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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

December 2015.

December 2015. Accordingly, Governorate of Luxor must seek a comprehensive strategy addressing the key challenges it faces. Therefore, the Governorate of Luxor, as all governorates in Egypt, is committed to increasing urbanised areas providing more housing units and resolving slum problems while safeguarding heritage and enhancing the environmental quality. This direction is embedded in the concept of 'Luxor as a green city'. Furthermore, a well-balanced control of urban development and agricultural expansions is essential for both sectors. The Governorate of Luxor has developed its Green City Strategy 2020 - Luxor the Heritage City of the World. The GCS 2020 was announced during the Solar Energy Conference, entitled “Luxor Green City” on June 14, 2014. The Green City Protocol signed by more than 45 key stakeholders gave more strength to the GCS 2020. However, the implementation plan for this GCS has not been published yet. In addition, the Governorate of Luxor was selected to join the Resilient Cities Acceleration Initiative (RCAI) in its 3 rd phase. Luxor was selected among 325 cities from 90 nations. The RCAI objective is mainly to assist selected cities to be more resilient in confronting environmental challenges and counterbalance the impact of climate change risks on socioeconomic life 8 . However, there is no clear and legal framework set up yet by the Governorate of Luxor as a tool to implement the above, but what we have so far is a set of public declaration. At the conference that was held in the city of Luxor between 13 th and 14 th of June 2014, H.E. Gen. Tarek Saad Eldin, former Governor of Luxor declared that Luxor to be a Green City by 2030, expanding the utilisation of clean energy, mainly solar energy with the financial support of the UAE and other granters from JICA, GIZ, and EU. It was also declared during the same conference (13 th -14 th June 2014) that Luxor should be seen ‘The Heritage City of the World' recalling the vision declared in 2004. Furthermore, H.E. the Governor stated that the Governorate follows the recommendations of a combined study of the GOPP and the UN-HABITAT programme, advising to include Esna and Armant cities and their surrounding villages in Luxor perimeter and to design a comprehensive urban, agricultural and investment expansions plan for this entire area. Projects to realise the above vision were proposed by H.E. Mohamed Badr, Governor of Luxor: 1. Construct a 5000 feddans (a feddan = 4200 square meters) solar energy station in Armant desert with an 80 kW production capacity. 2. Pilot expansion of solar energy to reach 133 houses in 6 villages. 3. Expend the natural gas grid from the West Nile bank to the Eastern bank to feed 17 thousand housing units. 4. Sign a protocol to use fertilizers coming from the waste recycling factory. 5. Transfer the 44 floating hotels from Luxor Cornish to Esna. 6. Establish a committee to confront violations of agricultural lands. 7. Relit Al-Qurna village and west bank heritage sites and mountain. 8 http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/RESILIENCE-Resilient-Cities-Acceleration-Initiative.pdf/ - (Accessed: 26.08.2016) 20

8. Construct 4500 housing units in Al-Toud hill. Furthermore, H.E. the Governor announced the follow up on the strategy of his predecessor H.E. General Samir Farag and the 34 projects designed by H.E, modifying them to fit with the new administrative status of Luxor, incorporating Esna and Armant, including: Reclamation of 80,000 feddans; Developing a new housing scheme in El-Bughdadi town; Regeneration of the Luxor Cornish walk; and Continuing the Rams road (Al- Kibash Rd.) project. However, based on the CES-MED team investigation during their missions between December 2016 and June 2017, it appeared that none of these projects above are related to energy and environmental quality enhancements. Though reviewing the above, it also appears that so far, no clear strategy to drive sustainable development in the Governorate of Luxor, but instead we have three main ambitions that articulate what can be defined as a tentative vision of Luxor: - Luxor as a Heritage City / Governorate of the World, as has been aimed at and attempted since 2004, - Luxor as a Green City / Governorate, declared in 2014, and - Luxor as a Governorate of investment opportunities, as declared by H.E. the Governor in 2015 for potential investment in clean energy, housing and agriculture and its industries. In 2017, the SECAP could be the roadmap for the Governorate of Luxor to integrate sustainable energy (energy efficiency and renewable energy development) into their short term and medium-term strategic objectives with a target of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission to counterbalance climate change and adapting to already visible impacts of this climate change, hence contributing to establish the City of Luxor as a symbol of sustainable tourism and cultural destination. Participation in the CES-MED project enables the Governorate of Luxor to: - Conceive, develop and refer to SECAP by sector, including energy efficiency in public and private buildings, public lighting, etc. and to specify which investments will be undertaken in order to reach consumption reduction objectives and to calculate financial profitability of such investments, - Have access to a trained and mobilised team in the domain of clean energy and climate adaptation, - Have access to reference documents, developed according to a reference methodology, that facilitate the exchange of experience with other countries in the region and the EU, - Share and acquire experiences as well as actively participate in international discussions, supported by the EU, on renewable energy and GHG emissions reductions at the local level by having access to a platform such as the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), - Replicate successful projects implemented by other municipalities, and - Search for climate change adaptation and sustainable development funding from various sources. In addition, membership of the CoM provides leverage for the transmission of knowledge and good practices. It is also a forum to capitalise on the lessons learnt from the past experiences of other municipalities that have implemented SECAP. 3.4. Guiding principles for the municipal strategy on sustainable energy The Governorate adopted fundamental principles that aim to integrate sustainable development into all decision-making processes related to local development. The Governorate systematically considers these principles when taking into consideration future action programmes and their energy implications: 21

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