Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere - WBGU

Index O

447

habitats 52, 81, 154, 162, 178, 193, 245, 365

Habitats Directive; cf directives of the EU

Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act, New

Zealand 183

heaths; cf moors

Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) 357

homeostasis 211-212

human rights 114, 177, 279, 294

humus 93, 102, 104, 120, 227

hunting 90, 102, 116, 141, 174

I

in-situ conservation; cf conservation of biological diversity

incentive instruments; see also economic instruments 143,

352-355, 392

incremental costs 334, 356

India 113, 145, 168, 173, 175-176

indicator species; cf species

indicators 135, 183, 190, 209, 242, 268, 306, 339, 370, 385

indigenous peoples 61, 113, 171, 173-174, 176, 258, 341, 347,

381

Indonesia 107-108, 110, 149, 168, 253, 257, 283

industrial plants 35, 68

industrialized countries 55, 57, 64, 115, 123, 148, 151, 185,

193, 200, 309, 337, 348

infectious diseases 62-63, 183

– cholera 180

infringements of rules 282, 292, 315

– verification 317, 384

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio), Costa Rica

70-71, 366

Integrated Conservation Development Projects (ICDP)

139, 198

integration 136, 194, 199, 203, 336, 361

intellectual property 81, 85, 347

– intellectual property rights 342, 381

– protection 173, 347, 366

interest groups 57, 200, 271, 312, 323, 381, 386

Intergovernmental Panel on Biological Diversity (IPBD)

337, 339, 387

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 230,

233, 336-337, 351, 387

Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF) 352

Interministerial Working Group on Biodiversity Policy

338, 382

International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) 367

International Commission for the Conservation of the

Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT) 163

international community 298, 304, 337, 389-390, 392

international cooperation 316, 320, 344, 348, 357

International Cooperative Biodiversity Group

Programme (ICBG) 71

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

(ICES) 163, 166

International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP)

212, 227

International Maritime Organization (IMO) 180, 384

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 56, 182,

384

International Technical Guidelines for Safety in

Biotechnology; see also biosafety 56

International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources

(IUPGR) 346, 388

Invasive Species Group of IUCN (ISSG) 182

IUCN; cf The World Conservation Union

J

Japan 63, 264, 392

Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) 242

K

Kenya 104, 106, 198

knowledge 19, 61, 117, 171-175, 178, 292, 294, 324, 326, 328-

329, 331

– expert knowledge 290, 318

– knowledge about action 326

– knowledge deficits 308-309, 311, 380

– traditional knowledge 71, 173, 303, 341-342, 347

knowledge systems 175-176, 178, 367

Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) 356

Kyoto Protocol; see also United Nations Framework

Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) 161, 213, 237,

283, 351, 391

L

La Amistad 201, 204

labelling; cf certificates

lakes; see also waters 94, 106, 121, 123

– Lake Baikal 106, 179

– Lake Victoria 92, 104, 106-107

land surface 144, 157, 216, 218, 221, 224, 241

– degree of coverage 109, 152

land use 81, 96, 104, 124, 128, 138, 156, 199, 202, 225, 262,

291, 307, 351, 362

– intensive 159, 229, 301, 363

– multifunctional 84, 148, 157, 159, 162

land use planning 90, 309, 339, 350

landscape use 124-125, 199, 291

landscapes 78, 89-91, 112, 118, 124, 140, 174, 196, 282, 304

laws 183, 267, 278, 315, 341

leaf surface index 218, 242

learning 135-137, 172, 177, 324, 326, 328-329, 332, 381

learning processes 319, 324, 326, 329, 381

– assimilation processes 326

– participatory approaches 327

licensing procedure 183

lifestyles 113-114, 117, 171, 173, 177, 192, 195, 234, 324, 329

limnic ecosystems; see also ecosystems 180, 250

linkage of scales 369

living modified organisms (LMOs); cf genetically modified

organisms (GMOs)

locational factors 192, 373

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