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BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT BEST?

BIOENERGY FOR EUROPE: WHICH ONES FIT BEST?

168 7 Annex 7.3

168 7 Annex 7.3 Abbreviations and symbols a year BaP benzo(a)pyrene BAT best available technology CF characterisation factor CFC11-equivalents common unit for ozone depletion potential CH4 methane CO2 carbon dioxide eq. equivalent(s) ETBE ethyl tertiary butyl ether EU15 The 15 states of the European Community EURO-4 European emission standards for motor vehicles from 2005 onwards fNPP free net primary biomass productivity g gram GAP good agricultural practice GJ gigajoule (10 9 Joule) GWP500 global warming potential, time horizon 500 years ha hectare (10,000 m 2 ) HCl hydrochloride IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ISO International Standardisation Organisation kg kilogram km kilometre kWh kilowatt hour LCA life cycle analysis LCI life cycle inventory LCIA life cycle impact analysis m 2 square meter m 3 cubic meter Mg megagram (10 6 g) Mio million MJ megajoule (10 6 Joule) MTBE methyl tertiary butyl ether N2O nitrous oxide (laughing gas) NH3 ammonia NMHC non-methane hydrocarbons NMVOC non-methane volatile organic compounds NO2 nitrogen dioxide NO3 - -equivalents common unit for all eutrophying substances NOx nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrogen monoxide (NO) NPP net primary biomass productivity ODP ozone depletion potential PJ petajoule (10 15 Joule) POCP photochemical ozone creation potential RME rape seed oil methyl ester SME sunflower oil methyl ester SO2 sulphur dioxide SO2-equivalents common unit for all acidifying substances SPOLD Society for the Promotion of Life Cycle Assessment Development SRC short rotation coppice t ton (10 3 kg) TJ terajoule (10 12 Joule) USLE Universal Soil Loss Equation vs. versus yr year

7.4 List of authors and addresses 169 7.4 List of authors and addresses BLT – Federal Institute for Agricultural Engineering (Austria) Marion Lechner: Born in 1968, studied biochemistry at the University of Vienna with a PhD in chemistry. She has work on research projects dealing with the perspectives of vegetable oils as raw materials for the oleochemical industry, the utilisation of biofuels and participated in the BIOFIT project. Since 1999 she is working as a formulation chemist in a private company. Marion Lechner prepared the detailed life cycle graphs and the inventory lists and started with the data collection. Renate Neumayr: Born in 1974 in Vienna/Austria, studied at the University of Agriculture, Forestry and Renewable Natural Resources in Vienna and made her master degree in the studies of "Landscape Architecture and Planning" on “Life Cycle Assessment of Sewage Sludge Treatment”. Fields of experience: technical and environmental consultation; scientific research at the Austrian Association for Agricultural Research in the fields of cultural landscape, renewable energy, sewage sludge, biogas and environmental impact assessment. Renate Neumayr collected most of the Austrian data and prepared the data for the calculation tool. Josef Rathbauer: Born in 1964 in Schrick, a small village in the north-east of Austria. He studied at the Agricultural University in Vienna, specialising in agriculture and plant production. He made his master thesis in the field of biology and biodiversity of weeds. After one year as consultant in the field of biomass fuelled district heating plants he changed in 1991 to the Federal Institute of Agricultural Engineering. He is the head of the unit renewable raw materials and of the laboratory of the research department. Fields of expertise: Production, standardisation and analysis of liquid and solid biofuels; production chain of plant fibres; manure treatment and biogas production. Josef Rathbauer contributed to the project frame, co-ordinated the life cycle description and the data collection and prepared the Austrian data for the evaluation. Manfred Wörgetter: Born in 1948 at Kufstein, Tirol (Austria). Study at the TU Graz, Faculty for Mechanical Engineering, graduated with a mechanical engineering diploma. Since 1975 at the Federal Institute for Agricultural Engineering; 25 years experience in biomass for energy and industry; head of the department of agricultural engineering research and vice director of the institute. Responsible for the Biomass Framework Programme of the Federal Ministry for Agriculture, leader of the working group “Renewable Raw Materials” of the Ministry. Research work: (a) wood gasifier for farm tractors; (b) vegetable oil as Diesel fuel (studies, bench and endurance tests); (c) Biodiesel (production, analysis, bench, fleet and emission tests, standardisation, non-technical barriers); (d) solid biofuels from agriculture and forestry (studies, research in combustion); (e) boiler tests (test methods, state of the art); (f) participant in international research projects and networks: FAIR (96-1877, 97-3832, 98-3952); IEA Bioenergy (Liquid Biofuels Task), ALTENER (AFB-net, NTB-net, NF-AIRID). Member of national and European standardisation activities, member of conference committees (e.g. "International Conference on Standardisation and Analysis of Biodiesel, "2nd European Motor Biofuels Forum, "Crops for a GREEN Industry"). Manfred Wörgetter co-ordinated all the activities of BLT, contributed to the project frame, prepared the selection methodology of the biofuels under study and the Austrian conclusions in chapter 7. CLM – Centre for Agriculture and Environment (Netherlands) Anton Kool: Born in 1972 in Zevenhoven, The Netherlands on a mixed dairy and arable land farm. After graduating high school in 1991 he started at the Agricultural University in Wageningen studying Animal Sciences. During his study he was particularly interested in the relation animal husbandry and environment. Because of that he did a thesis concerning nitrate leaching and a thesis concerning ammonia volatilisation out of cattle stables. After graduating at the university in 1996 he started working as a nutritionist. In 1998 he changed jobs and since then he works for CLM (Centre for Agriculture and Environment) as a researcher. His work within this project concentrated on the environmental assess-

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