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9 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

• Energy efficiency is

• Energy efficiency is the cornerstone for policy makers to decouple energy demand and economic growth. Implementation plan Component 1: The Governorate of Luxor needs to get a more sophisticated understanding of water mobility and use of cruise boats for tourism and issues to be solved. Component 2: From the detailed description of issues at stake, the plan will draw strategic priorities with a double objective in mind – improve boats sustainable operation and reducing their environmental footprint. This could include: • Establish a coordination unit/organisation of tourist boats and water mobility needs and policies, while prioritising collective action to change mind set of boats owners such as cruise boats companies and small passenger boats regarding the possible optimization of boats occupancy to reduce the number of cruise boats not traveling at full capacity, and the benefits of not using diesel and instead use cleaner energy, • Structure the plan to convert boats and docksides in phases, (switch to natural gas and improve energy efficiency on board and use SWH and Solar PV), • Explore innovative solutions and technologies that would significantly change tourist cruise and small passenger boats, • Develop incentives as well as regulatory measures adding constraints on the use of private motor boats run by diesel and making it a more attractive choice to use natural gas instead, and • Implement a common methodology to measure GHG emissions, report on them and monitor all other benefits deriving from the development of sustainable boat operations by natural gas. Component 3: Engines conversion to CNG. Tourist Cruise Boat Each cruise boat consumes per weekly journey about 10-15,000 litres of diesels. Assuming each boat will make 4 journeys per month, each cruise boat will make 16-20 journeys per year during high seasons (3-5 months). The total diesel consumed per boat and per year is estimated as follows (minimum and maximum): Minimum diesel consumption per Cruise boat/year = 16 x 10,000 = 160,000 litres = 136 t = 376,000 EGP = 18,297 € Maximum diesel consumption per Cruise boat/year = 20 x 15,000 = 300,000 litres = 255 t = 705,000 EGP = 34,306 € This means that CO 2 emission per boat and per season vary between 429 and 804 tCO 2eq. When switching from diesel to NG, energy consumption grows by a factor 1,1 due to less engine efficiency. 140

- Minimum NG required per Cruise boats/year = 173,500 cubic meters (Equivalent 136 t diesel X 1,1efficiency) - Maximum NG required per Cruise boats/year = 292,100 cubic meters (Equivalent 255 t diesel X 1,1efficiency) As NG cubic meter costs 2.25 EGP, operating cost will range from 390 kEGP (18,996 €) to 657 kEGP (31,981 €) meaning almost the same cost than operating with diesel. However, CO 2 emissions per boat and per season are far lower, varying between 380 tCO 2eq and 640 tCO 2eq, and representing cut going from 11% to 20%. Note that energy consumption could be further reduced, by using solar PV to cover electricity needs and avoid engine running when boats are not sailing. The conversion cost per boat to run by CNG is ranging from 252 kEGP (12k€) to 336 kEGP (16 k€) each and need to be subsidized with current price of diesel. Should this price go up, the conversion payback would be 10 years or less. Hence, for 110 cruise boats, the total cost would be around 42 million EGP (2 m€). Small passengers boats Each small boat uses between 4-5 litres of diesel per journey (west bank to east bank and return). These boats operate on daily basis and complete 4 to 5 trips/day, meaning an average of 20 litres per day or 7,300 litres per year. This means in 7.3 tons / year on diesel converted to 6.7 tons of NG or 8,934 cubic meters per year (per boat). Hence for 155 small boats a requirement of 1,384,770 cubic meters per year. Like for larger boats, operating cost will be equal or slightly lower, but CO 2 emission will drop by 10% to 20%. The conversion cost per small boat to run on CNG is starting at 109,200 EGP (5,200 €). Hence, for 155 small passenger boats, the total conversion cost would reach 19.5 m EGP (930,000 €). Component 4: Retrofitting cruise boats to rely on renewable energy LED lamps replacement and required solar PV for lighting Assuming that each cruise boat has 100 rooms, each room has 3 lamps, thus we would need to replace 300 141

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