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Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN an associate with the more dominant Beach Grass. The backdunes are a mix of Red Oak – Hop Hornbeam dune forest in the rich mature areas and naturalized Scotts Pine or Red Pine plantations. Also a very neat and rich Sugar Maple- Hemlock forest covers cool, north facing slopes to the east of the study area. A total of 154 recorded taxa were collected for this study site. This site is also in part designated as Nickel Beach Marsh PSW. Name: Babion Woods (Brady 1980) Site I.D: PC-01-00-00-00-00 Municipality: City of Port Colborne Subwatershed: The majority of this study site flows to the Indian Creek Drain with a small portion draining north/west to the Lyons Creek Drain. Approx. Size: 751 hectares General Summary: The relatively flat terrain of this study site contains intermittent sloughs and numerous drainage ditches. The extensive network of drainage ditches and the construction of the highway have lead to a drier community than would have existed historically. The most common community noted was the Deciduous Swamp dominated by Swamp Maple and Green Ash. Associated species included, Swamp White Oak, Red Maple, Silver Maple, and White Elm. There are a total of 176 recorded taxa recorded for this site. Name: Dann Dunes Site ID: PC-16-00-00-00-00 Municipality: City of Port Colborne Subwatershed: Wignell Drain Approx. Size: 38 hectares General Summary: Located south of Highway 3 between Lorraine Road and Weaver Road. This natural area supports an excellent example of forested sand dunes with numerous old growth trees and old growth forest characteristics. The Deciduous Forests recorded were dominated by Sugar Maple, Red Oak and some Eastern Hemlock. A large forested swamp characterized by Red Maple, Green Ash and Yellow Birch was also noted for this Study Site. The Thicket Swamp and Meadow Marsh communities were situated on mineral or deep organic soils in a backdune muck basin. The Thicket Swamp was dominated by Bebb‟s Willow with Silky Dogwood and Narrow-leaved Meadowsweet. The Meadow Marsh was largely Reed Canary Grass. This natural area is noteworthy for its many old growth trees and for being one of the best examples of forested dune communities along the Lake Erie shoreline. There are a total of 160 recorded taxa for this study site. This site is also in part designated as Beaver Dam Creek Wetland Complex PSW. Name: Weaver Road Woods (Brady 1980) 70

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Site ID: PC-05-00-00-00-00 Municipality: City of Port Colborne Subwatershed: Beaver Dam Creek and Oil Mill Creek Approx. Size: 190 hectares General Summary: It is bounded by Main Street East/Highway 3 on the north, Lake Erie to the south, Weaver Road to the west and Pinecrest Road to the east. The most common community noted was Deciduous Swamp dominated by Green, Swamp Maple, and Red Maple with White Elm. The understory was largely Spicebush, Climbing Poison-ivy, Common Buckthorn, and Gray Dogwood. The herbaceous layer was a mix of Spotted Touch-me-not, Fowl Manna Grass, Radiate Sedge, Stout Woodreed, Awlfruited Sedge, Goldenrod species, and Western Poison-ivy. There are a total of 167 recorded taxa for this study site. This site is also in part designated as Beaver Dam Creek Wetland Complex PSW. Name: Old Mill Creek Wetlands and Dunes Site ID: PC-14-00-00-00-00 Municipality: City of Port Colborne Subwatershed: Old Mill Creek and Bearss Drain. Approx. Size: 129 hectares General Summary: This site lies between Highway # 3 to the north, Lake Erie to the south, Pinecrest Road to the west, and Bearss Drain to the east. The first community is dominated by Swamp Maple or Red Maple with numerous large spreading trees, some over 1m diameter. The major associate throughout this community is Green Ash which dominates some patches. White Elm, Shagbark Hickory and occasionally Bitternut Hickory or Yellow Birch are found as associates. There were pockets with deep organics which measured more than 30cm where the wetland and dune meet. A low, stabilized back-dune community dominated by very large diameter, mature Red Oaks with patches of American Beech (some very, very large, almost 1m dia., and healthy trees) was also documented. A few Yellow Birch were recorded near the wetland edge, along with a Black Cherry and one, approx. 50cm dia., Tulip Tree. A total of 38 taxa were documented at this site. This site is also in part designated as Oil Mill Creek Wetland Complex LSW and Empire Beach Backshore Basin Forest Life Science ANSI and PSW. Site ID: PC-11-00-00-00-00 Municipality: City of Port Colborne Subwatershed: Bearss Drain and Beaver Dam Creek P.C. Approx. Size: 123 hectares General Summary: This site is situated below Humberstone Marsh. There is a very successional swamp forest regenerating around upland patches of plantation (plantation includes open meadow patches\Grey Dogwood thicket or closed plantation). A strip of old field meadow stretches from east to west along the northern margin of the natural area. This also supports an inclusion of Narrow-leaved Cattail Shallow Marsh. To the south of the forested polygons 1 & 2, a dry-moist old field has also succeeded with numerous meadow marsh slough communities. The study site also has many large diameter oaks. A total of 206 taxa were collected for this study site. This site is also in part designated as Humberstone Southwest Wetland Complex LSW. 71

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