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Influence of Progress

Influence of Progress towards the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals on Inward Foreign Investment Aman Mdewa Nthangu In 2015 the United Nation’s established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), setting transformative goals and targets to be achieved by 2030. In this regard, the UN’s new policy framework for sustainable development investment highlights core Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) relevant SDGs. In other words, SDG relevant aspects and factors seem not only important for economic and social development but many of these can also be regarded as location aspects in determining a country’s attractiveness as an FDI location. In the past four decades, many African countries, though having adopted more FDI friendly policies to promote FDI inflows, are lagging behind other regions with regard to FDI inflows performance. In connection with this, Africa provides an ideal context to investigate these issues. In light of FDI being attached to an important role in developing countries to contribute to productive capacity building and sustainable economic development, this research will analyse the impact of progress towards the people category of SDGs by African countries on their inward FDI performance. The people category of SDGs includes education, poverty reduction, health, gender equality and food security. The study will inform the host countries’ policies and UN community initiatives by unfolding the influence of progress towards these transformative goals on FDI inflows performance, consequently impact people’s lives through the resulting improvements in policies and systems. The statistical analysis will utilize a panel dataset which covers African countries over the period 1995-2015. Active Millimetre-Wave Imaging for Monitoring the Wound Healing Progress Amani Owda, Neil Salmon Visual inspection is the current protocol for monitoring the wound healing progress. This protocol gives an excellence indicator about the state of the wound and the healing progress, and more importantly, it can detect signs of infections such as exudates, redness, swelling, heat, functionality of the infected part and pus draining (Cunha, 2016). However, visual inspection requires the removal of dressing layers, this practice consumes time, money and it could be unsafe in serious burn and injury situation, and it can cause medical problems, be uncomfortable or painful to the patient and increase the chance of infection (Harmer et al., 2016). Active Millimetre-wave scanner is another approach that has been tried by (Essen et al., 2010). The scanner is designed to probe under plaster and gypsum cast and it is capable to monitor the healing of the scars and sutured wound under cast at 94 GHz. The results obtained from the scanner are strongly supported that millimetre-wave (MMW) can be used for monitoring the wound healing progress. Currently, there are no tools, which could assess the state of the healing burn wound without removing the dressings. A technique that could penetrate dressings and identify the healing status of wounds would be extremely beneficial to both patients and healthcare professionals. This research is aiming to assess the feasibility of the active millimetre-wave imaging system to monitor the wound healing progress. Two types of measurements are performed on dressing materials; optical path length and surface sensing. The results obtained show that active imaging system can penetrate dressing materials and it can provide information about the optical path length of the sample. Furthermore, The experimental work shows that active millimetre-wave imaging system is capable to sense different surfaces attached to the bandage such as water and cream layer.

Exploring Tourist Experiences of Virtual Reality in a Rural Destination: A Place Attachment Theory Perspective Christos Pantelidis Technology changes society, our way of living and the way we consume products or services. This is especially true in tourism. Recent technologies such as Virtual Reality (VR) provide tourists with a new way of experiencing products and services at the destination. For rural tourism which faces an increasing demand it offers a variety of different tourist experiences. So far, research on VR has focused on the pre-visit stage, and therefore this study aims to close the gap in the literature and focus on on-site VR experiences using place attachment (PA) theory. PA framework emphasises the physical interaction between a person and a place. The aim of the study is to explore tourist experience of VR at a rural tourism destination, namely at the Lake District National Park, using PA framework as a theoretical foundation. The first objective is to identify key constructs of a PA framework. For this purpose a qualitative research method is applied using in-depth interviews. Before the interviews take place tourists will experience VR technology at the destination. The result will be used to modify the place attachment framework for the VR rural tourism context. The second objective is to validate the proposed framework. For this purpose a quantitative method is applied. A questionnaire will be distributed to tourists after the VR experience. A Partial Least Square analysis is used to validate the framework. The theoretical contribution of the study will be to propose a framework of place attachment theory for virtual reality in rural tourism. The managerial implications include providing rural destinations a framework for implementing virtual reality in order to enhance tourists’ experience. Attitudes towards Women’s labour in Rural India and Bangladesh Heather Piggott Within geography and development there is a notable gap in research regarding attitudes upheld towards women’s work in rural South Asia. However it has been acknowledged that ‘sexist attitudes toward women have not been adequately studied…[yet it is] these attitudes that are a major barrier for egalitarianism and social change’ (Shukla, 2015, p. 121). My PhD research takes a mixed methods approach to enable further understandings of these attitudes, why they are upheld, and the implications they can have upon daily lives. The geographical focus of my research is rural north central India and rural Bangladesh; these regions have received vast scholarly interest regarding women’s labour due to their interesting female labour force participation trends. Despite this, there are few comparative analyses and very limited attitudinal studies. In this presentation I discuss one key finding regarding attitudes towards rural women’s labour; the varied ways in which individuals negotiate traditional and patriarchal social norms in their everyday lives. I show how some participants describe and/or demonstrate a ‘change’ in the attitudes towards women’s labour and why they believe this is happening. Yet for others cultural norms appear to produce traditional attitudes towards women’s labour which restrict mobility and consequently access to the labour market. I draw upon any demographic differences in the attitudes towards women’s labour.

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