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130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

Section III:

Section III: SECAP - Actions Planned 1. Executive Summary This section presents the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan that has been developed by the Governorate of Luxor in coordination with Transitions Team – CES-MED. The proposed actions have been designed on the basis of the baseline emission and energy consumption inventory. The section is structured in three parts: • Background information – Very brief overview of basic information on city of Luxor, • Governorate buildings and services – Presentation of activities that fall under the direct responsibility of the Governorate of Luxor (the buildings it manages and the services it implements as part of its core competencies), and • Action plan on the City of Luxor – Presentation of activities that can be run by stakeholders independently from the Governorate, but need to be stimulated and steered by the Governorate services in order to ensure everyone is acting within a consistent plan. 2. Background information Population of the Governorate 1,141,041 Population in Luxor 573,420 Governorate area 2959.6 km 2 Municipality area 416 km 2 Governor of Luxor Minister Dr Mohamed Badr Energy and GHG in the City of Luxor Electricity consumption 1,074 GWh/yr Electricity per capita 1,874 KWh/yr Energy consumption 4,938 GWh/yr Energy per capita 8,614 KWh/yr GHG emission/ year 1,760 ktCO2eq GHG per capita 3,07 tCO2eq The City of Luxor in Upper Egypt is the main city of the Governorate of Luxor and its capital. The Governorate of Luxor is considered one of the smallest Governorates in Egypt. The city is located in the southern part of Egypt, north of Aswan (220 km) and it is about 670 km south of Cairo. It stands at an average altitude of 76 m above sea level and the inhabited area is 714 km 2 . The city is located on the banks of the Nile River between 25-36 North and 32-33 East. It is divided into two parts: the eastern and western regions. 44

Figure 11: Impression of the City of Luxor, West bank and its heritage sites Until December 2009, City of Luxor was part of Qena Governorate and later was administratively separated to become a separate Governorate “Governorate of Luxor” according to the Presidential decree 278 of December 9 th , 2009. The Governorate area is almost 2960 km 2 . According to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) in Egypt, in 2015, the total population of the Governorate of Luxor was 1,141,041 residents while the city of Luxor reached 573,420 residents representing about 50% of the Governorate’s population. The City of Luxor is the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. The name Luxor comes from the Arabic al- ʾuqṣur ‏,(الأقصر)‏ literally "the palaces" from the collective place of qaṣr, which may be a loanword from the Latin “castrum” for “fortified camp". The Arabic name of the city remains “al-Uqṣur”. Luxor is known as the “World City of Heritage” and registered as UNESCO heritage site. It has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city where thousands of tourists come every year from all around the world to visit these monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city. The city has 15 main heritage sites of high tourism interest. The East bank encompasses 5 main cultural and touristic attractions: a) Luxor Temple; b) Karnak Temple; c) Luxor Museum; d) Mummification Museum; and e) Winter Palace Hotel, whereas, the West bank includes 9 major sites: a) Valley of the Kings; b) Valley of the Queens; c) Medinet Habu (memorial temple of Ramesses III); d) The Ramesseum (memorial temple of Ramesses II); e) Tombs of the Nobles; f) Deir el-Medina (workers' village); g) Deir el-Bahri (Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut); h) Malkata (palace of Amenophis III); and i) Colossi of Memnon (memorial temple of Amenophis III). Despite these rich sites, the City of Luxor suffered considerably from a low influx of tourists between 2011 and 2014. The Governorate of Luxor economy is based on tourism, farming, commerce, and antiquities related activities. The Governorate of Luxor depends mainly on agriculture and tourism, but the city of Luxor largely depends on tourism. This sector represents more than 22,800 jobs - nearly 10% of the total labour force of the city as of 2015 census (288,500 jobs). Agriculture land forms 73.8 per cent of the Governorate of Luxor, whereas the urban areas form about 19.4 per cent. Main crops are sugar cane, wheat, vegetables, tomatoes, beans including lentils, and bananas. The agro-food sector employs 3,354 persons and accounts for 1.2 per cent of labour forces. The industry focuses mainly on manufacturing and employs 7203 persons (2015) representing about 2.5 per cent of the labour force. The rest of the labour forces 255,087 jobs (approx. 88 per cent) get absorbed in sectors such as 45

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