10 months ago

130218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final

power plant project will

power plant project will be generating 2 GW, the largest solar farm in the world. Solar PV for residents and private owners The plan would be to develop solar PV units in every possible place invited inhabitants to contribute to this development. Through this process, city residents will benefit additional income after the payback period and will become energy producers as well as being energy consumers. The City of Luxor could set up a revolving fund to support this development. Different options could be proposed to develop this process: 72 - The City of Luxor proposes residents to invest and install 5 kW units on their roof. The electricity produced goes to the Electric utility. When the total value of electricity produced matches the initial investment, the PV unit ownership gets transferred to the resident who will then receive incomes from the electricity sold to the utility. In this system the financial balance remains the same for the City / Utility. It covers the initial investment and receives in return electricity, which will not be bought from other sources generating an economy equivalent to the initial investment. When the PV unit gets transferred to the resident, it buys electricity for him and not from an outside source; - The City of Luxor invites resident to share the investment. In that case the resident will cover part of the investment and will benefit a shorter period before getting revenues from his solar PV production. The overall economy of the system remains the same. However one can consider that sharing the investment with residents will push them to get more ownership on the energy issue and been then more conscious on the benefit of working for energy conservation and efficiency along with developing their own production; and - The City of Luxor passes a deal with a bank that will offer attractive loans to residents. Residents benefiting from such loans cover 100% of the investment. The City utility offers its guarantee to secure the loan, as commits to buy all the electricity produced. This mechanism could allow a faster development of PV units. As solar PV seems to be booming in the Luxor Region it is key for the Governorate to ensure that this boom not only benefits big foreign investors, but also contribute to the solar energy take off in all sector of the society as this form of energy can be developed in many different forms, from large scale units to individual small-scale production capacities. Solar heating Solar heating could be widely used for covering households’ needs and tourism sector heat consumption (for sanitary water and swimming pools). Solar heating could also be used in some industries, shops, restaurants, etc. that require hot water. Modern equipment is allowing very good performance to match specific industrial needs. This component of the plan could then: - Raise awareness in all sectors on the expected benefits of this technology; - Identify specific need of individuals, tourism operators, and industry related to heat and hot water requirement; - Identify technical solutions to match these needs with solar heating devices; and - Develop pilot projects to promote these new production capacities. Solar heating is a simple technology than can easily be developed with the support of local technician

producing solar heater in small workshops, stimulating the economy and creating jobs. The role of the Governorate would be to promote the technology, develop show vase projects in its own building, value initial investment and reward the most remarkable realisations. Biogas As previously mentioned, there is a huge potential in agricultural by products and organic waste to be processed in bio-digesters. The Governorate of Luxor should command a comprehensive study to explore the benefit of such a technology in the surrounding of the City. This study would be the basis to recommend the most appropriate set up: number of units and size; bio-waste collection system; energy production expected and recommended use (heat, electricity or fuel for vehicles). Such a pre-study would require an investment of 20.000 Euro that would be necessary before entering the detailed conception phase. Hydro along the Nile River The Nile River is a very powerful asset to produce energy. Modern technologies testes in various part of the world now propose to install turbines in the flow of a river. The turbine fixed underneath a floating platform doesn’t require any specific infrastructure that would affect the flow of the river. It would be very interesting to check if this technology could be adapted in Luxor, for example with a barge equipped with such hydro turbine close to the bridge connecting Western and Eastern banks. Such hydro turbine would produce electricity that could nicely combine with solar, as the Nile River doesn’t stop at night when solar PV will not be active anymore. A 20.000 Euro prefeasibility study could give enough information to decide if the Governorate of Luxor should proceed with this technology or not. Expected results Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2014 Cut expected in 2020 Situation in 2020 GHG in tCO2eq/year Electricity* GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut/BAU Renewable energy production + 56,000 - 24,850 2,319,373 11 % Solar PV public buildings (750 MWc) + 12,000 - 5,325 Solar PV households & private (750MWc) + 12,000 - 5,325 Solar power plant 2000MWc (Tera Sola) +32,000 - 14,200 Other technologies will require further investigation before assessing production potential. Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI. Solar PV public buildings (750 MWc) Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc* 10,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Solar PV households & private (750MWc) Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc* 10,000,000 € 4 to 5 years Solar power plant 2000MWc (Tera Sola) Not relevant (outside SECAP funding) The 10 m€ rolling fund allow to install 7.5MWc that will produce 57 MWh/year offering a 4 to 5 years ROI (providing the feed in tariff remains at the same value 102 piastre/KWh). 73

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