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2007_6_Nr6_EEMJ

SIWMANET/Environmental

SIWMANET/Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 6 (2007), 6, 496 SUSTAINABLE AND INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NETWORK- SIWMANET Research Grant no. 115 / 2006 of the Research for Excellency Programme (CEEX) The context of sustainable water management requires an integrated approach that considers, in association with specific policies and legal frameworks, multidisciplinary research (sciences, engineering, management), education and training, communication, public participation and cooperation at both national and international scale, embedded in an overall approach that consider water flow and usage in its cycle of supply, use and reuse/recycling, affected either by natural or human factors. In the framework of the CEEX Research for Excellency Programme of the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research (Module III), a consortium lead by the “Gh. Asachi” Technical University of Iasi which has as partners Politehnica University of Timisoara, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Transilvania University of Brasov and North University of Baia Mare has received financing through grant competition for the SIWMANET project. Supporting project partners are: Technical University of Munich, Germany; International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University, Sweden; University of Manchester, United Kingdom; Institute for Advanced Studies on Sustainability, Munich, Germany; Technical University of Denmark. The major objective of the SIWMANET project is the development of a network formed from poles of excellence in research in the field of sustainable and integrated water resources management, a network that is capable of attracting co-operations in both international and national programs (due to its existent expertise in environmental sciences, engineering and management, the existent and potential collaborations with universities from Romania and abroad and the well balanced national distribution of the project partners), so as to increase the visibility of the Romanian universities and their participation at the European and international research programs. The specific objectives are listed below: 1. Development of the capacities of Romanian researchers to participate as coordinators of workpackages or projects in European programs such as FP7 or any other EC/international programs; 2. Development of viable partnerships at European level that would further facilitate the research cooperation and knowledge transfer in the field of sustainable and integrated water management and in general of sustainable development; 3. Correlation and visibility of the Romanian research for excellence activities with the European programs for integrated water resources management, in the fields of policies, research, knowledge transfer and dissemination; 4. Dissemination of the significant project results at the level of the national and international scientific community, to the governmental organisations dealing with integrated water management (WaterWorks and Water Supply companies, Environmental Protection Agencies, local and regional authorities), as well as to the civil society. The whole structure of the SIWMANET project and its activities relies upon the integrated concept of managing the water resources, and the relations that can be established for each level or water use, reuse, protection of ecosystems and human health with the major stakeholders The SIWMANET Project mainly includes the following activities: • Promotion of the existent researches and potential of the Romanian universities (through short and medium research stages of the Romanian young and senior researchers/scientific personalities, participation in training sessions and in proposal preparation seminars for European projects, exchange of results and experiences between the Romanian and European researchers through knowledge transfer and dissemination of the corresponding S/T results); • Organisation of national and international scientific events with invited European scientific personalities; • Organisation and participation at meetings and support activities concerning the development of the Water Supply and Sanitation Technology Platform or ERA-net projects. The international events include: - organisation of an international workshop using the European Awareness Scenario Workshop methodology to involve co-operation of stakeholders in sustainable and integrated water resource management and to depict the main directions of research in Romania in relation to the European policies, current developments and activities; - co-organisation of the 4 th International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management (ICEEM04) which brings together engineers, scientists and managers, activating in the field of environmental protection, from universities, industry, local authorities, policy makers and non-governmental organizations, to discuss and analyze environmental problems, to share practical solutions and information on recent developments and to contribute to public awareness and ecological education and thus contributing to sustainable development. For these two events, an important role will be played by the internationally recognized personalities in the field of integrated water resources management that have accepted to cooperate within the SIWMANET Project as supporting partners. For additional information regarding the SIWMANET Project please visit its site at: http://instrumentation.cs.tuiasi.ro/sites/siwman et/default.aspx. Prof.dr.ing. Carmen Teodosiu, Project Director Department of Environmental Engineering and Management “Gh. Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, Romania, cteo@ch.tuiasi.ro 496

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal November/December 2007, Vol.6, No.6, 497-503 http://omicron.ch.tuiasi.ro/EEMJ/ “Gh. Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, Romania ______________________________________________________________________________________________ METALS CONCENTRATION IN SOILS ADJACENT TO WASTE DEPOSITS Camelia Drăghici 1 , Elisabeta Chirilă 2∗ , Narcisa Elena Ilie 2 1 Transilvania University of Brasov, 29 Eroilor Blvd. 500036 – Brasov, Romania 2 “Ovidius” University, Chemistry Department, 124 Mamaia Blvd., 900527 Constanta, Romania Abstract The paper presents original results concerning concentrations of eight heavy metals in soils adjacent to two improperly built municipal waste deposits located in Eforie Sud and Techirghiol, Constanta County, Romania. Measurements have been done on surface and depth soils, during April-October 2006. The applied analytical technique for metal determination was flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The mean measured values ranged as follows (in mg/kg dry weight): Cd: 0.09 – 0.15; Co: 7.92 - 9.27; Cr: 11.37 – 13.86; Cu: 16.91 – 20.92; Mn: 379 – 441; Ni: 20.58 – 28.95; Pb: 7.24 – 9.08 and Zn: 44.28– 49.93. Except nickel all other metals concentrations have been founded below the accepted limits by the Romanian regulations. As a general observation, in depth soil samples the concentrations were higher for Cr, Cu, Ni and Pb, or similar for Mn, Zn, than in surface samples. Cadmium and cobalt have different concentration evolution between depth and surface samples, in the studied locations. Key words: heavy metals, soils, FAAS, waste deposits 1. Introduction Soils and sediments are the solid components of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems which serve as sources and sinks for nutrients and solid chemicals. The use of soils for industrial, agriculture and urban activities always involves a drastic modification of their composition and can eventually create enormous problems for its future use, involving high capital investments and health risks. (Manea, 2004). Soil pollution is defined as the build-up in soils of persistent toxic compounds, chemicals, salts, radioactive materials, or disease causing agents, which have adverse effects on plant growth and animal health. The degree of antropogenous effect of metal cycles can be represented as a global interference factor: it indicates the ratio of the antropogenously-induced amount of material to that of the natural (geochemical) material cycle. Processes in the geochemical cycle that are common are equilibriums of dissolution-precipitation, the transition of metal compounds in aerosols and the return to the soil and water via precipitations (Schwedt, 2001). The term municipal solid waste (MSW) is used to describe most non-hazardous solid waste from a city, town or village that requires routine collection and transport to a processing or disposal site. MSW is not generally considered hazardous. But certain types of commercial and industrial wastes like those poisonous, explosive or dangerous can cause immediate and direct harm to people and the environment if they are not disposed of properly. Soil contamination as well as surface water and ground water pollution can be caused by the disposal of solid waste in improperly built landfills. These kinds of pollution problems can have important public health consequences (Manea, 2003). In “typical European household waste”, batteries contained 93% of the mercury and 45% of cadmium, ferrous metals accounted for about 40% of the lead, the fine (

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