Views
4 years ago

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN potential problems and this can be done by the use of sediment traps. Increasing the variety and diversity of native plant species will provide cover, habitat, and help to stabilize the soil along the banks. It will also help to filter sediment and pollutants which may enter the watercourse from runoff. Water quality testing should be completed in this watershed. Three of the field sites along this watercourse potentially contain culverts that may be constricting the channel. This can cause flow problems in the watercourse and therefore the culverts should be measured and replaced if necessary. All recommendations should be discussed with the Drainage Superintendent. Naturalizing Drains and Drain Best Management Practices Promote Good Shoreline Stewardship Blue Flag Beaches Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management (IRVM) Program Ecological Linkages between Natural Areas Riparian Buffer Education Program Wetlands are Worth It Program Agricultural Best Management Practices In addition to having an impact on aquatic and riparian habitat, drain maintenance has the potential to become quite costly through repeated maintenance activities. Naturalizing drains can potentially lengthen the time between maintenance events by reducing the amount of sediment entering and remaining in the drain. Best Management Practices for drain maintenance should be developed in consultation with, but not limited to, the following agencies; OMAFRA, DFO, MNR, Conservation Ontario, OFA, DSAO, CFFO, and the agricultural community to reduce ecological impacts to aquatic systems and to prevent sediment from returning to the drain. Any future maintenance of this watercourse should be done in accordance with Best Management Practices for drains. To review examples of current BMP mitigation measures, refer to Appendix I. Work with partnering stakeholders to promote shoreline that have been maintained naturally or restored to find a balance between natural processes and shoreline protection measures. Work with partnering agencies to mitigate water quality issues and work towards Blue Flag Beach status. Blue Flag status meets high standards with respect to water quality, environmental management, environmental education and safety and services (Blueflag.ca) and is known globally. Blue Flag beaches have the potential to increase tourism in the area. Niagara Region and municipalities should work together to expand Niagara Region‟s IRVM Program. IRVM integrates the use of native vegetation with appropriate management techniques to produce a cost-effective, environmentally sound management alternative for roadside weed and erosion control while providing numerous ecological benefits (e.g. buffer strips). Focus of program expansion should be directed to main roads and roads in areas with a high shallow intrinsic susceptibility. Opportunity potential is present for creating ecological linkages between natural areas creating larger contiguous natural features. Such areas have the potential to enhance movement of flora and fauna between natural areas as well as provide habitat and ecological diversity for a wide range of species. Many landowners keep their properties manicured or plant crops to the edge of the creek. The NPCA‟s program aimed at educating landowners about the benefits of buffer zones along watercourses should be extensively promoted. In addition, landowners should be made aware of and encouraged to participate in the Conservation Authority‟s Water Quality Improvement Program. This program provides grants to a maximum of 75% of the cost of a project with caps between $2,000 and $10,000. Wetlands provide important water quality and ecological functions in a watershed by augmenting low flow, acting as natural filtration systems and helping to reduce flooding by acting like giant sponges and absorbing excess water. The Wetlands are Worth It Program through NPCA‟s Water Quality Improvement Program aims to assist landowners that are interested in restoring, protecting, rehabilitating and creating wetland habitat on their property by providing grants to a maximum of 75% of the cost of a project with a grant ceiling of $10,000. The NPCA‟s program aimed at educating landowners about the benefits of rural and agricultural best management practices should be extensively promoted. In addition, landowners should be made aware of and 216

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Program Abandoned Well Decommissioning Program Special Studies Riparian Buffer Tax Incentive Program Septic System Education and Funding Program Septic System Re- Inspection Program Road Salt Impact Study Subwatershed Hydrogeologic Characterization Fish Habitat Classification Groundwater Intrinsic Susceptibility Studies encouraged to participate in the Conservation Authority‟s Water Quality Improvement Program. This program provides grants to a maximum 75% of the cost of a project with caps between $5,000 and $12,000 depending on the project. Abandoned wells that are not properly decommissioned (capped and sealed) pose a threat to groundwater resources by providing a direct route to groundwater. The NPCA has a well decommissioning program in place for its jurisdiction. Grants are available for the decommissioning of unused water wells only. Priority is given to hydrogeologically sensitive areas, projects located in areas with a high density of domestic water wells, and areas where watershed plans have been completed or are ongoing (NPCA 2007). Approved grants will cover 90% of well decommissioning costs to a maximum of $2,000 per well (limit of 2 wells per property). This is a reimbursement program, which means that the landowner will pay the full cost to the contractor, and will be reimbursed for 90% of the total project cost after all receipts, invoices, and water well decommissioning records are submitted to the NPCA. Recommendations for Further Study Partial exemption on property taxes for the establishment and maintenance of effective riparian and conservation buffers on property. Buffers provide a wide range of functions and benefits depending on their location (e.g. adjacent to watercourse or separating land uses). Improperly functioning septic systems and abandoned septic systems are a known threat to water quality. A septic system education and funding program should be developed and implemented to ensure that private septic systems are functioning properly, and to ensure that abandoned systems are decommissioned. Areas that have been identified as „septic hotspots‟ through the NPCA Groundwater Study and areas that have a high intrinsic susceptibility should be considered priority for such a program. Municipal councils could approve and endorse the allocation of funds from property taxes or general revenue to fund the program. This approach may be facilitated with council knowledge that a percentage of inspected septic systems will also require remedial action on the part of some property owners, including the installation of new septic systems. Owners may also pro-actively undertake action if they are aware that a program is underway. Both will affect the number of permits issued in a municipality, and may generate revenue as a result (MMAH 2001). Through RMN‟s Salt Vulnerability Study (2005) the entire LENS study area has been ranked as having a moderately high vulnerability to road salt from regional roads, however this study was not conducted on local municipal roads; therefore it is recommended that a similar study be completed by the respective local municipalities to determine the impact of road salt applications on local municipal roads to the surrounding natural features. Development of subwatershed scale hydrogeologic characterizations would provide optimal information to make informed decisions in regard to applications and for use in planning decisions and policy development. Not all the watercourses in this subwatershed have been evaluated in terms of importance for fish habitat. It is recommended that this assessment be completed so this information can be used for proper resource management and land use planning decisions. The Groundwater Study (2005) has identified a large portion of the Bearss Drain subwatershed as having a high shallow intrinsic susceptibility (Figure 16a & 16b) The intrinsic susceptibility of groundwater considers only the physical factors affecting the flow of water to, and through, the groundwater resource. Additional studies should be conducted in this watershed to ensure that current and future land uses do not conflict with the protection of groundwater resources in susceptible areas as part of the NPCA‟s Groundwater Study (2005) and proposed 217

8132 - NPCA SNF Watershed Report.indd - Niagara Peninsula ...
15-16-18 Mile Creek - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
2006 AnnuAl REPORT - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Buffer Brochure - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Title Page, Partners, Abstract - Niagara Peninsula Conservation ...
Naturalization Brochure - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Wetland Characteristics - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Lake Erie Shores & Islands Profile - Ohio Has It!
The Grand River - Lake Erie Connection - Great Lakes Fishery ...
Lake Erie s Shores and Islands (Images of America)
Lake Winnipeg Watershed Attributes Winnipe g Erie Watershed km
Rocky shore Habitat action plan - North York Moors National Park
2012 - 2021 Watershed Management Plan Volume I - Comfort Lake ...
Fort Erie Creeks Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula Conservation ...
Upper Welland River Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...
2.0 Watershed Geologic Characterization.pdf - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Lower Welland River Characterization Report - Niagara Peninsula ...
Land Use Planning & Review Policy - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Monitoring & Assessing Marsh Habitat Health - Niagara Peninsula ...
Reclaiming our Lake Erie shore
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
NPCA Stormwater Manual – Appendices - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
North Shore Watershed Management Plan Notes from Community ...
Central Welland River Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...
Watershed Conservation Plan - Destination Erie
Lake Erie Shores And Islands Wine Trail - TheWineBuzz