Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian -nál/-nél (adessive suffix), nála “at/by him/her/it”

Proto-Uralic (?),

Proto-Ugric *na- “nearness”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *na “that/this (one) here”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *na, nä “this”

Proto-Eskimo -na (singulative of dem./q-words”)

Aleut -n “id.”

Sumerian ne-e(n) “this”

Hungarian nap “sun; day”

Proto-Eskimo *macaR “sun”

Sumerian na (527x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. na4; na; na4na “stone” + Akkadian

abnu “id.”. Semantically, cf. mennykő “lightening”, lit. “heaven-stone”

Hungarian napa “mother-in-law”

Proto-Uralic *anзppē

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *an’a “older female relative”

Sirenikski nana “mother”

Sumerian nunus, munus (3079x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian, 1st millennium) wr. munus; nu-nus

“woman; female”. The second part seems to be Sum. –bar that occurs

in “in-law” parentships: ušbar (19x: ED IIIa, Old Babylonian) wr.

ušbar; ušbar3; ušbar2 “father-in-law; mother-in-law”, cf. also Hung. ip,

ipa “father-in-law” and Sum. pap (86x: Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old

Babylonian) wr. pap “father; male, virile; brother” related to Akk.,

Rhaet. abu “father”. The first part er- in Sum. erib “father-in-law;

sister-in-law” seems to be the still unexplained word –er in emb-er

“human” and may be related to Sum. ere “to go”.

Hungarian nem, ne “not”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *nä-mi

Eskimo-Aleut -(ŋ)il- “not”

Aleut -la(γ) “id.”

Sumerian na, nu (785x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. nu “(to be) not, no; without, un-“

Hungarian -nak/-nek (dative and directional suffix), neki “to him/her/it”

Proto-Uralic *nä “this” + *-k (lative suffix)

Eskimo -mik-, -nik- (casus modalis, cf. Kleinschmidt 1851, p. 84)

Sumerian ne; ne-en; ne-e “this” + (a/V)k (genitive suffix)

Hungarian néni “aunt”, néne “older sister”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *naj(aγ) “girl”

Eskimo-Aleut najaγ “younger sister”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 108 -

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