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Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Table 11: Hoover Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ....................................... 139 Table 12: Lake Erie 8 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy......................................... 145 Table 13: Casey Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ........................................ 151 Table 14: Lake Erie 5 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy.......................................... 160 Table 15: Wainfleet Marsh Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ................................. 166 Table 16: Lake Erie 3 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy......................................... 172 Table 17: Eagle Marsh Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy .............................. 179 Table 18: Wignell Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ...................................... 188 Table 19: Beaver Dam Creek P.C. Subwatershed Restoration Strategy...................... 199 Table 20: Oil Mill Creek Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ...................................... 207 Table 21: Bearss Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ....................................... 213 Table 22: Point Abino Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ................................ 221 Table 23: Bay Beach Area Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy ........................ 229 Table 24: Subwatershed Habitat Statistics .................................................................. 234 Table 25: Implementation Framework ......................................................................... 237 Table 26: Watershed Monitoring Schedule .................................................................. 239 List of Figures Figure 1: Geographic Location ...................................................................................... 11 Figure 2: Watershed Planning Framework .................................................................... 12 Figure 3: Local Management Areas ............................................................................... 17 Figure 4a: Topography-West ......................................................................................... 20 Figure 4b: Topography-East .......................................................................................... 21 Figure 5a: Geology-West .............................................................................................. 23 Figure 5b: Geology-East ............................................................................................... 24 Figure 6a: Physiography-West ...................................................................................... 26 Figure 6b: Physiography-East ....................................................................................... 27 Figure 7: Points and Bays ............................................................................................. 32 Figure 8a: Soils-West .................................................................................................... 36 Figure 8b: Soils-East ..................................................................................................... 37 Figure 9a: Land Use-West............................................................................................. 47 Figure 9b: Land Use-East.............................................................................................. 48 Figure 10a: Carolinian Canada-West ............................................................................ 52 Figure 10b Carolinian Canada-East .............................................................................. 53 Figure 11a: Significant Natural Areas-West ................................................................... 61 Figure 11b: Significant Natural Areas-East .................................................................... 62 Figure 12a: Natural Heritage System-West ................................................................... 63 Figure 12b: Natural Heritage System-East .................................................................... 64 Figure 13a: Natural Heritage System Index Map-West .................................................. 74 Figure 13b: Natural Heritage System Index Map-East ................................................... 75 Figure 14a: Fish Habitat-West ....................................................................................... 82 Figure 14b: Fish Habitat-East ........................................................................................ 83 Figure 15a: Municipal Drains-West ................................................................................ 85 Figure 15b: Municipal Drains-East ................................................................................. 86 Figure 16a: Water Quality and Potential Contaminants-West ........................................ 92 Figure 16b: Water Quality and Potential Contaminants-East ......................................... 93 Figure 17a: Shallow Intrinsic Susceptibility-West ........................................................... 95 Figure 17b: Shallow Intrinsic Susceptibility-East ............................................................ 96 Figure 18a: Riparian Restoration Suitability-West ....................................................... 122 viii

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Figure 18b: Riparian Restoration Suitability-East ........................................................ 123 Figure 19a: Wetland Restoration Suitability-West ........................................................ 124 Figure 19b: Wetland Restoration Suitability-East ......................................................... 125 Figure 20a: Upland Restoration Suitability-West ......................................................... 126 Figure 20b: Upland Restoration Suitability-East .......................................................... 127 Figure 21: Lowbanks Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area .............. 137 Figure 22: Hoover Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ................... 143 Figure 23: Lake Erie 8 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ...................... 149 Figure 24: Casey Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area .................... 158 Figure 25: Lake Erie 5 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ...................... 164 Figure 26: Wainfleet Marsh Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area .............. 170 Figure 27: Lake Erie 3 Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ...................... 176 Figure 28: Eagle Marsh Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ........... 185 Figure 29: Wignell Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ................... 197 Figure 30: Beaver Dam Creek P.C. Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area .. 205 Figure 31: Oil Mill Creek Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ................... 211 Figure 32: Bearss Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ................... 219 Figure 33: Point Abino Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ............ 227 Figure 34: Bay Beach Area Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Study Area ..... 232 Appendices Appendix A: Land Management Issues and Agricultural Best Management Practices Survey Appendix B: Best Management Practices Appendix C: Examples of key Ontario ecological, infrastructure, and social values likely to be affected by climate change Appendix D: Summary of Legislation Governing Management in Ontario Appendix E: NPCA Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Geomorphic Summary Appendix F: Natural Heritage Species Reference List Appendix G: Riparian, Wetland and Upland Habitat Restoration Guidelines Appendix H: Restoration Suitability Criteria and Weighting Scheme Appendix I: Mitigation Measures for Drain Maintenance ix

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