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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

that our debt of

that our debt of gratitude to Him can be paid only by loving Him much and by worshipping Him with profound sincerity. There are different kinds of worship. Some kinds of worship, as we have said above, are between Allâhu ta’âlâ and His slave. Maybe Allâhu ta’âlâ will forgive those who worship insufficiently. It is worship to respect others’ rights, too. But He will never forgive those who abused others and have the rights of others’ on them, unless the owners of those rights forgive them. The following traditions (the Hadîth ash-sherif) are found in the fourth volume of the book Ashi’at-ul Lamaât, which is in Persian and is a commentary to the well-known book Mishqât-ul- Masâbih. [1] 1. He who does not have mercy on people is not treated with mercy by Allâhu ta’âlâ. 2. You will have helped both the oppressor and the oppressed by preventing cruelty. 3. If nine-tenths of the money given for buying a shirt is halâl and one-tenth is harâm, Allâhu ta’âlâ doesn’t accept the prayer done with that shirt on. 4. A Muslim is another Muslim’s brother. He doesn’t torment his brother. He runs to help him. He does not abhor him or think of him as inferior to himself. It is harâm (forbidden) for him to harm his blood, property, chastity or honour. 5. I swear by Allâhu ta’âlâ that unless a person loves for his Muslim brother what he loves for himself, his îman will not be perfect. 6. I swear by Allâhu ta’âlâ that a man who is not trusted by his neighbour doesn’t have îman (belief). [That is, he is not a genuine Muslim.] 7. A person without mercy in his heart does not have îman. 8. Allâhu ta’âlâ pities the person who pities others. 9. He who does not pity our young or respect our old is not one of us. 10. If a person respects and helps the old, Allâhu ta’âlâ will send him helpers when he gets old. 11. The house that Allâhu ta’âlâ loves best is the one which houses an orphan and in which an orphan is served kindly. [1] The author of Mishqât is Valiyyuddîn Muhammad, who passed away in 749 (1348 A.D.) – 62 –

12. In this world and in the Hereafter Allâhu ta’âlâ will help the person who silences a backbiter. If he does not silence the backbiter while he has enough power to do so, Allâhu ta’âlâ will punish him in this world and in the Hereafter. 13. A person who sees a defect, a shortcoming in a Muslim brother of his, but covers and conceals it, has acted as if he saved the life of a girl buried alive, as practised by the pre-Islamic Arabs, by taking her out of the grave. 14. In Allâhu ta’âlâ’s view, the better one of two friends is the one who has done more good for the other one. 15. Whether a person is good or bad is judged by observing whether or not his [Muslim] neighbours like him. 16. The destination of a man who hurts his neighbours with his speech is Hell, even if he prays much, fasts much, gives alms much. But, if he doesn’t hurt his neighbours with his speech, the place for him to be sent will be Paradise, though he may pray little, fast little, and give little alms. 17. Allâhu ta’âlâ has given valuable things both to His beloved ones and to His enemies. But he has given beautiful morals only to His beloved ones. [Now, it is understood that the words, “It is hoped that the disbelievers with excellent manners will have îmân immediately before they pass away” is right.] 18. The thawâbs (rewards for a pious act) of a man who violated other’s chastity or property will be given to the man oppressed. If the violator’s worships or pious deeds are not enough, then the latter’s sins are given to him. 19. One of the worst of the mortal sins in Allâhu ta’âlâ’s view is to be a man with a bad character. 20. If someone is happy to see that the man he dislikes is in trouble, Allâhu ta’âlâ will send the same nuisance upon him. 21. Two people went to the mosque and prayed there. Something was offered to them. They said they were fasting. After talking for a while, when they were about to leave, the Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) said to them: “Do your prayers again, and perform your fasting again! For you have backbitten someone in your conversation. [That is, you have mentioned one of his faults.] Backbiting removes the thawâb (blessings) of worships.” 22. Do not have jealousy. As a fire destroys wood, feeling jealousy annihilates the blessings of a person, too.” Having – 63 –

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