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WHO ARE THE HUNS?

WHO ARE THE HUNS?

68 Chinese Neutrality

68 Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. i. The consolidation and maintenance of peace in the regions of East Asia and India. 2. The preservation of the common interests of all powers in China through the assurance of the independence and integrity of the Chinese Empire and the principle of equal opportunity in China for the trade and commerce of all nations. 3. The maintenance of the territorial rights of the contracting parties in the regions of East Asia and India and the defense of their special interests in the said regions. The most important articles of the terms of the Alliance declare in detail: Article 1. It is agreed that when, according to the opinion either of Japan or Great Britain, any of the aforesaid rights and interests should happen to be jeopardised, both governments shall openly and freely communicate the same to each other and take common counsel as to the measures which are to be taken in order to guard their threatened rights or interests. Article 2. Should one of the contracting parties by reason of an unprovoked attack or a non-aggressive action, wherever this may take place, on the part of any power, be drawn into war, made necessary by the defense of its territorial rights or its special interests as mentioned above, the other contracting party must immediately come to the assistance of its ally, conduct the war in common with it, and conclude peace on the basis of a mutual understanding. We see therefore that the Casus foederis (Bundnisfall) is only established in the event of the territorial rights being endangered, that is to say, in the event of an aggressive action by Germany against England, or in case of the jeopardizing of the independence and integrity of the Chinese Empire and the principle of the Open Door in China. All this, of course, has not the slightest application to the case at issue in which England aggressively declared war against Germany. From the very beginning Germany made it prefectly clear—and Japan could have had the most formal assurance most famous jurists, Henry Larmer Milne, declares in view of the dangers that threaten India by reason of its Japanese policy: " Every European power which enters into an alliance with yellow peoples against a European power, commits treason against the entire human race."

Chinese Neutrality and Kiao-Chau. 69 in the shortest possible time had it desired anything of the sort—that Germany cherished not the slightest aggressive intentions against either England or China—least, of all, naturally, against Japan. The Japanese Charge d'Affaires was at once informed that in the event of Japanese neutrality, the German squadron in East Asia would refrain from any hostile action in the waters there. The most remarkable thing, however, was the intimation that Germany was threatening the independence and integrity of the Chinese Empire and the principle of the Open Door, and thereby imperilling the peace of East Asia and the territorial rights of other nations in East Asia. Japan and England resemble each other in their policies and in their skill in converting the most villainous and scoundrelly acts into something ethically correct, nay, even something magnanimous and noble ! Let any man consider and estimate the relative military strength of both sides in East Asia, and then—let us still keep our patience and our calmness!—judge the shamelessness of this wanton trifling with the rights of nations of which Japan has been guilty—an act that seems almost like a mockery of Germany and the entire world. And Germany had never once thought of ignoring the territorial rights of the contracting parties in the regions of East Asia or of India—and had made this perfectly clear on more than one occasion. 1 But England, according to her own official declaration, also longed "to strike a deadly blow" at Germany in the matter of her colonies. This, and this alone is the truth—and not the rank invention that 1 Dr. Carson Chany, a prominent Chinese journalist, in a flaming protest now declares that the present policy of Japan and its 20 demands made upon China, is an act of aggression hitherto unheard of in the history of the world and directed against a people who are living in absolute peace with Japan. Chany is entirely in the right, when he says: "Although the Japanese demands were first directed against China, their contents are such that their realization will cause all other states to be involved. The policy hitherto maintained by these in Asia was based upon the principle of the integrity and independence of China, and that of the open door. This was expressly confirmed in the agreement between Japan and France in .July, 1907, in the notes exchanged between the United States and Japan in November, 1908, and in the revised treaty of alliance between England and Japan in July, 1911." (rewanslation)

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    • Copyright 1915 by Georg Reimer

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    IV A Foreword. most brilliant judic

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    VI A Foreword. to do. And I hold th

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    CONTENTS. PART ONE. Page: Rules and

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    PART ONE. Rules and Regulations of

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 3 in fav

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 5 "Gentl

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 7 cellor

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. •9 its

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 11 We th

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 13 nothi

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    The Neutrality of Belgium. 15 that

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    Franc-Tireur Warfare and Cruelty. 1

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    French Outrages. 131 to the ground

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    English Outrages. 133 Boer concentr

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    The Frenzy of France. 135 made a st

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    German Restraint and Order. 137 the

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 139 wa

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 141 An

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    Inhumane Methods of Warfare. 143 fr

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    Atrocities of Allied Troops. 145 ha

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    Slaughter of Prisoners. 151 which m

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    Compulsory Treason. 153 the Frenchm

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 155 this

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 157 serva

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    Premiums for Murder, etc. 159 their

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Russian Atrocities in East Prussia.

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    Pogroms and Other Russian Atrocitie

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    CHAPTER XIV. 173- The German Admini

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    German Administration in Belgium. 1

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    Private Property in War. 179 perty,

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 181 t

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 183 c

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    The Conduct of German Troops. 185 p

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Plundering and Destruction of Prope

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 197

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 199

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    Ruses of War and Official Lies. 201

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    The Destruction of Telegraph Cables

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    + Add. — Subtract The Triple Ente

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    The Triple Entente's Vendetta of Li

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    CHAPTER XXI. 229 A Few Remarks upon

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    French and Belgian "Atrocity Books.

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    German Refutations and Investigatio

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    Art and Warfare. 247 by the French

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    Art and Warfare. 249 On the 28th of

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    Art and Warfare. 251 pressly forbid

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 253 the

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 255 the

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    Bombardments by Aeroplanes. 257 bee

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    English Business Morals. 259 Contin

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    English Business Morals. 261 means

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    English Business Morals. 263 While

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    Economie War in the English Colonie

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    Economie War in the English Colonie

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    Violations of Neutral States. 269 w

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    Violations of Neutral States. 271 A

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    PART TWO. Questions of Legality in

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    England, Naval Laws and Ourselves.

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    Starvation as a Weapon. 281 take pl

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 283

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 285

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 287

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 289

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 291

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 293

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    Breaches of Sea-Law by England. 295

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    The North Sea as a Zone of War. 297

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    The North Sea as a Zone of War. 299

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    American "Neutrality." 301 logical

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    American "Neutrality." 303 press (f

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    American "Neutrality." 305 of to-da

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    American "Neutrality." 307 •natio

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    American "Neutrality." 309 We are,

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    American "Neutrality." 311 its weak

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    American "Neutrality." 313 IL i. Th

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    American "Neutrality." 315. knows t

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    American "Neutrality." 317 III. In

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    American "Neutrality." 319 Prussian

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 321 pa

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    The Americans and Ourselves. 323 wi

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    The Monroe Doctrine and Neutrality.

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 327 for t

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 329 of Lo

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 331 misus

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 333 right

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 335 proce

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 337 cease

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 339, the

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 341 accre

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 343 of co

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 345 consi

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 347 "Germ

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 349 of in

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 351 IV. T

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 353 or wh

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 355 misun

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    The "Submarine Blockade." 357 VI. I

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 359

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 361

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 363

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    False Colors and Ruses of War. 365

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    CHAPTER XXXI. 367 Aggravation of th

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    The Case of the ' Lusitania." 369 t

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 371 we

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 373 "T

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    The Case of the "Lusitania." 375 mi

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange ôf German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Exchange of German-American Notes.

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 393

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 395

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    Italy's Betrayal of her Allies. 397

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    CHAPTER XXXII. A Final Political Su

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    A Final Political Survey. 401 arran

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    A Final Political Survey. 405 This

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