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Reconstructing the Image

Reconstructing the Image of the Old Altar Screen of the Orthodox Church in ‘Maierii Sibiului’ | 105 Fig. 29: Painter Teodor and his sons, Sava and Ioan, the mural decoration of the apse vault in “The Assumption of Virgin Mary” Orthodox Church in the village of Veneţia de Jos (commune Părău, Braşov county) (1801). Credits: Ioan Ovidiu Abrudan. Fig. 30, 31, 32: Painter Sava from Făgăraş, mural painting in the nave of the Orthodox Church in Calbor – the apostle frieze (1813). Credits: Ioan Ovidiu Abrudan. Fig. 33, 34: Painter Sava from Făgăraş, mural painting in the nave of the Orthodox Church in Calbor – the iconostasis register (1813). Credits: Ioan Ovidiu Abrudan. Georgescu painted the icon in 1872, along with other three royal icons (“Mother of God with Child Jesus”, “Saint Prophet Elijah” and “Saint George the Martyr”), destined for the iconostasis of a yet unidentified church. Such is the extent to which the use of a photographic document can serve to the historical reconstitution of past events, completing the scarcity of the details transmitted by conventional sources. More specifically, even though the analysed photograph was made a century after the building and the interior decoration of “Saint Luke’s” Orthodox church in Maierii Sibiului, in a stage when all of its composition seemed marked by the patina of time, it captured the elevated ambience of an Orthodox church interior, ornamented with refinement and discretion, particularly suggestive for the cultural life in the Romanian community inhabiting the “Lower Suburbs” of Sibiu: mostly poor, but hardworking, with aspirations of integrating into the urban society of Sibiu. Identifiable due to this photograph, the images painted on the iconostasis wall or on the wooden panels applied on it testify to the artistic level reached in the evolution of Transylvanian Romanian communities at the end of the 19 th century, through representative, genuine masters such as painter Teodor from Făgăraș.

106 | Ioan Ovidiu Abrudan 1 Around 1746, the “măierişte” (a collection of farms, dwellings, and barns located at the outskirts of a settlement, in order to keep the harvest and the ploughing tools) on the other side of Cibin River banks were circumscribed to a separate district. Bodogae 1981, p. 17. 2 Sigerus 1930, p. 40, 41. 3 Sigerus 1930, p. 42. 4 Puşcariu 1889, p. 46, 84. 5 Lupaş 1928, p. 20, 21. 6 Bodogae 1981, p. 19-21. 7 Chioaru 1993. 8 During the 18th century, most of these agricultural farms were held by the Saxon patriciate of Sibiu (Dumitrescu-Jippa, Nistor 1976, p. 152). These were “owners of a superior social condition (the Ehremburg families) and postal office (Meisterpost)” but the constructions also included a yard of the hospital (Spitalmeirhof). Archaeologist Petre Beşliu Munteanu made a connection between “the toponym Spitals Mayrhoff, the Romanians who were working there as servants and the district inhabited by the Romanians outside the premises walls”. Beşliu Munteanu 2012, p. 105, 225; Beşliu Munteanu 2015, p. 131. 9 Bodogae 1981, p. 20. 10 Sigerus 1922-1928, p. 114; apud Brusanowski 2007, p. 239, n. 150. 11 Bodogae 1981, p. 20. 12 Bodogae 1981, p. 20. 13 Sigerus 1930, p. 41. Abrudan 2015 – Ioan Ovidiu Abrudan, «Un model inedit de reprezentare a Sfintei Fecioare Maria cu Pruncul în iconografia românească a secolului al xix-lea», în Apulum: Series historia & patrimonium, 52, Alba Iulia, 2015, p. 105-156. Beşliu Munteanu 2012 – Petre Beşliu Munteanu, Hermannstädter Spital und Spitalkirche / Spitalul şi Biserica Spitalului din Sibiu, Sibiu, Heidelberg, 2012. Beşliu Munteanu 2015 – Petre Beşliu Munteanu, «Mai sus de „Groapa cu lei”: Azilul de Sus şi curtea Măiereană a spitalului», în Petre Beşliu Munteanu (coordonator), Groapa cu Lei. Istorie şi arheologie/Die Löwengrube. Geschichte und Archäologie, Editura Honterus, Sibiu, 2015. Bodogae 1981 – Teodor Bodogae, «Sibiul, vatră de vieţuire ortodoxă românească», în Arhiepiscopia Sibiului – pagini de istorie, Sibiu, 1981. Brusanowski 2007 – Paul Brusanowski, Pagini din istoria bisericească a Sibiului medieval, Presa Universitară Clujeană, Cluj-Napoca, 2007. Chioaru 1993 – Ioan Chioaru, Biserica din Maierii Sibiului, Biblioteca Euphorion, Colecţia Memorialistică, Sibiu, 1993. Dumitrescu-Jippa, Nistor 1976 – Aurel Dumitrescu-Jippa, Nicolae Nistor, Sibiul şi ţinutul în lumina istoriei, i, Editura Dacia, Cluj- Napoca, 1976. Iorga 1906 – Nicolae Iorga, Scrisori şi inscripţii ardelene şi maramureşene, vol. ii, Inscripţii şi Însemnări, Bucureşti, 1906. Notes : 14 Chioaru 1993, p. 25. Bibliographic Abbreviations: 15 This status became official when the worship place from the Josephine suburb gained a patron in the archbishop of Sibiu, by virtue of the imperial decree no. 1823 of Emperor Francis i; followed at the request of the widow Paulina Hagi Constantin Pop, also by the right of the Archdiocese to manipulate the fortune of the church, approved by Andrei Şaguna and the court in Vienna in 1854. By virtue of this, in the Synod of the Greek-Oriental Archdiocese from Transylvania, in 1899, lay deputy Partenie Cosma demanded that the state of affairs be also regulated by the organic statute. Soroştineanu 2006, p. 33. 16 Chioaru 1993, pp. 31, 32. 17 Chioaru 1993, p. 32. 18 Abrudan 2015, p. 105-156. 19 In the introduction to the first published volume of his doctoral thesis, I. D. Ştefănescu argued the following: “...les photographies qui illustrent ce livre et celles qui nous ont servi pour l’analyse des monuments sont l’oeuvre de nos mains”. Ştefănescu 1928, p. 2. 20 Literat 1996. Linguistic revision : Ioana Ursu (Universitatea ‚Babeș-Bolyai’, Cluj-Napoca). Peer-reviewed by : Daniel Dumitran (Universitatea ‚1 Decembrie 1918’, Alba Iulia); Elena Băjenaru (Muzeul Țării Făgărașului ‚Valer Literat’, Făgăraș); Ana Dumitran (Muzeul Naţional al Unirii, Alba Iulia). 21 Literat 1996, p.26. 22 Iorga 1906, p.171. 23 Literat 1996, p.49. 24 Literat 1996, p.215; notes on the activity of Sava the painter from Făgăraş also at Rustoiu, Băjenaru, Dumitran, Szöcs Fülöp 2008, p. 15-20. 25 Museums and collections, 1981, p. 227. Literat 1996 – Valeriu Literat, Biserici vechi româneşti din Ţara Oltului, Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1996. Lupaş 1928 – Ioan Lupaş, Sibiul ca centru al vieţii româneşti din Ardeal, extras din «Anuarul Institutului de istorie Naţională», vol. v., Cluj, 1928. Muzee şi colecţii 1981 – «Muzee şi colecţii muzeistice în Arhiepiscopia Sibiului. Colecţia de la Centrul mitropolitan Sibiu», în Arhiepiscopia Sibiului – pagini de istorie, Sibiu, 1981. Puşcariu 1889 – Ilarion Puşcariu, «O serie de documente şi date istorice», în Documente pentru limbă şi istoriă, Tomul iv, Sibiu, Tiparul Tipografiei Archidiecezane, 1889. Rustoiu, Băjenaru, Dumitran, Szöcs Fülöp 2008 – Ioana Rustoiu, Elena Băjenaru, Ana Dumitran, Szöcs Fülöp Károly, ... Prin mine, Ioan Pop Zugravul, Ed. Altip, Alba Iulia, 2008. Sigerus 1922-1928 – Emil Sigerus, Vom alten Hermannstadt, iii, Sibiu, 1922-1928. Sigerus 1930 – Emil Sigerus, Chronik der Stadt Hermannstadt. 1100-1929, Sibiu, 1930, traducere în limba română de Beatrice Ungar (Cronica oraşului Sibiu, 110-1929), Ediţia a iii-a, Editura Honterus, Sibiu, 2016. Soroştineanu 2006 – Valerian Soroştineanu, «Despre catedrala mitropolitană din Sibiu», în Transilvania, Sibiu, nr. 4/2006. Ştefănescu 1928 – I. D. Ştefănescu, L’évolution de la peinture religieuse en Bucovine et en Moldavie depuis les origines jusqu’au xix e siècle, Introduction, Paris, 1928.

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