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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

May our prayers for and

May our prayers for and greetings be to His beloved Prophet Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam,’ who is the most beautiful and highest of all human beings in all respects, be also upon all of his progeny, relatives, and companions ‘ridwânullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaihim ajma’în,’ who radiate good morals and knowledge. Muslims are required to learn “Islamic Knowledge.” It is divided into two branches, “Religious knowledge” and “Scientific knowledge.” The scientific knowledge is called “Wisdom” (Hikmat). Our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam’ said, “Wisdom is the lost property of a Muslim. He should pick it up wherever he may find it.” This hadîth commands us to learn scientific knowledge. “Religious knowledge” is made up of twenty sub-branches, eight of which contain teachings of a higher level and the remaining twelve consist of teachings of a subsidiary nature. One of the teachings of a higher level deals with ethics. [A Muslim who has good morals and is advanced in the scientific knowledge of his time is called a civil or a progressive Muslim. Alternately, a person who is advanced in scientific knowledge and has established basic industries, and yet who has poor morals is called a tyrant, a regressive person, a bandit, or a dictator. Those who are lagging behind in the scientific knowledge and arts and have poor morals are called savages or vulgar people. Civilization means building cities and serving human beings. This can be accomplished through scientific knowledge, arts, and beautiful morals. In short, when the scientific knowledge and arts are accompanied with beautiful morals, it is called civilization. A civilized person uses scientific knowledge and arts for serving humanity. Alternately, tyrants use them for torturing. We can see that a true Muslim is a progressive person. Unbelievers are retrogressive, and miserable people. It is apparent that civilization means constructing buildings and developing cities. This is only possible through science and technology. Advancement in technology is due to addition of new ideas to the ideas of the previous generations. People’s living in peace and comfort is only possible through ethics of Islam.] Learning Islamic knowledge as much as necessary is an obligatory duty (fard) for every Muslim. Islamic scholars have written numerous books on this subject. The following books on the subject of ethics are well known: Akhlâq-i-Nâsirî by Nasîruddîn-i Muhammad Tûsî, Akhlâq-i-Jalâlî by Jalâladdîn-i- Muhammad Dawânî, and Akhlâq-i-Muhsînî by Husayn Wâiz-i – 4 –

Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated the first chapter of this (last) book from the book Berîka written by Abû Sa’îd Muhammad Hâdimî ‘rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ’. In the first chapter of this book we will deal with unacceptable poor morals rejected by Islam and their prescribed cures. Poor morals are due to maladies of the spiritual heart. They cause infinite death and destruction of the heart (qalb) and the soul (rûh). In the second chapter of this book, we will describe the meaning of ethics (akhlâq) and its varieties, borrowing from the beginning chapters of the book Akhlâq-i-Alâî written in Turkish by Alî bin Amrullah ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ,’ who passed away in 979 Hijrî, 1572 A.D. in Edirne / Turkey. The uncorrupt youngsters who read this book will understand and realize that their ancestors were healthy people with good morals. They were also industrious, civilized, and progressive people. By learning the truth about their ancestors they will not be misguided by the lies and slanders of their enemies. The name of the author of the book Akhlâq an-Nâsirî was Nasîruddîn-i Muhammad Tûsî. He was born in Hijrî 597 in the city of Tus (Mashhad) and passed away in Hijrî 672 [1273 A.D.] in Baghdad. He belonged to the Shi’ite sect of Muslims. He was one of the people who were instrumental in Hulagu’s destruction of Baghdad and carnage of hundreds of thousands of Muslims. He became the prime minister of Hulagu. He founded a new library with the capacity of 400,000 books and a planetarium and an Academy. He wrote many books. Jalâladdîn-i Muhammad Dawânî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ,’ was born in 829 Hijrî and passed away 908 Hijrî [1503 A.D.] in Shiraz. He is one of the most profound among the Islamic scholars. He wrote many books. His book Akhlâq-i-Jalâlî is in Persian. Its eighth printing was accomplished in 1304 Hijrî, 1882 A.D. in India. It has been translated into English. Husayn Wâiz-i Kâshifî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’, was a preacher in the city of Hirat. He passed away in Hijrî 910, 1505 A.D. in Hirat. O you, virtuous youngsters! O you, noble and dear children of those martyrs who spent their lives for learning and spreading beautiful moral teachings of Islam and also sacrificed their lives for spreading the religion of Allah to all human beings! Do learn – 5 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1
  • Page 3: ETHICS OF ISLAM PREFACE Let’s sta
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    any moment and health or youth cann

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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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    According to what suitable nature d

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    supplementary information. Every br

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    perceived through sense organs and

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    in the grave, none of the cells or

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    some materials which are similar to

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    comprehended are stored in imaginat

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    At many places in the Qur’ân, Ha

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    or elements are divided into three

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    waste. There is no waste of space i

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    more of a beast physically. A perso

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    Lusts of the nafs have nothing In c

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    Belief in Allâhu ta’âlâ and a

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    world have likenesses in that world

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    combination of chastity, wisdom, an

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    concentrated their efforts to subor

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    11- Riqqat: Not worrying about the

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    meant to do so. A reaction even bet

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    obligatory worships which are the f

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    for the believer; he also will be a

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    Rising Day by way of an assessment

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    they abandoned Islam. The fact, how

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    2- Vice which looks like chastity:

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    knowledge in favour of attacking, a

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    men. Justice means harmony and equa

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    Confessions of A British Spy, one o

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    AN IMPORTANT NOTE: First of all, on

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    worship is absolutely incumbent on

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    Him. Everyone can follow different

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    We should not spread gossip (carry

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