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Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Study on Renewable Energy Resources, Oman - authority for ...

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 1 Introduction 1.1 Background to the ong>Studyong> The Authority for Electricity Regulation, Oman (the Authority), is responsible for regulating the electricity and related water sector in Oman. The Authority has a range of statutory duties including: • a duty to secure the provision of electricity in all parts of the Sultanate of Oman (Article (22) para (1) 1 ; and • a duty to secure and develop the safe, effective and economic operation of the electricity sector, (Article (22) para (3)) and a duty to afford due consideration to the protection of the environment (Article (22) para (11)) The Authority commissioned COWI/SCO (the Consultant) to identify sources of renewable energy in Oman and undertake initial technical and economic assessments of the potential use of renewable sources of energy for electricity production. The scope of work required the Consultant to prepare renewable energy technology profiles that would include, but not be limited to: • Assessments of available renewable resources; • Technology descriptions; • Potential electricity production (including efficiencies, capacity factor); • Cost of energy (including equipment, installation, operating and maintenance and capital costs); • Life-cycle economics; • Advantages and disadvantages of technology • Non-energy benefits of technology in particular the potential reduction in greenhouse gas emissions; • Technical, economic, and market potential (next 3, 5, 10, and 20 years) • Market drivers; • Barriers to renewable energy (regulatory, market, information, infrastructure, technology, financial, economic); and • Recommendations to address barriers. The Consultant was also asked to review mechanisms used by governments in other jurisdictions to provide financial support for renewable energy and advise the Authority on possible support mechanisms suitable for Oman. 1 references are to Articles in law promulgated by Royal Decree 78/2004 Page 8 of 134 .

Renewable Energy Resources in Oman 1.2 ong>Studyong> Methodology The study was conducted in three phases. Each phase included the tasks described below. Phase 1: Inception and initiation collection of data and information Task 1 Mobilisation and planning data/information collection Task 2 Data collection and visits to sites and authorities Phase 2: Analysis of data and review of previous RE studies in Oman Task 3 Technology analysis Task 4 Economic analysis Task 5 Technology evaluation Task 6 Market analysis Task 7 Barriers Phase 3: Final analysis and reporting Task 8 Outline cost effective options for use of renewable energy Task 9 Appraisal of the possible financial mechanisms that could be introduced to encourage use of renewable energy Task 10 Final reporting 1.3 Collection of data and information The study utilises information and data provided by various Ministries, companies within the electricity sector, waste water companies, Sultan Qaboos University and the Research Council, meteorological department, Petroleum Development Oman and the Royal Oman Police. Meetings with these authorities were based on questionnaires prepared prior to the meetings. Almost all the requested data and information was received except for data on wave energy which we understand is not available. To overcome this, the Consultants undertook preliminarily analysis using research data derived from the literature. We recommend steps are taken to fill this information gap by collecting wave energy data to assist further studies and research. During the data collection process the Consultant team was afforded the full cooperation and support of the entities we visited, all of whom expressed strong support for the utilisation of renewable energy in Oman. Page 9 of 134 .

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    2. Mazoon Electricity Company Eng.

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    4. Oman Waste Water Company Eng, Om

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    6. Ministry of Regional Municipalit

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    According to SQU studies, wind and

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    9. Ministry of Transport and Teleco

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    11. Supreme Committee for Town Plan

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    13. Ministry of National Economy H.

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    15. Petrol Development Oman (PDO) C

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    16. Scientific Research Council H.E

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    B. Comments received General info E

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    ecause of missing DNA in Oman. Ener

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    Appendix 2 Site visits Photos from

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    Photo 5. View towards Masirah islan

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    Authority for Electricity Regulatio

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    Authority for Electricity Regulatio

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    Authority for Electricity Regulatio

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    Global solar radiation, 1987-1992,

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    Appendix 6

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    6.2 Examples of applications at var

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    Fig. A 6.2 Example of rural system

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    Fig. A 6.5 Example of large scale s

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    Appendix 7

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    Appendix 8 and 9

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    • A 20 MW power converter to conv

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    Appendix 9 List of R&D references a

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    Appendix 10 Average production cost

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    Appendix 11 Examples of Tax Credit

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    0.5 0.4 Levelized Cost of Energy vs

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    18 Electric Load 16 14 12 10 8 6 4

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    Fig. A 13.2 . Assumed fuel efficien

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