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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201217national strategies, with ong>theong> exception ong>ofong> those related to ong>theong> health surveillance ong>ofong>workers. It has been found that national strategies have been developed withinspiration from ong>theong> European ong>strategyong> and its priorities, but adapted to ong>theong> nationalcontext and key priority areas. This is in line with ong>theong> intentions ong>ofong> ong>theong> Europeanong>strategyong>, which specifically states that ong>theong> national strategies should be defined onong>theong> basis ong>ofong> a detailed ong>evaluationong> ong>ofong> ong>theong> national situation.Objective 3: Prevention: Several campaigns at European level have beensuccessfully implemented through EU-OSHA. A risk-assessment tool for SMEs(OiRA) has been developed and information on this has been disseminated. It isnow being used in several countries. However, knowledge ong>ofong> ong>theong> actual take-up ong>ofong>EU-OSHA information and tools for risk assessment and management at nationaland company level is insufficient and this gives rise to concerns that ong>theong>se are notbeing used to ong>theong>ir full potential. The ACSH and ong>theong> Commission have not takenaction in relation to mainstreaming ong>ofong> ong>theong> OSH into training programmes asforeseen by ong>theong> ong>strategyong>.Member States are working to integrate OSH into ong>theong>ir education and trainingprogrammes, but this has not been a primary concern for ong>theong>m and ong>theong>re has beenlimited use ong>ofong> ong>theong> financing opportunities ong>ofong>fered through ong>theong> EU's Social Fund.Objective 4: New and increasing risks: Reports on a number ong>ofong> new and emergingrisks have been produced and disseminated by more than one EU-level partner.Collectively, ong>theong>se provide a valuable insight into possible future problems andareas ong>ofong> concern although ong>theong>ir very nature as horizon-scanning means that manypartners understandably do not see ong>theong>m as ong>ofong> immediate relevance. However, asalso indicated under objective 1, ong>theong> knowledge produced has yet to result in actualnew or revised regulatory actions on how to address ong>theong>se risks.In terms ong>ofong> addressing existing (ongoing) risks, ong>theong> OiRA tool, developed at ong>theong>EU-level, provides a potentially valuable tool. However, to be ong>ofong> real value toSMEs it needs to eiong>theong>r be made more directly accessible to individual employersor ong>theong>re needs to be a considerable growth in ong>theong> number ong>ofong> sector-specific versionsdeveloped and distributed within ong>theong> EU-27. In addition to this EU-level initiative,risk assessment tools have been developed and implemented at national level inmany MS, usually recognising national priorities and needs.Objective 5: Monitoring: The collection and collation ong>ofong> European-wide statisticaldata on occupational accidents was enabled through ong>theong> establishment ong>ofong> commonstatistical methods by way ong>ofong> ong>theong> Regulation on statistics on accidents at work(1338/2008) and its implementing Regulation (349/2011). However, ong>theong>re has beenlittle progress with respect to arriving at common statistical methods foroccupational diseases although a report on ong>theong> current situation in ong>theong> EU MemberStates and EFTA/EEA countries was produced and provides a good basis foradditional activities in this methodologically challenging area.Objective 6: International cooperation: The Commission has been quite active inong>theong> area ong>ofong> ong>theong> international promotion ong>ofong> OSH. Cooperation with ILO has beenstepped up through various projects related to ILO’s Decent Work Agenda.Bilateral cooperation with candidate countries, neighbouring countries and majorhttp://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

18 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201218economic partners has also yielded positive results. However, no substantiveprogress has been made on ong>theong> key issue ong>ofong> obtaining a global ban on ong>theong> use ong>ofong>asbestos, or on improving ong>theong> comparability ong>ofong> data on accidents.Impact has beenachieved but data areuncertainThe ong>strategyong> aimed for an on-going, sustainable and uniform reduction in accidentsat work and occupational illnesses, and in relation to accidents, to reduce by 25 percent ong>theong> total incidence rate ong>ofong> accidents at work in ong>theong> EU 27.In respect to accidents at work, ong>theong> latest Eurostat standardised incidence data onEU-27 is from 2009. The data shows a declining trend in ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> accidentsat work in ong>theong> first two years ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong>. This is supported by data from asurvey conducted in 2009 (ong>theong> Scoreboard exercise), where Member States haveindicated that ong>theong> incidence rates are declining. A similar survey conducted in 2012in connection with this ong>evaluationong> indicates that this trend is continuing. Based onong>theong> available data, it thus seems likely that a reduction will have been achieved, andthat this could have an order ong>ofong> magnitude similar to what was aimed for in ong>theong>European ong>strategyong>. However, ong>theong>re are uncertainties in ong>theong> data, including thoserelated to underreporting.In respect to ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> occupational illnesses, ong>theong> data is very limited. Datafrom ong>theong> Scoreboard exercise in 2009 and ong>theong> survey conducted for this ong>evaluationong>indicates that ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> occupational illnesses has not been reduced. Takentogeong>theong>r with self-reported data from workers in ong>theong> European Working ConditionsSurvey (EWCS) conducted by Eurong>ofong>ound, ong>theong>se data indicate that ong>theong> incidencewill remain broadly at ong>theong> same level as in 2007. However, ong>theong>se are merelyindications as ong>theong>re are considerable data uncertainties.As ong>theong> development in ong>theong> incidence ong>ofong> occupational accidents and diseases isaffected by many factors not influenced by ong>theong> ong>strategyong>, including notably ong>theong>economic crisis, it is not possible to firmly establish ong>theong> extent to which ong>theong>ong>strategyong> has actually influenced ong>theong>se indicators.The analysis ong>ofong> ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> six objectives ong>ofong> ong>theong> Strategy shows thatsome intermediate impacts have been achieved. I.e. ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong>ong>strategyong> did to some extent support ong>theong> better implementation ong>ofong> legislation,improve awareness raising and lead to a better understanding ong>ofong> risks. However,lack ong>ofong> implementation ong>ofong> some areas ong>ofong> ong>theong> ong>strategyong> also meant a raong>theong>r limitedimpact in some respects, in particular in relation to reducing administrative burdensand reaching out to SMEs and micro-enterprises.A new ong>strategyong> isrelevantThe ong>evaluationong> concludes that it is relevant for ong>theong> Commission to prepare a newong>strategyong> for ong>theong> forthcoming period 2013 and onwards. First and foremost because,even though progress has been made in some respects under ong>theong> current ong>strategyong>,occupational health and safety is still a concern for all Member States and MemberStates face similar challenges in relation to ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> legislativeframework.The experience from ong>theong> current ong>strategyong> shows that ong>theong> policy area ong>ofong> OSH iscomplex with many issues and actors involved – both at ong>theong> European and ong>theong>Member State levels. Hence, even though some actions would have beenhttp://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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