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Arabische Pferde IN THE FOCUS Nr. 1/2018 (Vol. 13)

Sport Distanzreiten the

Sport Distanzreiten the diversity of these parameters, ride categories and comparable ride lengths make sense as a constant. AH: What effects do you see that comes from the sponsorship of European endurance rides by the Middle East? A.A.S.: Basically, sponsoring over the past 20 years for endurance rides was mostly positive. The problem is the border crossing: The sports promotion, so to speak, became a "take over". If at at the price giving ceremony of the Junior World Championships, which are an FEI event after all, only the first three are mentioned, and the winning team from the country of the main sponsor celebrates itself for 30 minutes, then this does not comply with what I would call a fair and for all appreciative competition. Especially, for these young riders the wrong signals are given. Furthermore, with massive sponsoring including travel grants and arrival bonuses, as we could see at some sponsored competition in Europe during 2017 and which have been already announced for 2018, big starter fields are generated. But this will take riders away from established rides, which are organized by several very active people in countries such as France, Belgium, but also in Germany, which resulted in 2017 in drastically reduced numbers of participants at various rides. Also, endurance riding as a sport will change with the influence of the sponsors also in Europe and become flat and fast races, which have nothing in common anymore with the challenge of a rider-horse team against a demanding technically challenging track. On top of that are the declining prospects for success, because only on technically challenging tracks riders of other nations have a chance to win. Above all, however, also in Europe more and more rider will train according to the motto "faster, faster", which - as previously mentioned - is paid for by the horses. AH: Now, one could say, the Middle East is far away, and nothing like that will happen in Europe. But the effects of this scandal are also felt in our country - in which way? A.A.S.: It is the effects of the development, that we get to feel more and more. Dead horses can never be completely excluded in any Equestrian sport. Tragic accidents or unfortunate circumstances can always end deadly, as, for example, in 2006 during the WEG in Aachen, where we happen to be part of the German team, and a horse from Scandinavia got severe metabolic issues after only 10 km and had to be put down. That was not because of the type of race. However, what we cannot tolerate are the system-immanent fatalities: cannon fractures, splinter breaks, and heart failures. These are the consequences of physical stress way beyond the physiological limits of the animal's life. This also causes considerable damage to the image of the endurance sport. Although, here in Germany, we have nothing to do with this type of sport, which is solely focused on speed, our endurance riders are discredited by other riders and parts of the public. Apart from the usual prejudices, that endurance riders cannot ride, and if so, only straightforward, we now have to face the accusation, that we have a sport in which horses die frequently. Although this is not actually the case in our country, it makes it difficult to get recognition for your achievements, to establish this fascinating equestrian sport, to get the normal sponsorship for national and international events and slows down the development of endurance riding in Germany, because young riders are being kept away. AH: What kind of measures can be taken in our country? And how would you advise a breeder, who considers selling his endurance horse to a group VII country? A.A.S.: I would wish for a clear statement of the FN and the VDD (German endurance riding association), an active search for co-operation with other organizations in other countries, such as Scandinavia, Switzerland and the US, and a common approach to the FEI. For breeders, who wish to sell their horses to a group VII country, I have no advice. In the end, everyone has to answer this for himself. Each individual has the freedom to decide, that's also true for participating at invitational rides - and also here, one has to differentiate -, just like when selling a horse. Today, everybody can get information, if the prospective buyer has had any fatalities or if his records show frequently fast rides. The FEI has a publicly accessible database for each rider and each horse. Nobody can say, he didn't know about it. AH: Thank you for your clear words, and we wish you continued success for your horses and your family! (the interview was conducted by Gudrun Waiditschka) Background Knowledge United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates are a federation of seven emirates, founded in 1971 under Sheikh Zayed [bin Sultan Al Nahyan]. Abu Dhabi takes the most important position, it is the biggest in size with the most money (i.e. oil and gas). All the other emirates have been integrated into the UAE at the time, through skilful negotiations and concessions of the old Sheikh Zayed, who, as it seems, has been a really smart and downto-earth state founder. The present ruler of the emirate Dubai is Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, in short Sheikh Mo. Already Sh. Mo's father [Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum] began, to build his own industrie, apart from the contractually agreed commissions from Abu Dhabi. He wanted Dubai to become the "Gateway to the East", i.e. the role that once was taken by Beirut, which lost this position due to never-ending conflicts over the past decades. Sh. Mo successfully advanced already during the lifetime of the old Sheikh Zayed this strategy, and today, Dubai is known world-wide and is the destination of many million holiday-seekers, companies, that make use of the world-wide biggest duty-free zone Jebel Ali (the biggest free trade harbour on earth) and myriads of business men from all over the world. Part of the marketing strategy of the Al Maktoum family is, to achieve and hold a leading role in as many areas as possible. This serves primarily the political goals of an autocratic ruler model. With regards to endurance riding, the UAE appeared for the first time at the World Championships in Kansas 1996. In the following five years, endurance riding developed with breathtaking speed in the UAE and elsewhere, mainly due to Sheikh Mo's support. Horses, trainer, rider, vets - all knowledge was bought, as far as possible. The achievement of the Al Maktoum family were well promoted, and so also the rest of the country began to get interested in this sport, and investments were made mainly in Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The state founder of the UAE, Sh. Zayed died in 2004, his successor as president was Sh. Khalifa [bin Zayed Al Nahyan]. His brothers, among others, are Sheikh Sultan [bin Zayed Al Nahyan] (Boudheib] and Sheikh Mansoor [bin Zayed Al Nahyan] (Al Wathba). While Sh. Zayed did not engage in any of the activities as known from Dubai, his sons are different and started after his death to develop Abu Dhabi in a similar way - although less excessive -, to promote it world-wide and to open it more to the West, may it be on a cultural or business level (Ferrari World, Formula 1, museums, etc.). Financially, Abu Dhabi is the more potent partner in the UAE and so, more and more of the prestige of Dubai was taken away by Abu Dhabi which also took more and more influence on the sports area, among others with two endurance cities (Boudheib of Sh. Sultan and Al Wathba of Sh. Mansoor), and with influence on the National Federation (FN) - much to the annoyance of Sh. Mo, who had - until then - a rather free hand with regards to the decision who would go to any championships, as well as other political decisions. With regards to endurance sports, a competition developed (also in between the two ruling families within the country), which over time escalated in such way, that everyone wanted to be the fastest in his country, and fatally, many private owners copied this attitude and tried to beat the leading endurance stables - which de facto is not possible -, often without any fundamental knowledge. Because of the known escalation, Boudheib left the common line and did his won thing (Boudheib initiative), Al Wathba remains so far unchanged. But there seem to be some disagreements between Dubai and Al Wathba. So, it remains exciting. F. Brueck 46 © ARABISCHE PFERDE - IN THE FOCUS 1/2018

Training des Distanzpferdes (III) - Training of the endurance horse (III) GrundPrinzipien des Trainings Basic Principles of Training Sport Science Unter Training versteht man, die Leistung eines Körpers zu verbessern. Dies ist möglich, weil der Körper aus gewissen natürlichen Reparaturprozessen gestärkt hervorgeht. Wenn wir einen Organismus während einer Trainingseinheit leicht "beschädigen" (ohne daß wir die Schwelle erreichen, wo es zu irreparablen Schäden führt), kann dieser Körper die Schäden reparieren und wird (nach einer gewissen Erhohlungszeit) fähig sein, Leistung auf einem höheren Niveau zu erbringen. Zu Beginn einer Trainingseinheit, hat das Pferd ein bestimmtes Leistungsniveau. Während der Arbeit, wird die "Beschädigung" verursacht, Ermüdung setzt ein und das mögliche Leistungsniveau sinkt (1). Während der nachfolgenden, nötigen Erhohlungsphase, repariert die Natur die "beschädigten Teile" bis das Leistungsniveaux wieder den vorigen Stand erreicht hat (2), oder sogar ein wenig darüber liegt (3). Nach dieser anfänglichen Anstrengung und nach einer gewissen Zeitspanne ist der Körper dadurch bereit für ein höheres Leistungsniveau (3) als das ursprüngliche. Wir haben uns also verbessert = unseren Sportler trainiert. Trainings-Effekte Positives Training: Dieses verbesserte Leistungsniveau ist leider nicht von langer Dauer. Aber wenn wir unseren Körper eine erneute Trainingseinheit innerhalb dieser kurzen Zeitspanne, in der der Körper sich verbessert hat, können wir wieder solche Mikroschäden verursachen und die Natur repariert diese in einer erneuten Ruhephase. Da wir aber bereits auf einem höheren Leistungsniveau begonnen haben, wird diese erneute "Reparatur" das Leistungsniveau wieder ein wenig höher als das vorige anheben. Wir haben das Leistungsniveau wieder durch Training verbessert, diesmal auf einem noch höheren Niveau. Wenn wir dies jedes Mal wiederholen, wenn das Pferd in seinem "verbesserten" Zustand ist, werden wir sein Leistungsvermögen stetig erhöhen und verbessern damit die Kondition des Sportlers. Das heißt, wir trainieren effektiv. 1/2018 - 47 The possibility of training an organism to perform better or more efficiently is due to the fact that nature tends to repair any damage stronger than it was initially. If we slightly damage an organism during a training session (without reaching the level of causing unrecoverable damage), nature will repair it and give us (after the required “recovery time”) a body able to perform at a higher level. At the start of a working session, the horse has a given level of performance. During the work, the damage is caused, fatigue sets in and the possible performance level decreases (1). During the following necessary rest period, nature repairs the “damaged parts” until the performance level reaches the initial level (2) or even slightly above (3)! After the initial effort and after a certain time span, the organism will thus be prepared for a higher performance level (3) than what it was able to do initially. We have improved = trained our athlete. Training Effects Positive training: This improved performance level will unfortunately not last for a long time. But, if we give the body another working session right in that short time span during which the