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Natural Knowledge of God in the Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquina

.' CHAPTER reREE THE

.' CHAPTER reREE THE METAPHYSIC OF ANALOGICAL PREDICATION We have disoovered manifold perfections ,n oreated things. We have concluded that these created perfeotions exist in God in a manner befitting His essenoe; that is, God i8 essentially what His creature is by participation. What exists in God in a sovereign degree is received by the creature according to the determinations of its essence. Is the creature being? Or good? Or true? It is so because the Divine Agent from Whom it prooeeds is Being, is Goodness, is Truth. Attributions of this kind are not univooal. they laok the absolute unity of generio predioation. Ab.olute unity in a oonoept applioable to the oreature and to God is not possible, for God i8 infinitely removed , .... fro. the significations ot genera and .peoies. !O olaim unlvocity tor suoh predioations does no honor to God or to man. To regard the names derived trom oreature. and attributed to God a8 totally diverse would be equivalent I to a flat denial ot all knowledge of God. Between the a'lt.olute unity ot univooal predication and the utter lack of unity in pprely equivocal'predication lie. the predioation of perfections by analogy. Here we are oonfronted with the problem that forms the crux of this entire investigation of the existence and nature of God. How can a predication made ot both the finite and the Infinite have any meaning? It a

.' CHAPTER nIREE THE METAPHYSIC OF ANALOGICAL PREDICATION We have disoovered manifold perfections 1n created things. We have concluded that these created perfections exist in God in a manner befitting His essence; that is, God is essentially what His creature 1s by participation. What exists in God in a sovereign degree is reoeived by the creature acoording to the determinations of its essence. Is the oreature being? Or good? Or true? It is so because the Divine Agent from Whom it proceeds is Being. is Goodness, is Truth. Attributions of this kind are not univooal. they laok the absolute unity at generio predioation. Absolute unity in a oonoept applioable to ,... the oreature and to God is not possible, tor God is infinitely r.moved trom the lignitications ot genera and speoies. TO olaim univocity for suoh predioations does no honor to God or to man. To regard the names derived trom creatures and attributed to God .s totally diverse would be equivalent I to a flat denial ot all knowledge ot God. Between the a .... olute unity of univocal pr.dication and the utter lack ot unity in pprely equivocal predication lie. the predioation of perfections by analogy. Her. we are contronted with the problem that torms the orux of this entire investigation of the existence and nature of God. How can a predication made of both the finite and the Infinite have any meaning? If a

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