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Ethics of Islam

Ethics of Islam is taken from the book Berîka by Muhammad Hâdimi. Immorality and ways to get rid of it; 40 depravities and cures to them; usefulness of ethics; what is a soul; strengths of a soul; Personalities emanating from wisdom, courage, chastity and justice are extensively explained.

people tyrannize

people tyrannize millions of their follow men for the sordid interest of a couple of years’ luxury in this ephemeral life, which never ends before they have met their nemesis. Amidst all the apparent welfare and transport they seem to be basking in, vehement trials and tribulations never let go of them. The only item of their worldly assets to leave them once and for all is their adored sovereignty, which, in the end, they mostly have to bear seeing in the hands of their enemies. Such an excrutiatingly humiliating experience! As a matter of fact, the eighty-first âyat of Sûra Maryam purports: “To Us shall return all that he talks of, and he shall appear before Us bare and alone.” (19-80) As is pointed out in this âyat-i-kerîma, each and every one of such people will be brought to the presence of Allâhu ta’âlâ at the Court of Justice in the Hereafter with a black stain on his face. He will not be able to deny all the wrongs he has committed, and will be punished for them severely. All the wrongs and oppressions he has committed will manifest themselves as darkness and will cover him so that he will not be able to see where he is going. He will be thrown to Hell by the angels who are in charge of Hell and punished there much more severely than the punishments and tortures he imposed on people while he was in power. He will not be able to obtain the forgiveness of Allâhu ta’âlâ because he called Islam’s principles and tenets ‘desert laws’ and denied the Islamic religion. SIXTH SECTION The book Akhlâq-i-Alâî, (by Alî bin Amrullah ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ [916-979 (1571 A.D.), Edirne Turkey,] enlarges on the various kinds of virtues, and the important subject occupies its sixth chapter. In this booklet of ours, we will borrow only its paragraphs allotted to justice. Justice is realized in three stages: The first stage must be allocated to being a Believer obedient to Allâhu ta’âlâ. Blessings and favors of Allâhu ta’âlâ are coming to all creatures all the time. The most valuable among these blessings is His showing His human creatures how to attain eternal blessings. He created all of them in most beautiful guises and images and gave them eternal and countless blessings and goodnesses, none of which they could stake a claim to. Gratitude to such a Benefactor and Creator for all these blessings by way of – 234 –

worship is absolutely incumbent on all creatures. Justice in this respect means to observe the rights of one’s Owner. It is a must and a debt, therefore, for each creature to worship the Creator for all the goodness they receive from Him. The second stage of justice is to observe the rights of human beings. Accomplishing this requires obeying the laws of the land and those who are in charge and paying respect to scholars and observing the rules of trade and keeping the given promises and being a trustworthy person. The third stage of justice is to observe the rights of those who lived and passed away and left us wills to carry out or trusts and foundations to take care of. This will be accomplished by doing whatever they willed and by taking care of those trusts and foundations. When a person receives a favor from another, if the former has the material means, he should respond with an equal favor. If he does not have the material means, then he should thank him by pronouncing a blessing over him, (i.e. by making duâ for him). If a person does not respond to a favor although he has the means, he will be mistreated by everybody because it is a duty for a human being to respond to a given favor with an equal favor. While this is the case, not responding to the favors of Allâhu ta’âlâ, Who created us out of nonexistence and gave us the best of shapes and necessary organs and powers and made them work coherently with each other and thereby provided us with health and gave us intelligence and wisdom, and Who continuously creates our necessities such as mates, children, housing, clothing, nutrition and all sorts of foods, would be a great fault and deficiency. He has infinite powers. He creates all these blessings without demanding anything in return from us, since He does not need anything. How surly an attitude, how vicious a crime and how blatant an injustice it would be not to pay gratitude to Allâhu ta’âlâ, the Almighty, and to disignore His rights as the Creator! Worse yet is the abominable denial of His existence and the obdurate and disgraceful touting for another source for all these infinite blessings in the desperate attempt to stave off the manifestation of the fact that Allâhu ta’âlâ is the sole Benefactor. Supposing all the needs of a person are ministered to and he is regularly paid, gratis, all his monthly pecuniary and nutritional requirements by a certain benefactor, imagine how that person will praise his benefactor on every – 235 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    Kâshifî of Hirat. We translated t

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    organs, to give orders to the organ

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    to the sects of Barnabas and Arius

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    is evil, all the organs will be evi

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    temperate forces are evil when they

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    committing sins. Therefore, they do

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    to Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm

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    find the right path or the true rel

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    conversion to Islam. He told Dihya

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ) Who sendeth th

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    maintenance of nikâh require holdi

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    had during the time between his apo

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    factories are based on experiments

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    The third reason why one wants to a

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    much for him. When some of the Sah

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    “furu”) of Imâm a’zam Abû H

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    production. Desires of the nafs are

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    guidelines set by Islam. The first

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    are sunnat, he will be deprived of

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    true four Madhhabs as long as there

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    ing oneself into other people’s f

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    knowledge which is gained for the s

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    ta’âlâ is that one does not com

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    even if it is not much in quantity,

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    any moment and health or youth cann

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    suggestions to human beings is call

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    states, “We will allow into Parad

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    will surely go to Hell regardless o

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    man’s will power but it is His Di

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    12- CONCEIT (KIBR) The twelfth mala

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    from the Wrath of Allâhu ta’âl

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    others’ rights will enter Paradis

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    sashay around, his skirts sweeping

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    as long as they do not intermingle

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    oasting will lead them to Hell. In

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    introduce this way of happiness and

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    sal-lam’. If the heart, soul and

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    was Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahim

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    perpetrated iniquities which no one

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    and thus provided opportunity for t

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    as-sunnat scholars” or trusts whi

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    school in their childhood; nor afte

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    A poem: To be happy all the time, T

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    hadîth-i-sherîf incidentally serv

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    epresented others by proxy as well

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    categories are not recorded by the

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    disquietude and a heart palpitating

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    not possess. Giving advice (nasîha

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    two Muslims meet each other, it is

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    the sins he will accumulate will be

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    inclusive. It cannot confined into

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    Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alai

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    âyat of Sûra Nisâ of the Qur’

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    neither proper nor permissible for

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’ knew that the

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    ta’âlâ will love, protect and h

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    mature people and those over fifty

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    person who tells us something. Amon

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    “Sakîna” means, having maturit

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    indeed they will not even have any

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    partner that He will accept any pra

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    to bed, hungry. They intended to fa

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    the sight of Allâhu ta’âlâ dec

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    27- SYMPATHY FOR FÂSIQS A person w

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    head. It is learned from the words,

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    prayer called namâz [1] in jamâ

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    instigation. If there is no one in

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    associate with anyone. If one under

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    Ghazâlî ‘rahimahullâhu ta’â

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    and their relationships to each oth

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    eings causes one to believe Him and

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    instead of Abdulqâdir, or “Hasso

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    specific meanings, awareness of the

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    Derivation); Ma’ânî (Meanings,

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    a person who commits venial sins as

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    attery, extortion or theft; or perp

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    ackbiting. If it is possible to sto

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    The thirty-first âyat-i-kerîma of

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    not to be deceived by their lies, s

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    prayers. We are informed that one w

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    instead of prayers that are sunnat

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    the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a state

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    teasing Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Maki

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    medîna, or social manners. As is s

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    things will attain the consent and

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    According to what suitable nature d

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  • Page 225 and 226: 2- Vice which looks like chastity:
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