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9 months ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

ecame fixed.

ecame fixed. “Eventually, Islam won its independence getting rid of the damning restriction of the Ottomans, and began to rush forward. This rushing is seen especially in Wahhabite movement in Hedjaz and in the movement of Mahdism led by Mahdi in Sudan. These two movements have been effective enough to make Islam recover its own power and its tendency towards improvement. Seeing this happy improvement in Islam, the imperialistic crusaders came into play.” The service the Ottoman Turks rendered to Islam is a masterpiece, a monument. One has to be blind or a turkophobe not to see this gigantic monument that has been erected on the square of history. What was the source of this dynamism, this morals, this patience, this heroism, which led the Ottoman Turks from one victory to another, as this Egyptian writer has to acknowledge? Was it not Islam? One cannot honour Islam. One can be honoured with Islam. Hadrat ’Umar (radiy-Allâhu ’anh), the honourable Amir of Muslims, said, “We used to be contemptible, low people; Allâhu ta’âlâ honoured us by making us Muslims.” The ignorant, who do not know that Islam is the source of every kind of virtue and honour, suppose that Islam is to be honoured. The Islamic army advancing towards Vienna from Istanbul made a halt near a source of water in the neighborhood of Belgrade. The fountain was crowded with soldiers performing ablution and filling their containers with water. The priest of a church nearabouts made up and dressed beautiful girls. He gave them a bucket each and sent them to the fountain. The priest watched secretly from behind the window. As soon as the girls approached the soldiers moved aside. The girls filled their buckets easily and went back to the church. The priest, upon seeing this beautiful moral behavior, virtue, decency and mercy of the Islamic soldiers, sent a message to the crusaders’ commandant, saying, “This army will never be overcome. Don’t shed your blood in vain!” I wonder if this Egyptian writer makes a mistake by supposing that the Ottoman victories were barbarian invasions like those of the armies of Attilla? If he had read the British Lord Davenport’s book, he would know about the truth: “Islamic armies took with them justice, virtue and civilization whereever they went. They met the defeated enemy who would surrender – 276 –

always with forgivingness,” and he would be a little well-behaved in his writings. Those who made Islamic caliphs lead a dungeon life and who usurped their rights of caliphate from them after ’Abbâsids were shameless enough to call themselves “Sultân al- Haramain” in khutba. When Sultan Yavuz Selim Khan conquered Egypt and rescued the caliphate from slavery in 923 A.H. (1517), he silenced the orator who also called him “Sultân al-Haramain” in khutba customarily, and said, “For me, there cannot be a greater honour than being a slave of those blessed places. Call me Khâdim al-Haramain!” It is written in history books. It may be understood now whether the Egyptians or the Ottomans froze Islamic morals. During the reign of (the Ottoman empire) Sultan Abdulhamîd Khan II, a secretarial position in the royal palace was reserved to be awarded annually to the best of the graduates in Political Sciences. The Sultan had established this to encourage youngsters to work and study. Es’ad Bey, who was assigned as a clerk, says in his book Hâtirât-i Abdulhamîd Khân Thânî, “At a midnight I enciphered a message and took it to the Sultan’s room for his signature. I knocked at the door. It was not opened. I knocked once again. It was not opened this time, either. I was about to give it a third try, when the door was opened and there was the Sultan, drying his face with a towel. ‘My son,’ he said. ‘I’m sorry for keeping you waiting! I was up with your first knocking. I knew you were here for an important signature, at this time of night. Yet I did not have an ablution. I have never signed a paper concerning my nation’s matters without an ablution. I am late because I was making an ablution. Now read it for me please.’ After I read it, he said the Basmala [1] and then signed it, adding, ‘Inshâ-Allah, let’s hope for the best.’ ” The Ottoman Sultans were that much attached and that much respectful to Islam. Eyyub Sabri Pasha says in his book Mir’ât al-Haram-Ain, “Sultan Abdulmejid Khan, upon learning that Mustafa Reshid Pasha was a freemason and had chosen a path not compatible with Islam, became ill with anxiety and sorrow. He could not sit on the bed; he always lay. Only important papers were being read to him in order to take the imperial rescript. About a paper which had been awaiting its turn, he was said, ‘An application of the inhabitants of [1] Bism-Illâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm. (In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful and the Most Compassionate.) – 277 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    Bismi’llâhi ’r-rahmâni ’r-r

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    even if those who govern you are Ab

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    ISLAM’S REFORMERS (THE BIGOTS OF

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    suits their purpose? It is not perm

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    over and over again and applauded a

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    constitutions of European kingdoms

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    one another. We think it would be p

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    When he said, “O Allah! Tell me t

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    into discussion provided they will

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    as-Sahâba (radiy-Allâhu ’anhum)

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    eliefs, commands and prohibitions.

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    advantages of the rules of Islam to

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    These words of the reformer show hi

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    several meanings in accord with the

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    each race will fade away. This theo

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    We will tell about all these clearl

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    of religious scholars is to teach u

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    Despite the âyats, “If Allâhu t

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    Those who claim to be Ahl as-Sunna

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    hadîth says that seventy prophets

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    accursed, that they will never atta

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    which man would do with his own con

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    fervent fanatic of the Jabriyya doe

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    their ears and eyes,” at the begi

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    does not mean busying with delusion

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    direction, patriotism, honour and h

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    oth in this world and in the next w

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    Jabrâ’îl (Gabriel) came to me.

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    worship and useful deeds of those w

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    away. As it is necessary to carry o

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    towards him, and that they would sa

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    worth the Qur’ân, which has an e

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    poems of Shakespeare, Victor Hugo a

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    Paradise, the scholars of fiqh depr

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    love Allâhu ta’âlâ considering

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    from doubtful things (between harâ

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    elong to religious hands and there

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    teachers. It is not knowledge and s

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    necessary for the existence of crea

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    elations between and laws concernin

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    (’alaihimu ’s-salâm) and utter

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    attempt again to understand the elo

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    days”, and the scholars of fiqh t

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    were executed by shooting when they

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    Beg recommends Arabic as a common l

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    The sixty-forth âyat of the sûrat

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    fact, she swears at them. A youngst

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    sharp imagination we think a Venus

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    the street. Veiling is the curtain

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    ake of the conscience under the pre

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    y saying, “Life is in common,”

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    moon. On this rare occasion he fall

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    words, if he does not feel any fear

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    “The person who commits adultery

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    has fled and has not left nafaqa, t

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    declared in the Qur’ân that men

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    sensations than men are. As lust is

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    justice,” the following points al

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    disbelievers. They do not commit an

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    praised in this hadîth: “The sch

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    have spread all over Muslim countri

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    deplorable state in his Tabaqât al

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    expense of a journey,” to distort

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    and intelligence much. Burhân ad-d

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    He also quoted some other hadîths.

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    him whom Thou loved most among Thin

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    through Muhammad (’alaihimu ’s-

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    them and who respect shrines by per

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    unbelief but harâm for a worshippe

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    elief, they prostrated themselves b

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    Shaiba and Ibn ’Abd al-Birr repor

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    hundred and tenth âyat of the sûr

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    Sunna scholars. Muslims with right

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    (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) martyrdom by

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    in a pitiable condition. The entire

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    not be any Islamic scholar left on

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    them today. It is a tactic of the e

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    path and make him a means for guidi

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    According to many scholars, ’Abd

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    patient. He worshipped much. (95-15

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    Holy War in Islam. Our ancestors pe

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    Shâh Walî-Allâh ad-Dahlawî wrot

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    A mujtahid belonging to the fourth

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    people of bid’a. We should hold f

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    [Walî-Allah ad-Dahlawî himself] p

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    al-istinbât wa wujûh at-tatbiq ba

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    all the Muslims on the earth are mu

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    employed a mulhid named Niyâz Fath

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    He had some activities in Beirut fo

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    espects and his belief in one respe

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    had been commented on first by Ibn

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    might take a whole life-span to exa

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    e black and is never believable to

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    the jizya and become Muslims theore

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    ask for the people’s help.” Any

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    expenditure. It is not a procedure

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    State has to distribute what it has

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    1) If some dain property is in a po

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    “It was in ancient times to pay z

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    This is not an expression of object

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    for jihâd and for legitimate servi

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    mosque or giving alms, he becomes a

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    these days of bliss?” “Yes, the

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    government oppresses and if opposin

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    sin to be forgiven. Allâhu ta’â

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    the name of Islam, which are incomp

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    of fact, these wishes of his have b

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    enormous property and vast areas of

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    ’anh). He attempts to change the

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    Imâm Abû Yûsuf opposes al-Imâm

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    ijtihâd and give fatwâ in matters

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  • Page 313 and 314: GLOSSARY BI, SP, AM, AEI and EB (I-
  • Page 315 and 316: qutb: a Walî of highest degree; AM
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