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Market Leader Intermediate 3rd edition SB

UNIT 6 •• MONEY

UNIT 6 •• MONEY LANGUAGE REVIEW Describing trends We can describe trends in English in different ways. 1 Verbs of change Demand for BlackBerries has soared in recent years. Sales are fo/ling. Prafits improved in July. 2 Prepositions Prafits rase 5% to $1.4 billion. The sales of Dupont have gone up fram $19.6 billion to $27.4 billion. Sales rase by 20% aver the holiday period. This represents a decrease of 16.4% from the first quarter. The average retail gasoline price stood at $4.11 a gal/on yesterday. 1 2 3 4 b 5 6 7 8 9 10 lL ' \ 11 12/6 m Il Ii III 3 Different verb forms The figures paint a gloomy picture for Japanese growth. (present simple) The unemployment rate is rising. (p resent continuous) Last summer, our market share fell. (past simple) This year, orders fram Brazil have levelled off. (present perfect) If the price of petral rises further, we'll make a loss. (first conditional) Cl Grammar reference page 148 What kind of movement do these verbs describe? Match them to the symbols (1-11) on the left. Then compare your answers with your partner. (You will need to use some symbols more than once.) decline gain drop increase rocket plummet double fall halve level off triple recover decrease fluctuate improve peak rise jump Which of the verbs in Exercise A also have noun forms? What are they? EXAMPLE: to increase - an ;f)crease look at the graphs below. Complete the sentences about them with appropriate prepositions. 1 Sales have increased ..... €Sm ...... ..... €7m. 2 Sales have increased ............ €2m. 3 There has been an increase ........... €2m in our sales. 4 Sales now stand ............ €7m. 5 Sales reached a peak ..... ..... €7m in July. 6 Sales reached a low point ........... €lm in April. Write two more sentences about each of these graphs. 8 8 7 6 6 . 5 . " " 4 4 ·E ·E 3 3 2 2 0 0 last year This year M A M A S a N D 56 scanned for Paul Jennings

SKILLS Dealing with figures USEFUL LANGUAGE YEARS 1984 nineteen eighty-four 2012 two thousand and twelve or twenty twelve DECIMALS UNIT 6 •• MONEY 16.5 sixteen point five 17.38% seventeen point three eight per cent 0.185 (nought Izera) paint one eight five CURRENCIES 0.15 three pounds fifteen $7.80 seven dol/ors eighty €250 two hundred and fifty euros ¥125 one hundred and twenty-five yen FRACTIONS t Q quarter t two thirds t a half t three quarters BIGGER NUMBERS 3,560 three thousand five hundred and sixty (BrE) three thousand five hundred sixty (ArnE) 598,347 five hundred and ninety-eight thousand, three hundred and forty-seven (BrE) five hundred ninety-eight thousand, three hundred forty-seven (ArnE) 1,300,402 1m 3bn $7.5bn €478m one million three hundred thousand, four hundred and two (BrE) one mil/ion three hundred thousand, four hundred two (Am E) one 10 mil/ion (1,000,000) three billion (3,000,000,000) seven point five billion dol/ors four hundred and seventy-eight mil/ion euros (BrE) four hundred seventy-eight million euros (ArnE) If you don't specify an exact amount, a plural is used. It cost thousands of dol/ars. They spent millions of euros. m Work in pairs. Student A, turn to page 136 and read the text aloud to Student B. Student B, listen to Student A while reading this article. Correct any incorrect information. Business in brief It was a bad day for the London market. Following disappointing results from Fed Ex in the US and fears 5 of a credit crunch. the FfSE 100 fell 105 points or 1.8 per cent to 5,756.9, while the 10 FTSE 250 re ll 189.1 points or 1.9 per cent to 9,534.8. Only eight blue·chip stocks managed to make gains. The best was Smith & Nephew. Shares in the medical devices group rose 2.9 percent 10 595Y.!p 15 after UBS upgraded the stock to a 'buy' recommendation. S&N was also supPol1ed by rumours of a bid approach frorn a Japanese company. 20 On the other hand, British Airways, down 5.2 per cent to 225p. fell even further after Morgan Stanley cut its target to 149p. This was because 25 of worries about increclsing fuel prices. Tate and Lyle, the sugar and sweeteners group, lost 5.2 per cent to 402 Y.i P after CityGroup 30 lowered its forecasts because of rising corn prices. Following recent noods in the US. the cost of com has risen 25 per cent. D "'»C01.40 Listen and check the pronunciation of the figures. D Write all the numbers from the correct version of the article in Exercise A in full, according to the way they are pronounced. EXAMPLE: 105 points Q hued red Qed five poiet, scanned for Paul Jennings 57

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