Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

Index O

451

United Nations Conference on Environment and

Development (UNCED) 160, 186, 316, 320, 334, 350, 389

United Nations Conference on Human Settlements 194,

196

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

(UNCLOS) 182, 348

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in

Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or

Desertification, Particularly in Africa’ (Desertification

Convention or CCD) 159-160, 350, 390

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 187,

319, 337, 354, 387

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural

Organization (UNESCO) 141, 304, 320, 329, 333

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 186,

316, 336-337, 340, 384

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization

(FAO) 79, 85, 144, 155, 162-163, 166, 263, 267, 340, 346,

352, 388, 390

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

Change (FCCC) 231-232, 306, 351, 388

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

(UNIDO) 56, 346

United Nations Intergovernmental Forum on Forests

(IFF) 351-352, 391

URBAN 21 194

urban ecology; see also urban ecosystems 140, 195

urban ecosystems; see also ecosystems 191, 193

urbanization; cf towns

USA 63, 74-75, 79, 129, 153, 166, 178

use of biological resources; see also landscape use 138, 143,

196-197, 200, 266, 334, 353

– intensity of use 125, 138, 140, 190-191

use potential 126, 295, 364

use types 126, 140, 289, 291

– use type ‘E’ (conservation despite use) 125, 138, 199,

291

– use type ‘M’ (conservation through use) 126, 199

– use type ‘N’ (conservation before use) 125-127, 199,

291

voluntary commitments 186, 190, 200, 302, 312, 386

W

Wadden Sea 185, 198, 203, 235

– hypertrophy 235

water 106, 120, 145, 147, 170, 218, 225

– self-purification 178

water balances 217

water cycle 21, 24, 91, 212, 289

waters; see also lakes 108, 119, 123, 165, 168, 180, 251, 384

– eutrophication 105, 107-108, 123, 167

wetlands 227, 235, 305, 344

– drainage 112, 225

wheat 72, 74, 79, 82, 125, 232

wild forms 36, 40, 155

wilderness 115-116, 174

Wildlife and Countryside Act, United Kingdom 183

women 203, 328

wood 35, 96, 99, 108, 110, 125, 148, 161, 212, 249, 258

World Bank 319, 357, 374, 387

World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) 131

world cultural and natural heritage; see also World

Heritage Convention (WHC) 104, 107, 170, 186, 202, 304-

305, 320, 342-343, 367, 390

World Heritage Convention (WHC) 128, 304, 315, 320

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 342,

381

World Trade Organization (WTO) 55, 58, 182, 321, 342,

366, 381

Z

zoning 198-199, 202

zoological gardens; cf botanical gardens

V

value categories 284, 286, 288, 291-292, 305

– existence value 129, 287-288, 293

– functional value 129, 282, 291-292

– option value 129, 288, 293, 304, 354

– symbolic value 129, 287-288, 292

– use value 129, 292, 303

value dimensions 283-284, 291-292, 294

value tree analysis 295, 374

values 115, 125, 129, 171, 177, 198, 275-276, 282-284, 286,

288, 295, 311, 328, 330, 374

– categorical values 297-298

varieties 40, 59, 72-73, 75, 79-80, 83, 147, 152, 155, 303, 340

vegetation period 104, 227

Voluntary Code of Conduct, UNIDO 56

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