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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

16. Scientific Research

16. Scientific Research Council H.E. Dr. Hilal bin Ali Al Hinai Date: 26.09.07 at 13:00 h A. Basis for the meeting Subject: R&D, strategy in Renewables 1. Overview of previous and existing renewable energy systems in Oman: • types • year of installation • owners, energy generation 2. Types of present R&D activities within renewable energy and R&D budget for this sector 3. Are there any plans for new, future R&D activities regarding renewable energy in Oman? If any within which area and why are these areas prioritized 4. Which type of renewable energy technology is most suitable for Oman 5. Are there any policy regarding involvement of industry in developing renewable energy sector 6. Are there and norms and standards regarding installation of renewable energy (e.g. documentation solar panel efficiency, installation requirements ) 7. Attitude to renewable energy supply B. Comments received The policy of the research council is to provide fund mechanism for R&D projects. Two main sections are targeted; the section of Energy and of Education & Culture. The official strategy and program of the research council will be declared in October/November 2007. Subsidies in power supply are considerably higher in other AGCC countries than in Oman. The question for Oman is, if renewables are able to supply enough energy and in a cost efficient way. Dr. Hilal recommended solar energy prior for remote areas or combined with water desalination or treatment. The cost of desalinated water in urban areas lies around 1.5 USD / m3, but in remote areas over 25 USD / m3. Wind energy is most suitable for the coast line in the south, from Sur to Salalah. The RE study should take into consideration the today’s greenhouse gas emission of Oman and the potential of RE/solar energy export, Dr. Hilal said. Dr. Hilal discussed his paper about solar chimney for power generation and water desalination. Referring to this he mentioned the lower impact of dust on solar thermal systems as on photovoltaic systems. He also mentioned to study the possibility of “Ocean Thermal Conversion”. The necessary temperature difference and depth of the sea seems to be sufficient in Salalah. C. Documents received • A high efficiency Solar Chimney for Power Generation and Water Desalination

17. Authority for Electricity Regulation Oman Eng. Hilal Al-Ghaithi Date: 09.09.07 at 10:00 h A. Basis for the meeting Subject: Power Industry Oman, Subsidy system in Oman Questions related to the energy sector 1. Energy related legislation and regulations, i.e. energy law, electricity law, renewable energy law, energy efficiency law and similar. 2. Energy policy documents regarding electricity sectors, oil and gas sectors, energy and environment, targets for renewable energy share and energy policy tools under consideration, status in relation to Kyoto and climate change (energy taxes, environmental taxation (CO2), subsidies to renewable energy etc). 3. Energy sector structure and possible plans to privatise restructure and unbundle, especially electricity supply. 4. Information, i.e. annual reports, from energy/electricity suppliers. Historic data (technology, efficiency, fuel consumption and age), maps and production cost (split in fuel, fixed and variable cost) of generation, transmission and distribution facilities. Generation and transmission system expansion plans. Current and foreseen bottlenecks in the system. Load curves and factors. 5. Information about and annual report from Regulation Authority. Regulations regarding renewable energy production and licensing of electricity producers. 6. Information material and annual report from Ministry of Energy including annual energy statistics like Energy balance, Energy trade, Demand and Supply forecasts. 7. Survey and reports on the knowledge, attitude and acceptance of renewable energy among consumers and in industry. 8. Current retail and bulk prices for electricity by tariff, HFO, diesel, kerosene and LPG. 9. Information about taxes and subsidies to electricity and other energy sources. 10. Current generation cost for electricity, i.e. average short term generation cost and long run cost. Future expansion in electricity generation, what technologies and fuels are envisaged at what cost. 11. Domestic fuel Subject, oil, coal and gas. 12. Information (historic, current, forecast) about exchange rates toward USD, electricity and fuel prices, interest, inflation, economic growth, taxation of domestic companies, tax credits for foreign companies, depreciation rules, import duties and possible exemptions for re technology. 13. Attitude to include renewable energy supply in the plans

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