retreat duration. The<br />

day after the retreat was over, it came<br />

to me to write down my observations,<br />

and it is my hope that what I am saying<br />

will not be misconstrued to be an<br />

accusation or a judgement.<br />

The Holy Spirit is the third person<br />

in our core Catholic Doctrine of the<br />

Holy Trinity. He is the fruit of the love<br />

between God the Father and the Son<br />

(God-man Jesus.) The Holy Spirit also<br />

gives us, the people of the Church, a<br />

variety of Charisms - 1 Corinthians 12:<br />

4-11. These Charisms (as defined by<br />

Catherine of Sienna Institute) are spiritual<br />

gifts, special abilities, that are given<br />

to all Christians to give them power<br />

both to represent Christ and to be a<br />

channel of God’s goodness for people.<br />

In 1967, a movement sprung up<br />

within the Catholic Church under the<br />

name of Catholic Charismatic Renewal<br />

Movement (CCR). It is a neo-Pentecostal<br />

movement within the Catholic<br />

Church that emphasizes the workings<br />

of the Holy Spirit (the Charisms), interprets<br />

the Bible literally, and adopts an<br />

informal demonstrative approach to<br />

SAMIR<br />

JAMIL, MD<br />


TO THE<br />


NEWS<br />

religious worship.<br />

It is the last point, adoption<br />

of informal approach to religious<br />

worship, that I am worried<br />

about for our community’s<br />

younger generation, because of<br />

the ease of falling into it.<br />

The CCR movement is approved<br />

by the Vatican, which<br />

considers it an authentic<br />

movement of the Spirit in our<br />

times, and its headquarters<br />

are in Rome. The adherents of<br />

the movement (about 120 million<br />

worldwide) are genuine Catholics<br />

and faithful to Mother Church, but its<br />

Blessing of the Renewal services (weekly<br />

prayer meetings) are heavily Pentecostal<br />

in form.<br />

During these services the Holy<br />

Spirit is summoned to bless the attendees<br />

with Charisms, mainly speaking<br />

in tongues and physical healing. The<br />

meetings follow this format: gathering<br />

song; opening prayer; praise and worship<br />

with Scripture reading; singing;<br />

prophecy; testimony; Tongues (in song,<br />

praise, or prophecy); and ministering<br />

the Gifts (Charisms) of the Holy Spirit<br />

to the people gathered in healing, miracles,<br />

word of knowledge …etc.<br />

This kind of celebration of the Holy<br />

Spirit by CCR followers may take over<br />

the Mass celebration. More importantly,<br />

the Charisms themselves may get<br />

misinterpreted or abused by the individuals<br />

or groups.<br />

The Catholic Church, however, tolerates<br />

the CCR movement for a few reasons:<br />

most Charismatics do not leave<br />

the Catholic Church; CCR upholds the<br />

dogmas of Catholicism; and there is a<br />

large audience for the CCR inside the<br />

Catholic Church (both clergy and laity).<br />

In any case, I personally am not at<br />

ease with this movement that goes far<br />

beyond our Church Tradition and Vatican<br />

II, and to some extent rides on the<br />

wagons of Protestantism, modernism,<br />

and postmodernism, but this admittedly<br />

is my biased personal view of the CCR. It<br />

is my plea to our younger clergy and the<br />

younger generations of our Chaldean<br />

community to examine the tenets of this<br />

movement before trying to imitate some<br />

of its non-Catholic practices. .<br />

8 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

A Perspective<br />

from a Progressive<br />

Chaldean Girl<br />


Redefining what it<br />

means to be a “progressive<br />

Chaldean” is<br />

long overdue. I respect the<br />

reasons why Chaldeans lean<br />

toward the right, especially<br />

considering the history of<br />

fighting to preserve the culture’s<br />

identity, religion, and<br />

language. I understand the<br />

challenges of keeping our<br />

traditions, beliefs, and behaviors<br />

alive amidst other<br />

communities. However, I believe<br />

there is room for progression in<br />

our community– space to accept people<br />

who don’t fit the mold.<br />

I am one of them. I am not a traditional<br />

Chaldean girl. I am a progressive<br />

Chaldean girl. I am a Chaldean<br />

girl who had a different background<br />

and upbringing. I was born in Iraq,<br />

but I lived in the United Arab Emirates<br />

before immigrating to the States at the<br />

age of thirteen.<br />

This experience gives me a<br />

unique perspective. I didn’t grow up<br />

within a typical Chaldean space. Being<br />

an openly progressive Chaldean<br />

is not an act of rebellion or rejection<br />

of my culture; rather, it is an act of<br />

courage, inspiration, and pride to<br />

find fellow progressive Chaldeans<br />

who aren’t afraid to take up space. I<br />

argue for the acceptance of progressiveness<br />

within the Chaldean community.<br />

My aim is to shed light on<br />

the importance of cultivating an inclusive<br />

and diverse space for fellow<br />

progressive Chaldeans.<br />

Recently, I shared my progressive<br />

voice through a memoir essay titled,<br />

“What Chaldean Girls Are.” In it, I<br />

explore my experiences as an immigrant<br />

Chaldean woman, challenging<br />

communal expectations and delving<br />

into profound themes such as cultural<br />

identity, ideological perspectives, and<br />

communal desperation.<br />

Upon its release, my piece resonated<br />

with many Chaldeans and people<br />

MENA<br />



TO THE<br />


NEWS<br />

from different backgrounds<br />

as it touches on many universal<br />

themes. My hope through<br />

the memoir is to start a dialogue<br />

on what it means to<br />

be a progressive Chaldean<br />

in our community. By sharing<br />

my experiences, I hope to<br />

foster a diversity of perspectives<br />

that extend beyond traditional<br />

viewpoints.<br />

While my ideals are often<br />

seen as a shift away<br />

from my culture, my push<br />

for diversity and inclusion in the<br />

community is not an attempt of assimilation<br />

or so called “whitewashing.”<br />

It is a call for the community<br />

to consider a different progressive<br />

perspective. Upon finding my voice<br />

as a progressive Chaldean girl, I have<br />

a few thoughts on who we are.<br />

To be a progressive Chaldean girl<br />

is to embrace one’s cultural roots but<br />

not be constrained or defined by cultural<br />

expectations. It’s not a defiance<br />

to challenge the status quo, but rather<br />

a necessary act to foster change.<br />

To be a progressive Chaldean girl<br />

is to be an agent of change, a force for<br />

inclusivity and acceptance, breaking<br />

down the barriers of prejudice that<br />

have held us back for far too long as a<br />

community—all in the name of “being<br />

Chaldean.”<br />

I want to make it clear that being<br />

a progressive Chaldean girl does not<br />

mean abandoning our cultural identity.<br />

It means enriching our culture<br />

with new perspectives, fostering dialogue<br />

between generations, and forging<br />

a space that is both respectful of<br />

the culture but open to the possibility<br />

of change.<br />

I think there is room to foster acceptance<br />

and build a community<br />

where our differences are celebrated.<br />

I believe we can create a community<br />

where we are defined not by expectations<br />

but by the authenticity that we<br />

bring to the world. .<br />


The new Chaldean News app<br />

is coming soon to your<br />

iPhone or Android device!<br />

Be among the first to be<br />

notified by registering at<br />

chaldeannews.com/app<br />

to download and install<br />

for FREE, as soon it drops.<br />

Everyone who registers<br />

will have an opportunity<br />

to win a limited edition<br />

Made in Nineveh gift box.<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 9


Youth Futsal<br />

Camp at<br />

the CCF<br />

Husband and Wife Obtain<br />

U.S. Citizenship<br />

Upon arrival in the United States, Azmy Bashe and his family discovered an urgent<br />

need for transportation. Learning about the Chaldean Community Foundation’s Michael<br />

J. George Chaldean Loan Fund (MJG CLF), Azmy and his wife Liqaa met with<br />

the MJG CLF committee and were approved for a loan to purchase a vehicle, which<br />

they have since paid off.<br />

The CCF was not done helping the Bashes. After residing in the United States<br />

for one year, the CCF’s Immigration team assisted Azmy in applying for lawful permanent<br />

resident status to obtain his Green Card. Then Azmy and Liqaa attended<br />

the CCF’s 10-week Citizenship Preparation Course, which provided instruction and<br />

preparation for the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) naturalization<br />

interview. With the help of the course, Azmy and Liqaa recently passed their<br />

naturalization interviews and have obtained U.S. Citizenship.<br />

“My family and I cannot express our sincere thanks and gratitude for the support<br />

this great institution provided,” says Azmy, “and I call on all my colleagues<br />

and friends facing obstacles to go to the Foundation and seek assistance.”<br />

Advocating for Chaldeans<br />

Azmy and Liqaa<br />

Bashe celebrating<br />

their citizenship.<br />

With support from the Good Sports Foundation,<br />

the Chaldean Community Foundation is hosting<br />

a two-day indoor futsal (a type of indoor soccer)<br />

camp for middle school (grade 6-8) students on<br />

February 21 and February 23 from 9:30am-11:30 am.<br />

Futsal is a fast, fun version of soccer that can be played in gyms<br />

and other indoor spaces. The camp will take place at the Chaldean<br />

Community Foundation and will be limited to 24 participants. For<br />

more information, please contact the CCF at 586-722-7253.<br />

New CCF Board Members<br />

The Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

welcomed two new members<br />

to its Board of Directors:<br />

Saber Ammori and Frank Toma.<br />

Saber Ammori is Co-Chief Executive<br />

Officer and co-founder of<br />

Wireless Vision. He has over 25<br />

years of experience in business<br />

management and operations.<br />

His entrepreneurial drive has<br />

New CCF board members:<br />

Frank Toma (left) and Saber<br />

Ammori (right).<br />

led him to start several successful businesses, most of them retail<br />

oriented. Saber Ammori has been named one of dbusiness’s 500<br />

Most Powerful Business Leaders in Metro Detroit.<br />

Frank Toma is President of Clean View Auto Wash, with several<br />

locations in Michigan. Frank is also an active member of the CCF’s<br />

Gala Committee. Frank and his company are also avid supporters<br />

of the Mojo in the Morning Breaking and Entering Christmas Drive.<br />

Congressman John James visited the CCF to hear from his constituents in the district<br />

and to learn about the ongoing challenges in Iraq. CCF staff also met with Congresswoman<br />

Lisa McClain and Congressman James Comer, and highlighted the contributions<br />

Chaldeans are making in the region, while providing suggestions on how to<br />

support displaced and marginalized Chaldean Iraqis.<br />

Becoming New Drivers<br />

Left to right: Congressman James Comer from Kentucky, Congresswoman Lisa McClain,<br />

Martin Manna; Left to right: Sharon Hannawa, Congressman John James, Martin Manna<br />

With funding through Community Telecommunications Network,<br />

the CCF’s Breaking Barriers program has purchased an<br />

indoor state-of-the-art virtual driving simulator to allow hard<br />

of hearing and/or deaf learners the opportunity to experience<br />

being in the driver’s seat, simulating speed, braking and vibration.<br />

The H.E.A.L. Project helps better equip those with hearing<br />

impairments to live independent lives. Assisted by an American<br />

Sign Language interpreter for the deaf, the group is learning how<br />

to become licensed drivers.<br />

Participants will have an opportunity to take the written test followed<br />

by a road test to obtain their state of Michigan driver’s license.<br />

10 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 11


SylvanLearningCenter_full_CT_<strong>2024</strong>-Q1_r1.pdf<br />

Praying for Conversions<br />

Hunter Nannoshi noticed something while watching football with his<br />

dad, Ivan. The Detroit Lion’s kicker, Riley Patterson, wore a cross around<br />

his neck. That gave Hunter an idea. “I have a rosary that is the same<br />

color as the Lions colors. And when my dad told me he got us tickets to<br />

the [Bears] game, I brought it with me to give it to Riley,” Hunter said.<br />

At the<br />

College<br />

game on November 19, Hunter presented<br />

Dreams<br />

Patterson with<br />

the rosary with a little help from Nannoshi’s neighbors’ field pass.<br />

The group hailed down a field personnel worker, telling him Hunter<br />

had a gift for the Lion’s kicker.<br />

The field personnel took the rosary and gave it to Patterson. To<br />

Hunter’s surprise, Patterson ran over to Hunter after he finished his<br />

warmup. In a moment caught on video ARE and posted on WITHIN Reach<br />

St. William<br />

School’s social media channels, Patterson<br />

College<br />

asked Hunter if he was<br />

Dreams<br />

the one who gave the rosary.<br />

“He asked me for my name, I told him, ‘Hunter.’ He said, ‘God bless<br />

you, Hunter,’ and I said the same back,” Hunter said. “I told him I wanted<br />

to give him the rosary because him and I believed in Jesus. Riley Patterson<br />

is my favorite Mention athlete, and I hope he wins this the Super Bowl.” ad<br />

Hunter’s dad, Ivan, thanked Patterson for the kind gesture. Patterson<br />

told Ivan that even though and he isn’t Catholic, get: he appreciates the<br />

gesture and has the rosary in a special place.<br />

Patterson ran over to Hunter after he finished the<br />

“As a parent, all you want is for your children to have faith and<br />

pre-game warmup to thank him for the rosary. Patterson<br />

gifted Hunter with a game ball and the two<br />

not be afraid to tell others about A FREE<br />

Jesus,” Ivan said. “We are so proud<br />

Hunter is not shy about telling others about Jesus.”<br />

shared their love of Jesus with one another.<br />

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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 13


People hold photos of a child killed in the Iranian strikes at the house of Peshraw Dizayi during a protest in front of the<br />

U.N. office in Irbil, Iraq, on Jan. 16, <strong>2024</strong>. Dizayi, a prominent Kurdish businessman, was killed in one of the Irbil strikes<br />

along with members of his family.<br />

Iran-Iraq Tensions Escalate<br />

Iraq recalls ambassador, summons Iran’s<br />

chargé d’affaires over strikes in Irbil<br />


IRBIL, Iraq (AP)<br />

Iraq recalled its ambassador from<br />

Tehran for consultations and summoned<br />

Iran’s chargé d’affaires in<br />

Baghdad on Tuesday in protest over<br />

Iranian strikes on northern Iraq that<br />

killed several civilians overnight, the<br />

Iraqi Foreign Ministry said.<br />

The Iranian attack was “a blatant<br />

violation” of Iraq’s sovereignty and<br />

“strongly contradicts the principles of<br />

good neighborliness and international<br />

law, and threatens the security of the region,”<br />

the ministry said in a statement.<br />

Iran fired missiles late Monday at<br />

what it said were Israeli “spy headquarters”<br />

in an upscale neighborhood<br />

near the sprawling U.S. Consulate<br />

compound in Irbil, the seat of Iraq’s<br />

northern semi-autonomous Kurdish<br />

region, and at targets linked to the extremist<br />

Islamic State group in northern<br />

Syria.<br />

Iran’s Revolutionary Guard said in<br />

a statement Tuesday that it launched<br />

four missiles at IS positions in Syria’s<br />

Idlib province and 11 missiles at<br />

the Kurdish region in northern Iraq,<br />

where it said it hit a center of Mossad,<br />

the Israeli intelligence agency.<br />

Qassim al-Araji, the adviser for national<br />

security affairs to Iraq’s Prime<br />

Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani<br />

who is heading a committee investigating<br />

the attack in Irbil, said Iran’s<br />

“claims of targeting a Mossad headquarters<br />

are baseless.”<br />

“There is no reason for these attacks<br />

and there is no excuse,” Masrour<br />

Barzani, prime minister of the Kurdish<br />

region, said in a news conference<br />

in Davos while attending Tuesday the<br />

World Economic Forum. “These attacks<br />

should not remain without a response.”<br />

The strikes came at a time of heightened<br />

tensions in the region and fears of<br />

a wider spillover of the ongoing war in<br />

Gaza between Israel and Hamas.<br />

They also came after the Islamic<br />

State group claimed responsibility<br />

earlier this month for two suicide<br />

bombings targeting a commemoration<br />

for an Iranian general slain in a<br />

2020 U.S. drone strike. The attack in<br />

Kerman killed at least 84 people and<br />

wounded 284 others at the ceremony<br />

honoring Revolutionary Guard Gen.<br />

Qassem Soleimani.<br />

Iranian state media quoted Gen.<br />

Hassan Hassanzadeh, one of the commanders<br />

of the Revolutionary Guard,<br />

as saying that Monday’s strikes were<br />

a response to a demand made by the<br />

country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah<br />

Ali Khamenei.<br />

He added they will continue their<br />

“action” until “the enemies regret”<br />

what they did.<br />

Also on Tuesday, Iran launched<br />

attacks, using missiles and drones,<br />

targeting what it described as bases<br />

for the militant group Jaish al-Adl, a<br />

Sunni militant group largely operating<br />

across the border in nuclear-armed<br />

Pakistan, state-run IRNA news agency<br />

said. Those reports were then suddenly<br />

removed without explanation.<br />

Pakistan did not immediately acknowledge<br />

the attack.<br />

Last month, Iran accused Israel of<br />

killing a high-ranking Iranian general,<br />

Seyed Razi Mousavi, in an airstrike on<br />

a Damascus neighborhood.<br />

It was unclear whether the strikes<br />


in Syria had, in fact, hit any targets associated<br />

with the Islamic State group.<br />

Mounir al-Mustafa, deputy director<br />

of the civil defense in northwest Syria,<br />

also known as the White Helmets, said<br />

one of the strikes in Idlib targeted a<br />

medical clinic that was no longer operating<br />

in the village of Talteta in northwest<br />

Idlib province. Two civilians suffered<br />

minor injuries, he said.<br />

Sami al-Qassim, who lives near the<br />

targeted site, said the clinic was empty<br />

and there were no militant activities in<br />

the area.<br />

The Iranian strike in Irbil killed at<br />

least four people, among them Peshraw<br />

Dizayi, a prominent local businessman<br />

with a portfolio that included real estate<br />

and security services companies,<br />

along with members of his family.<br />

The United States condemned<br />

what State Department spokesperson<br />

Matthew Miller described as “Iran’s<br />

reckless missile strikes.”<br />

Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesperson<br />

Nasser Kanaani said in a statement<br />

that the strikes in Iraq and Syria<br />

were “in line with the resolute defense<br />

of the country’s sovereignty and security,<br />

countering terrorism, and part<br />

of the Islamic Republic’s punishment<br />

against those who threaten the country’s<br />

security.”<br />

He said that Iran in “a precise<br />

and targeted operation, identified the<br />

headquarters of the criminals and targeted<br />

them with accurate and precision-guided<br />

projectiles.”<br />

A few hundred demonstrators<br />

gathered in Irbil on Tuesday to protest<br />

the attacks.<br />

In northwest Syria, a missile strike<br />

Tuesday morning hit an area housing<br />

teenage detainees at the Sinaa prison in<br />

the city of Hassakeh, where hundreds<br />

of IS fighters are jailed. The U.S.-backed<br />

Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces,<br />

which operates the prison, said the<br />

strike caused minor injuries and sparked<br />

an unsuccessful prison break attempt.<br />

SDF spokesman Siamand Ali told<br />

The Associated Press that “we have no<br />

specific information on who was behind<br />

the attack.”<br />

Albam reported from Taltela, Syria.<br />

Associated Press writers Qassim<br />

Abdul-Zahra and Abdulrahman Zeyad<br />

in Baghdad, Abby Sewell and Bassem<br />

Mroue in Beirut, and Amir Vahdat in<br />

Tehran, contributed to this report.<br />

14 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

Caught in<br />

the Conflict<br />

In a tragic incident on January 4th, the village<br />

of Einshki in Dohuk province, Iraq, fell victim<br />

to an airstrike carried out by Turkish planes, resulting<br />

in both material and psychological devastation<br />

within this small Chaldean community.<br />

Einshki, home to approximately 48 Chaldean<br />

families, witnessed profound effects on<br />

its residents. The emotional and psychological<br />

aftermath impacted their daily lives, exacerbating<br />

their sense of insecurity.<br />

Situated near the Turkish border, Einshki<br />

has been a hotspot of political tension due to<br />

the military conflict between the Kurdistan<br />

Workers’ Party (PKK) and the Turkish armed<br />

forces. Local residents face significant challenges<br />

due to ongoing fears of military operations<br />

and a lack of security.<br />

Gardinia Ghassan Youssef, an engineer and<br />

political activist, shares her story amid this<br />

challenging conflict, with her home suffering<br />

significant damage. She appeals to the international<br />

community and the Chaldean community<br />

specifically to provide necessary support<br />

for achieving peace and security in this<br />

troubled region. This incident is not isolated,<br />

raising concerns about the recurrence of similar<br />

scenes in the future.<br />

Gardinia’s home suffered extensive damage.<br />

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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 15


Living Lent<br />

Preparing to celebrate the resurrection<br />


Lent is a liturgical season of<br />

prayer and fasting that begins<br />

for Chaldean Catholics this year<br />

on Monday, February 12. It is a period<br />

of preparation before the celebration<br />

of the Lord’s resurrection at Easter.<br />

Lent is a very important time for<br />

Catholics around the world, but it is<br />

especially meaningful for the Chaldean<br />

community. These weeks of fasting,<br />

prayer and almsgiving give us an<br />

opportunity to spiritually and even<br />

physically accompany our Lord in His<br />

passion, so that we may share in the<br />

joy of His resurrection.<br />

Historically, our people viewed<br />

Lent as one of the most important<br />

times of the year. In the villages of<br />

olden days, people fasted, refraining<br />

from eating all food from sundown<br />

until noon. They also completely abstained<br />

from meat, dairy, and cooking<br />

oil for all of Lent. Forefathers in our<br />

Chaldean villages took Lent very seriously.<br />

No weddings or joyful occasions<br />

were celebrated during Lent (except<br />

religious festivals) and all men were<br />

expected to abstain from alcohol.<br />

Today, the Catholic Church leaves<br />

it up to the individual to choose how<br />

to specifically fast. Many modern-day<br />

Chaldeans fast from meat on the first<br />

and last week of Lent as well as on all<br />

its Fridays; that’s in addition to their<br />

own personal Lenten promises.<br />

In our liturgy, the Chaldean Church<br />

also places great importance on the<br />

middle week of Lent (Week 4) which is<br />

nicknamed “pelu.” Based on the readings,<br />

this middle week serves as a time<br />

of reflection and prayer, asking the<br />

Lord for strength to be able to fulfill<br />

the rest of the days of Lent in perseverance<br />

and faith.<br />

Another point of great importance<br />

is that in the Chaldean Church, Lent<br />

officially begins on the Sunday before<br />

Ash Wednesday, seven weeks before<br />

Easter. The Friday before Lent begins<br />

is called the Friday of the Deceased.<br />

On this day, we remember and pray<br />

for all those who have passed from<br />

among us in hope of the resurrection.<br />

Our Church fathers placed this memorial<br />

right before Lent so that it may be<br />

a chance for the faithful to remember<br />

death in a personal way. It also hopefully<br />

leads us all to repentance and<br />

conversion; the Latin Rite Catholic<br />

Church puts great emphasis on these<br />

themes during their Ash Wednesday<br />

services.<br />

The Sunday after that is officially<br />

the first Sunday of the Great Fast<br />

(Soma Raba). This first Sunday is celebrated<br />

liturgically as a great feast day<br />

and is accompanied with many joyful<br />

prayers which describe the joy we are<br />

to have, since salvation is finally near.<br />

Hence, all penitential practices and<br />

fasting begin the day after (Monday)<br />

and last until Easter.<br />

On each Friday in Lent, many faithful<br />

attend the Stations of the Cross and<br />

reflect on the passion Christ endured<br />

for our salvation. These fourteen stations<br />

are accompanied by chants<br />

which reflect on the passion that our<br />

Blessed Mother also endured. It’s<br />

beautiful to see the faithful practices<br />

of our forefathers being upheld and<br />

know that most of these practices still<br />

live on today.<br />

The faith of our community can<br />

truly be witnessed, especially during<br />

Lent. It gives me great joy to see our<br />

parishes packed on Fridays for Stations<br />

of the Cross and to see young and<br />

old alike practicing some kind of fast<br />

throughout Lent.<br />

In these days as we approach Lent,<br />

the big topic of interest in our community<br />

is what to give up. Many people<br />

get very anxious trying to think of the<br />

perfect thing to give up while neglecting<br />

to analyze the effect that this fast<br />

will have on one’s spiritual life.<br />

As we approach Lent this year, we<br />

need to think more about not what we<br />

are going to give up, but rather how<br />

this fast, whatever it is, will allow us<br />

to grow as individuals. Rather than<br />

debating what to fast from, we need<br />

to honestly ask ourselves: How can I<br />

work on myself throughout these holy<br />

days? How can I try wholeheartedly to<br />

cleanse myself from different sins that<br />

I continually struggle with in my daily<br />

life? Let the Holy Spirit guide you and<br />

don’t rush.<br />

Take time in prayer and see what<br />

the Lord is calling you to do this Lent.<br />

As a community, we focus so much<br />

on what we are going to eat and do<br />

during Lent, rather than the spiritual<br />

progress of our lives. There is no point<br />

in fasting from food without trying to<br />

fast from sin.<br />

During this Lent, let us keep our eyes<br />

on the prize. Let us remember that with<br />

the grace of God we are called to transform<br />

our lives. This is not an easy task,<br />

but like our Lord who faithfully carried<br />

His cross out of love, we too must rely on<br />

His love to help us overcome temptation<br />

in our lives and allow Him to grant us<br />

victory over our sins.<br />

16 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 17


Detroit’s Romance Renaissance<br />

8 Places for a Romantic Date<br />


Metro Detroit may not be top-of-mind for lovers<br />

planning a romantic date night, but it<br />

does offer everything you need and more!<br />

Detroit has undergone a breathtaking revival in<br />

recent years, blossoming into a vibrant and diverse<br />

city with an expanding array of enchanting destinations<br />

for a memorable date night. From the pulsating<br />

energy of downtown to the scenic waterfront,<br />

we look at eight extraordinary places that epitomize<br />

metro Detroit’s romantic renaissance in <strong>2024</strong>.<br />

Experience Zuzu<br />

Amid Detroit’s growing dining scene, Zuzu emerges<br />

as a captivating addition, enticing couples with its<br />

innovative cuisine and charming ambiance. Located<br />

at 511 Woodward Avenue, Zuzu exudes modern<br />

elegance with its lively decor, featuring a blend of<br />

global chic and intimate sophistication. What sets<br />

Zuzu apart is its eclectic menu, curated by classically<br />

trained executive chef, Ivan Aguinaga, renowned for<br />

his creative vision of Asian flavors.<br />

The restaurant’s commitment to sustainability and<br />

seasonality is evident in each exquisitely crafted dish,<br />

inviting patrons on a gastronomic journey that delights<br />

the palate and sparks conversation. Zuzu’s intimate and<br />

beautiful setting, coupled with its tantalizing menu offerings,<br />

promises to elevate any date night to a culinary<br />

experience that lingers long after the final bite.<br />

Ford Wyoming Drive-In<br />

For a nostalgic yet incredibly charming date night experience,<br />

the Ford Wyoming Drive-In Theatre stands as<br />

an iconic destination in metro Detroit. As one of the few<br />

remaining drive-in theaters in the region, this historic<br />

venue offers couples a delightful journey back in time.<br />

Located in Dearborn, just outside Detroit, the<br />

Ford Wyoming Drive-In boasts multiple screens<br />

showcasing the latest blockbuster movies under the<br />

starlit sky. The retro ambiance, complete with classic<br />

concession stands serving up popcorn and snacks,<br />

sets the stage for a cozy and intimate evening.<br />

Sharing a car and blankets while watching a<br />

double feature or catching a beloved film provides an<br />

enchanting atmosphere for couples seeking a unique<br />

and old-fashioned yet utterly enjoyable date night.<br />

Redford Theatre<br />

Surprise your date with a trip to Redford Theatre, a<br />

retro movie theater on the outer edge of Detroit. Nestled<br />

in the heart of the charming Old Redford neighborhood,<br />

the Redford Theatre stands as a cherished<br />

cultural gem and a perfect spot for an unforgettable<br />

date night in Detroit.<br />

This historic theater, a mini version of the Fox, is<br />

adorned with ornate décor reminiscent of a bygone<br />

era, exuding timeless elegance. Known for its classic<br />

film screenings and live organ performances on the<br />

original Mighty Wurlitzer Organ, the Redford Theatre<br />

offers a nostalgic and immersive cinematic experience.<br />

You can see screenings of classic films from<br />

all decades, ranging from the silent film era to indie<br />

classics from 20 years ago.<br />

The theater’s meticulously preserved interior,<br />

including its stunning ceiling mural and intricate<br />

details, transports visitors to a cinematic paradise.<br />

Attending a movie screening at the Redford Theatre<br />

allows couples to relish the magic of classic cinema<br />

while reveling in the theater’s rich history, making<br />

for a truly enchanting and romantic evening.<br />

Third Man Records<br />

Situated in Detroit’s historic Cass Corridor, Third Man<br />

Records holds a magnetic allure for music enthusiasts<br />

and couples seeking an offbeat yet captivating<br />

date experience. Founded by musician Jack White,<br />

this iconic record store and vinyl pressing plant embodies<br />

the city’s musical legacy.<br />

Beyond being a haven for vinyl aficionados, Third<br />

Man Records doubles as a performance venue where<br />

local and touring artists grace the stage, providing<br />

an intimate setting for live music. With its retro-chic<br />

interior adorned with vintage recording equipment<br />

and an extensive collection of vinyl records, the store<br />

invites patrons to immerse themselves in Detroit’s vibrant<br />

music culture.<br />

18 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

The Spontaneity<br />

of Love<br />


Left to right: The view from Highlands Detroit; Redford Theatre has wonderful ambiance; Zuzu offers<br />

unique treats.<br />

Couples can spend quality time exploring the<br />

eclectic music collection, attending live performances,<br />

or even participating in workshops and recordcutting<br />

sessions, fostering a shared appreciation for<br />

music and creating lasting memories in the city’s<br />

thriving music scene.<br />

Checker Bar<br />

Checker Bar, located at 124 Cadillac Square, and POP<br />

+ Offworld Arcade upstairs, serve as an enticing fusion<br />

of retro arcade gaming and delectable dining,<br />

offering couples an unconventional and entertaining<br />

date spot in Detroit’s downtown core. Combining<br />

the nostalgia of classic arcade games with a vibrant<br />

bar and restaurant atmosphere, Checker Bar together<br />

with Offworld Arcade creates a unique experience.<br />

Couples can relive their childhood memories<br />

while engaging in friendly competition over a wide<br />

array of vintage arcade games, from pinball machines<br />

to iconic video game cabinets. The inviting<br />

ambiance, complemented by Checker Bar’s mouthwatering<br />

burgers and craft beer selection, encourages<br />

a relaxed and enjoyable time. This dynamic venue<br />

encourages playful interaction and shared laughter,<br />

making it an ideal spot for couples seeking a laidback<br />

yet spirited outing in the heart of Detroit.<br />

Prism (Hollywood Casino Greektown)<br />

Prism, located within the Hollywood Casino in Greektown,<br />

stands as a sophisticated dining destination,<br />

offering couples a luxurious and upscale experience<br />

in the heart of Detroit’s Greektown district. With its<br />

sleek and modern décor, Prism exudes an aura of elegance<br />

and refinement. The restaurant’s ambiance,<br />

combined with its panoramic views of the cityscape,<br />

sets the stage for an intimate and romantic evening.<br />

Prism’s menu, curated by acclaimed chefs, showcases<br />

a tantalizing array of fine American cuisine with<br />

a contemporary twist, featuring prime steaks, seafood<br />

delicacies, and gourmet dishes crafted from locally<br />

sourced ingredients. This upscale dining establishment<br />

provides impeccable service, an extensive wine<br />

list, and a delectable dessert selection, ensuring that<br />

couples can savor a memorable and indulgent culinary<br />

experience amid the allure of the casino atmosphere.<br />

Revel Steak (MotorCity Casino Hotel)<br />

MotorCity Casino’s culinary landscape has been elevated<br />

to new heights with the introduction of Revel<br />

Steak, the ideal destination for an enchanting<br />

date night in Detroit. A stylish departure from tradition,<br />

Revel Steak embraces steakhouse elegance<br />

without the formality. Expect to find traditional<br />

dishes and attentive yet relaxed service in the comfortably<br />

modern dining room. Picture an intimate<br />

table bathed in soft lighting, where couples can savor<br />

the romance of the evening while indulging in<br />

the finest cuts of prime beef. With its combination<br />

of delectable cuisine, elegant atmosphere, and the<br />

thrill of being at MotorCity Casino, Revel Steak<br />

emerges as the perfect haven for couples seeking<br />

a romantic and indulgent date night in the heart<br />

of Detroit.<br />

Highlands Detroit<br />

Located on the 71st floor of the Renaissance Center,<br />

Highlands opened in 2019. With a great view of the<br />

Detroit/Windsor skyline and a movie scene story to<br />

boot (George Clooney and Jennifer Lopez filmed a romantic<br />

bar scene here for the movie Out of Sight), it’s<br />

a great place to go on a date.<br />

Perched atop the Renaissance Center, Highlands<br />

Detroit offers couples a refined and elevated dining<br />

experience in a setting that overlooks the city’s skyline<br />

and the Detroit River. As Detroit’s only AAA Four<br />

Diamond restaurant, Highlands boasts an unparalleled<br />

ambiance, blending contemporary elegance<br />

with panoramic views that create an intimate and<br />

romantic atmosphere.<br />

The menu showcases a sophisticated blend of<br />

modern American cuisine with a focus on locally<br />

sourced ingredients and seasonal flavors. Couples<br />

can indulge in exquisitely prepared dishes, complemented<br />

by an extensive wine list and impeccable<br />

service. The combination of breathtaking vistas and<br />

culinary mastery at Highlands Detroit promises an<br />

unforgettable dining experience, perfect for celebrating<br />

special occasions or creating cherished memories<br />

on a date night.<br />

While this list is by no means exhaustive, it is a<br />

great place to start. Happy Valentine’s Day to all!<br />

In my first article published in October 2023, I<br />

wrote about dating as a Chaldean in America<br />

and discussed how dating has evolved from<br />

the village days until now. At the time, I was single<br />

and ready to use new methods offered by our<br />

community to find a suitable partner, like speed<br />

dating or personalized matchmaking. Less than<br />

a month after the article was published, however,<br />

I found that special person and committed<br />

myself to a relationship with her.<br />

“Spontaneous” means something sudden or<br />

undetermined. That is how my first encounter<br />

felt with Tammy. Up to that point, I believed that<br />

I would go on more speed dates, talk to more<br />

women, and eventually find someone compatible.<br />

Love, however, doesn’t follow a straight<br />

path. I’ve heard many cliches in the past, like,<br />

“When you stop looking for it, you will find<br />

her,” or, “Once you know, you’ll know.” At the<br />

time, I considered these sayings outdated. Maybe<br />

they were true at one point, but not in today’s<br />

world. I laugh now as I understand them in a<br />

much deeper way.<br />

How did I meet this special lady? Well, if<br />

you’re serious about God and you want to find<br />

a wife, the best place to look is at church. That’s<br />

where I met Tammy. A friend of mine was going<br />

to be ordained as a minister, so I visited his<br />

church and I happened to sit next to this wonderful<br />

woman. She caught my attention with<br />

her good looks and her methodical notetaking<br />

during the sermon. I knew then that I needed<br />

to meet her. My friend knew her and promised<br />

to introduce us. Weeks later, he hosted a large<br />

group to a game night at his house. I arrived,<br />

enjoyed casual conversation with Tammy, and<br />

we exchanged contact information. We started<br />

talking the next day and haven’t stopped since.<br />

Now, 3 months later, the spontaneity continues.<br />

Due to her line of work as a nail salon manager<br />

in West Bloomfield, she has a lot of Chaldean<br />

clients. I found out that Tammy already knew<br />

some of my aunts and has known one of my first<br />

cousins for nine years. Though she is not Chaldean,<br />

she was treated like family when I brought<br />

her around. The more time we spent together, the<br />

more we realized how many people in common we<br />

know. It feels like we already knew one another<br />

and were waiting to cross paths. Tammy spent 5<br />

years and I spent 7 years praying for the moment<br />

that God would bring us together. Though the time<br />

we spent praying felt long, it made us appreciate<br />

the relationship we have that much more.<br />

My only advice or word of encouragement<br />

would be this: Time spent looking for the right<br />

one will only make the spontaneity of love that<br />

much more enjoyable. Happy Valentines Day!<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 19


Lord Elia in her kitchen<br />

with ingredients to<br />

bake a cake.<br />

Growing Up in Baghdad<br />

Lord Elia was born and raised in Baghdad.<br />

She lived in the Iraqi capital until<br />

1996 when she immigrated to America<br />

with her family at the age of 16.<br />

Lord grew up in a traditional home,<br />

where her mother, Bernadette, kept the<br />

home and her father, Ameer, earned a<br />

living. Lord has many fond memories of<br />

her mother’s excellent cooking. “Mom<br />

could make any dish you can imagine,”<br />

she said proudly. However, Lord also<br />

recalls that, “Mother was a perfectionist<br />

and had one rule: My brother and I<br />

were to stay out of the kitchen while<br />

she cooked. As a result, she cooked and<br />

prepared all the meals by herself.” The<br />

kitchen was Bernadette’s domain.<br />

While Bernadette kept busy preparing<br />

traditional dishes, desserts,<br />

yogurt and cheeses for her family,<br />

she tasked her children with just one<br />

responsibility: School work. Lord<br />

recalls her mother asking that she<br />

and her brother, Bashar, do well in<br />

school and use their time for studying,<br />

so they can earn top grades.<br />

Because Bernadette did not involve<br />

her children in the cooking process,<br />

Lord never had the opportunity to work<br />

side by side with her mother in the<br />

kitchen or to cook together. This was<br />

the norm for Lord during her formative<br />

years and she did not object to the rules<br />

set forth by her mother. Instead, Lord<br />

focused on her schoolwork and is now<br />

a pharmacist, married with two children,<br />

with a home of her own to keep.<br />

Iraqi Traditional Wedding Cake<br />

A recipe for romance, just in time for Valentine’s Day<br />

BY Z.Z. DAWOD<br />

If you have ever attended a wedding<br />

in Baghdad, chances are you were<br />

served a particular cake which has<br />

been popular at Chaldean weddings<br />

since at least the 1950s. If you’re old<br />

enough to remember those days, you<br />

may even recall Baghdad Tower Bakery<br />

(<br />

), a specialty<br />

shop that became well-known for<br />

making this cake.<br />

These days, alcohol is included in<br />

many recipes — both with main dishes<br />

and desserts — but this was not the<br />

case back then: This cake recipe was<br />

considered “fancy” by many because<br />

it contained liquor. Adding red wine,<br />

brandy or whiskey to a cake recipe was<br />

reserved only for the most special of occasions.<br />

With its rich taste and dense<br />

texture, it’s possible that this cake became<br />

a popular choice because dinner<br />

was generally not a part of wedding<br />

celebrations in those times.<br />

For couples who lived in a big city<br />

such as Baghdad, this would have been<br />

the cake of choice for a major event.<br />

This may partially have been the case<br />

thanks to the availability of modern ovens<br />

in densely populated areas. Village<br />

life was different: Most homes in places<br />

like Alqosh or Dohuk, were equipped<br />

with a tanoor, the traditional clay oven<br />

used for baking cookies and breads.<br />

Hana and Sulaiman Yaqo at their<br />

wedding in 1978. Every layer of the<br />

wedding cake was real.<br />

This “wedding cake” recipe is<br />

unique because raisins and walnuts<br />

are marinated in alcohol prior to baking.<br />

This is done a day or two before<br />

any baking takes place and it is the liquor-infused<br />

raisins and walnuts that<br />

give this cake its unique flavor.<br />

The recipe presented here is a<br />

“family-friendly” version developed<br />

by Lord Elia, a West Bloomfieldbased<br />

entrepreneur and Instagram<br />

personality. The liquor is substituted<br />

with date syrup and orange juice, a<br />

variation on the original recipe. If you<br />


are planning an adult-only event, feel<br />

free to add your choice of liquor for<br />

an even more intense aroma. On the<br />

day I visited Lord’s home kitchen, she<br />

prepared the alcohol-free version and<br />

it was absolutely divine.<br />


Necessity Breeds Entrepreneurship<br />

While Lord worked long 14-hour shifts<br />

as a pharmacist, her mother continued<br />

to command the kitchen, assisting<br />

with meal preparation for her<br />

daughter’s family. As the years passed<br />

by, Bernadette became a critical part<br />

of the family, preparing a wide range<br />

of traditional dishes, just as she had<br />

done in previous decades.<br />

When Bernadette passed away unexpectedly,<br />

she left a great void and<br />

Lord’s father, Ameer, stepped in help<br />

out as much as he could. However,<br />

it was clear that, if Lord wanted her<br />

children to gr0w up eating traditional<br />

Chaldean cuisine as she did, she<br />

would need to learn how to prepare<br />

these dishes herself.<br />

That’s when Lord remembered<br />

that her mother, ever the perfectionist,<br />

kept meticulously organized notes for<br />

an array of recipes all those years ago.<br />

Browsing through her mother’s collection,<br />

Lord found a gold mine of sources<br />

to start from, including a nice collection<br />

of special recipes that were given to her<br />

mom by friends and family members.<br />

As Lord fine-tuned her new craft,<br />

she turned to Instagram to share what<br />

she made and to connect with other<br />

like-minded people also learning to<br />

prepare traditional Chaldean meals.<br />

This turned out to be a brilliant move<br />

as she began to receive feedback on her<br />

questions, lots of good ideas, and inspiration<br />

to get creative with her baking<br />

and decorating efforts.<br />

As Lord’s Instagram channel grew<br />

in popularity, people began to ask<br />

for recipes, instructions and advice.<br />

Eventually, the many requests sparked<br />

an idea to start a business, preparing<br />

premium sweets for special occasions.<br />

A Date with Destiny<br />

Determined to put her modern twist<br />

on a dessert with deep traditional ties,<br />

20 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

Lord went in search of an offering with<br />

some cultural relevance. After much<br />

reflection, research and experimentation,<br />

she eventually settled on one of<br />

the most traditional ingredients from<br />

the Middle East the much beloved date.<br />

Dates are one of the oldest known<br />

fruit crops and they have been cultivated<br />

in North Africa and the Middle<br />

East for at least 5,000 years, according<br />

to Domestication of Plants in the Old<br />

World (Oxford University Press).<br />

Since dates are also an integral<br />

part of Chaldean culture and cuisine,<br />

Lord’s idea was an easy sell and business<br />

is now booming.<br />

RECIPE<br />

Iraqi<br />

Traditional<br />

Wedding<br />

Cake<br />

Recipe shared by Lord Elia<br />

Dry Ingredients<br />

3.5 cups flour<br />

2 teaspoons cocoa powder<br />

2 tablespoons ground cardamom<br />

1/2 teaspoon cinnamon<br />

1 teaspoon ground all spice<br />

1 teaspoon nutmeg<br />

1 tablespoon starch<br />

1/4 teaspoon salt<br />

2 teaspoons baking powder<br />

1/2 teaspoon baking soda<br />

1 cup chopped walnuts<br />

1/2 cup raisins<br />

Grated peel of 1 orange<br />

1/2 cup white sugar<br />

1/4 cup dark brown sugar<br />

Wet Ingredients<br />

5 large eggs<br />

1 cup oil<br />

1/4 cup melted butter<br />

3/4 cups milk<br />

1 cup orange juice<br />

2 teaspoon vanilla extract<br />

1/4 cup date molasses<br />

Instructions<br />

Mix raisins and chopped walnuts<br />

together in a deep bowl, add the orange<br />

juice and date molasses, cover<br />

and set in refrigerator for two hours.<br />

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.<br />

Grease and flour a baking pan. Sift<br />

together flour, spices, salt, baking<br />

powder, cocoa powder, baking soda<br />

and starch. Set aside.<br />

Beat 5 large eggs with sugar<br />

(white and brown) until it forms<br />

a frothy mixture. Add oil, butter,<br />

milk, vanilla and orange peel. Beat<br />

mixture at medium speed for about<br />

two minutes. Gradually add the flour<br />

mix in two batches, beat for about 2<br />

minutes; the cake batter should start<br />

to thicken.<br />

Strain the walnuts and raisins<br />

mix and save 1/2 cup of the marinade<br />

mixture. Add the 1/2 cup of marinade<br />

to cake batter and mix a little, then<br />

add the strained walnut raisins mix<br />

and just fold them in the cake batter<br />

a little without using the mixer.<br />

Pour cake mixture into your baking<br />

pan and bake in oven for 50 to 55<br />

minutes. Allow cake to cool completely<br />

before serving. Enjoy!<br />

If You Bake It, You Can Make It<br />

With Valentine’s Day around the corner,<br />

we encourage couples to explore Lord’s<br />

traditional cake recipe. Go ahead, make a<br />

special night of it and don’t be shy about<br />

adding a bit of brandy to the mix. Baking<br />

together as a way to celebrate and recall<br />

Chaldean traditions from times past is<br />

a wonderful way to bring old and new<br />

traditions together. Although the marinating<br />

requires some advance planning,<br />

this recipe is super-easy to make and<br />

bake just in time for your special someone<br />

on Valentine’s Day!<br />

Send photos of the cake you and<br />

your special someone baked to<br />

edit@chaldeannews.com. If you have<br />

cherished wedding photos from days<br />

gone by, send those in as well and<br />

we will publish them on our website<br />

throughout the month of February.<br />

وصفة<br />

كيكه عراقيه<br />

مخمره او كيكه<br />

االعراس العراقيه<br />

لورد ايليا بيش<br />

املواد الجافه<br />

٣ و نصف كوب طحني<br />

٢ ملعقه كوب كاكاو<br />

٢ ملعقه اكل هيل<br />

٢/١ ملعقه كوب قرفه<br />

١ ملعقه كوب كبابة<br />

١ ملعقة كوب جوزة الطيب<br />

١ ملعقه طعام نشا<br />

٤/١ ملعقه كوب ملح<br />

٢ ملعقه كوب بيكنغ باودر<br />

٢/١ ملعقة كوب بيكاربونات الصودا<br />

١ كوب جوز مكرس<br />

٢/١ كوب كشمش<br />

برش قرش برتقاله<br />

١ كوب سكر ابيض<br />

٢/١ كوب سكر اسمر<br />

املواد السائله<br />

٥ بيض<br />

١ كوب زيت<br />

٤/١ كوب زبد مذاب<br />

٤/٣ كوب حليب سائل<br />

١ كوب عصري برتقال<br />

٢ ملعقه كوب فانيال<br />

٤/١ كوب دبس التمر<br />

طريقه العمل<br />

‎١‎‏.يخلط الكشمش و الجوز املكرس و ينقع مع كوب<br />

من عصري الربتقال و يخلط معه سائل دبس التمر و<br />

يرتك الخليط يف الثالجه ملده ال تقل عن ساعتني ليتخمر.‏<br />

٢. يشغل الفرن عىل حراره ٣٥٠ درجه فهرنهايت<br />

٣. يجهز قالب الكيك بدهنه بل زيت و الطحني و<br />

يرتك جانبا.‏<br />

٤. تخلط و تنخل كل املواد الجافه معا و هي<br />

الطحني و البهارات املتنوعه و امللح و البيكنج باودر<br />

و بيكاربونات الصودا و الكاكاو و النشا و ترتك<br />

جانبآ.‏<br />

٥. يف إناء مختلف نخلط البيض مع السكر األبيض و<br />

األسمر و يرضب جيدا حتى يصبح الخليط به رغوه<br />

٦. نضيف الزيت و الزبد و الفانيليا و<br />

الحليب و قرش الربتقال إىل خليط البيض و السكر و<br />

يرضب ملده دقيقه او دقيقتني .<br />

٧. نضيف مزيج الدقيق تدريجيا عىل مرحلتني و<br />

يرضب املزيج جيدا حتى يختلط ملده دقيقتني.‏<br />

٨. يصفى منقوع الكشمش و الجوز من السائل<br />

و يضاف ٢/١ كوب من هذا السائل إىل عجينه<br />

الكيكه أعاله .<br />

٩. يضاف خليط الكشمش و الجوز إىل عجينه<br />

الكيك و يخلط يدويا<br />

١٠. يقلب خليط الكيك يف قالب الكيك املدهون و<br />

يخبز يف الفرن ملده بني ٥٠ إىل ٥٥ دقيقه .<br />

١١. ترتك الكيكه لتربد متاما بعد ما تخرج من الفرن<br />

قبل تقطيعها<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 21



The Silk Road (in green) was a key trade route that ran through Asia from modern-day China to Eastern Europe, passing through what is modern-day Iraq<br />

(highlighted). Traditions of trade and commerce run deep in the Chaldean community. Paths marked in red represent other caravan routes.<br />

From Mesopotamia to the Motor City<br />

How pioneering Chaldeans created a community in Detroit<br />


Part II<br />

Silk Road Roots<br />

Ancient Mesopotamia was home to<br />

many great civilizations over different<br />

time periods. Because of the people<br />

and their inventions, the area is famous<br />

for many things, even as history<br />

is taught today, and is credited with the<br />

birth of society and cities. Writing, agriculture,<br />

laws, math, astronomy, citystates,<br />

architecture, and many more<br />

aspects of modern-day society that we<br />

take for granted originated in this area<br />

and within these communities.<br />

Central to almost all these components<br />

are trade and commerce, responsible<br />

for furnishing these cultural<br />

elements around the world and developing<br />

them further. Often, Mesopotamia<br />

found itself playing a critical role<br />

connecting the Far East, the Middle<br />

East, and parts of Europe.<br />

Early trade in these societies, according<br />

to the World History Encyclopedia,<br />

involved basic goods like<br />

ceramics, grain, leather, oils, and textiles.<br />

Trade was conducted initially between<br />

city-states and in the beginning,<br />

these areas did not have the capacity<br />

or logistics to travel to other civilizations,<br />

many of which were too simple<br />

to be called such.<br />

Archaeologists discovered evidence<br />

that as humankind developed,<br />

ancient cities like Eridu, Ur, Uruk, and<br />

Nippur came into contact and experienced<br />

economic exchange with the Indus<br />

Valley civilization in modern-day<br />

west India around 7,000 years ago. As<br />

a result of this contact, Mesopotamia’s<br />

influence, as well as their tangible<br />

goods, may have reached as far as the<br />

Yellow River civilization in modernday<br />

China.<br />

When it began, this trade network<br />

would be traveled mostly on foot.<br />

Sometimes, these people were lucky<br />

enough to have pack animals to carry<br />

goods and supplies. A journey of this<br />

magnitude could take months or years<br />

to complete and likely involved other<br />

trade mediators, nomadic or settled,<br />

between the two civilizations.<br />

Early trade generated a critical<br />

moment in world history. It spurred<br />

economic development and led to<br />

the creation of many fundamental<br />

technologies. Trade of all kinds led to<br />

enhanced record-keeping and the development<br />

of cuneiform, the earliestknown<br />

writing in human history and<br />

perhaps the strongest comparative<br />

advantage leading to Mesopotamia’s<br />

wealth and dominance.<br />

Later, writing technology would<br />

encompass the full scope of spoken<br />

language, allowing for exponentially<br />

greater understanding of ancient societies<br />

as we uncover the past and chart<br />

the development of literature.<br />

From these records, historians discovered<br />

the existence of glass and textile<br />

factories in Mesopotamia that employed<br />

thousands of people. The economies of<br />

city-states relied on these trade routes<br />

for goods not available in their region<br />

and surplus grain that encouraged exponential<br />

population growth.<br />

Long-distance trade gradually increased<br />

in volume over the centuries.<br />

This reality enhanced the development<br />

of animal domestication, leading<br />

to increased use, breeding, and expertise<br />

surrounding donkeys, camels,<br />

and horses. Eventually, inventors realized<br />

the usefulness of a circular wheel<br />

pulling platforms of goods to and from<br />

different places. It’s an appropriate coincidence,<br />

then, that many Chaldeans<br />

in modern times chose to move to the<br />

Motor City, which can trace its technological<br />

history directly to the invention<br />

of the wheel and supply carriage.<br />

Roads exploded in popularity.<br />

Outposts and settlements were added<br />

along trade routes and on paths to major<br />

cities. City-states and empires raised<br />

armies to defend these lucrative trade<br />

routes from highway robbers. As trade<br />

and civilization continued to develop,<br />

more and more individuals became involved<br />

in the industry and helped disperse<br />

goods once they arrived at their<br />

destination. Networking, merchanting,<br />

and warehousing grew alongside, and<br />


continued on page 24<br />

22 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


From Mesopotamia<br />

to Michigan<br />









Cultural & History Writer, Chaldean News<br />



Editor-in-Chief, Chaldean News<br />


<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> 29, <strong>2024</strong><br />

6:30 PM<br />





Emerging from an ancient culture and<br />

developing over centuries — at the<br />

crossroads of the “silk road” and other<br />

trade routes between East Asia, the<br />

Middle East and Europe — Chaldeans<br />

brought traditions of trade to Michigan,<br />

when they first began to settle in the<br />

Detroit area a century ago.<br />

Part of a year-long initiative to share<br />

the Chaldean Story, this forum will<br />

explore the roots of the Chaldean<br />

entrepreneurial spirit. The event<br />

will feature a distinguished panel of<br />

entrepreneurs who will share personal<br />

stories about the generational influence<br />

on their own success. Adhid Miri, PhD<br />

will provide a historical context and<br />

Chaldean News Editor in Chief,<br />

Sarah Kittle will moderate the event.<br />

There is no cost to attend, please register at<br />

chaldeannews.com/silkroad<br />

Everyone who registers in advance will<br />

be entered into a drawing to win a limited<br />

edition “Made in Nineveh” gift box.<br />

This event is made possible with generous support from<br />

Michigan Stories, a Michigan Humanities Grants initiative.<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 23


continued from page 22<br />

thousands of years of development and<br />

history informed the future of these<br />

people-groups.<br />

After this initial age of trade and<br />

civilizational development, even as<br />

the major Mesopotamian powers fell,<br />

trade routes prevailed. Some of the<br />

most important routes in history relied<br />

on the persistence and stability of the<br />

Mesopotamian region even after its<br />

golden age came and went. The Silk<br />

Road passed directly through Babylon<br />

and Baghdad to follow the mighty Tigris<br />

River. The Incense Route stretched<br />

south along the Arabian Peninsula<br />

and the Royal Road had stops in modern-day<br />

northern Iraq. These trails and<br />

others shaped the lives, knowledge,<br />

economy, and daily practices of<br />

Chaldeans’ ancient ancestors.<br />

Once Islam took hold and<br />

gained power in the region,<br />

centuries after the dawn of<br />

Christianity and the conversion<br />

of people living in the Middle<br />

East, Muslim rulers often ostracized<br />

the remaining Christians<br />

from larger society. Some examples<br />

of systemic persecution<br />

involved levying special taxes<br />

against Christians, preventing<br />

them from obtaining positions<br />

in government, requiring<br />

certain dress codes, restricting<br />

property ownership, limiting<br />

the number of churches and<br />

simplifying their architecture, depriving<br />

them representation in court,<br />

asserting social discrimination, and<br />

even restricting travel.<br />

One specific aspect of Islam helped<br />

shape the role of Christians in the Middle<br />

East. The Quran bans its followers<br />

from consuming alcohol. In many<br />

places, this was and still is enforced<br />

legally. More importantly, though, the<br />

Quran bans Muslims from selling alcohol.<br />

This left a niche for the region’s<br />

Christians to fill. Many Christians that<br />

lived in Muslim societies served alcohol<br />

through restaurants and stores to<br />

the general population — including<br />

Muslims who disregarded the Quran’s<br />

rules, passing down the tradition<br />

through generations, and building experience<br />

in the service industry.<br />

All these historical factors came<br />

into play when the community felt<br />

compelled to leave their homeland of<br />

thousands of years. War, genocide,<br />

persecution, and a lack of economic<br />

prospects resulting from village life motivated<br />

Chaldeans to find a new home.<br />

The process took time, but over the past<br />

century, the Chaldean community in<br />

Detroit now numbers close to 200,000<br />

people, according to recent data.<br />

After learning about the opportunities<br />

available to immigrants in Detroit,<br />

almost all related to the auto industry,<br />

a few brave Chaldeans in villages or urban<br />

areas decided to try it out for themselves.<br />

Some worked for the burgeoning<br />

Ford Motor Company, like John Joseph,<br />

“Man Who Was Born in Region of ‘Garden<br />

of Eden’” according to a 1915 issue<br />

of the Sunday Chronicle, whose story<br />

lives on in the newspaper archives. This<br />

new industry offered direct employment<br />

opportunities, but Chaldeans aspired<br />

to more and had more needs than<br />

the average American, ultimately wanting<br />

to bring their families and friends to<br />

the land of opportunity.<br />

Market Square (left) and Plum Market (right) offer an impressive array of fresh and prepared foods.<br />


STORY<br />

Beyond the Assembly Line<br />

Some decades before this, the nation<br />

experienced plenty of periods like the<br />

one Detroit was going through. The<br />

most appropriate example in this case<br />

is the California Gold Rush. Over a period<br />

of seven years, nearly 300,000<br />

people migrated west to find work opportunities<br />

and gold.<br />

Overall, the area developed rapidly<br />

and needed to accommodate the<br />

exponential growth of people. The<br />

most consistently successful people<br />

who moved west were not those who<br />

searched for gold themselves, but the<br />

newcomers who were wise enough to<br />

realize and act upon the opportunities<br />

to provide services like saloons,<br />

supply stores, restaurants, and housing<br />

to the community there.<br />

In this style, Chaldeans established<br />

themselves in Detroit, moving on from<br />

basic factory work into entrepreneurial<br />

territory and imagination. As many<br />

Chaldeans were farmers before their<br />

transition to America, they began with<br />

grocery services and stalls at farmers<br />

markets. Eventually, these developed<br />

into full-fledged stores where they<br />

could employ and teach new Chaldeans<br />

who arrived from Iraq. Detroit<br />

was forever changed by the Chaldeans<br />

who purchased and developed highquality<br />

stores in the area.<br />

Over time, some Chaldeans found<br />

a sense of responsibility to the upstart<br />

community and helped establish<br />

a pipeline for Chaldeans to come<br />

to Michigan, train as store operators,<br />

and eventually become owners and<br />

begin contributing to the economy.<br />

Specific men, like Mike George,<br />

whose legacy lives on in the hearts of<br />

all the Chaldean families he helped<br />

establish, financed business loans for<br />

new immigrant families. Even today,<br />

a loan fund in his name lives at the<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

and helps immigrants attain a vehicle<br />

for a low interest rate.<br />

In 1962, the Chaldean community<br />

owned around 120 stores in Detroit<br />

and its metro area. By the 1990s,<br />

Chaldeans owned 1,500 stores. In<br />

This report is made possible with generous support from<br />

Michigan Stories, a Michigan Humanities Grants initiative.<br />

many ways, the huge gamble paid off<br />

for the Chaldean community as they<br />

prospered with their new economic<br />

engine. Their status as immigrants<br />

whose native tongue was far from<br />

common in Detroit was not dissimilar<br />

to their status in the homeland,<br />

separated linguistically from Arabic<br />

speakers, religiously from Muslims,<br />

and culturally from city-dwellers.<br />

Trade continued to support and uplift<br />

the community even as it had in ancient<br />

times.<br />

Modern-day grocery stores have<br />

evolved from the smaller stores that<br />

once dotted Detroit’s landscape. While<br />

those still exist in the form of gas stations<br />

and liquor stores, in tandem with<br />

suburbanization, food and grocery<br />

have become a more centralized endeavor<br />

with larger and fewer stores.<br />

Plum Market and Market Square<br />

are two shining examples of the modern<br />

Chaldean grocery store. They offer<br />

high-end food items and serve<br />

hot, prepared food for their customers.<br />

This is a sign of the Chaldean<br />

entrepreneurial spirit, the attitude<br />

that brought the community this far.<br />

Since the establishment of community<br />

stores, Chaldeans have expanded<br />

their business into many different facets<br />

of life and encouraged their children<br />

to join the professions.<br />

Still now, as Chaldeans have<br />

moved away from the storied lands<br />

that are so well-documented in history<br />

books, many traditions stay with<br />

them. In Detroit, the Chaldean community<br />

has become famous for servicing<br />

all kinds of stores and selling<br />

staples like gasoline, alcohol, and basic<br />

food services. In fact, Chaldeans<br />

leveraged these historical skills to<br />

establish their families and peers in a<br />

new society while providing an essential<br />

service to its new community.<br />

24 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>



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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 25


Progress Report<br />

The Chaldean Community Center takes shape<br />


Last year, the Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

(CCF) and the Chaldean American Chamber of<br />

Commerce (CACC) announced plans to renovate<br />

The Corners, a former school building at Walnut<br />

Lake and Inkster Roads. The newly acquired property<br />

in West Bloomfield will serve as the headquarters for<br />

the CACC and will also house other affiliated organizations.<br />

Including the acquisition of the property and<br />

the planned renovations, the project boasts a total<br />

price tag of around $15 million. The new center will<br />

be funded by a combination of state grants and as a<br />

charitable campaign.<br />

This isn’t the CCF’s first rodeo with building. Right<br />

now, after years of planning, a massive affordable<br />

housing development is being constructed in Sterling<br />

Heights, and the CCF plans to renovate parts of<br />

its Sterling Heights headquarters. Even more affordable<br />

housing projects are being discussed internally.<br />

Saroki Architecture, led by renowned architect<br />

Victor Saroki, was chosen to design and architect<br />

the renovations for the new headquarters. The firm<br />

has designed dozens of commercial and residential<br />

constructions in the metro Detroit area and is wellknown<br />

in the Chaldean community for their work on<br />

projects like Shenandoah Country Club, several Plum<br />

Markets, and many restaurants.<br />

The CCF awarded the work to Jonna Construction,<br />

which began interior demolition in late 2023.<br />

Like Saroki Architecture, Jonna Construction is<br />

well-known in the Chaldean community for their<br />

diligent planning and quality work. The firm has<br />

constructed and renovated many corporate largescale<br />

developments as well as community cornerstones<br />

like Shenandoah Country Club and the grotto<br />

at St. Thomas Chaldean Church.<br />

The CACC plans to move its headquarters into a<br />

portion of the building by the end of this year. The<br />

full-scale grand opening of the new Chaldean Community<br />

Center is planned for next year. With more<br />

than 40,000 square feet to accommodate, the facility<br />

will include many different features for the Chaldean<br />

community to enjoy and explore.<br />

While the CCF has a large and well-developed<br />

presence in Macomb County through its Sterling<br />

Heights location, it will attempt to match that effort<br />

in Oakland County through its project in West Bloomfield.<br />

The communities, however, have different demographics<br />

and different needs, which will inform<br />

the new location’s specific offerings.<br />

On average, Chaldean residents in Macomb County<br />

are newer to the United States, and their needs<br />

tend to focus on acculturation to American society<br />

through things like legal services, job placement, and<br />

classroom instruction. On the other hand, Chaldean<br />

families in Oakland County have likely been in the<br />

U.S. for a generation or two, and their needs center<br />

on business services and cultural preservation.<br />

TV Studio, Radio Station,<br />

and Demonstration Kitchen<br />

After acquiring the Chaldean News several years ago,<br />

the CCF expanded the publication to include plenty<br />

of digital offerings including podcasting and video<br />

reporting. While these initiatives have shown promise,<br />

it’s difficult to launch digital deliverables without<br />

a studio or equipment. A new studio, set up with<br />

26 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

The future site of the Chaldean Community Center.<br />

both TV and radio for podcasts, will rectify the problem<br />

and provide the necessary support to take the<br />

Chaldean News to the next level. The radio station<br />

will also become the new base and operating headquarters<br />

for the Chaldean Voice, a popular weekly<br />

program that currently airs on AM radio.<br />

Finally, the CCF will build a full-scale demonstration<br />

kitchen, including space for a live audience. This<br />

will help its mission to preserve and share Chaldean<br />

recipes and techniques, making it easy for anyone to<br />

learn our culinary traditions.<br />

The Chaldean Community Center will also include<br />

a 90-seat theater fit for a variety of programming like<br />

movie screenings from the CCC, large presentations,<br />

and community town hall meetings.<br />

Lobby, Outdoor Seating,<br />

and Gymnasium<br />

The CCF is building an extensive 2,000 square foot<br />

lobby area for the new campus and will include a<br />

small outdoor area with tables and chairs. This will<br />

Business Incubator<br />

The Chaldean American Chamber of Commerce<br />

launched its first venture capital fund in 2020 with<br />

an aim to raise money from its members. Ark Angel<br />

Fund (AAF) vetted hundreds of companies and invested<br />

in seven of them, ranging from an up-andcoming<br />

shoe brand that uses recycled materials to a<br />

telehealth company that uses Virtual Reality headsets<br />

to treat mental health issues. In addition, the<br />

Fund has launched its second iteration, AAFII, with<br />

an investment goal of $2.5 million.<br />

The CACC has ambitious plans to provide basic<br />

business services to Chaldean startups as well as companies<br />

in the existing portfolio. The business incubator<br />

will include computers, software, work spaces for startups<br />

and space for existing portfolio companies to work<br />

as well.<br />

With more than 40,000 square feet to accommodate,<br />

the facility will include many different features for the<br />

Chaldean community to enjoy and explore.<br />

Chaldean Cultural Center, Bishop Ibrahim<br />

Library, and Theater<br />

The Chaldean Cultural Center (CCC) is currently located<br />

inside Shenandoah Country Club, but efforts<br />

are underway to move it to the new facility once complete.<br />

The unique museum houses plenty of exhibits,<br />

records, and archives about Chaldeans from ancient<br />

times until now. At the new Chaldean Community<br />

Center, the allotted area for the CCC is more than<br />

twice its current size. Most of the items currently displayed<br />

in the museum will be moved to the new location,<br />

but the Chaldean Cultural Center is planning a<br />

redesign, including additional galleries and new exhibits<br />

to accommodate the new space.<br />

Coupled with the Chaldean Cultural Center’s<br />

move, the addition of the Bishop Ibrahim Library will<br />

make the new center a hub for culture and history.<br />

The library will contain original manuscripts, some<br />

dating back to the first century, and will provide a<br />

quiet place to study and conduct research.<br />

allow the CACC and all the affiliated organizations to<br />

better serve its members by hosting events in their<br />

own space.<br />

When it was still functioning, The Corners had a<br />

gymnasium that has since fallen into disrepair. The<br />

CCF will renovate and expand it to include a larger<br />

basketball court and increased functionality. The<br />

CCF plans to host programs for seniors and youth to<br />

be able to stay active as well as offering another event<br />

space in addition to the lobby.<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 27


Money Matters<br />

Language, cultural barriers,<br />

and predators present perils<br />

for immigrants<br />


Coming to a new country can be<br />

daunting. A new language. An<br />

unfamiliar culture. Everything<br />

is different. On top of all that, add a set<br />

of rules, regulations, and customs regarding<br />

finances that are strange and<br />

confusing.<br />

There are many financial perils<br />

facing those new to life in the United<br />

States, particularly if immigration<br />

takes place under duress. Moving<br />

money safely from one country to another,<br />

establishing a bank account, securing<br />

credit, understanding the terms<br />

and policies of loans, credit cards,<br />

leases, and other contracts are just the<br />

tip of the iceberg when getting financially<br />

established in a new country.<br />

An article on the Consumer<br />

Financial Protection Bureau’s website<br />

(consumerfinance.gov) identifies a few<br />

of the obstacles to a smooth transition<br />

that immigrants face. The Bureau is a<br />

U.S. government website containing<br />

resources on financial issues.<br />

One of the difficulties immigrants<br />

encounter, according to the Bureau, is<br />

access to account and banking services<br />

due to a person’s immigration status,<br />

even in the presence of good credit<br />

scores and other documents that demonstrate<br />

ability to pay.<br />

Language is another strong barrier<br />

to a smooth financial transition<br />

for many immigrants, denying them<br />

“fair and competitive access to financial<br />

services and products,” according<br />

to CFPB. The Bureau further points out<br />

that the lack of “in-language communication”<br />

is often not available, hobbling<br />

availability of many services to<br />

immigrants and inhibiting their ability<br />

to access services, understand terms<br />

and conditions, and resolve disputes.<br />

The CFPB points out that immigrants<br />

are vulnerable to “predatory actors,”<br />

including service providers who<br />

charge exorbitant fees and mislead immigrant<br />

consumers with in-language<br />

marketing exploiting comfortable cultural<br />

norms and incorporating easyto-use<br />

products and convenient access.<br />

Often the terms of loans awarded<br />

through these portals are predatory,<br />

featuring unfavorable conditions and<br />

interest rates.<br />

With these dangers in mind, there<br />

are resources and practices to help<br />

new immigrants become financially<br />

established in the United States.<br />

Remitly (remitly.com), a financial<br />

services company for immigrants, outlines<br />

a number of financial strategies<br />

available to newcomers.<br />

Planning for expenses six months<br />

in advance, starting off banking with<br />

a bank in your home country using<br />

international branches, learning how<br />

credit and credit cards work, and creating<br />

a budget and emergency fund<br />

are among the suggestions Remitly<br />

makes for new immigrants.<br />

Next Steps<br />

Outside of accommodating language<br />

and cultural differences and working<br />

to avoid being taken advantage of by<br />

predatory companies and unscrupulous<br />

actors, much of the financial<br />

planning advice directed toward immigrants<br />

follows the conventional<br />

wisdom offered by financial planners<br />

to their clients.<br />

“The first thing I always tell investors<br />

is that if you want to build wealth<br />

you have to spend less than you earn,”<br />

says Michael Acho of Lincoln Financial<br />

Advisors. He likens acquiring<br />

wealth to losing weight—eat less than<br />

you burn.<br />

So, what are the first steps to getting<br />

to this healthy formula?<br />

Stephen Yono, CFP, CPA, says that<br />

many people are motivated to emigrate<br />

to the United States by a desire to<br />

achieve financial stability. He says the<br />

first step should be to build a budget.<br />

“This can be difficult early on, especially<br />

if income and expenses are<br />

unpredictable. Emergency savings<br />

should also be a consideration. Once<br />

those are established, financial goals<br />

should be considered such as planning<br />

for retirement, education savings,<br />

and saving for major purchases.”<br />

Acho recommends targeting a<br />

percentage of income for savings, as<br />

much as a person can afford and still<br />

pay “mandatory” bills such as mortgage<br />

or rent and car payment.<br />

“The first thing you want to do is<br />

have money in the bank —an emergency<br />

fund,” says Acho. “There is<br />

little or no interest on these accounts,<br />

but it gives you three or six months of<br />

income in case you lose your job.” He<br />

says the exact amount is flexible and<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> 20-25<br />




varies from person to person based on<br />

how soon a person thinks it will take to<br />

replace that income.<br />

“Planning for the unexpected,<br />

such as being laid off or unable to<br />

work, is a crucial component of the financial<br />

planning process. This is why I<br />

want my clients to maintain a cushion<br />

of at least six months’ worth of living<br />

expenses,” says Yono. “Health is also<br />

a major component of the financial<br />

planning process. Life insurance and<br />

disability insurance can protect a<br />

family in the event the breadwinner<br />

passes or is incapacitated. There is no<br />

one size fits all product here, so it’s<br />

important to speak with a reputable<br />

financial professional to determine<br />

what suits your needs.”<br />

28 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

“H H H H H<br />





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If You Have Money,<br />

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If it sounds like a person might need<br />

some help with these decisions—and<br />

with where to invest any extra money—that’s<br />

right. But who should a<br />

person with little financial experience<br />

talk to?<br />

“Whether it’s an attorney, financial<br />

planner, CPA, bank, or insurance<br />

agent, an individual should ask the<br />

right questions to know what services<br />

are provided by that professional and<br />

how that professional is compensated,”<br />

says Yono.<br />

“Also, it’s important to perform<br />

your own research to ensure that a recommendation<br />

is suitable for you. For<br />

example, some life insurance vehicles<br />

and annuities are high commission<br />

products that may not be suitable for<br />

everyone,” he added.<br />

Once you come into contact with<br />

one competent, established professional,<br />

that person can be an ally in<br />

finding others.<br />

“If a client has a need beyond the<br />

scope of a professional’s expertise, the<br />

professional will typically have a network<br />

of other professionals to recommend,”<br />

says Yono. “I have a few CPAs<br />

and estate planning attorneys within<br />

my network that I rely on to provide<br />

my clients with quality service that are<br />

outside the scope of what I can offer.”<br />

Acho recommends finding trustworthy<br />

specialists and letting them do<br />

their jobs. He says he often jokes with<br />

his clients: “I don’t fix my own car; I<br />

don’t cut my own grass. This is what I<br />

do. So if I need somebody to come do<br />

some other stuff for me I’m willing to<br />

pay money to have somebody do that.”<br />

Once a person’s immediate needs<br />

are planned for and a plan is in place<br />

for the future, there remains the issue<br />

of what happens after you are gone.<br />

“Almost everyone needs some form<br />

of estate planning,” says Yono. “A welldesigned<br />

plan preserves the value of<br />

your assets and reduces unnecessary<br />

taxes and expenses, all while ensuring<br />

your heirs receive what you intended<br />

them to receive.”<br />

According to Yono, “These are<br />

some key life events that may warrant<br />

engaging an estate planning attorney:<br />

home ownership, marriage and remarriage,<br />

having children, receiving an<br />

inheritance, divorce, or even extensive<br />

travel plans may facilitate the need<br />

to engage an estate planning professional.”<br />

The journey of financial planning<br />

starts out simple but gets more complicated<br />

as a person’s life expands.<br />

Property, family, retirement and estate<br />

planning make financial planning a<br />

bit like a snowball rolling downhill,<br />

gaining size as it goes. Having a plan<br />

and the right people in place to help<br />

makes it more manageable.<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 29


That’s Amore<br />

Tania’s looks to expand its ‘stuffed pizza’ footprint<br />


Above: Tania’s famous stuffed pizza.<br />

Right: Amos Sheena with parents Muntaha and Ihsan.<br />

Tania’s Pizza has long been an<br />

iconic Royal Oak institution.<br />

Nestled in an unassuming little<br />

strip mall behind a Sunoco station at<br />

the corner of 13 Mile Road and Crooks,<br />

Tania’s has been dishing out its signature<br />

stuffed pizza since 1987.<br />

The then-beer and wine shop began<br />

feeding hungry Kimball High<br />

School (now Royal Oak High School)<br />

students during their lunchbreak and<br />

after school, then the high schoolers’<br />

families on weekends and eventually<br />

the broader community.<br />

Today, the store has expanded into<br />

an adjacent space, has added liquor<br />

to its offerings and is moving forward<br />

with plans to move its made-fromscratch<br />

pies onto grocery shelves.<br />

Despite its growth and ambitious<br />

plans, Tania’s remains a family business.<br />

Owner/operator Amos Sheena<br />

runs Tania’s along with parents Ihsan<br />

and Muntaha. Amos’ sister, Tania,<br />

handles the accounting, invoicing and<br />

other administrative duties. One other<br />

brother is a minority partner, and another<br />

is not presently involved in<br />

the business.<br />

Ihsan says all four children<br />

worked for the business until<br />

they were married. Ihsan chose to<br />

name the store for Tania, his only<br />

daughter and eldest child.<br />

Amos returned to Tania’s after<br />

graduating from college and starting<br />

a career in financial planning. He<br />

intends to expand the business and<br />

provide members of the community<br />

with career opportunities. He hopes his<br />

legacy will be sharing the business opportunity<br />

and a positive work culture<br />

with a larger family—the community.<br />

However, Tania’s and its stuffed<br />

pizza almost never happened. Ihsan<br />

worked selling real estate and operated<br />

grocery, beer-and-wine, and liquor<br />

stores in Detroit beginning in 1969. He<br />

ultimately sold his liquor store and<br />

began delivering pizzas for Domino’s<br />

Pizza with an eye toward becoming a<br />

franchisee.<br />

Then fate intervened. The Domino’s<br />

opportunity never materialized. At<br />

the same time, the business that was<br />

housed in the space Tania’s now occupies<br />

was going broke and selling. It was<br />

a beer-and-wine store that sold pizza.<br />

Ihsan and Muntaha took the money<br />

from the liquor store sale slated for a<br />

Domino’s franchise and put it toward<br />

buying the failing Roberto’s store.<br />

Ihsan had a longstanding fascination<br />

with pizza. He was now free to<br />

develop his unique blend of dough,<br />

sauce, cheese, and spices. He read<br />

trade magazines, talking to suppliers<br />

and other vendors. He worked with<br />

Muntaha to develop the stuffed pizza<br />

that only Tania’s serves.<br />

The pizza from Tania’s is difficult<br />

to describe. It is stuffed, but not super<br />

thick like Chicago-style pizza. It has<br />

a buttery, light, but sturdy crust and<br />

a construction that stays together in<br />

one’s hand. Tania’s pizza is delicious<br />

and addictive. Connoisseurs of Detroitarea<br />

pizza will not find anything like<br />

it. Not even close.<br />

Ihsan says many pizzerias over the<br />

years have tried unsuccessfully to imitate<br />

Tania’s pies. Amos, who says the<br />

recipe can be taught and the ingredients<br />

acquired, isn’t worried about anyone<br />

succeeding in eclipsing Tania’s.<br />

The business is about more than the<br />

pizza, he says.<br />

Tania’s works with Royal Oak High<br />

School administration to help students<br />

learn about business and sponsors<br />

sports teams and other community<br />

ventures.<br />

Involvement in the community is<br />

a direct outgrowth of traditional Chaldean<br />

culture for Ihsan, Muntaha, and<br />

family, who still get together every<br />

Sunday.<br />

As Tania’s professional family<br />

grows, it will take the road less traveled.<br />

Instead of expanding into multiple<br />

carry-out locations or sit-down<br />

restaurants, Tania’s has begun to<br />

move into the grocery and grocerydelivery<br />

space.<br />

Amos says Tania’s has received<br />

the USDA approval needed to sell<br />

meat products in grocery operations.<br />

This allows Tania’s to sell<br />

cook-at-home pizzas through grocery<br />

outlets. The pizzas are sold<br />

fresh, not frozen, in a vacuum<br />

seal-looking package that Amos<br />

says gives the pies a long shelf life,<br />

verified by lab-testing. They cook<br />

fast, in 6-12 minutes, and retain the<br />

quality and flavor of the cooked-toorder<br />

version (I home-tested one).<br />

Tania’s has arrangements with two<br />

Door Dash-owned stores that supply<br />

grocery items to the delivery service.<br />

Amos is working to get Tania’s into<br />

traditional grocery stores and expects<br />

this to happen “soon.”<br />

Even in grocery expansion, Amos<br />

says Tania’s considers family values.<br />

Rather than ordering a pizza to go or<br />

going out to a pizza restaurant, Tania’s<br />

business plans encourage families to<br />

cook pizzas at home and spend time<br />

together, he says.<br />

The story continues for the pizza<br />

place that almost wasn’t. And it continues<br />

its own way, keeping family and<br />

community values at its core.<br />

30 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 31

SPORTS<br />

Brendin Yatooma: Kind-Hearted Wrestler<br />


Brendin Yatooma takes down Northern Illinois’ Carter Grewe during the Michigan State Open in November. Yatooma won 5-1.<br />

Brendin Yatooma’s athletic resume<br />

is impressive. He’s also<br />

an impressive human being.<br />

Just ask Aaron Babicz, the longtime<br />

athletic director at Novi Detroit Catholic<br />

Central High School.<br />

Yatooma graduated from Catholic<br />

Central in 2020 after being an outstanding<br />

football player and wrestler for the<br />

Shamrocks. He also served as senior<br />

class president at Catholic Central<br />

and was a board member for the Caleb<br />

White Project, a not-for-profit run by<br />

students from across the Detroit area<br />

that works to alleviate homelessness.<br />

“I’ve known Brendin for a long<br />

time,” Babicz said. “He’s an old soul<br />

who has always been mature for his<br />

age and is kind-hearted. He’s stoic,<br />

but he has a great sense of humor. And<br />

he has a blue-collar work ethic he got<br />

from his parents.”<br />

Yatooma, 21, is a senior academically<br />

at the University of Michigan and<br />

a member of the nationally ranked Wolverines<br />

wrestling team, with two years<br />

of eligibility remaining after this season.<br />

He makes his way back to Catholic<br />

Central often, especially during the offseason<br />

for wrestling, and occasionally<br />

acts as a mentor and sounding board<br />

for current Shamrocks athletes.<br />

“I love to see Brendin come back<br />

to our school because he’s a servant<br />

leader,” Babicz said. “I’ve seen him<br />

encourage a kid who just missed a<br />

tackle or lost a tough wrestling match.<br />

“He exemplifies the Catholic Central<br />

culture. I miss having him around,<br />

but he makes us appreciative of the<br />

work we do with kids.”<br />

Culture is one of the main reasons<br />

why Yatooma chose to attend U-M at<br />

the end of an exhaustive recruiting<br />

process. “U-M was most similar to<br />

what I was used to at Catholic Central,”<br />

he said. “There’s a family culture<br />

and a winning culture there. You’re<br />

more than just a Division I athlete.”<br />

In addition to choosing a college<br />

while he was being recruited, Yatooma<br />

had to choose a sport. He was a threeyear<br />

starter and two-time All-Catholic<br />

League linebacker in football at Catholic<br />

Central. He had 88 tackles and four<br />

sacks in his senior season.<br />

He also was a two-time individual<br />

state champion wrestler for the Shamrocks,<br />

winning titles in the 215-pound<br />

weight class in 2019 and 2020, and a<br />

contributor to four team state championships.<br />

He went 162-26 in his Catholic<br />

Central wrestling career, including 49-1<br />

as a senior, and he had 97 career pins.<br />

Yatooma received football offers<br />

from Central Michigan University and<br />

several smaller schools. He chatted<br />

with U-M coaches about possibly playing<br />

football and wrestling there.<br />

“That would have been too tough,”<br />

Yatooma said. “Wrestling practice<br />

starts in November, so there would<br />


have been an overlap of seasons. Plus,<br />

I have a tough major (economics).”<br />

In the end, Yatooma chose U-M<br />

and wrestling. “It was tough to give up<br />

football,” he said. “I’d been playing<br />

football since I was in first or second<br />

grade. I missed football a lot in my early<br />

years at U-M. Now I’m content with<br />

my decision.<br />

“Looking back, I just didn’t feel<br />

the pull for football like I did for wrestling.<br />

I felt it was God’s calling for me<br />

to wrestle.”<br />

Yatooma will graduate from U-M<br />

this spring with a bachelor’s degree in<br />

economics. He said he plans to stay at<br />

U-M and wrestle for at least one more<br />

year so he can pursue a master’s degree<br />

in management in the Stephen M. Ross<br />

School of Business before he embarks<br />

on a career in the financial world.<br />

Yatooma has been bit by the injury<br />

bug a couple times during his U-M<br />

wrestling career. After being a starter<br />

last season and competing for U-M in<br />

the Big Ten tournament, he’s been battling<br />

an elbow injury this season and<br />

had competed in only five matches<br />

through mid-January. His collegiate<br />

career record at the time was 14-27.<br />

Yatooma went 2-2 and finished in<br />

fourth place at the annual Michigan<br />

State Open on November 11. He defeated<br />

Michigan State’s Kael Wisler<br />

4-2 and Northern Illinois’ Carter<br />

Grewe 5-1.<br />

A star in the classroom at Catholic<br />

Central, Yatooma has continued his academic<br />

success at U-M. He was a Michigan<br />

High School Athletic Association<br />

Academic All-State selection in 2020,<br />

and he was named to the Academic All-<br />

Big Ten team the last two years.<br />

Yatooma said wrestling has helped<br />

his academics through the years.<br />

“Wrestling teaches you to be disciplined<br />

and make sacrifices when you<br />

need to,” he said.<br />

Yatooma’s parents are Adam, a<br />

key account executive for Google, and<br />

Tara. He has a younger brother Logan,<br />

19, a former Catholic Central lacrosse<br />

player who’s now a freshman at Michigan<br />

State University. The family lives<br />

in South Lyon.<br />

32 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 33

February Cover Stories<br />

Through the Years 2004-2023<br />

As promised, each month this<br />

year we will highlight the cover<br />

stories of that month over<br />

the last two decades. This serves as a<br />

timeline of what we thought was worth<br />

reporting, and what the community<br />

was concerned with at that time.<br />

For instance, the first cover of the<br />

first issue of the Chaldean News declared<br />

Chaldeans “An Ancient People<br />

in Modern Times.” The inaugural issue<br />

was not just about uniting the community;<br />

it was also about defining who<br />

the community was for the rest of the<br />

Metro Detroit population.<br />

The 2005 February cover celebrated<br />

the first year of publication, detailed<br />

the many strides the community<br />

had taken to further establish itself<br />

here in Michigan, and again raised<br />

the question about refugees returning<br />

home. Unfortunately, the situation in<br />

Iraq remains dire to this day.<br />

In 2006, the cover for February<br />

was about the changing faces of the<br />

Chaldean community. The article went<br />

in-depth exploring the community’s<br />

past, present, and future. Church leaders<br />

expressed the importance of maintaining<br />

the Aramaic (Sureth) language<br />

as a unique piece of culture.<br />

2007 covered the mixed reaction<br />

in the community to Saddam Hussein.<br />

He was a brutal dictator in a land of<br />

brutal dictators; however, Christians<br />

were tolerated under Saddam, and he<br />

even appointed one to his administration.<br />

Politics is rarely ever clear cut.<br />

The 2008 cover celebrated community<br />

members that took an oath<br />

to serve and protect—in other words,<br />

Chaldean cops. These brave men and<br />

women risk their lives in pursuit of the<br />

greater good, and we all know it’s not<br />

for the money.<br />

Speaking of money, things weren’t<br />

always going so well for Shenandoah<br />

Country Club, and in 2009, massive<br />

business debt was a sign of the times.<br />

The cover story that year asked the<br />

question: Will Shenandoah weather<br />

the storm? Of course, we know that<br />

‘Doah is alive and thriving, having just<br />

gone private a few years back.<br />

2010 was a year of reflection and<br />

growth. The cover story detailed the<br />

many changes in the community in the<br />

decade previous, including the birth of<br />

the newspaper, the Chaldean American<br />

Chamber of Commerce, and the<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation; the<br />

opening of Shenandoah and the Chaldean<br />

Cultural Center; and the massive<br />

growth in the Church. The first decade<br />

of the 21st century, one that many labeled,<br />

“The Lost Decade,” was very,<br />

very good to the Chaldean community.<br />

Just as improvements in production<br />

allow for more leisure time, advancements<br />

in the community allow<br />

for more sport. We were more than<br />

willing to celebrate the accomplishments<br />

of our youth and featured Justin<br />

Meram, a soccer player who was drafted<br />

in the first round (fifteenth overall)<br />

in the 2011 MLS SuperDraft. Justin was<br />

credited as the first Chaldean to advance<br />

to play professional sports, went<br />

on to become the first in major league<br />

soccer history to be called up by Iraq.<br />

In 2012, when everyone was talking<br />

about “food deserts” across the country,<br />

grocery store owners in Detroit and those<br />

that represented them, such as AFPD<br />

(Associated Food and Petroleum Dealers)<br />

and the Chaldean American Chamber<br />

of Commerce took offense. The AFPD<br />

provided a map that showed the location<br />

of all 86 stores in the city that qualified<br />

as “groceries,” meaning they carried<br />

fresh meat, produce, deli, dairy, and frozen<br />

foods. At the 2023 CACC Awards Dinner,<br />

Detroit City Council member Kwame<br />

Kilpatrick Jr. acknowledged the role<br />

Chaldean grocers played and credited<br />

the store owners with “saving Detroit.”<br />

That’s quite an endorsement!<br />

2013 saw the birth of the February<br />

“Wedding Guide,” which continued<br />

with some variation through to 2020.<br />

Exceptions included 2014, which was<br />

the tenth anniversary edition; 2017,<br />

which showcased four seasons of weddings;<br />

and 2018, which looked at the<br />

differences between modern day weddings<br />

and weddings of the past.<br />

2021 was all about Pope Francis’<br />

historic visit to Iraq and the media<br />

coverage the visit inspired. 2022 was<br />

the year we brought you stunning photos<br />

of Iraqi villages from photographer<br />

Wilson Sarkis and began a 12-month<br />

photo essay series. In 2023, we brought<br />

the theme back to weddings and featured<br />

some extraordinary marriages<br />

that have stood the test of time.<br />

We hope you enjoy every word and<br />

photo!<br />

34 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>



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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 35


Patrick N’golo and wife Nicha (center) pose with Helen Hicks and other supporters at the closing of their new home.<br />

Coming to America<br />

The Patrick N’golo story<br />


‘<br />

New Americans’ is a compelling<br />

series that shines a light<br />

on the remarkable journeys<br />

and resilience of immigrants within<br />

the vibrant Chaldean community.<br />

Join us as we delve into the impactful<br />

work of the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation (CCF), a beacon of hope<br />

and support for newcomers striving to<br />

assimilate and thrive in their adopted<br />

homeland.<br />

Through poignant narratives and<br />

firsthand accounts, ‘New Americans’<br />

showcases the Foundation’s pivotal<br />

role in aiding individuals and families<br />

as they navigate the challenges of<br />

resettlement, preserve their cultural<br />

identity, and contribute to the rich<br />

tapestry of American society. It is an<br />

inspiring exploration of courage, determination,<br />

and the transformative<br />

power of community as we witness<br />

the stories of those forging new beginnings<br />

in a foreign land with the invaluable<br />

assistance of the CCF.<br />

“The basic idea of welcoming immigrants<br />

to our shores is central to<br />

our way of life — it is in our DNA. We<br />

believe our diversity, our differences,<br />

when joined together by a common<br />

set of ideals, makes us stronger, makes<br />

us more creative, makes us different.<br />

From all these different strands, we<br />

make something new here in America.”<br />

- President Barack Obama, July 4,<br />

2014.<br />

Meet Patrick N’golo. No, he isn’t<br />

Chaldean, nor is he from Iraq. Patrick<br />

is from the Democratic Republic of<br />

Congo, where decades of clashes between<br />

armed groups, widespread violations<br />

of human rights, and devastating<br />

incidents of gender-based violence<br />

have displaced 6.1 million people.<br />

Sound familiar?<br />

Patrick’s father, an ambassador<br />

in the Democratic Republic of Congo<br />

(DRC), was murdered in front of him<br />

simply for speaking out about basic<br />

human dignity and respect. When<br />

Patrick spoke out about his father’s<br />

death, he, too, became a target. In<br />

2018, Patrick was sentenced to prison<br />

by the DRC government.<br />

When broken out of prison by family<br />

friends, he went into hiding, unable<br />

to contact his wife and four sons for<br />

months. He needed to get out, but his<br />

passport was at the office of his former<br />

employer. Friends once again helped<br />

him, retrieving Patrick’s passport and<br />

arranging transportation for him to go<br />

to the United States and seek asylum.<br />

Patrick found help in the form of<br />

Freedom House, a place for legal non-<br />

English speaking asylees, refugees and<br />


immigrants in Chicago. “They were the<br />

first kind hands that shook mine while<br />

I was reeling over the assassination of<br />

my parents and the parting from those<br />

I loved, my beautiful wife and my four<br />

boys,” Patrick said at a speech in November.<br />

Freedom House was only the beginning.<br />

Patrick next reached out to<br />

the French United Methodist Church.<br />

“Most of the members there are legal<br />

asylees and refugees like me, who find<br />

some comfort in speaking our native<br />

language with others,” said Patrick in<br />

that same speech.<br />

French is Patrick’s native language,<br />

and Nathalie Bochet, with<br />

Macomb County’s Habitat for Humanity<br />

(HFH), was his champion once he<br />

came to Michigan. He was assisted<br />

by Reverend Dr. Charles Boayue, who<br />

serves on the advisory board at that<br />

organization. Patrick started to learn<br />

English and acquired employment; he<br />

was on his way but missed his family<br />

a great deal.<br />

Patrick had been on the run and<br />

hadn’t had a steady job for two years<br />

before coming here. Although he was<br />

working three jobs and saving all he<br />

could, it wasn’t enough. Given a slowdown<br />

in issuance of Green Cards and<br />

his current low-income status, Patrick<br />

had huge hurdles in his search<br />

for affordable housing, ones that HFH<br />

helped him overcome.<br />

Working with the City of Eastpointe,<br />

HFH found Patrick a tax-reverted<br />

home to rent, with the intention<br />

of someday owning it. The city’s<br />

residents adopted Patrick, donating<br />

household items and offering contractor<br />

services. Beds were donated in<br />

preparation for Patrick’s family to join<br />

him. His new neighbors even planted a<br />

tree in his new front yard as a symbol<br />

of neighborly love.<br />

Patrick was overwhelmed by this<br />

outpouring of support, but the citizens<br />

of America weren’t done helping<br />

yet. On Father’s Day in 2022, the N’golo<br />

family was reunited in Detroit. Several<br />

donors made that possible, but the<br />

money for the trip was mostly given by<br />

Ray and Doreen Gierach.<br />

So, Patrick’s family was here. Now<br />

what?<br />

Green cards were needed for Patrick’s<br />

wife, Nicha, so she could work,<br />

and for the boys, so they could attend<br />

school. Also, many programs designed<br />

to assist immigrants require a Social<br />

Security Number (SSN), and Patrick<br />

struggled for over three months to get<br />

SSNs for his wife and sons.<br />

“Our immigration system is broken,”<br />

opines Nathalie Bochet, referring<br />

to the process Patrick had to follow.<br />

“Patrick was in our office on a<br />

weekly basis for months.”<br />

Enter the Chaldean Community<br />

Foundation.<br />

At a meeting of nonprofits, the<br />

stars aligned for Patrick N’golo and his<br />

family when Helen Hicks of Habitat for<br />

Humanity met Sharon Hannawa, who<br />

manages the Refugee Acculturation<br />

Sustainability Training (RAST) Program<br />

at the CCF.<br />

“She [Sharon] told me ‘The runaround<br />

stops here,’” said Nathalie, after<br />

explaining Patrick’s situation.<br />

Using contacts and relationships<br />

that the CCF has fostered over two decades,<br />

Sharon made a couple of calls,<br />

to the Department of Human Services<br />

(DHS) in Warren, and to the Department<br />

of Justice (DOJ). Cutting through the red<br />

tape made all the difference in Patrick’s<br />

case, and he was finally able to get Green<br />

Cards and SSNs for his family.<br />

Sharon “waved her magic wand,”<br />

said Nathalie, “and we are all so grateful.”<br />

36 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>



JANUARY 9, <strong>2024</strong> – MARCH 21, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Tuesdays and Thursdays<br />


9:30 am – 11:30<br />

am<br />

OR<br />


5:00 pm – 7:00 pm<br />


To register please call CCF at 586-722-7253<br />

$40 registration fee<br />


<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> NEWS 37


Iraqi Christian Contributions<br />


Top row, from left: Dr Anna Sttian, Abd Al-Masih Wazir, Anstas Mary Al-Karmali, Behnam Abu Alsouf and Dr. Nouri Yousif Mary<br />

Second row, from left: Dr. Siranoush Al-Raihani, Dr. Suad Yousif Mary, Gorgees Awwad, Minister Yousif Ghaniema and Munir Bashir<br />

Part II<br />

We continue our story from<br />

the May 2023 issue covering<br />

the contributions, the<br />

experiences, the challenges, and the<br />

ups and downs of a community that<br />

was and continues to be part of the diverse<br />

Iraqi community. Unfortunately,<br />

the same sad story and plight of Iraqi<br />

Jews, Yazidis, Mandeans, Armenians,<br />

Assyrians, and Chaldeans in the 20th<br />

century is now being repeated in the<br />

21st century.<br />

Iraq is not Iraq if we exclude from<br />

its collective memory major Christian<br />

enlightenment figures such as historians,<br />

academics, scientists, doctors,<br />

lawyers, writers, journalists, archeologists,<br />

artists, and poets. With so many<br />

to recognize, I am sure there will be<br />

names missing but will do my best to<br />

acknowledge them all.<br />

The Renaissance scholars<br />

Some names worth mentioning here<br />

are the prominent archeologist Fuad<br />

Safar, who was the General Director of<br />

Antiquities in Baghdad from 1960 until<br />

1978, and Georges Hanna Awad, historian<br />

and Library Director.<br />

Renaissance music masters include<br />

Munir Basheer, Jameel Basheer,<br />

Hanna Petrus, Saeed Shabo, Peatris<br />

Ohanisian, Wadeea Khonda, Nadhum<br />

Naiem, Jameel Jerjees and others.<br />

Some culture, language, and history<br />

scholars of the Renaissance are<br />

Anstas Mary Al-Karmali, Fr. Louis Marmarchi,<br />

Fr. Sulaiman Al-Saiegh, Jirjees<br />

Fathallah, Mikhael Awad, Yousif Hormis<br />

Jammo, Yousif Mary, Yousif Habbi,<br />

and Putrus Haddad.<br />

Teachers and educators<br />

Christian teachers were famous for<br />

their deep knowledge, diligent performance,<br />

credibility, and love for their<br />

profession. Entire Iraqi generations<br />

were brought up by Christian educators<br />

and educational institutions. They<br />

instilled the love of science and knowledge<br />

in thousands of students.<br />

Notably, Dr. Matti Aqrawi, who was<br />

the first president of the University of<br />

Baghdad from the Christians of Mosul,<br />

is credited with pioneering compulsory<br />

education in Iraq.<br />

Dr. Hanna Behnam Khayyat was<br />

appointed the first minister of health<br />

in the modern Iraqi state in 1922. He<br />

was also the first Iraqi dean of the Iraqi<br />

Royal Medical College (1934).<br />

Dr. Nouri Yousif Mary — my father<br />

— was born in Baghdad in 1928 and I<br />

am proud to say he was the first Iraqi<br />

dean of the College of Pharmacy at<br />

Baghdad University in 1959.<br />

Journalists and writers<br />

Journalism in a free state is very different<br />

from journalism in an occupied<br />

one. These Christian journalists braved<br />

the condemnation of the ruling party.<br />

Maryam Nerma is a well-known<br />

journalist who was born in Baghdad<br />

in 1890. Born Maryam Raphael Youssef<br />

Romaya, she was unusual in that she<br />

was sent to elementary school; at that<br />

time, education for girls was not a priority.<br />

In an interview, she shared that her<br />

mother told her at age 5 never to marry<br />

but to learn as much as she could.<br />

After her first article was published<br />

in the Dar Al-Salam newspaper in<br />

1921, Mariam learned that her article<br />

was the first written by a woman, thus<br />

making her the first female journalist<br />

in the history of Iraq. In 1937, she published<br />

a newspaper called The Arab<br />

Girl. She died in 1972.<br />

It is worth noting that The Arab<br />

Girl Newspaper was not the first Iraqi<br />

newspaper focused on women’s rights;<br />

Layla Newspaper, founded by Paulina<br />

Hassoun in 1923, was the first. However,<br />

Layla was mocked for its poor writing<br />

standards, short-sightedness, and<br />

poor editing. The Arab Girl was the<br />

first Iraqi newspaper with high journalistic<br />

standards that was completely<br />

managed by women, from writing to<br />

distribution.<br />

Mikhael Tessie was the author of<br />

the first comic journal and Nadhum<br />

Putros, a lawyer, was the first broadcaster<br />

in Iraq in the royal era.<br />

Rose Francis was a brilliant writer<br />

who conducted research in home economics,<br />

history, and sociology. The<br />

Ministry of Education in Iraq sent her<br />

to the American University in Beirut to<br />

complete her studies. She studied for<br />

one year, then traveled to England to<br />

specialize in educational and psychological<br />

sciences.<br />

Doctors/Medicine<br />

Dr. Malak Razouk Ghanam, born in<br />

Baghdad in 1907, is known as the<br />

first female doctor in Iraq. She is the<br />

daughter of journalist Razouk Daoud<br />

Ghannam, who encouraged his daughter<br />

to buck convention. Malak became<br />

the first Iraqi female to join the Medical<br />

College since its establishment in<br />


continued on page 40<br />

38 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

املسيحيون العراقيون – إسهامات وذكريات جيل الرواد<br />

بقلم د عضيد مريي<br />


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العراق بلد التنوع الديني واملذهبي،‏ فيه عاشت أقدم<br />

الديانات،‏ وعىل أرضه وجدت مختلف الجامعات الدينية<br />

واإلثنية واملكونات التي تشكلت وعاشت فيه منذ القدم<br />

وعاشت فيه،‏ وبعضها أصيل تعود جذوره لحضارات وادي<br />

الرافدين،‏ لكنها سوية شكلت الدولة العراقية الحديثة.‏<br />

املقالة هذه هي مخترص ملقالتني تتعلق بهذا<br />

املوضوع أولهام نُرشت يف عدد شهر ايار 2023 والثانية<br />

يف صفحات هذا العدد من مجلة كالديان نيوز باللغة<br />

اإلنكليزية،‏ تناولنا فيهام معامل ومساهامت أجيال من<br />

املسيحيني الذين سجلوا وتركوا بصامت خالدة يف دواوين<br />

التنوير والتمييز يف املجاالت املدنية والثقافية والحضارية<br />

وأصبحوا مدعاة فخر لوطنهم ومجتمعهم ومحل اعتزاز<br />

العراق وأبناءه ومكوناته.‏<br />

لقد سبقنا وكتب مجموعة من الكتاب واألكادمييني<br />

واملؤرخني املرموقني مثل د.‏ سيار الجميل وسعد سلوم<br />

ورسور مريزا محمود و د.‏ فيصل غازي مجهول وكريم عبد<br />

الحسني العزاوي وغريهم من املهتمني بشؤون املكونات عن<br />

هذا املوضوع بإسهاب وإنصاف واقتبسنا منهم معلومات<br />

قيمة يف اعداد هذه املقالة عن املسيحيني العراقيني<br />

وأدوارهم اإليجابية مع إخوتهم املسلمني واملندائيني يف<br />

وطنهم العراق الذي تنوّعت فيه األديان والسكان وتعددت<br />

ألوان املكونات وتجانس فيه الناس وتناغمت عاداتهم<br />

وتقاليدهم،‏ وانسجمت حياتهم ورشاكة عيشهم وانصهر<br />

بينهم وجودهم التاريخي الطويل.‏<br />

لقد دافع الكتاب التنويريني عن حقوق العراقيني<br />

مبختلف تراكيبهم واطيافهم واعراقهم واديانهم ونرشوا<br />

موضوعات ودراسات وآراء يف محاولة لدعم الحريات<br />

وشاركهم عدد كبري من أبرز كتّاب الرأي يف تسليط الضوء<br />

عىل انتهاك الحريات يف العراق وقدموا األراء عن اهمية<br />

املساواة والعدالة االجتامعية وإعالء مفاهيم الرشاكة<br />

والتعايش السلمي بني املواطنني من اجل استعادة ازدهار<br />

العراق وناسه الطيبني.‏<br />

وهؤالء الكتاب املسلمني املُنصفني هبوا وكتبوا<br />

دفاعاً‏ عن اخوتهم يف الكتاب والوطن ليس ألن املسيحيني<br />

العراقيني هم اقلية يف مجتمع مسلم،‏ بل ألن هذه<br />

األقلية ‏)املكون األصيل(‏ كان لها ادوارها الحضارية فضال<br />

عن االدوار النهضوية والوطنية عىل امتداد عقود كثرية<br />

ناهيكم عن ثقلهم ووجودهم ومؤسساتهم وأديرتهم<br />

وكنائسهم ومطرانياتهم خصوصا يف املوصل وسهل نينوى<br />

منذ قرابة الفي سنة ويشهد بذلك الكنائس،‏ واألديرة،‏<br />

واملدارس الشاخصة،‏ واملندثرة واملبعرثة يف ارض الرافدين.‏<br />

وثبت األكادمييون وباألرقام كم نالت األقليات من<br />

التهميش والتعتيم واالقصاء وتبعات هذا الفشل الحضاري<br />

والتغيري الدميوغرايف ومأساة تحول املجتمعات الحيوية<br />

املتأخية اىل عقول مُقيدّة وأيديولوجيات متخلفة جعلت<br />

املسيحي يف وطنه مواطناً‏ من الدرجة العارشة ومطلقة بذلك<br />

هجرة محلية مفزعة من كافة املدن اىل سهل نينوى وشامل<br />

العراق وهجرة بعيدة اىل بالد الغرب واملنايف التي أصبحت<br />

أوطانا بديلة بعيدة وهجرة بال عودة للغالبية منهم.‏<br />

ويف ضمن هذا املجال ال بد ان نقف عىل جملة<br />

من الحقائق املهمة والبصامت التأريخية التي تكاد تكون<br />

مخفية ال فقط عن القراء األجانب،‏ بل حتى عن العراقيني<br />

أنفسهم بأن املسيحيني هم عراقيني أصالء ومل يأتوا من<br />

خارج الفضاء،‏ ولو تتبعنا خطى األثار وعطر التأريخ<br />

سنجد انهم أبناء أرض العراق املباركة ويقيمون فيه جنوبا<br />

ووسطا وشامال منذ الفي عام وكنائسهم منترشة بني نهريه<br />

وأديرتهم كانت ومازالت مزروعة قرب األنهار يف مناطق<br />

بغداد والكوفة واملوصل وكان مركز رئاستهم التأريخية<br />

سابقا يف املدائن ‏)سلامن باك حالياً(‏ وعند تأسيس بغداد<br />

عام 762 ميالدية نقل اليها وال يزال هناك.‏<br />

إن هذه املقالة هي بذرة صغرية يف ارض وبستان<br />

علامء العراق جمعنا فيها منوذج من فسائل ونخيل بالد<br />

الرافدين تثميناً‏ ملا قدموه من خدمات اىل وطنهم وكيف<br />

ساهموا بفعالية يف نهضة البالد خالل القرن املايض ونحن<br />

ال منلك إحصائية كاملة بجميع األسامء،‏ لكن أرقامهم<br />

تشكل وزنا واضحا ونعتذر لعدم ذِكر املئات األخرين<br />

من أصحاب الكفاءات الذين يفتخر بهم العراق وبينهم<br />

وزراء وقضاة وشعراء وأدباء وأطباء وصيادلة ومحامني<br />

وعسكريني ومدرسني ومؤرخني وآثاريني وموسيقيني<br />

وصحفيني وإعالميني وسياسيني ومهندسني وجيولوجيني<br />

وصناعيني وغريهم من الذين كان لهم تأثري بالغ األهمية<br />

يف مجاالت التعليم والطب واألدب والفن والرياضة وكافة<br />

أركان الحياة العراقية الحديثة.‏ وسننقل ادناهً‏ بعضاً‏ من<br />

مثني ما صنعته ايادي وعقول هؤالء الرواد وما قدموه<br />

لوطنهم العراق ولالستزادة يف االطالع ومعرفة األسامء<br />

يرجى مطالعة مقاالت الكتاب املتميزين الواردة اسامهم<br />

ضمن هذه املقالة.‏<br />

علامء النهضة<br />

هناك املئات من مشاهري العراقيني ومن كافة املكونات<br />

والقوميات وامللل تشكلت عىل أيديهم هندسة وبناء<br />

األجيال الجديدة،‏ واتسموا جميعا باملقدرة والرغبة<br />

يف الرتبية والتعليم سواء داخل العراق أو خارجه مثل<br />

علامء الثقافة واللغة والدين والتاريخ وتفوق العديد<br />

من املسيحيني العراقيني يف تخصصات مهمة نذكر منهم:‏<br />

أنستاس ماري الكرميل،‏ األب لويس مرمرجي،‏ األب<br />

سليامن الصايغ ، األب يوسف حبي،‏ يوسف هرمز جمو،‏<br />

الشامس يوسف منصور مريي،‏ ، املحامي جرجيس فتح<br />

الله،‏ املؤرخون جرجيس وشقيقه ميخائيل عوض ، بطرس<br />

حداد والشاعر املحامي الفريد سمعان وجرجيس حنا<br />

عواد وفرج بصمجي:‏ أستاذ وآثاري ويوسف يعقوب<br />

مسكوين:‏ مؤرخ وباحث كلداين وأساتذة املوسيقى:‏ منري<br />

بشري،‏ جميل بشري،‏ حنا بطرس،‏ سعيد شابو،‏ ناظم نعيم،‏<br />

جميل جرجيس وآخرون غريهم،‏ منهم عامل اآلثار البارز<br />

فؤاد سفر مدير عام آثار بغداد )1960 – 1978( مؤرخ<br />

ومدير املكتبة،‏ واخرتنا تسليط األضواء عىل أربعة من<br />

العلامء النهضويني،‏ ونقف قليال عند سريتهم ليعرفهم<br />

أبناءنا وأحفادنا ويفتخروا مبا قدموه وأنجزوه.‏<br />

األب أنستاس ماري الكرميل – رائد الصحافة<br />

العراقية وحارس لغة الضاد )1866-1947(<br />

بطرس جربائيل يوسف عواد واملعروف باألب أنستاس<br />

ماري الكرميل رجل دين مسيحي،‏ ولغوي عريب،‏ عراقي<br />

من أب لبناين وأم عراقية بغدادية فأبوه جربائيل يوسف<br />

عواد من إحدى قرى لبنان،‏ قدم اىل بغداد سنة ‎1850‎م<br />

وأقام بها،‏ ويف بغداد تعرّف عىل مريم مرغريتا او ‏)لؤلؤه(‏<br />

من بيت اوغسطني جربان البغدادي،‏ وامها ‏)مرتا(‏ ابنة<br />

رحامين الكلداين البغدادي،‏ فتزوجها وله منها خمسة بنني<br />

واربع بنات،‏ وبطرس كان األبن الرابع من ابناء جربائيل<br />

وعرف بعد ذلك باسم أنستاس ماري الكرميل،‏ حيث ولد<br />

ونشأ يف بغداد عام ‎1866‎م وتلقى تعليمه االبتدايئ فيها<br />

مبدرسة اآلباء الكرمليني.‏<br />

متيزت بغداد أيام الكرميل يف اربعينيات القرن<br />

املايض مبجالسها االدبية،‏ ولكن مجلس يوم الجمعة لالب<br />

انستاس كان يف طليعة هذه املجالس.‏ إذ كان يعقد<br />

للمناقشة والحوار يف دير اآلباء الكرمليني يف محلة سوق<br />

الغزل ببغداد،‏ واختار وهو املسيحي يوم الجمعة احرتاما<br />

ملقام ضيوفه ومجتمعه إذ كان وفياً‏ لوطنه وأميناً‏ لعالقاته<br />

االجتامعية،‏ وكان يرتدد عليه أساطني اللغة العربية<br />

وعلامئها وأعيان البلد عىل اختالف مللهم ونحلهم،‏ ومن<br />

رواد املجلس الشيخ جالل الحنفي والعالمة مصطفى<br />

جواد ويوسف رزق الله غنيمة وصفوة يف مجاالت االدب،‏<br />

واللغة،‏ واالجتامع،‏ والفلسفة.‏ املجلس يبتدئ من الساعة<br />

الثامنة صباحا اىل الساعة الثانية عرش ظهرا تدور فيه كل<br />

البحوث ‏)اال السياسة والدين(‏ وكان ملجلس الراهب صفه<br />

لها جامل ورونق اذ تجد فيه املسلم واملسيحي واليهودي<br />

تجمعهم اخوة العلم واألدب والوطن.‏<br />

وضع الكرميل كتبًا مهمة وأبحاثًا مفيدة عن اللغة<br />

العربية وكان يدعو للتصحيح اللغوي والحفاظ عىل اللغة<br />

العربية وألف معجامً‏ سامهُ‏ املساعد وكان يرى يف الخروج<br />

عىل اللغة العربية خطئًا ال ميكن قبوله أو التساهل فيه.‏<br />

وساهم يف عملية التعريب،‏ وأصدر مجلتني وجريدة.‏ ومتيزت<br />

مجلة لغة العرب التي أصدرها يف عام ‎1911‎م بأبحاثها األدبية<br />

والتأريخية،‏ وخدمت اللغة العربية وتُرجمت مقاالتها اىل عدد<br />

من اللغات األوربية وكتب فيها أبرز املؤلفني والكتاب من<br />

مفكري ومثقفي بغداد يف تلك الفرتة.‏<br />

شكل اطالع الكرميل عىل عدد من اللغات حيزا<br />

واسعاً‏ من ثقافته إذ اتقن االب انستاس الكثري من<br />

اللغات:‏ منها الالتينية واليونانية والفرنسية واإلنكليزية<br />

واإليطالية واألملانية والكلدانية،‏ والرسيانية،‏ واملندائية<br />

والرتكية والفارسية والعربية،‏ والحبشية.‏ وتوج ذلك كله<br />

بتفرده بلغته العربية فكان مستودعاً‏ للغات ومنبعاً‏<br />

يغرف منه املفردات والرتاكيب للمقارنة بني لغات العامل<br />

ومقابلة بعضها مع األخر وجعلت منه باحثاً‏ ومقارناً‏ كبريا<br />

وكانت حصيلة جهوده هذه عددا كبريا من املؤلفات<br />

املطبوعة واملخطوطة واملئات من املقاالت العلمية يف<br />

شتى صفوف املعرفة.‏<br />

من أبرز الكتب التي تركها الكرميل:‏ أغالط اللغويني<br />

األقدمني،‏ والفوز باملراد يف تاريخ بغداد،‏ ومخترص تاريخ<br />

العراق،‏ وجمهرة اللغات،‏ وأديان العرب،‏ ونشوء اللغة<br />

ومنوها،‏ وشعراء بغداد وكتابها،‏ والعرب قبل اإلسالم،‏ كام<br />

قام بتحقيق جزء من معجم العني للفراهيدي،‏ وكتاب<br />

نخب الذخائر يف أحوال الجواهر البن األكفاين،‏ واإلكليل<br />

للهمداين،‏ وفضل العرب يف علم الحيوان،‏ والنقود العربية<br />

وعلم النميات،‏ واملساعد وكثري من املخطوطات.‏<br />

حظي الكرميل بتقدير كثري من الهيئات واملجامع<br />

العلمية واللغوية،‏ فانتخب عضوًا يف مجمع املرشقيات األملاين<br />

سنة ‎1911‎م واملجمع العلمي العريب يف دمشق سنة ‎1920‎م<br />

واختري ضمن أول عرشين عاملًا ولغويًا من العامل العريب يف<br />

مجمع اللغة العربية بالقاهرة سنة ‎1932‎م وكرمته الحكومتان<br />

الفرنسية والربيطانية بأوسمة االستحقاق والتمييز.‏<br />

يرقد الكرميل رقدته االبدية يف كنيسة الالتني التي<br />

تحتل من بغداد قلبها فهي تقع يف ‏“شورجة بغداد”‏<br />

مقابل جامع الخلفاء او ما اصطلح عليه اسم ‏“منارة<br />

سوق الغزل ‏“او املسجد الجامع.‏ وترك الراهب الحارس<br />

عند وفاته عام ‎1947‎م عددًا هائال من الكتب ال يزال<br />

معظمها مخطوطًا مل يطبع،‏ وخلّف ما يزيد عىل أكرث من<br />

1300 مقالة متثل جزءا كبريًا من إنتاجه الفكري واألديب<br />

وبعد وفاته ألحقت مكتبته مبكتبة اآلثار العراقية يف<br />

بغداد.‏ ترك عند وفاته مكتبة نفيسة تضم بني جدرانها<br />

سبعة آالف كتاب من الكتب العلمية واألدبية والثقافية<br />

وهي مصنفة إىل اللغات العربية واإلنكليزية والفرنسية،‏<br />

ومكتبة األب أنستاس ماري الكرميل يف كنيسة الالتني<br />

تعترب من الكنوز األدبية والثقافية للبالد.‏<br />

هرمز رسام )1826-1910( أول عامل أثار<br />

ومرشقي عراقي<br />

العراق يف القرن الثامن عرش والتاسع عرش كان والية<br />

تابعة للدولة العثامنية ويف تلك الفرتة مل تكن هناك<br />

قوانني لحامية اآلثار أو اللقى األثرية وكانت الدولة<br />

العثامنية تعطي التصاريح للتنقيب يف أماكن متعددة<br />

من األرايض التابعة لها خصوصا للسفراء والقناصل.‏ وكان<br />

العراق قبلة لعلامء األثار األجانب ومنجم نفيس للكشف<br />

عن اوىل حضارات االنسان التي عاشت يف وادي الرافدين.‏<br />

وغدت االركيولوجيا العراقية ‏)علم االثار والنفائس(‏<br />

من اهم علوم ذلك العرص التي كشفت بآثارها املادية<br />

عن خفايا مل يكن االنسان يعلم عنها شيئا اال ما هو مثبت<br />

يف الكتب الدينية.‏ وبرز من املختصني العراقيني يف ريادة<br />

االركيولوجيا العراقية الدكتور هرمز رسام ابان القرن التاسع<br />

عرش،‏ وهو من عائلة مسيحية كلدانية موصلية وكان أبوه<br />

أنطون رسام أسقف كنيسة الرشق الكلدانية يف املوصل<br />

وأمه كانت تريسا إسحق حلبي ‏)من حلب(.‏<br />

كان رسام جزءًا من فريق البعثة االستكشافية<br />

الشهرية لعامل اآلثار الربيطاين السري أوسنت هرني اليارد<br />

)1817 1894( - وهو عامل آشوريات إنجليزي،‏ ورحالة،‏<br />

ومسامري،‏ ومؤرخ،‏ ورسام،‏ وجامع أعامل فنية،‏ وسيايس،‏<br />

ودبلومايس،‏ قام بالتنقيب يف موقع النمرود القديم.‏<br />

ووصل السري ‏)هرني اوسنت اليارد(‏ املوصل عام 1840<br />

بتفويض من سفري بريطانيا يف اإلستانة/إسطنبول للتنقيب<br />

عن األثار األشورية يف العراق بحثا عن املنحوتات<br />

واملخطوطات الفنية البارزة وكشف عن كنوز اشورية يف<br />

كل من نينوى وخرسباد والنمرود/كالخو.‏<br />

حني جاء اليارد اىل املوصل استعان بهرمز رسام إلتقانه<br />

االنجليزية،‏ والرتكية،‏ والعربية،‏ والكلدانية.‏ وبتشجيع منهُ‏<br />

سافر إىل بريطانيا حيث تلقى علومه يف جامعة اكسفورد<br />

وعاد إىل نينوى للتنقيب عن اآلثار حيث يعزى إليه<br />

بالعديد من االكتشافات الهامة،‏ منها األلواح اللبنية التي<br />

ضمت ملحمة كًالكًامش التي تعترب أقدم عمل أديب يف<br />

العامل،‏ وكشف عن الكثري من اآلثار يف نينوى ومنها متاثيل<br />

الثريان املجنحة التي شحنها إىل بريطانيا عن طريق نهر<br />

دجلة بواسطة قوارب تسمى ‏)الكلك(‏ إىل شط العرب حيث<br />

نقلتها السفن الربيطانية من هناك.‏<br />

خالل العامني 1849-1850 كان هرمز يعاون يف<br />

التنقيب يف اثار تل قوينجق.‏ يف عام 1851 غادر اليارد<br />

املوصل راغبا بعد اشتهاره بالكنوز االثارية االشورية<br />

وخاصة مكتبة سنحاريب والثريان املجنحة،‏ ان يعمل يف<br />

السلك الدبلومايس،‏ وحل محله هرمز رسام.‏<br />

وكان هرمز رسام رحالة،‏ ومغامرهاجر اىل بريطانيا<br />

واستقر بها،‏ وميكن اعتباره أول عامل أثار ومرشقي ومل تزل<br />

صورته الزيتية معلقة يف واحدة اهم قاعات املتحف الربيطاين<br />

اعرتافا بجهوده الكربى للتاج الربيطاين.‏ وكتبت جريدة التاميز<br />

اللندنية نعيا له يوم وفاته 17 ترشين اول 1910،.<br />

بهنام أبو الصوف )1931-2012(<br />

يُعد عامل األثار واملؤرخ العراقي الدكتور بهنام نارص نعامن أبو<br />

الصوف من أساطني الجيل الثاين لآلثاريني العراقيني املرموقني<br />

يف املحافل املحلية والعربية والدولية وقد اقتفى خطى<br />

اساتذته الكبار من جيل الرواد يف مجال اآلثار ويف مقدمتهم<br />

العالّ‏ مة طه باقر واالستاذ فؤاد سفر وآخرين سعوا حثيثاً‏ من<br />

اجل بناء خربات عراقية للنهوض بقطاع اآلثار الناشئ والذي<br />

لبث عىل مدىً‏ طويل موكوالً‏ ملنقبني وإداريني أجانب.‏<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 39


continued from page 39<br />

1927; she graduated in 1939.<br />

However, Dr. Suleiman Ghazala,<br />

born in 1853, is known as the first Iraqi<br />

doctor to practice in the modern sense.<br />

He came from Mosul and studied in<br />

Paris.<br />

Dr. Anna Sttian, born in Baghdad in<br />

1914, is one of the first Iraqi female doctors<br />

appointed by the Ministry of Health.<br />

An Armenian Christian, she was the<br />

daughter of the lawyer Kirub Sttian.<br />

Dr. Siranush Al-Rayhani completed<br />

her primary education in Mosul<br />

and entered the Faculty of Medicine<br />

at the University of Baghdad in 1945,<br />

graduating in 1950. She is considered<br />

the first Iraqi female doctor to graduate<br />

from the Faculty of Medicine in<br />

Baghdad because Anna Sttian, an<br />

Armenian who graduated before her,<br />

was from from Beirut. Al-Rayhani was<br />

a gynecologist who is still remembered<br />

by many Iraqis for her work promoting<br />

women’s health and education.<br />

Dr. Suad Yousif Mary was born in<br />

1933 and graduated from Baghdad<br />

University College of Medicine in 1959.<br />

She served in Erbil, Kirkuk, and Baghdad.<br />

More Firsts<br />

Josephine Sema’an Ibrahim Haddad<br />

is known as the first Iraqi woman to<br />

obtain a pilot’s license in 1949 and<br />

is generally considered the first Iraqi<br />

woman to fly a plane in Iraq. Another<br />

Josephine, Josephine Ghazaleh, is reportedly<br />

the first Iraqi female engineer<br />

from Mosul.<br />

Beatrice Ohanessian was an Iraqi<br />

Armenian pianist, noted as Iraq’s first<br />

concert pianist and first female composer.<br />

Dr. Abdullah Kassir, the first<br />

Iraqi doctor to obtain a specialty from<br />

London, was a Christian from Mosul.<br />

Jerjees Aziza was the owner of the first<br />

printing and publishing company in<br />

Baghdad in 1938.<br />

Faraj Basmachi was a professor,<br />

archeologist, and director of the Iraqi<br />

Museum. Yousif Yacqoub Miskoni was<br />

a Chaldean historian and researcher.<br />

Abd al-Masih Wazir excelled in literature<br />

and translation and was distinguished<br />

as a pioneer in the development<br />

of the Arab military dictionary,<br />

which remains to this day. The king of<br />

Iraq’s photographers were Aboush &<br />

Aboush.<br />

The Minister of Finance, Youssef<br />

Rizq-Allah Ghanima, his wife, the activist<br />

Victoria Andrea, and their son<br />

Harith Ghanima, lawyer, writer, and<br />

trade activist, were three blazing suns<br />

that illuminated the paths of knowledge<br />

and culture and were known for<br />

their integrity and dedication to Iraq.<br />

Rani Bashir Sarsam is recorded as<br />

the first Iraqi female to obtain a master’s<br />

degree in mathematics from the<br />

University of Michigan in the United<br />

States. She worked as a teacher at<br />

Queen Alia College in Baghdad.<br />

Notable<br />

Dr. Margaret Bashir Sarsam was a leading<br />

gynecologist in Iraq, born in 1926.<br />

In Kirkuk, she established a hall for<br />

gynecology and a hall for childbirth,<br />

when her father, Dr. Bashir Sarsam,<br />

was the head of the health department<br />

there.<br />

Among the well-known doctors<br />

is Dr. Krikor Astarjian, who has published<br />

books in Arabic on Armenian<br />

history and culture. Dr. Hagop Ghobanian<br />

was a dermatologist and cofounder<br />

of the Red Crescent. He also<br />

helped found the College of Medicine<br />

in Iraq and was awarded the Iraqi Royal<br />

Medal (Mesopotamia Order of the<br />

Second Class) in 1954 in recognition<br />

of his services in the field of medicine.<br />

Other notables include Dr. Karnik Hovhannisyan,<br />

Dr. Gara-Beit, and Dr. Moses<br />

from Mosul.<br />

Dicko Andreos Al-Asfandiar was a<br />

famous and distinguished dentist in<br />

Baghdad. His private clinic was in the<br />

police tunnel area.<br />

Iraqi Armenians<br />

Armenian Christians played an important<br />

role in Iraqi society, and they<br />

were distinguished by their vitality,<br />

industrious skills, and efforts, through<br />

which they rendered great services to<br />

society over a long period of history.<br />

The ancient relations of Armenia<br />

and Iraq extends to the fifth century<br />

BC. Iraq, with its rivers, the Tigris and<br />

Euphrates, was distinguished by its<br />

moderate climate and important geography.<br />

The entry of Christianity into<br />

Iraq in the first and second centuries<br />

AD came to characterize its religious<br />

diversity, rarely found in other countries.<br />

The Armenians used to transport<br />

goods across the Euphrates River by<br />

boat to Babylon, where they were sold.<br />

Many of these merchants and other<br />

Armenians settled in Babylon forming<br />

a large Armenian community. Thereafter,<br />

waves of Armenians came to Iraq<br />

through Iran. They settled in southern<br />

Iraq at first, and an Armenian Diocese<br />

was established in Basra in 1222 AD.<br />

The largest waves of Armenian<br />

immigration to Iraq were in the early<br />

twentieth century, after massacres<br />

committed against them in Armenia<br />

and Turkey forced them out.<br />

The Late Renaissance<br />

The Islamic and Christian cultures coexisted<br />

in Iraq for centuries.<br />

The city of Mosul, Iraq is the home<br />

of Eastern Christianity and the center<br />

of Eastern theology. The historic<br />

presence of bishoprics and churches<br />

of several denominations of Eastern<br />

Christians, whether they are Jacobite,<br />

Syriac Orthodox, Chaldean, or Assyrian,<br />

is evidence of its importance.<br />

Many Iraqi metropolitans known<br />

worldwide who were highly educated<br />

in ecclesiastical and theological sciences<br />

came from Mosul, among them<br />

Bishops: Andrawis Hanna, Timothous<br />

Avram Abboudi, Julius Girges Qandala,<br />

Nasser Estephan Doiy, Thomas Rayis,<br />

Suleiman Al-Sayegh and Raphael Bidawid;<br />

plus Patriarch Zakka Iwaz, Patriarch<br />

Ignatius Aphrem I, and Cardinal<br />

Ignatius Gabriel, who was considered a<br />

main reference for Eastern Christians.<br />

When the national government<br />

was established in 1921 in Iraq under<br />

King Faisal I, monarchy was established.<br />

Iraqi Christians were enjoying<br />

their rights and their participation in<br />

the state, so there were several representatives,<br />

ministers, directors, army<br />

officers, lawyers, and even judges.<br />

Historical Lessons<br />

Iraqi Christians have a rich history of<br />

traditions, contributions, and services<br />

in contemporary Iraq. They remain the<br />

true sons of Iraq, among the original<br />

inhabitants of Mesopotamia — whether<br />

they are Orthodox, Catholic, Chaldean,<br />

Syriac, Assyrian, Jacobite, or<br />

Armenian.<br />

This long history of Arab Christianity,<br />

before and after Islam, leaves no<br />

room for doubt about the Christian’s<br />

authenticity, capacity, and special<br />

place in the Arab identity system that<br />

makes up the nation.<br />

The Muslims in Iraq should be<br />

proud of Iraqi’s Christians. The archdioceses,<br />

churches, monasteries, and<br />

hermitages of Iraqi Christianity are<br />

among the wealth of the ancient treasures<br />

that must be preserved. Iraqi society<br />

and laws must ensure and protect<br />

the peaceful characteristics, customs<br />

and traditions of all communities and<br />

not face the tidal waves of violence<br />

that threaten the future of Iraq.<br />

Author Faris Kamal Nadhmi stated<br />

that, “The Christian minority played<br />

the role of the civilized majority in Iraq<br />

and the Christians have always been<br />

the most civilized majority with their<br />

actual practices of values, reason,<br />

tolerance, and freedom, in contrast to<br />

other societal groups that remained<br />

fond to one degree or another of unseen<br />

values, monopolizing the truth<br />

and guardianship over people’s wills<br />

and freedoms.”<br />

Despite all these virtues, Christians<br />

of Iraq spent the past twenty years systematically<br />

paying the bloody, violent<br />

price of the US invasion in 2003 that<br />

resulted in the cross-radicalization of<br />

two irrationals: colonial capitalism,<br />

and Islamic fundamentalism.<br />

The Christians of Iraq—whether<br />

they like it or not—are positioned at<br />

the heart of this raging conflict alongside<br />

their peers of rationalists and the<br />

enlightened. What is happening today<br />

in Baghdad and the rest of Iraq is a<br />

struggle between the values of progress<br />

and civilization and the values<br />

of fanaticism and pre-civilization. It<br />

is a struggle between two cultures,<br />

between two social philosophical perspectives,<br />

and therefore a cultural and<br />

value conflict between two ways of life.<br />

Uncertain Future<br />

The Christians in Iraq have suffered<br />

massively from ongoing Western invasions<br />

of the region. Ironically, many of<br />

these US/UK inspired invasions were<br />

strongly supported by Christian Zionists<br />

and evangelicals who have done<br />

more to displace Christianity, including<br />

the native Iraqi Christian community,<br />

from its historic birthplace than<br />

anyone else.<br />

Clearly what is happening is wrong<br />

and the only reason it is being tacitly<br />

allowed is people feel it is far away<br />

and ‘over there.’ However, hate travels<br />

faster than ever in these connected<br />

times so nothing stays in one region<br />

and ‘over there’ will be ‘everywhere’ at<br />

any point.<br />

Until the world wakes up from its<br />

politically correct coma, looks to the<br />

root cause of ISIS/ISIL, and comes to<br />

grip with the facts, violence will continue<br />

and likely lead to the end of<br />

Christianity in Iraq.<br />

His Beatitude Cardinal Louis<br />

Raphaël Sako summed it up well when<br />

he addressed Iraqi officials in November<br />

2022 about the transgressions<br />

against Iraqi Christians and deliberate<br />

exclusion since 2003.<br />

“The list is long,” said Cardinal<br />

Sako. “These immoral behaviors will<br />

remain in the memory unless they<br />

are addressed. In the Nineveh Plain,<br />


continued on page 49<br />

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نُخبة من الرواد األوائل الذين خدموا العراق<br />

1. الدكتور متي عقراوي:‏ أول رئيس لجامعة بغداد من مسيحيي املوصل،‏ ورائد<br />

وعراب التعليم اإللزامي يف العراق.‏<br />

2. الدكتور حنا بهنام خياط:‏ أول وزير للصحة يف الدولة العراقية الحديثة عام<br />

1922. وأيضا أول عميد عراقي لكلية الطب امللكية العراقية )1934(<br />

3. الدكتور نوري يوسف مريي:‏ أول عميد عراقي لكلية الصيدلة يف جامعة<br />

بغداد 1959 سافر اىل امريكا عام 1961 وأصبح عميدا لكلية الصيدلة يف جامعة<br />

لونك ايالند – نيويورك.‏ من مواليد بغداد 1928 خريج جامعة بغداد وحاصل<br />

عىل شهادة الدكتوراه يف علم العقاقري من جامعة اوهايو ستيت 1954<br />

4. بولينا حسون:‏ أول امرأة عراقية تصدر صحيفة نسوية ‏)ليىل(‏ يف بغداد.‏‎4‎<br />

5. ميخائيل تييس:‏ مؤلف أول مجلة كوميدية.‏‎5‎<br />

6. املحامي ناظم بطرس:‏ أول مذيع يف العهد املليك.‏‎6‎<br />

7. جوزفني سمعان ابراهيم حداد:‏ أول امرأة عراقية تحصل عىل إجازة طيار<br />

كابنت عام 1949. تعترب أول امرأة عراقية تقود طائرة يف العراق.‏<br />

8. الدكتورة ملك رزوق غنام:‏ مواليد بغداد 1907 أول طبيبة يف العراق.‏<br />

أصبحت أول فتاة عراقية تلتحق بكلية الطب منذ تأسيسها عام 1927،<br />

وتخرجت من كلية الطب عام 1939<br />

9. الدكتور نعيم رصافة:‏ ولد عام 1906 وخريج جامعة وأين ستيت يف الواليات<br />

املتحدة عام 1961 وعمل كوكيل لوزير املعارف ومدير التعليم الثانوي يف الستينات<br />

من القرن املايض وله مؤلفات وكتب تعليمية ملدريس الثانويات يف العراق.‏<br />

10. الدكتور سليامن غزالة ولد عام 1853 أول طبيب عراقي ‏)باملعنى الحديث(‏<br />

من مسيحيي املوصل وتخرج من باريس<br />

11. الدكتورة آنا ستيان:‏ من أوائل الطبيبات العراقيات املعينات من قبل وزارة<br />

الصحة،‏ وهي أرمنية،‏ وكانت أول فتاة عراقية تدخل كلية الطب يف بغداد<br />

وتخرجت عام 1939. الدكتورة ‏)آنا ستيان(‏ هي ابنة املحامي ‏)كريوب ستيان(.‏<br />

ولدت يف بغداد عام 1914 وتخرجت من كلية الطب الجامعة األمريكية<br />

يف بريوت عام 1937 وعادت إىل وطنها.‏ تم تعيينها كأول طبيبة عراقية يف<br />

املستشفى املليك عام 1939<br />

12. الدكتورة سريانوش الريحاين:‏ من مواليد املوصل عام 1921 ومتزوجة<br />

من املهندس زيك الريحاين.‏ أكملت تعليمها االبتدايئ يف املوصل ودخلت كلية<br />

الطب يف جامعة بغداد عام 1945 وتخرجت عام 1950. أول طبيبة عراقية<br />

تتخرج من كلية الطب يف بغداد رغم أن آنا ستيان أرمنية تخرجت قبلها من<br />

بريوت.‏<br />

13. جوزفني غزالة:‏ أول مهندسة عراقية من املوصل.‏‎13‎<br />

14. بياتريس أوهانيسيان )1927 – 2008( عازفة بيانو أرمنية عراقية،‏ اشتهرت<br />

بكونها أول عازفة بيانو يف العراق وأول ملحنة موسيقية.‏<br />

15. الدكتور عبد الله قصري:‏ وأول طبيب عراقي حصل عىل التخصص من لندن<br />

كان من املوصل.‏<br />

16. جرجيس عزيزة:‏ صاحب الرشكة األوىل للطباعة والنرش بغداد 1938<br />

17. عبد املسيح وزير:‏ برع يف األدب والرتجمة ومتيز بأنه رائد يف تطوير<br />

املعجم العسكري العريب الذي ال يزال قامئا حتى يومنا هذا.‏<br />

18. يوسف رزق الله غنيمة:‏ وزير املالية يف 7 حكومات خالل سنوات امللكية<br />

19. روز فرانسيس:‏ كاتبة بارعة،‏ لها أبحاث متنوعة يف االقتصاد املنزيل<br />

والتاريخ وعلم االجتامع.‏ أرسلتها وزارة الرتبية إىل الجامعة األمريكية يف<br />

بريوت إلكامل دراستها حيث درست ملدة سنة ثم سافرت إىل إنجلرتا<br />

لتتخصص يف العلوم الرتبوية والنفسية.‏<br />

20. مريم نرمة رومايا:‏ صحفية معروفة )1890-1972(: هي مريم روفائيل<br />

يوسف رومايا أول صحفية عراقية تدخل مجال الصحافة عام 1921. ويف<br />

عام 1937 أصدرت صحيفة ‏)فتاة العرب(.‏<br />

21. رنا بشري رسسم ‏)مواليد 1923(: هي أول فتاة عراقية تحصل عىل<br />

درجة املاجستري يف الرياضيات من جامعة ميشيغان يف الواليات املتحدة<br />

األمريكية.‏ عملت مدرّسة يف كلية امللكة علياء يف بغداد.‏<br />

22. الدكتورة مارغريت بشري رسسم:‏ رائدة يف أمراض النساء يف العراق من<br />

مواليد 1926. يف كركوك أنشأت قاعة لألمراض النسائية،‏ وصالة للوالدة،‏<br />

عندما كان والدها الدكتور بشري رسسم رئيساً‏ لدائرة الصحة هناك.‏<br />

23. الدكتورة سعاد يوسف مريي:‏ مواليد 1933 خريجة كلية الطب جامعة<br />

بغداد عام 1959 ومن أوائل الطبيبات التي خدمت يف املحافظات أربيل<br />

وكركوك وبغداد.‏<br />

24. أوهانيس مراديان:‏ طبيب أرمني يف مجال الطب.‏ وأول من أدخل<br />

التطعيم ضد الجدري إىل بغداد.‏<br />

25. الدكتور هاكًوب غوبانيان:‏ طبيب أمراض جلدية،‏ ومؤسس مشارك<br />

ملنظمة الهالل األحمر،‏ أحد مؤسيس كلية الطب يف العراق وحاصل عىل<br />

الوسام املليك العراقي ‏)وسام وادي الرافدين من الدرجة الثانية عام 1954(<br />

تقديراً‏ لجهوده خدمات يف مجال الطب.‏<br />

الدكتور بهنام أبو الصوف ولد يف املوصل عام 1931<br />

ونشأ يف كنف أرسة أبو الصوف املوصلية املعروفة،‏ التي<br />

تسكن محلة باب النبي وهي من إحياء املوصل القدمية<br />

وتقع بالقرب من مناطق تاريخية وأثرية.‏ وكانت نشأته<br />

يف بيئة غنية بآثار املايض،‏ وقصص األبطال،‏ كان لها األثر<br />

الكبري يف توجهه إىل عامل اآلثار،‏ وكان يف مرحلتي الطفولة<br />

واملراهقة مهتام بقراءة االساطري وكتب التاريخ،‏ كام<br />

كان ميارس رياضة كامل األجسام،‏ والسباحة،‏ وكان يحلم<br />

بوظيفة مليئة باملخاطر واألرسار والبطوالت،‏ ويتطلّع اىل<br />

ان يصبح طياراً‏ أو بحاراً،‏ وهذا ما رفضته ارسته بشدة.‏<br />

بعد إنهاء دراسته اإلعدادية يف املوصل عام 1951<br />

التحق بقسم االثار والحضارة يف جامعة بغداد وتخرج<br />

منها عام 1955. وبعد خمسة اعوام أي يف عام 1960<br />

سافر اىل بريطانيا مبنحة دراسية يف جامعة كمربيدج التي<br />

حصل منها عىل درجة الدكتوراه بامتياز يف موضوع جذور<br />

الحضارة وعلم األجناس البرشية عام 1966.<br />

يف اواسط ستينيات القرن املايض عاد إىل العراق ليعمل<br />

يف التنقيب عن اآلثار يف عدد من املواقع وسط العراق<br />

وشامله،‏ كام دَرّس لسنوات مادة ‏“جذور الحضارة واآلثار<br />

والتاريخ”‏ يف جامعتي بغداد واملوصل وغريهام من الجامعات<br />

العراقية،‏ ويف معهد التاريخ العريب للدراسات العليا التابع<br />

التحاد املؤرخني العرب ومقره بغداد،‏ كام أرشف عىل عدد<br />

من الرسائل الجامعية لطلبة عراقيني وعرب.‏<br />

ويف السبعينيات،‏ تم تعيينه مديراً‏ عاماً‏ آلثار الشامل،‏<br />

وهو املنصب الذي منحه املسؤولية الكاملة عن شامل<br />

العراق بأكمله،‏ مبا يف ذلك آشور القدمية.‏ عمل أبو الصوف<br />

يف أعامل التنقيب اإلنقاذية يف حوض واسع يف سد حمرين<br />

‏)محافظة دياىل(‏ وسد املوصل عىل نهر دجلة يف أواخر<br />

السبعينيات وحتى منتصف الثامنينيات وكشف عن عدة<br />

مواقع أثرية منها تل الصوان يف سامراء ‏)محافظة صالح<br />

الدين(،‏ والذي يعود إىل العرص الحجري.‏ كام قاد عمله<br />

يف موقع قينج آغا بالقرب من قلعة أربيل للكشف عن<br />

مجموعة واسعة من األدلة األثرية من فرتة أوروك.‏<br />

تبوأ الدكتور ابو الصوف عددا من املناصب العلمية<br />

واإلدارية يف هيئة اآلثار والرتاث،‏ وشارك يف العديد<br />

من مؤمترات اآلثار،‏ ويف حلقات دراسية داخل العراق<br />

وخارجه،‏ كام دعي إللقاء محارضات يف جامعات أمريكية<br />

وأوربية يف موضوع آثار العراق وحضارته وعن نتائج<br />

تنقيباته،‏ ونرش بحوثا ودراسات،‏ وتقارير علمية عن<br />

نتائج أعامله امليدانية ودراساته املقارنة يف مجالت علمية<br />

عراقية وأجنبية،‏ وله مؤلفات عديدة منها فخار عرص<br />

أوروك:‏ النشأة واالنتشار ‏)لغة إنجليزية(،‏ وظل الوادي<br />

القديم ‏)لغة عربية(،‏ والعراق:‏ وحدة األرض والحضارة<br />

واإلنسان ‏)لغة عربية(.‏<br />

متي عقراوي – )-1901 1981( أكادميي<br />

عراقي وأول رئيس لجامعة بغداد<br />

ولد متي يوسف حنا عقراوي يف املوصل سنة 1901،<br />

وفيها أكمل دراسته االبتدائية واملتوسطة ومنذ صباه<br />

تعلم الفرنسية يف إحدى املدارس الدينية الكنسية.‏ سافر<br />

إىل بريوت ودخل إعدادية الجامعة األمريكية سنة 1920<br />

وتخرج وعهد إليه بإلقاء الخطاب الوداعي يف حفل<br />

التخرج.‏ تخرج يف كلية اآلداب والعلوم من الجامعة ذاتها<br />

حاصال عىل بكالوريوس يف الرتبية سنة 1925. التحق بكلية<br />

املعلمني يف الواليات املتحدة األمريكية بني سنتي -1925<br />

1926 ودرس الرتبية،‏ ويف سنة 1934 حصل عىل الدكتوراه<br />

من جامعة كولومبيا يف الواليات املتحدة األمريكية.‏<br />

من الرتبويني العراقيني الرواد الذين كان لهم دور فاعل<br />

يف تأسيس الكيان الرتبوي والجامعي يف العراق.‏ كام كان له<br />

دور يف الحركة العربية يف بدايات النهضة الفكرية الحديثة<br />

يف العراق مطلع القرن العرشين.‏ عمل أستاذا للرتبية ومديرا<br />

للرتبية،‏ وعميدا لدار املعلمني العالية.‏ وأسهم إسهاما كبريا<br />

يف تأسيس جامعة بغداد،‏ وعني أول رئيس لها للمدة من 5<br />

ترشين األول سنة 1957 ولغاية 1 من آب سنة 1958<br />

انغمس الدكتور متي عقراوي يف نشاطات ثقافية<br />

وتربوية عامة،‏ وأصبح سكرترياً‏ ‏)لجمعية الثقافة العربية(‏<br />

سنة 1931، كام كان عضواً‏ يف نادي القلم العراقي الذي<br />

تأسس سنة 1934، ويف سنة 1946 اختري عضوا عامال يف<br />

املجمع العلمي العراقي وقد كان من الذين عملوا من<br />

اجل تأسيس مطبعة خاصة باملجمع منذ وقت مبكر من<br />

تأسيسه يف نهاية الحرب العاملية األوىل،‏ وكان إىل جانبه<br />

يف اللجنة التي تشكلت للنظر يف تأسيس املطبعة األستاذ<br />

محمد بهجت األثري واألستاذ الدكتور جواد عيل.‏<br />

يف سنة 1955 استدعي األستاذ الدكتور متي عقراوي<br />

مع األستاذ الدكتور إسامعيل القباين لدراسة واقع التعليم<br />

يف الكويت ووضع املقرتحات لتطويره وأنجزا تقريرًا مهًام<br />

نرش بعنوان:‏ “ تقرير عن التعليم يف الكويت “ صدر يف<br />

1955 ويعد من التقارير املتميزة التي ارتكز عليها البنيان<br />

التعليمي يف دولة الكويت فيام بعد.‏ كام أنه يعد من<br />

املصادر املهمة يف كتابة تاريخ التعليم الوطني يف الكويت.‏<br />

عمل يف منظمة اليونسكو مدة تسع سنوات إىل<br />

سنة 1957 حني أصبح رئيسً‏ ا لجامعة بغداد 1957-1958<br />

وبعد إعفائه من منصب رئيس جامعة بغداد بعد وقوع<br />

انقالب 14 متوز 1958، عاد للعمل يف منظمة اليونسكو<br />

فأصبح ممثلها يف األمم املتحدة 1959-1961. عمل يف<br />

الجامعة األمريكية ببريوت خالل السنوات )1963-1971(<br />

وبعدها أحيل عىل التقاعد ليتفرغ للعمل البحثي.‏<br />

نال خالل حياته العديد من األوسمة والتكرميات،‏<br />

منها حصوله عىل وسام الرافدين سنة 1953 ووسام<br />

الخدمة املمتازة من كلية املعلمني يف الواليات املتحدة<br />

األمريكية سنة 1960، ووسام االستحقاق”‏ درجة فارس”‏<br />

من الحكومة اللبنانية 1970.<br />

الرواد األوائل يف القرن العرشين:‏<br />

العراق ليس العراق إذا استثنينا من ذاكرته الجامعية<br />

كبار الشخصيات التنويرية املسيحية مثل املؤرخني<br />

واألكادمييني والعلامء واألطباء والصيادلة واملحامني<br />

والكتاب والصحفيني وعلامء اآلثار والشعراء والفنانني<br />

والرياضيني وغريهم،‏ وال ميكننا أن ننىس عدداً‏ مميزاً‏ من<br />

املثقفني املسيحيني العراقيني قدموا مساهمة حقيقية<br />

يف تقدم وتطور األمة العراقية بعد نشأتها األوىل يف<br />

أوائل القرن العرشين وآخرون قدموا للعراق والعراقيني<br />

خدمات ال تنىس يف القرن املايض سيام يف مجال<br />

العلم والتعليم إذ كان املعلمني املسيحيني مشهورين<br />

مبعرفتهم العميقة للتأريخ واملجتمع وأدائهم الدؤوب<br />

ومصداقيتهم وحبهم ملهنتهم وتربّت أجيال عراقية<br />

بأكملها عىل أيادي مربني ومعاهد تعليمية مسيحية<br />

غرست حب العلم واملعرفة يف أجيال من الطالب<br />

وتكوين مجموعة نرية من العراقيني األكفاء.‏<br />

ومن املؤكد أن هناك اآلالف غريهم من العراقيني<br />

والعراقيات الذين كان لهم دور يف بناء العراق وتطويره<br />

عرب العصور املختلفة مع مواطنيهم من كافة االنتامءات<br />

القومية والدينية واملذهبية،‏ ولكن ضمن مساحة مقالتنا<br />

املحدودة نعتذر لعدم ذكرهم جميعاً،‏ وأن نسجل أسامء<br />

قلة من املسيحيني الذين كانوا األوائل خالل القرن<br />

العرشين ومنذ تأسيس اململكة العراقية،‏ وجميعهم كانوا<br />

شموس وكواكب أضاءت دروب املعرفة والثقافة وعرفوا<br />

بالنزاهة واإلخالص للعراق.‏<br />

ونحن إذ نقف أمام بوابة الذكريات نأمل أن<br />

يجد القارئ يف هذه املقالة اسرتجاع للتاريخ ولو بقدر<br />

محدود ليكون درسا للمستقبل وشهادة نزيهة عن دور<br />

الرواد املسيحيني الذين جمعوا فيام بينهم ابداعات<br />

العامل القديم والوسيط والحديث وتكتسب هذه<br />

الشهادة أهميتها من كونها تقدم تأريخ تعززه األسانيد<br />

واإلثباتات عن تأريخ وأدوار املكونات يف هندسة وبناء<br />

اركان املجتمع العراقي بغية تطويره ليكون درساً‏<br />

وامتداداً‏ للمدرسة النهضوية العراقية التي مثلت أحد<br />

أبرز وجوه الجانب املرشف لعراق الحضارة والتاريخ يف<br />

مطلع القرن املايض.‏<br />

وكم من املحزن ان يعارص جيلنا غياب وتهجري ما<br />

تبقى من املسيحيني العراقيني يف سنوات القهر والجمر<br />

ونجدهم ينقرضون وهم يدافعون عن وجودهم<br />

التاريخي وسط مجتمع متزمت غداّر وامام مصري مجهول<br />

وما يالقونه من اعتداءات ظاملة مل يألفوا مثلها ابدا مذ<br />

وجدوا يف بالد الرافدين منذ االف السنني.‏ ومن املؤسف<br />

أيضاً‏ أن نرى تغري هوية العراق والرشق األوسط يف القرن<br />

الواحد والعرشين اىل هوية أحادية فاقدة لكافة امتيازات<br />

التنوع والتعدد التي كانت تشكل رأسامل وكنوز خزانه<br />

الوطن ثقافة وفنّا،‏ وفكراً.‏<br />

هذه كانت ذكريات ال تخلوا من الفخر والقهر يف ذكر<br />

تأريخ أبناء العراق سيام وأن ماحل باملكونات بعد 2003 ال<br />

يدعو للحزن والشجن فقط،‏ بل للرثاء والبكاء حيث عملت<br />

أيادي السلب والنهب ما عملت يف الرتهيب والتهجري<br />

ومن املؤسف ان نرى كيف تذبل وتيبس وتهمل فسائل<br />

ومكونات الوطن ومن الغريب ان ال يحتضنهم وينصفهم<br />

وطنهم ويقّدر وُيثمن ويحتضن علامء وأبناء العراق يف<br />

بلدان الغرب وهم ملح العراق ومن طني وادي الرافدين.‏<br />

وهكذا بعدما مييض الوقت تبقى الذكريات<br />

مرآة للاميض وشاهد للمستقبل تحيك قصة األقليات<br />

والنكسات التي تعرضوا لها فبقي منهم من بقي ورحل<br />

من رحل وبغيابهم تراجع دور بقية املكونات وضعفت<br />

قدرات العراق وبات هدفا للطامع والغريب،‏ ومن املهم<br />

واملطلوب هو استيعاب الدرس والبدء مبراجعة وتقويم<br />

األخطاء من اجل خلق أجواء مواطنة رصينة وبناء جسور<br />

مجتمعية ثابتة واسرتجاع قيمة وهيبة وكرامة االنسان.‏<br />

ويكفينا فخراً‏ أن قصص وإنجازات الرواد كانت<br />

وستبقى شموس ساطعة يف سامء الوطن لتذكّرنا بأن<br />

الذكريات لها أهميتها،‏ ولكن الحارض هو املنصة التي<br />

نعيش عليها ويجب أن نستثمرها يف خلق ذكريات<br />

جديدة تضاف إىل رسد حياتنا وتوسيع افاقنا وتأثرينا<br />

حيثام كنا وأينام حللنا يف الواليات املتحدة أو ديار<br />

املهجر.‏ وعلينا أن ندرك بأن الحارض هو املكان الذي<br />

نعيش فيه وهو الذي سيصبح ذاكرة نحتفظ بها عندما<br />

مييض الزمان وتستمر الحياة يف التقدم،‏ وواجبنا أن<br />

نسعى لخلق ذكريات ملهمة تعيش معنا ومع األجيال<br />

القادمة كدليل واضح عىل غنى تراثنا وتاريخنا وتبقى<br />

من بعدنا يف ضامئر وقلوب اآلخرين ومتكن العراقيني<br />

من استعادة سيادة وكرامة وطنهم وأن يكملوا سفرة<br />

الحياة ما بقي بينهم دجلة والفرات.‏<br />


continued from page 39<br />

42 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


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<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 43



The aftermath of the strikes that killed Karam Mikhail and Peshraw Dizayee.<br />

Chaldean–Syriac–Assyrian businessman Karam Mikhail<br />

killed in Iranian missile attack on Erbil<br />

The ongoing conflict in the Middle East<br />

suffered an escalation recently as Iran’s<br />

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps<br />

(IRGC) launched ballistic missiles targeting<br />

a residential area of Erbil, Kurdistan<br />

Region of Iraq (KRI). The regional<br />

security council reports that at least<br />

four perished and six were injured in<br />

the eight blasts that rocked the area.<br />

One of those killed was Chaldean–<br />

Syriac–Assyrian businessman Karam<br />

Mikhail, who was visiting the home<br />

of Kurdish multimillionaire Peshraw<br />

Dizayee, also killed in the attack.<br />

In the aftermath of the attacks,<br />

Iraq recalled its ambassador from Tehran<br />

for consultations and summoned<br />

Iran’s charge d’affaires in Baghdad.<br />

The United States, condemning the<br />

strikes, added its voice to the growing<br />

international chorus expressing concern<br />

over the escalating situation.<br />

The Iraqi government condemned<br />

what they call Iranian “aggression” in<br />

Erbil and is considering filing a complaint<br />

with the United Nations Security<br />

Council. Iran’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs<br />

spokesperson, Nasser Kanaani,<br />

defended the missile strikes, stating that<br />

Tehran respected the sovereignty and<br />

territorial integrity of other countries but<br />

was exercising its “legitimate and legal<br />

right to deter national security threats.”<br />

The world is watching to see what<br />

happens next.<br />

– Syriac Press<br />

Newly Launched News Channel in Iraq Preserves Syriac<br />

A newly launched television channel, Al-Syriania,<br />

aims to preserve the Syriac language. With funding<br />

from the Iraqi government, the new channel hopes to<br />

strengthen community connections of language and<br />

culture. It is a sister station of Al-Iraqiya, an Arabic<br />

television network that was set up after the fall of the<br />

Saddam Hussein regime.<br />

Based in Baghdad, the new channel has about 40<br />

staff members. It can be viewed throughout Iraq and<br />

through satellite networks such as NilesSat and Arab-<br />

Sat. The news bulletins for the new channel are read<br />

in classical Syriac, but many of the other programs —<br />

which include cinema, art, history, cultural events and<br />

music — are presented in a dialect of the language.<br />

“We have daily segments, like news and morning<br />

shows, and also, documentary programs about the history<br />

of the church and historical sites,” said Jack Anwia,<br />

the station director. “We also play classical Syriac songs<br />

and music, the top-100 movies, and we have correspondents<br />

reporting from the field.”<br />

— Sara Hassan, Theworld.org<br />

Presenters chat with each other on the Al-Syriania broadcast set at the station’s headquarters in Baghdad,<br />

Iraq, Aug. 27, 2023.<br />


44 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

3601 15 Mile Rd., Sterling Heights, MI 48310<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 45

YOUR<br />

Therapy can be a big step toward being the<br />

healthiest version of yourself and living the best<br />

life possible — our licensed, professional therapists<br />

are here for you to access. Through therapy, you<br />

can change self-destructive behaviors and habits,<br />

resolve painful feelings, improve your relationships,<br />

and share your feelings and experiences. Individuals<br />

often seek therapy for help with issues that may be<br />

hard to face alone.<br />

CONFIDENTIALITY AND PRIVACY: The CCF and Project Light is<br />

committed to your privacy and confidentiality and are sensitive to<br />

the stigma and stress that come with seeking mental health support.<br />

Therefore, all counseling records are kept strictly confidential.<br />

Information is not shared without client’s written consent. Exceptions<br />

to confidentiality are rare and include persons who threaten safety of<br />

themselves others or in circumstances of a court order.<br />

In therapy your therapist will help you to establish<br />

person centered goals and determine the steps you<br />

will take to reach those goals. Your relationship<br />

with your therapist is confidential and our common<br />

therapeutic goal for those we engage is to inspire<br />

healthy change to improve quality of life — no<br />

matter the challenge.<br />

We invite you seek out the Light of Project Light!<br />

Serving individuals ages 13 years and up. Please call<br />

to request a Project Light Intake at (586) 722-7253.<br />

Looking for a great opportunity to make a difference?<br />

NOW HIRING Behavioral Health Professional Therapists.<br />

— Apply at www.chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

Chaldean Community Foundation<br />

3601 15 Mile Rd., Sterling Heights, MI 48310<br />

46 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

WE ARE<br />

HIRING<br />

Do you possess a passion for bettering the lives of others?<br />

Join our ever expanding team!<br />

Behavioral Health Case Worker • Behavioral Health Therapist<br />

Case Worker • Citizenship Instructor • Social Media Coordinator<br />

Advocacy<br />

Acculturation<br />

Community Development<br />

Cultural Preservation<br />

For More Information<br />

HR@chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

586-722-7253<br />

www.chaldeanfoundation.org/careers<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 47


Aneesa<br />

Hirmiz Toma<br />

Jul 1, 1941 –<br />

Dec 20, 2023<br />

Jacqueline<br />

Saba Azar<br />

Apr 18, 1957 –<br />

Dec 20, 2023<br />

Teresa Youkhanna<br />

Jul 1, 1929 –<br />

Dec 21, 2023<br />

Rajeena Polus<br />

Anwia<br />

May 2, 1938 –<br />

Dec 22, 2023<br />

Hani Najib Sheeka<br />

Aug 19, 1950 –<br />

Dec 22, 2023<br />

Sami Dawood<br />

Roumaya<br />

Jul 1, 1940 –<br />

Dec 23, 2023<br />

Nabeel Wadeea<br />

Alkaseer<br />

Jul 4, 1944 –<br />

Dec 23, 2023<br />

Waad Putrus<br />

Alkassaphram<br />

Apr 2, 1958 –<br />

Dec 25, 2023<br />

Ghanim Nouri<br />

Qattan<br />

Jul 1, 1939 –<br />

Dec 25, 2023<br />

Zeki Jorj-Poolis<br />

Gabbara<br />

Dec 4, 1955 –<br />

Dec 25, 2023<br />

Shamoon<br />

Yousif Jarbo<br />

Jul 1, 1940 –<br />

Dec 27, 2023<br />

Yako Botres<br />

Jul 1, 1934 –<br />

Dec 28, 2023<br />

Durah Hami<br />

Feb 20, 1951 –<br />

Dec 28, 2023<br />

Sonia Kakos Kejbo<br />

Jan 9, 1972 –<br />

Dec 28, 2023<br />

Jamila Atty Abro<br />

Oct 5, 1930 –<br />

Dec 30, 2023<br />

Nadera Said<br />

Abdulahad<br />

Jul 1, 1933 –<br />

Jan 1, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Benjamin<br />

Shamoon Hanna<br />

Jul 1, 1952 –<br />

Jan 2, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Tyler Anthony<br />

Tomina<br />

Sep 11, 2008 –<br />

Jan 2, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Badria Aziz<br />

Kathawa<br />

Apr 16, 1935 –<br />

Jan 6, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Younis Jaffo<br />

Hakeem<br />

Jul 1, 1935 –<br />

Jan 7, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Terry Christopher<br />

Konja<br />

Dec 23, 1960 –<br />

Jan 7, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Afaf Haddad<br />

Sep 10, 1952 –<br />

Jan 8, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Kathy Mikhana<br />

Jun 20, 1962 –<br />

Jan 9, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Iman Deza Yaldo<br />

Dec 3, 1965 –<br />

Jan 9, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Fikrat Jamil<br />

Romaya<br />

Oct 21, 1951 –<br />

Jan 10, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Khami Shamon<br />

Jul 1, 1940 –<br />

Jan 10, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Nora Iskander<br />

Musa<br />

Dec 18, 1935 –<br />

Jan 11, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Habib Lazar<br />

Shamon Sana<br />

Jul 1, 1943 –<br />

Jan 11, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Shemoun Isho<br />

Bidawid<br />

Jul 1, 1930 –<br />

Jan 11, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Nouri Yousif<br />

Toma Damman<br />

May 3, 1934 –<br />

Jan 12, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Juliet Patros<br />

Shounyia<br />

Jul 1, 1934 –<br />

Jan 12, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Faeza Issa<br />

Jul 1, 1938 –<br />

Jan 14, <strong>2024</strong><br />

John T. Abdoian<br />

Mar 20, 1946 –<br />

Jan 15, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Said Karim Mikhail<br />

Kinaya<br />

Nov 1, 1944 –<br />

Jan 16, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Sadoon Jaber<br />

Jabro<br />

Jul 1, 1954 –<br />

Jan 16, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Majdoline Zia<br />

Summa Cholagh<br />

Jul 1, 1940 –<br />

Jan 17, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Azhar Faraj Dally<br />

Aug 28, 1968 –<br />

Jan 17, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Jarjis Jajo<br />

Jun 28, 1946 –<br />

Jan 19, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Saleemah Hirmiz<br />

Altony Al-Ton<br />

Jul 1, 1937 –<br />

Jan 20, <strong>2024</strong><br />

Iftekhar Kaji<br />

Hedow<br />

Sep 30, 1962 –<br />

Jan 21, <strong>2024</strong><br />

48 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>


Authorized Agent for:<br />

Phone: (248) 851-2227<br />

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o: (248) 622-0704<br />

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in our business directory section!<br />

for As little As $ 85<br />

to place your ad, contact us today! 3601 15 Mile Road<br />

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TEL: (586) 722-7253<br />

FAX: (586) 722-7257<br />

phone: 248-851-8600 fax: 248-851-1348<br />

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3601 15 Mile Road<br />

Sterling Heights, MI 48310<br />

TEL: (586) 722-7253<br />

FAX: (586) 722-7257<br />

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TEL:<br />

TEL: (586) (586) 722-7253 722-7253<br />

FAX:<br />

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mariam.abdalla@chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

stacy.bahri@chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

www.chaldeanfoundation.org<br />

www.chaldeanfoundation.org<br />


continued from page 40<br />

the concerns of Christians increased<br />

so much that they began to emigrate<br />

again. I was told Christian families<br />

from the Nineveh Plain leave Iraq at<br />

a rate of 20 families per month due to<br />

the chaos, fragmentation, and favoritism<br />

created by sectarian militias.<br />

“How could a Christian or Muslim<br />

who believes in God commit such<br />

transgressions?<br />

“Who will protect these peaceful<br />

Christians who are loyal to their homeland<br />

if the state does not protect them?<br />

These are painful violations, and they<br />

have repercussions on Iraq’s reputation.<br />

“With agony, I say if you do not<br />

wish us to remain equal citizens in our<br />

country, Iraq, then be honest about it.<br />

So that we can manage ourselves before<br />

it is too late.”<br />

It is notable that every civilized<br />

and historical prosperity was based<br />

on peaceful coexistence, and every<br />

regression was accompanied by religious<br />

or sectarian tension. The Christian<br />

citizens of Iraq built Iraq as Iraqis,<br />

and today they are unfortunately deprived<br />

of their rights and their homeland.<br />

Ultimately the Middle East must<br />

transition to a moderate democracy<br />

that respects minority law. However,<br />

this is so far from the currency cycle of<br />

dictatorship and radicalism that it will<br />

take generations to achieve that.<br />

The consequences of these events<br />

are going to be played out over the<br />

next 50 years. Unfortunately, the minorities<br />

in Iraq and the Middle East<br />

will pay the ultimate price for this<br />

transition. It is certain that Christians<br />

will be the biggest losers of this uncertain<br />

outcome.<br />

Acknowledgement of sources and<br />

excerpts from articles by Iraqi historian<br />

and writers Dr. Sayyar Al-Jamil,<br />

Siroor Mahmoud Mirza, Dr. Omar<br />

Al-Kubaisi, Professor Raad Estefan,<br />

Nizar Osachi, Faris Kamal Nadhmi,<br />

Douglas Martin NY Times, Wikipedia,<br />

Facebook, authors Hanna Batatu,<br />

Habib Hannona, Kamal Yaldo, Silva<br />

Seroubien, and other contributors.<br />

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 49


Celebrating<br />

Marriage<br />

T<br />

hese beautiful archival<br />

photos supplied by the<br />

Chaldean Cultural Center<br />

show the joy and promise of<br />

marriages blessed by God.<br />

From the top, pictured are the<br />

weddings of: Vickie George and<br />

Badie Atchoo; Dr. Nathima and<br />

Dr. Peter Atchoo; and Michael<br />

and Andrea Gabbara. Shaw and<br />

Mary Hakim are pictured in the<br />

oval on the right. If you have<br />

archival photos you’d like to<br />

submit for consideration, please<br />

send them, along with captions,<br />

to edit@chaldeannews.com.<br />

The Chaldean Cultural Center and Museum owns a collection of captivating images from our vibrant community that<br />

we are delighted to share with the Chaldean News. If you have photographs that you would like us to incorporate into<br />

our archive, kindly reach out to us at info@chaldeanculturalcenter.org or call 248-681-5050.<br />

50 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

<strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong> CHALDEAN NEWS 51

52 CHALDEAN NEWS <strong>FEBRUARY</strong> <strong>2024</strong>

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