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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

a Jew, he would normally

a Jew, he would normally be expected to prefer Mûsâ ‘alaihissalâm’ to Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’. Yet he prefers the reality to bigotry. It was Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, again, who came up with the majority of the votes in a public opinion poll conducted in the United States to choose the ‘Greatest Man of all Times’. It is not something that an ordinary person, an average leader or a usual commander could do to elaborate a small crowd of barbarians into the greatest, the most civilized, the most virtuous, the highest-charactered, the most valiant, the most knowledgeable nation of the world. This is a miracle made only by Allâhu ta’âlâ, who sent the Qur’ân al-kerîm through Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ to the Arabs and made them accomplish all these things. This unbelievable great result came about only as a consequence of following the Qur’ân al-kerîm and obeying the commandments of the Qur’ân al-kerîm. Do not all these facts we have stated and the divine orderliness in the arrangements of its contents show you that the Qur’ân alkerîm is the greatest miracle of the world? As you see the third miracle of the Qur’ân al-kerîm is its guiding the world to civilization in a short time. Ahmed Cevdet Pâşa ‘rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ’, a great historian, who passed away in Istanbul in 1312 [1894 C.E.], states as follows in his book Qisâs-i-Enbiyâ (History of Prophets): “Forty years after Îsâ’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ ascension [1] to heaven, the Romans attacked Jerusalem, killed some of the Jews and captivated others. They sacked Jerusalem and razed the Bayt-ul-muqaddas, i.e. the Mesjîd-i-Aqsâ (al-Aqsâ). Jerusalem turned into a wilderness. Jewry never recovered after that havoc, nor were they ever again able to re-establish a government. They dispersed to various places, where they led a despicable life. Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ was thirty years old when he was given the message notifying his prophethood. Twelve people believed in him. These people are [1] We do not mean the ‘ascension’ mentioned in Christian literature. According to Islam, Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihi-salâm’ was not crucified. Judas Iscariot, his betrayer, was arrested and crucified. Allâhu ta’âlâ raised Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’, alive, up to heaven. This is the ‘ascension’ we mean. – 152 –

called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or disciples). When he was raised up to heaven alive, the Apostles dispersed, each going to a different place to spread the new religion. Some time later, books were written in the name of Bible. They were history books telling about Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’. The genuine Bible (Injîl) has never been obtained. Unbelief and polytheism prevailed everywhere. Îsâ’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ religion was kept hidden for three hundred years. People who were found to have belief in it were subjected to persecution. The Roman emperor Constantine declared that religion free in 310, and he himself became a Christian, too. He built the city of Istanbul and moved his throne from Rome to Istanbul. However, because the essentials of that religion had already been defiled and forgotten, it was degenerated into a plaything in the hands of priests. In the three hundred and ninetyfifth [395] year of the Christian Era, the Roman Empire was broken into two different religious states. Those who remained adherent to the Pope in Rome were called Catholic, while the people who attached themselves to the Patriarch in Istanbul were termed Orthodox. Churches were filled with images and icons. Other nations had already been living in nescience and polytheism. The Romans captured the entire Europe, Egypt, Syria, and Iraq. They were advanced in science and arts, yet degenerated in morals. They took to dissipation and cruelty. They spread their immoralities in the countries they captured. Fortunately, they did not attack the Arabian peninsula. “The Arabs, in the meantime, remained intact in their ignorant world. Some of them had somehow found themselves in Christianity, some had been practising the Judaic religion, a great majority had been worshipping idols, and others were still adherent to the old traditions and customs surviving from the dispensations of Prophets Ibrâhîm (Abraham) and Ismâîl (Ishmael) ‘alaihim-as-salawâtu wa-t-taslîmât’. Most of the inhabitants of Mekka were idolaters. The Ka’ba was awash in idols and icons. And the entire world was in darkness and heresy. Stranded as the Arabs were scientifically, they importantly concerned themselves with literature. There were eloquent orators and influential poets among them. Most people boasted with their poetic skills. This general tendency and emulation towards perfection was a portent of the Holy Book Allâhu ta’âlâ was soon to reveal.” This is the end of our translation from Ahmed Cevdet Pâşa. – 153 –

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