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evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

evaluation of the european strategy on safety and health at work ...

EVALUATION OF THE

EVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201257Areas with scope forfurong>theong>r EU action tosupport MemberState development ong>ofong>instrumentsIn a few instances, however, promoting some ong>ofong> ong>theong>se instruments in an EUStrategy could be beneficial because action at Member State level is notsystematic. This is particularly true for ong>theong> use ong>ofong> economic incentives, ong>theong>involvement ong>ofong> labour inspectorates and preventive services. Here action at EUlevel (e.g. exchange ong>ofong> information and best practices) could provide ong>theong>opportunity for Member States to design innovative ideas and solutions.From 2008 onwards, EU-OSHA has undertaken a project on economic incentivesand has produced a comprehensive report entitled “Economic incentives toimprove occupational safety and health: A review from ong>theong> Europeanperspective”. 51 This project constitutes a good basis for furong>theong>r work.Targeting ong>ofong> SMEsA smaller proportion ong>ofong> ong>theong> instruments implemented by Member States targetspecifically SMEs, and even fewer target high-risk sectors, as per ong>theong> Strategy.Certain issues have been clearly identified by Member States, in ong>theong>ir nationalong>strategyong>, as being problematic for SMEs and requiring adapted solutions, such asrisk assessments, while oong>theong>r types ong>ofong> instruments have been widely used tosupport SMEs with implementation ong>ofong> legislation (e.g. reader-friendly informationand guidelines). In many oong>theong>r cases, ong>theong> need to take into account ong>theong> specificitiesong>ofong> SMEs, or ong>ofong> high-risk sectors, is stated as a general principle in ong>theong> nationalong>strategyong> and is not attached to specific instruments. Raong>theong>r than simply encouragingMember States to include ong>theong>se aspects in ong>theong>ir national strategies, ong>theong> main addedvalueong>ofong> action at EU-level is to design tools that provide solutions to ong>theong> problemsfaced by many SMEs across ong>theong> EU. The example ong>ofong> ong>theong> development ong>ofong> OiRA byEU-OSHA is particularly relevant in this case and its furong>theong>r development andpromotion should be part ong>ofong> a future ong>strategyong>.Summary findings on Sub-objective 1.1: Strengong>theong>ningimplementationTable 4-7 provides ong>theong> list ong>ofong> ong>theong> various actions contained in ong>theong> Strategy underong>theong> sub-objective ong>ofong> strengong>theong>ning implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> legislation, ong>theong>responsible actors for ong>theong>ir completion and wheong>theong>r or not ong>theong>se actions have beencarried out.51 EU OSHA, Economic incentives to improve occupational safety and health: a reviewfrom ong>theong> European perspective, Luxembourg, 2010http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>-report_Final_submitted 14 March2013.docx

58 EVALUATION OF THE EUREVALUATION OF THE EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 2007-201258Table 4-7 Overview ong>ofong> implementation under Objective 1.1Action Stakeholder AssessmentDraw up practical guides on directives 92/57/ECC,2004/40/EC, 2006/25/ECCOM + ACSHFulfilled but limited effectbecause ong>ofong> weak disseminationIdentify areas for which guides are necessary ACSH FulfilledMake guides easier for SMEsACSHRecommendations made /ambivalent outcomeFocus efforts to raise awareness and disseminate bestpractices on SMEs and high-risk sectorsEU-OSHAFulfilledImplement instruments to facilitate implementation ong>ofong>OSH legislationMSPartly fulfilledExamination and recommendations over ong>theong> issue ong>ofong>subcontractingCOM + ACHSNot fulfilled (but action fromSLIC on ong>theong> topic)Analysis ong>ofong> need for recommendation on access topreventive servicesCOMNot fulfilledThe outcome ong>ofong> ong>theong> actions taken over ong>theong> past 5 years, at both EU and MemberState levels, to strengong>theong>n ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> EU OSH legislation is ambivalent.The majority ong>ofong> ong>theong> actions prescribed in ong>theong> European Strategy may have beenimplemented but ong>theong>ir impact has been quite limited eiong>theong>r because ong>theong>ir fullpotential has not been exploited (e.g. lacking dissemination ong>ofong> non-binding guides)or because ong>theong> Commission has failed to take actions on ong>theong> topics for which EUaction would have been most beneficial (e.g. subcontracting and economicincentives).Strengong>theong>ning implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> EU legislation is a crucial aspect ong>ofong> ong>theong>Commission’s action in any EU regulated area, including health and safety at work.As such, it is doubtful that it is relevant to put forward as a sub-objective as it iscurrently defined. The sub-objective is closely related to oong>theong>r objectives ong>ofong> ong>theong>European ong>strategyong>, especially objective 2 on national strategies and objective 4 onpreventive culture, which also support ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> legislation.The implementation ong>ofong> ong>theong> European Strategy has focused on areas whereCommission action is, in any case, taken for granted and has failed to focus onactions at EU level that would make a difference for ong>theong> Member States, whichface similar difficulties with ong>theong> implementation ong>ofong> EU OSH legislation. Theong>strategyong> itself has addressed ong>theong> right issues in certain instances (non-bindingguidance, subcontracting, preventive services) but failed to define stricterresponsibilities, more ambitious goals and clear expected outcomes ong>ofong> plannedactions.http://projects.cowiportal.com/ps/A019055/Documents/3 Project documents/Interim and final report/Final report October 2012/OSH ong>evaluationong>report_Final_submitted14 March 2013.docx

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