atw - International Journal for Nuclear Power | 04.2019

inforum

atw Vol. 64 (2019) | Issue 4 ı April

232

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IAEA: Member states discuss

modelling human resource

development for nuclear

power

(iaea) Modelling human resource

development can be an effective tool

to assist nuclear newcomer countries

in understanding the required competencies

and workforce needed to

establish and maintain a safe, secure

and sustainable nuclear power programme.

The IAEA is providing a

modelling tool that can help countries

in planning and educating the

required human resources.

“Human resource development for

nuclear power requires a national

effort and will involve a Member

State’s government, education system,

existing nuclear organizations and

national utilities and industries,” said

Dohee Hahn, Director of the IAEA

Division of Nuclear Power. Planning

for this endeavor therefore requires

a comprehensive national analysis.

“Modelling is uniquely suited to

support this effort. The IAEA will continue

to assist Member States as they

examine their workforce.”

The IAEA provides helpful guidance

for Member States to survey their

workforce and educational systems to

identify and close gaps in their workforce

for nuclear power. One example

for its guidance and assistance is the

Nuclear Power Human Resource

(NPHR) Model, provided to Member

States for use in analyzing their

human resource development.

The NPHR modelling tool is a

system dynamics simulation of a

nuclear power programme and the

national nuclear workforce. The model

includes the educational tracks, training,

and career cycles for the workforce

supporting the owner/operator

organizations, the regulatory body,

and the construction workforce. The

tool is useful for providing a long perspective

look at the workforce to determine

any skill gaps that might present

risk to the programme. More than 14

Member States have so far been

trained in using the model.

Users of the modelling tool from

ten nuclear newcomer countries

(Egypt, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Kenya,

Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Poland,

Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkey and

Uganda) gathered for the Technical

Meeting on Human Resource Development

Analysis and the Use of the

NPHR Modelling Tool for New Nuclear

Power Progammes, held from 12 to

15 February 2019 at the IAEA. In

addition, experts from operating

countries (France, Russia, the UK and

the USA) highlighted the status of

their nuclear workforce and the challenges

that every country may face.

Each of the embarking countries

presented results of their human

resource development studies and

explained how they used the model.

Most Member States indicated that

their national workforce studies were

directed by the nuclear energy programme

implementing organization

(NEPIO) and conducted with participants

from other relevant organizations.

The studies relied on data from

the national education system and the

national workforce.

Several Member States indicated

that modifications to the model were

needed to properly reflect their education

system. Participants reported on

additional modelling they did in their

countries to validate modelling results

and on national gaps that they had

identified as well as decisions made to

close them.

Main take-away points were the

identification of key events during

programme development with which

the human resource development

plan must be coordinated: the delivery

of a full scale simulator of a reactor

control room and the delivery of fuel

prior to commissioning. Participants

also discussed the other factors that

can affect the workforce requirements,

and the resources available to

embarking countries.

The model users highlighted that

working groups composed of representatives

from different national

organizations should support the

analysis and reiterated the need for a

national effort.

Human resource development

and the NPHR Model

Human resource development is one

of the 19 infrastructure issues identified

in the three-phased, comprehensive

IAEA Milestones Approach which

enables a sound programme development

process. It is an important component

for developing the nuclear

power infrastructure and must be

started at the earliest phases of a

nuclear power programme. Suitably

qualified and experienced workers are

required in every phase of the programme.

It can take more than a

decade to grow the required skills in

sufficient numbers for the organizations

that need them, and the resulting

workforce must be sustained

for the life time of the plant.

| | www.iaea.org

NEI: Why we should listen to

Bill Gates on nuclear energy

(nei) As the founder of one of the

world’s most recognized and successful

companies, Bill Gates receives a lot

of attention for what he says and does.

When Bill Gates talks, people listen.

And today, Bill Gates is talking about

nuclear energy.

In his 2018 year-in-review blog

post, Gates said: “Nuclear is ideal for

dealing with climate change, because

it is the only carbon-free, scalable

energy source that’s available 24 hours

a day.” But to Bill Gates, nuclear energy

is not just a technology that can

help us meet climate change goals; it

also can be used to reduce global poverty.

Gates believes that if we are able

to expand access to affordable and

clean electricity, it would drastically

improve living conditions for millions

and would ultimately be a huge step in

lifting those people out of poverty.

Gates has done more than just

write about the benefits of nuclear

energy. In 2006, he helped launch

TerraPower LLC, a nuclear reactor

design company that aims “to improve

the world through nuclear energy and

science.” In Gates’s view, investing in

advanced nuclear technology can help

America regain its position as the

global leader on nuclear energy while

fighting poverty and driving worldwide

decarbonization.

Nuclear is ideal for dealing with

climate change, because it is the only

carbon-free, scalable energy source

that´s available 24 hours a day.” – Bill

Gates on why he believes in the potential

of nuclear. https://bit.ly/2DSSXUS

As important as Bill Gates’ voice is to

the cause of promoting nuclear energy

as a critical solution to solving complex

global problems, he is hardly alone

among technology entrepreneurs. The

late Paul Allen, who was co-founder of

Microsoft Corp. with Bill Gates, also

championed the benefits of nuclear energy.

And Peter Thiel, the co-founder of

PayPal, Palantir Technologies and

Founders Fund, wrote a New York Times

op-ed arguing for adapting U.S. energy

policy to support a new atomic age.

Thiel wrote: “If we are serious

about replacing fossil fuels, we are

going to need nuclear power, so the

choice is stark: We can keep on merely

talking about a carbon-free world, or

we can go ahead and create one.”

Gates, Allen and Thiel are just a few

names of our nation’s most technologically

savvy business leaders who have

invested in promoting the value of

nuclear energy. And as more and more

organizations and environmental

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