Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

Index O

445

Especially as Waterfowl Habitat; cf Ramsar Convention

corals 108-109, 202, 235-236

– bleaching 109, 235-236

cost-benefit analyses; see also economic instruments 115,

139, 285, 309, 352

– safe minimum standards 281, 290-291

cotton 55, 98, 147, 287

Critical Load Concept 374

critical natural capital 290

criticality 161, 242-243, 306, 363

criticality analyses 345, 367, 370

crops 35, 74, 76, 80, 85, 95, 99-100, 148, 152, 169

– monoculture 36, 74, 80, 147, 153, 155

cultivated landscapes; see also landscapes 90, 92, 96, 100,

122, 126, 203, 362

cultivation zones 232

cultural crisis 170

cultural preservation 177, 343

cultural research 332, 374

culture 90, 112-113, 117, 119, 171-174, 176, 258, 277, 332

– cultural diversity 152, 171, 173, 177

– cultural factors 112

cycles 45, 90, 104, 119-120, 151, 210, 225-226, 306

– decoupling 92, 119, 157

D

Daisy World; see also models 211

databases 179, 183, 196, 356, 365, 370

debt-for-nature swaps 201, 204, 354, 357, 392

debts 257, 357, 392

– Cologne Debt Initiative 357, 392

– debt waiver 54, 357

decentralization 143, 162, 177, 204, 383

decomposers 44, 102, 119, 122, 155, 374

desert 218, 223, 245

Desertification Convention (CCD); cf United Nations

Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries

Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification,

Particularly in Africa

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG); cf German

Research Foundation

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit

(GTZ); cf German Society on Development

Cooperation

developing countries 35, 55, 70, 108, 123, 144, 146, 149, 160,

167, 185-186, 194, 204, 251, 309, 347, 351, 356-357, 364, 392

development cooperation 137, 160, 189, 206, 342, 355-357,

382-383, 391

directives of the EU 58, 137, 348-349, 383

– Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds 182, 349

– Habitats Directive 134, 182, 348-349, 383

discourses 117, 176-177, 200, 277, 294, 317-318, 337, 342,

344, 352, 375, 381

discussions; cf discourses

DNA (desoxyribonucleic acid) 31, 39, 41

dust particles 231

dyes 36, 348

E

early warning systems 183, 340, 364, 369, 388

Earth monitoring; see also monitoring 159, 371

Earth System 212, 238, 242-243, 307

eco-pedagogy 362

economic instruments 143, 310, 313, 323, 352

– monetarization 284, 286, 375

– property rights 142, 196, 250, 309, 311, 352

– taxes 143, 184, 254, 352-353, 385, 393

– tradeable development rights 143

– valorization 139, 142, 276

economic valuation 276, 284-286, 290, 293, 361, 375

– demonstration function 285

economically important species; cf species

ecosystem approach 317, 339, 350, 367, 382

ecosystem engineers; cf species

ecosystem goods 361

ecosystem research 345, 361, 373

ecosystem services 21, 51, 75, 196, 198, 290, 301, 379

ecosystems 19, 24, 45, 48, 50, 90, 95-96, 100, 102, 119, 125,

134, 144, 151, 158, 190, 200, 225, 227, 231, 233, 262, 302,

304, 361, 363

– conversion 19, 49, 127, 225

– corridors 134, 232, 368

– degradation 26, 110, 123, 127, 154, 167, 265

– dynamics 129, 135, 373

– fragmentation 130, 134, 225, 368-369

– homogenization 146, 153, 179

off-site effect 151, 156

– on-site effect 151, 156

– protection; see also protected areas 128, 131, 197, 282

– resilience 50, 307, 369, 373

– stability 46-47, 96, 155, 373

– succession 48, 179, 258

ecotopes 89, 102, 161

education 137, 162, 177, 323, 332, 381

– curricula 326, 333, 381

– educational programmes 329, 335

El-Niño 163, 236, 241, 253

emissions 91, 154, 193, 195, 224-225, 237, 351-352

endemism; cf species

energy balance 216, 218, 220

energy levels 212, 223

environmental awareness 117, 255

environmental discourse; cf discourses

environmental education; see also education 177, 192, 313,

324-326, 381

environmental funds; cf funds

environmental impact assessment 118, 161, 183, 340, 384

environmental learning; cf learning

environmental policy 140, 257, 275, 316, 319, 324, 354

estuaries 235

ethics 275, 277, 280, 284-285, 294, 374

Europe 84, 92, 116, 131, 134, 140, 147, 149, 161, 168, 182,

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