2 months ago

Teach Youth Players How to build play from the back

This is the first of The Youth Coaching Series E-Books designed for coaches operating at the youth level. This e-book provides coaches of U11and U12 a comprehensive plan in how progressively teach youth players how to build play from the back in the 9v9 game format.

The Training Process

The Training Process Teaching youth players how to build from the back must be planned out in stages. Development is a process where players gradually learn and improve all aspects of their game. We cannot expect players at age 13 to be able to build from the back when that expectation has not been put forth early in their development. Most importantly, players have not been trained technically, tactically, and mentally on how to do so. Therefore, the training process of teaching players to build play from the back has to take place in distinct stages. Each stage is determined by both the player’s age and on the game format being played. This allows players to gradually assimilate the playing concepts, and develop the technical and tactical requirements needed for best performance. Stage 1 is for U9 and U10 players that play the 7v7 game format. At this stage, players are introduced to the concept of cooperation and team play. Coaches can start to lay down the foundation, and implement a training plan that addresses the development of the technical, tactical, physical, and mental components of building from the back. This E-book deals with Stage 2. It is designed for U11 and U12 players playing the 9v9 game format. We will take an in-depth look on how to continue developing the training components of Stage 1 within this game format. Stage 3 is the last step of the training process. It is designed for U13 and up playing the 11v11 game format on a regulation field. At this stage many of the training requirements and concepts will be in place. The coaching approach will concentrate on perfecting all training components, and learning how to build from the back in different systems of play. This stage will be covered in a separate E-book in the future. Although we are not going to discuss Stage 1 at this time, it will be very important for U11 and U12 coaches (9v9 coaches) to know and understand the training components of the previous stage, to be used as a reference point or even better as prerequisite for teaching Stage 2. BUILDING FROM THE BACK DEVELOPMENT STAGES Training Stages Age Game Format Training Formation Stage 1 U9-10 7v7 2-3-1 Stage 2 U11-12 9v9 3-4-1 Stage 3 U13-18 11v11 Various 6

Pre-Requisites TECHNICAL The techniques outlined below are the “fundamentals” needed for players of this age to be able to build play from the back. Technique can be trained with a variety of exercises, analytics, games, or a mix of both. Players must be provided with proper time for repetition and allowed the “opportunity” to make mistakes. Visual demonstration by coaches, with proper coaching methodology that promotes the player’s cognitive development, is a must when training technique. TECHNIQUE Passing to advance or keep the ball Receiving to advance or keep the ball Running with the ball to advance the ball Dribbling to advance the ball or beat an opponent OBJECTIVE Ability to pass the ball diagonally and vertically over 5, 10, 15, and 20 yards for the purpose of advancing or keeping the ball. Ability to receive the ball with the most appropriate part of the body, from a teammate facing the opposition goal, to advance the ball, or to keep it under pressure with back to goal. Ability to run with the ball as fast as possible but in control, for the purpose of advancing the ball. Ability to advance the ball around obstacles while controlling the ball for the purpose of advancing or keeping the ball PHYSICAL Players at this stage are in the pre-growth stage and have an acceptable balance and coordination. Good technical development is strictly correlated to the motor skill development of the individual player. Therefore, physical literacy activities are a priority and must be part of the training program. MOTOR SKILL DEVELOPMENT Balance Jumping Turning Running Coordination Crawling Occupation of space PHYCOLOGICAL When building from the back, the fear of losing possession can be a psychological barrier that a coach must recognize and help the players overcome. In this early stage of their development, players will make passing mistakes and lose possession of the ball. Coaches must take a positive approach with players and support them when they make mistakes. If we want a cultural change in play, we all must support it. Encouragement with positive reinforcement as a priority, rather than negative consequences or remarks. As players progress through their training, this aspect of the game will improve. PHYCOLOGICAL TOPICS Cooperation Team concepts Positivity play 7