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WESmile Magazine May 2019

In-Flight Magazine of Thai Smile Airways

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ART & CULTURE<br />

KHON KAEN MUDMEE<br />

World-renowned Thai Fabrics<br />

MENTION MUDMEE (IKAT) OR MUDMEE SILK, WHAT COMES TO MIND IS KHON KAEN. THE<br />

PROVINCE HAS A LONG HISTORY OF TEXTILE WEAVING DATING BACK 200 YEARS. THANKS TO<br />

ITS RICH TRADITIONAL TEXTILE HERITAGE, KHON KAEN WAS RECOGNISED IN 2018 BY THE<br />

WORLD CRAFTS COUNCIL AS “WORLD CRAFT CITY FOR MUDMEE”, THRUSTING THAILAND<br />

INTO THE INTERNATIONAL LIMELIGHT.<br />

บน : การปั่นไหมใส่หลอด<br />

แยกเป็นสีละหลอด<br />

แล้วนำไปใส่กระสวยเพื่อเตรียมทอ<br />

Top : Spun silk yarns,<br />

created by reeling<br />

for use in shuttles,<br />

come in different colours.<br />

上 方 : 将 丝 线 分 开 颜 色 旋 进 线 轴 ,<br />

再 拿 去 准 备 编 织 。<br />

Khon Kaen’s agricultural society boasts<br />

a saying that goes: “At the end of the rice<br />

farming season, women weave textiles,<br />

men make handicrafts.” Farmers engage in<br />

mulberry, silkworm and cotton farming to<br />

produce silk and cotton yarns for mudmee<br />

weaving chiefly for home use. The fabrics<br />

are usually considered priceless gifts for<br />

their children. Isaan women learn various<br />

weaving techniques that have been passed<br />

down over generations. Though textile<br />

weaving is common practice in Isaan, the<br />

centre of raw materials is in Khon Kaen.<br />

The province boasts plentiful silk shops and<br />

mulberry and silk products including unique<br />

mudmee silk textiles.<br />

Pattern designs of Khon Kaen mudmee<br />

are inspired by common sights and religious<br />

beliefs, such as plants, animals and equipment.<br />

There are 7 major pattern designs: mee kho,<br />

mee khome, mee bak jab, mee kong, mee dok<br />

kaew, mee khor and mee bai pai.<br />

Khon Kaen Governor Dr Somsak<br />

Changtragul initiated a scheme to develop<br />

and promote Khon Kaen’s official pattern<br />

known as “Khaen Kaen Khoon” that is a<br />

กลาง : การสืบทอดการทอผ้ามัดหมี่จากรุ่นสู่รุ่น<br />

Centre : The knowledge of mudmee weaving is being handed down from one<br />

generation to the next.<br />

中 间 : 一 代 代 传 承 的 扎 染 泰 丝 编 织 手 艺 。<br />

ล่าง : เส้นไหมย้อมเป็นสีต่างๆ ด้วยสีจากธรรมชาติ<br />

Bottom : Silk dyeing with natural dyes.<br />

下 方 : 各 种 自 然 染 色 的 丝 线 。<br />

บนซ้าย : ผ้ามัดหมี่ลายแคนแก่นคูน ลายประจำจังหวัดขอนแก่น<br />

Top left : Khaen Kaen Khoon is Khon Kaen’s<br />

official mudmee pattern.<br />

左 上 方 : 孔 敬 府 的 孔 敬 金 链 花 扎 染 泰 丝 。<br />

บนขวา : ผ้ามัดหมี่ของกลุ่มทอผ้าไหมมัดหมี่บ้านหัวฝาย<br />

Top right : Mudmee textiles by The Ban Hua Fai<br />

Mudmee Weaving Group.<br />

右 上 方 : 邦 华 凡 村 扎 染 泰 丝 编 织 团 体 的 扎 染 泰 丝 。<br />

combination of the 7 common patterns of Khon<br />

Kaen textiles: khaen, dok khoon, pan bai sri, khor,<br />

khome, kong and bak jab (mak jab). The name<br />

of the official pattern is made up of 3 words:<br />

“khaen” (the province’s symbolic bamboo<br />

music regarded as Isaan’s “King of Music”),<br />

“kaen” (the name of the province, meaning<br />

“core”, regarded as “King of Isaan”) and “khoon”<br />

(the golden shower flower, the province’s official<br />

symbol regarded as “King of Trees and Flowers”).<br />

Khon Kaen’s “Silk Road” leads to Chonnabot<br />

district, the centre of mudmee production.<br />

The Group of Women Weavers at the Ban Hua Fai<br />

Cooperative, led by Boonsin Ratcharoen,<br />

spearheads efforts to preserve local weaving<br />

wisdom by setting up a learning centre<br />

that exhibits the processes of mudmee silk<br />

production. Their mudmee textiles are known for<br />

their high quality silk thread, the use of natural<br />

dyes, and the subtle weaving skills of weavers<br />

and their beauty. The Mudmee Weaving Group<br />

at Ban Hua Fai, led by Supanee Phoolankee,<br />

has set up a community enterprise offering<br />

textiles created by weavers in the local area.<br />

Besides mudmee textiles with basic patterns,<br />

the products here are highly innovative, including<br />

“taem mee” silk that features unique patterns.<br />

42 <strong>May</strong> <strong>2019</strong><br />

43

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