3 years ago



Kwan, J.A., M.G. Novak,

Kwan, J.A., M.G. Novak, T.S. Hyles, M.K. Niemela. 2009. Mortality of nontarget arthropods from an aerial application of pyrethrins. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 25(2):218-20. La Marca, E., et al. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae:Atelopus). Biotropica 37(2): 190-201. Lane, J. 1984. The status of monarch butterfly overwintering sites in Alta California. Atala 9:17- 20. Lane, J. 1993. Overwintering Monarch Butterflies in California: Past and Present. Pages 335 – 344 in S.B. Malcolm and M.P. Zalucki, editors. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA. Lavoie, B., and K.S. Oberhauser. 2004. Compensatory feeding in Danaus plexippus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in response to variation in host plant quality. Environmental Entomology 33:1062–1069. Available from 33.4.1062 (accessed August 29, 2013). Lee, E.H., C.A. Burdick, and D.M. Olszyk. 2005. GIS-based risk assessment of pesticide drift case study: Fresno County, California. EPA/600/R-05/029. Leong, K.L.H. 1989. Final report: monarch lane butterfly survey. Leong, K.L.H. 1990. Microenvironmental factors associated with the winter habitat of the monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) in Central California. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83:907-910. Leong, K.L.H. 1999. Restoration of an overwintering grove in Los Osos, San Luis Obispo County, California. Pages 221 – 218 in 1997 North American Conference on the Monarch Butterfly. Eds. J. Hoth, L. Merino, K. Oberhauser, I. Pisanty, S. Price, and T. Wilkinson. Leong, K.L.H., D.F. Frey, A. Brenner, S. Baker, and D. Fox. 1991. The use of multivariate analyses to characterize the monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) winter habitat. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 84:263-267. Leong, K.L.H., W.H. Sakai, W. Bremer, D. Feuerstein, and G. Yoshimura. 2004. Analysis of the pattern of distribution and abundance of monarch overwintering sites along the California coastline. Pages 177-185 in K. Oberhauser and M. Solensky, editors. The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Levin, P.S., E.E. Holmes, K.R. Piner, and C.J. Harvey. 2006. Shifts in a Pacific Ocean fish assemblage: the potential influence of exploitation. Conservation Biology 20:1181–1190. Monarch ESA Petition 130

Lindenmayer, D.B., J.T. Wood, L. McBurney, C. MacGregor, K. Youngentob, and S.C. Banks. 2011. How to make a common species rare: A case against conservation complacency. Biological Conservation 144:1663-1672. Lockery vs. Hayter. 2006. H & H Lockrey Farms 1997 Ltd. v. Hayter, 2006 CanLII 127 (ON SC) (Can.). Available from (accessed August 20, 2014). Longley, M., and N.W. Sotherton. 1997. Factors determining the effects of pesticides upon butterflies inhabiting arable farmland. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 61:1–12. Available from (accessed September 17, 2012). Lorentz, L., R. Beffa, and H. Kraehmer. 2011. Recovery of plants and histological observations on advanced weed stages after glyphosate treatment. Weed Research 51(4): 333-343. Love, O. 2012. High cost of land, crops taking bite out of conservation acres. June 16, 2012. KRCG, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Available from (accessed August 20, 2014). Loux, M.M., J.M. Stachler, and S.K. Harrison. 2001. Weed control guide for Ohio field crops: Common milkweed. Ohio State University Extension, 2001. Available from (accessed August 20, 2014). Lynch, S.P., and R.A. Martin. 1993. Milkweed host plant utilization and cardnolide sequestration by monarch butterflies in Louisiana and Texas. Pages 107 – 123 in S.B. Malcolm and M.P. Zalucki, editors. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, CA. Lyons, J.I., A.A. Pierce, S.M. Barribeau, E.D. Sternberg, A.J. Mongue, and J.C. de Roode. 2012. Lack of genetic differentiation between monarch butterflies with divergent migration destinations. Molecular Ecology 21:3433–3444. Available from (accessed June 11, 2013). Main, A.R., J.V. Headley, K.M. Peru, N.L. Michel, A.L. Cessna, and C.A. Morrissey. 2014. Widespread use and frequent detection of neonicotinoid insecticides in wetlands of Canada's Prairie Pothole Region. PLoS One 9 (3), e92821. Malcolm, S. B., and L. P. Brower. 1986. Selective oviposition by monarch butterlies (Danaus plexippus L.) in a mixed stad of Ascepius curassavica L. and A. incarnata L. in south Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 40:255–263. Available from (accessed June 19, 2013). Monarch ESA Petition 131

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