218 The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Lies. were sent to America with the express purpose of deceiving the American people and of arousing in them a prejudice against Germany." This report is signed with the names of several hundred of the most influential citizens of the United States. Sven Hedin, the celebrated Swedish explorer, who has himself inspected the fields of war, writes thus: "I should like to advise the neutral states to weigh the news of the war with the utmost detachment and critical judgment. Never before has the world had to struggle with such avalanches of lying reports as in this war. Germany is the object of calumny and of a systematic tissue of falsehood." 1 VIII. We have nothing to add to these objective testimonials of neutral citizens as to German behavior and the German conduct of the war. But what shall one say to this typical and amusing bit of impudence from the "Temps," published sometime during the end of October. This paper in a leading article complains that: "Germany floods the world with news against which the short, matter-of-fact communiques of our (that is to say, the French) Press Bureau cannot cope." One might well say to an utterance such as this: "This is the very limit!" It is well-known that months went by ere the deeds of the German army were given a little of the credit that was due them. IX. As is well known, a Commission for the investigation of "German atrocities" was established in Belgium as well as in France. Dr. Albert Moll, the First President of the Psychological Society in Berlin, expressed a very interesting opinion as to this: He justly criticises the unfortunate and unprofessional compilations of this commission, which revealed neither objectivity nor expert knowledge. He calls attention to the operation of a potent "mass hypnotism" on the part of the Belgians, such as made an objective judgment quite impossible. See the 1 These worthy All-lies (to give them an American nick-name) do not even spare one another. According to the "Neuen Zilricher Nachrichten," a Canadian illustrated paper by the name of "Courier" (November 28th, 1914) has the following under screaming head-lines: "All Belgian officers were bribed. German money bought them all, with the exception of General Leman, the heroic defender of Liege I"
The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Lies. 219 following chapter with regard to this "Atrocity Commission" and its work. The following points of view are also well taken: "A rôle by no means small is played in the reports of the Belgian Committee of Investigation by the alleged violated girls and women. Whoever has had any experience in legalpsychological matters, is all too well aware how many such accusations are the products of an excited imagination. It frequently happens that girls and women build up all sorts of sexual happenings out of their fantasies, and then, coming in contact with some quite innocent man, compel him to defend himself against charges of immorality. "As we have to contend with innumerable such cases even in times of peace, we are forced to adopt an attitude of the greatest distrust towards the report of this Belgian Committee of Investigation. It is well-known that hysterical women are peculiarly prone to accusations of this sort. It would be interesting to know whether the Belgian Commission called in the services of non-partisan, that is to say, non-Belgian nerve specialists ? Should this not be the case the Belgian Commission has laid itself open to the charge of a serious sin of omission, for many hysterical women are disposed to make an immoral crime out of a harmless accidental contact. And is it a mere coincidence—that famous case in Belgium of Louise Lateau and her stigmata? It was in the Bois d'Haine near Charleroi that Louise Lateau cropped up in 1868 and excited the fancy of the entire world." Dr. Moll calls attention in his expert review of the Belgian Report to the grave discrepancies in the testimony of individual witnesses and concludes with the observation that it is to be much regretted that the Belgian government should attempt to influence public opinion with such untrustworthy reports. All that Dr. Moll says of the Belgian Committee of Investigation is still more applicable to the wordy statements of the French Commission—in so far as these have become known to us through the press. It is unfortunate that the Germans waited for too long a period ere taking steps to refute in some degree the overwhelming slanders of the English, Belgian and French press. The so-