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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

arrogance is their

arrogance is their common behaviour. This similarity deludes people’s optimism concerning the beggar’s humility. FOURTH SECTION In this section vices which look like virtues will be explained. We will also show how they can be distinguished from each other. Many people cannot differentiate between gold and brass because they are both yellow colored. Some may think a blue bead is a precious stone. Similarly, they may think a vice is a virtue. Hence, it is necessary to learn the knowledge of ethics and become proficient in order to distinguish deeds with secret deficiencies from good deeds, and goodness from evil in general. 1– First we will explain the vice which looks like wisdom. There are many people who pick up a few phrases of wisdom or a few words on scientific or spiritual knowledge from others or from newspapers, magazines or radio programmes and repeat them among other less learned people or engage in debates and arguments with others so as to give others a false impression about themselves. Taken in by their false pretenses, many people think of them as knowledgeable and wise people such as scientists, experts or (great spiritual guides called) murshids. In actual fact, people of this sort are quite incapable of solving the problems in the scientific branch they profess profound knowledge about and are totally unaware of the meanings of the ma’rifats in the science of Tasawwuf they claim mastery over. The similarity between them and the scholars, murshids and scientists under whose guise they try to steal the show, is identical with the similarity between men and parrots in the ability of speech. For, the faculty called hikmat (wisdom) is located in man’s head and soul. Its works and lights (nûrs) are outside the range of the senses. There is many a soidisant advanced personage who is a total stranger in the territory of wisdom and value. People of this sort are vulgarly ignorant and currishly illhumoured. They have nothing to do with knowledge or ethics. They do not utter a single word sounding benign. Always smartly dressed and innately handy with the kowtowing business, they haunt dances, balls and cocktails, and serve drinks at convivial parties, ultimately turning up as a chief or a committee member or a councillor. – 224 –

2– Vice which looks like chastity: People tricked with this vice do not commit evil deeds and do not run after satisfying their appetites. Outwardly, they are mature and virtuous people who possess knowledge and good morals. Therefore, they are praised and respected everywhere by everybody. They are treated well by people who possess wealth and position. They are bombarded with presents, and the income from (the obligatory almsgiving termed) zakât and from votive offerings fills their wallets. Remiss as they are in performing the (obligatory acts of worship called) farz as well as in (those virtuous and blessed acts of worship called) sunnat when they are alone, their bodies have been enervated with the assiduous steadiness they have displayed in the performance of supererogatory prayers, when in company. Their lower selves (nafs al-ammâra) are extremely vigorous. They are truthful in people’s view, but faithless in the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ. False shaikhs of Tasawwuf and men of religion pursuing worldly advantages are current examples. Some villagers abstain from meals cooked in city centers, and others do not purchase good food because of their stinginess. People who observe them think that they are dervishes, although in actual fact they are insatiable, unchaste and high-toned liars under the guise of contentment. 3– The vice which looks like generosity: A person who has this habit has earned his property quite easily by way of inheritance or smuggling or hoarding or lottery or lotto, instead sweating for it. Therefore, he does not appreciate how hard it is to accumulate wealth by permissible means. So he spends his money either for prohibited (harâm) purposes or on unnecessary things. He spends his money on things not approved by wisdom or Islam. Stupid people seeing him spending freely think of him as a generous person. In reality, he does not possess the virtue generosity. Earning and saving money or property is like going uphill with a heavy load on one’s back. Spending money is like letting a spherical stone roll downhill from a mountain top. Poverty holds back many people from being better people. Many people lose their belief because of poverty and become apostates (murtads). It is stated in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Poverty is a blessing for my Sahâba. Being rich will be a blessing for Muslims who will live in later times close to Doomsday.” – 225 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    ETHICS OF ISLAM PREFACE Let’s sta

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    Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t

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    organs, to give orders to the organ

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    ISLAMIC ETHICS FIRST CHAPTER The fi

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    to the sects of Barnabas and Arius

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    is evil, all the organs will be evi

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    temperate forces are evil when they

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    committing sins. Therefore, they do

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    to Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm

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    find the right path or the true rel

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    conversion to Islam. He told Dihya

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th

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    maintenance of nikâh require holdi

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    had during the time between his apo

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    factories are based on experiments

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    The third reason why one wants to a

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    much for him. When some of the Sah

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    “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H

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    production. Desires of the nafs are

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    guidelines set by Islam. The first

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    are sunnat, he will be deprived of

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    true four Madhhabs as long as there

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    ing oneself into other people’s f

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    knowledge which is gained for the s

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    ta’âlâ is that one does not com

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    even if it is not much in quantity,

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    any moment and health or youth cann

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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    24- TO HAVE A BAD OPINION ABOUT OTH

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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  • Page 199 and 200: more of a beast physically. A perso
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  • Page 207 and 208: KNOWLEDGE OF ETHICS AND TEACHING OF
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  • Page 223: they abandoned Islam. The fact, how
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  • Page 229 and 230: men. Justice means harmony and equa
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  • Page 233 and 234: AN IMPORTANT NOTE: First of all, on
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  • Page 239 and 240: We should not spread gossip (carry
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