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Brothers for Resistance and Rescue 1 - CENDO

Brothers for Resistance and Rescue 1 - CENDO

Weisz Shmuel 'Koli'

Weisz Shmuel 'Koli' Weisz Sándor Born in Kassa (Košice) in 1926 Member of “Beitar” Shmuel joined the movement at the age of ten. In 1941 he helped refugees from Poland move to Budapest. In 1944, after the Germans occupied his town and concentrated the Jews in the ghetto, Shmuel ran away to Budapest under a fictitious identity. In the Hungarian capital he became an underground activist and mainly forged and distributed documents. At the beginning of June 1944 Shmuel was turned in to the Gestapo by an informer, tortured and taken to the central military prison in Budapest. From there he was sent to the Sárvár concentration camp and then deported to Auschwitz. From Auschwitz he was transferred to Buchenwald and from there to the Magdeburg camp where he did forced labor for six months. He was returned to Buchenwald and later liberated by the American army. He spent two months in hospital and, after he recovered, he went to Karlovy Vary to complete his studies. In 1946 he got on his way to Eretz Israel (Palestine) in the framework of Aliya Bet. He stayed in Belgium for about nine months and in Cyprus for about a year. Shmuel worked for the IDF as a civilian for eight years. He opened an independent technical office and was a partner in many defense projects. He resides in Herzliya. Weisz Vera Weisz-Lefkovics Vera Born in Budapest in 1927 Died in 1998 in Israel Member of “Maccabi Hatzair” Vera was engaged in the forgery of documents. She operated on Perczel Mór and Mérleg Streets. On Perczel Mór Street Vera was responsible for 130 children and ten mothers who were hiding there. The escapees from detention places also found refuge in those locations. Vera had contacts with Jews who were hiding on Kolombusz Street, was caught and taken to the Arrow Cross headquarters on 19, Teréz Boulevard. From there, Vera was taken with a group of Jews to the banks of the Danube for execution. Before they could shoot her, she jumped into the freezing waters of the river, managed to remain underwater and to get out near one of the bridges. While swimming in the river she was Brothers for Resistance and Rescue 250

hurt in her neck by a sharp block of ice and was bleeding heavily. As she was walking to find a refuge, she was caught again by a soldiers’ patrol that took pity on her, hid her and helped her escape to the branch of the Swiss consulate on Perczel Mór Street where she stayed until the liberation. Vera made aliya. She passed away in 1998. Weisz Yaakov Weisz Imre Born in Érsekújvár (Nové Zámky) on 15.7.1924 Executed by the British in 1947 in Israel Member of “Beitar” Yaakov joined the “Beitar” movement during his studies in Munkács. In 1944 he moved to Budapest and was a prominent activist of his movement in the underground. He saved Jews from the gathering places for deportation by giving them forged documents. Under his influence and with his help, a group of comrades from the movement arrived in Budapest and joined the underground activities of “Beitar”. Yaakov left Hungary in June 1944 on the train of the Relief and Rescue Committee. He made aliya in 1945 and took part in the armed operations against the British mandate in Palestine. He was caught and sentenced to death. He refused to sign an appeal for pardon and was executed in July 1947. Weisz Yehoshua Weisz Herrmann Born in Nagymegyer (Vel’ký Meder) on 3.4.1922 Member of “Hashomer Hatzair” Yehoshua came from an orthodox family. He arrived in Budapest in 1941, and operated within the framework of the underground as a member of the staff at the hostel for adolescents on Zöldmáli Street. From October 1943 to October 1944 he was enlisted in a forced labor unit. Yehoshua succeeded in escaping and reaching the “Glass House” on Vadász Street in Budapest. Later he was active on Wekerle Street. He prepared lists of people entitled to stay in Protected Houses. After the liberation of Budapest he engaged in rescuing children at Teleki Pál Street, and worked as an educator in the Polish orphanage on Szentkirály Street, as well as on Hungaria Boulevard.He took part in founding a hahshara on Ilosvai Street and Kibbutz Ehad Bemai. In 1945 Yehoshua made aliya by a legal certificate. He was a member of a group in Kibbutz Ruhama. In 1946 he was among the founders of Kibbutz "Hasela" in Kiriat Haim, and in 1947 of Kibbutz Yehiam. He resides in Givatayim. Brothers for Resistance and Rescue 251

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    Brothers for Resistance and Rescue

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    Copyright © The Society for the Re

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    Contents INTRODUCTION .............

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    several neutral countries, especial

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    I wish to express my special thanks

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    Herzl himself visited Hungary a few

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    THE UNDERGROUND ZIONIST YOUTH MOVEM

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    estimated that about 15,000 Jews cr

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    LIST OF ZIONIST YOUTH MOVEMENTS AND

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    Hatzioni” movement, which at the

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    Communists The Hungarian communists

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    of Tony, who had a Jewish girlfrien

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    The two were about to leave the hou

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    preparation for aliya was given to

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    was told. “We contacted everyone

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    Adler Mordehai Adler György Born i

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    Agmon Efraim (Efra) Teichman Ernő

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    In the winter of 1944-1945 she was

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    Alpan Tova Diamant Gertrude Born on

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    Amir Miriam Spinner Mária “Marcs

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    Arbel Yitzhak 'Bukszi' Baumöhl Ist

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    Asael Tzvi Auslaender Herman ‘Nag

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    Garany detention camp, 1943. Member

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    Avidor Yardena Polák Gizella Born

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    for refugees in one of the capital

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    law. When the truth emerged, the Ge

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    In the summer of 1943 Joseph contac

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    he met Rafi Benshalom, who enlisted

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    The Hungarian translation published

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    helped free Jews from forced labor

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    August 1944 he tried to cross the b

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    Adonyahu traveled to Debrecen again

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    of Jewish refugees over the border

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    when it became part of the “World

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    Braun Yitzhak Braun Ferenc Born in

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    After the war he made aliya. He liv

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    the fascist police. He was sentence

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    November 1944 Amir organized a refu

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    uilt a stock of military equipment,

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    (Palestine) and joined the hahshara

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    families who managed to escape from

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    Members of "Bnei Akiva", 1943. From

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    Fast Shmuel Fast Miklós Born in Ep

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    activities of the movement. At the

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    Fleischer György Member of the “

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    his wife, Malka Baumøhl. In Kassa

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    Fraenkel Avraham Samuel Benjamin Fr

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    Fraenkel Mordehai Fraenkel Miklós

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    Freiman Tzvi Freiman Tamás Born in

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    movement and with the aliya of youn

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    immigrants from the ships to the sh

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    Dr. Galor Eliyahu Dr. Gellért Endr

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    Bader. Her name was given because d

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    of the tiyul but instead, in June 1

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    Goldberger Yaakov Goldberger Ottó

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    daring operation of members of the

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    Goldstein Shoshanna Roth Ágnes Bor

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    Grossman Alexander Sándor 'Sanyi'

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    "Habonim" outing, 1943. Joseph Gár

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    Grosz Yitzhak Grosz Ernő Born in D

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    Grünwald David 'Coca' Grünwald B

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    an office for the management of eng

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    Members of "Dror", outing in the hi

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    On October 31 st his camp was attac

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    papers. Hadasa stayed in the town o

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    Heffner Dézi Heffner-Reiner Dézi

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    Herman Shlomo Herman Slomo Ladislav

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    Hőnig Braha 'Bruhi' Hőnig Borbál

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    Izsák Hava Izsák Éva Born in Sza

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    Prof. Kadari Menahem Tzvi Schwarcz

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    Kama Yirmiyahu Kemény Jackie Born

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    unker has been discovered, and Avra

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    Katz Imre Born in Nyiregyháza on 1

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    "Hanoar Hatzioni" at the Balatonbog

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    Kilon Moshe Klein Tibor Born in Bud

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    Klein Joli Mansworth Joli Member of

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    Knapp Menahem Knapp Béla Born in

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    and through this organization expan

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    Krausz Moshe Krausz Miklós Born in

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    Langer Miklós 'Miki' Born in Popra

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    uniform, he took Jewish families fr

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    Members of "Dror Habonim" ("Hehalut

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    Levavi Dina Komlós Karolina Born i

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    Levi Simon Löwi Simon Born in 1926

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    Lisszauer Avri Lisszauer Zoltán Bo

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    Cross patrols and giving assistance

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    Margalit Joseph Markstein József B

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    opened a new channel of cooperation

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    Minervi Hanna Wertheimer Edit Born

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    on missions to the country towns ca

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    comrade who came to the camp where

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    Offner Róbert 'Fifi' Born in Kassa

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    Palgi Joel Nussbecher Emil Born in

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    Cross and was sent to the children

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    Prizant Tzvi Prizant Herman Born in

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    Reichman Ezra Reichman Ernő Born i

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    forged papers from underground acti

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    Révész Yirmiyahu Révész István

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    Rip Imre Born in Újvidék (Novi Sa

  • Page 199 and 200: Ronel Aliza 'Lulu' Barmat Aliza Bor
  • Page 201 and 202: Ya’akov participated in the Inter
  • Page 203 and 204: Rosenberg Moshe Born in Csenger on
  • Page 205 and 206: In May 1944 Yeshayahu enlisted in a
  • Page 207 and 208: Dr. Roth Stephen Dr. Roth Sigfried
  • Page 209 and 210: Sadeh Shlomo Szabó Tamás Born in
  • Page 211 and 212: Salomon Hava Barmat Éva Born in É
  • Page 213 and 214: Schechter David Born in Técső (Ty
  • Page 215 and 216: Schlesinger Yaffe Gabriel Born in 1
  • Page 217 and 218: Schwartz Shaye Schwartz Frigyes Bor
  • Page 219 and 220: Shaanan Haim Stern Heni Born in Ér
  • Page 221 and 222: Shapira Moshe Shapira Mór Born in
  • Page 223 and 224: units where foreigners served. In t
  • Page 225 and 226: Somló László Spitzer László Bo
  • Page 227 and 228: Spitzer Lea Neuwirth Edit Born in N
  • Page 229 and 230: away from the camp and, together wi
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  • Page 233 and 234: front. He was arrested in his apart
  • Page 235 and 236: Szántó Shmuel Szántó Andor Mikl
  • Page 237 and 238: Szenes Hanna Szenes Anikó Born in
  • Page 239 and 240: Tordai Sándor Dr. Tischler Sándor
  • Page 241 and 242: Tzahor Miriam Weisz Eisenberg Mirja
  • Page 243 and 244: Vardi Esther Sechter Edit Born in T
  • Page 245 and 246: Weil Shraga Weil Ferenc Ferdinánd
  • Page 247 and 248: Weisz Eliezer Weisz László Born i
  • Page 249: Weisz Moshe Born in Munkács (Mukac
  • Page 253 and 254: Weisz Yirmiyahu 'Yirmi' Born in Tó
  • Page 255 and 256: Wiesel Haim Wiesel Bernát Born in
  • Page 257 and 258: Dr. Yakobi Menahem Jakubovics Emil
  • Page 259 and 260: Zohar Kálmán Sonnenschein Kálmá
  • Page 261 and 262: EPILOGUE This book is dedicated to
  • Page 263 and 264: Hahshara: Hebrew for training & pre
  • Page 265 and 266: BIBLIOGRAPHY 1) A Hasomér Hacair a
  • Page 267 and 268: 32. Chava Eichler & Yehuda Talmi, H
  • Page 269 and 270: Index of Names Adler Betzalel .....
  • Page 271 and 272: Grünwald David 'Coca'.............
  • Page 273 and 274: Sajó Eli .........................
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