Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian vad “wild; inhabited”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *vamta

Proto-Yupik *kilγaq “wilderness”

Sumerian bad (3x: Old Babylonian) wr. bad4 “hard ground”. Engl. “bad”,

according to traditional etymological dictionaries a “mystery word, no

apparent relatives in other languages” is most probably besides Hung.

vad the phonetically closest successor of Sum. bad.

Hungarian vágni “to chop, to cut, to hash; to slaughter; to throw”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *waŋз-

Proto-Yupik-Sirenikski *caki(t∂)- “to chop, to cut into”

Sumerian pana (63x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. ĝešpana; ba-na;

ĝešpanax(|ŠE.NUN&NUN|) “bow; a geometric figure”. In order to

chop meat one still today best uses a bow-shaped knife (Germ.: Wiegemesser,

but “wiegen” = “weigh” has nothing to do with cutting; thus

perhaps Wiege- < Hung. vág- < Sum. pan-?).

Hungarian vágyik “to desire, to long, to wish, to yearn, to crave”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *wačз- “to chase, to drive, to hunt”

Proto-Inuit *pikšamaaq- “to desire, to look forward to”

ed (595x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. ed3; |UD×U+U+U.DU| “to go up

or down, to ascend”. Same etymology as űzni.

Hungarian vaj “butter”

Proto-Altaic *majV “fat”

Proto-Turkic *bań

Proto-Mongolic *maj-

Proto-Tungusic *maj-

Proto-Finno-Ugric *woje “fat, grease”

Mari ü, üj “butter, oil”

Mordvin oj, vaj “butter, margarine; fat”

Proto-Eskimo *quγi “to be fat”

Sumerian i (8654x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. i3; u5; u2 “oil; butter”. The Sum.

apophony is mirrored in the FU reflexes. As the Sum. and the Mari

words show, diphthongization happened only in the single languages.

Hungarian vájni “to hollow, to dig out”

Proto-Eskimo *uki- “to get a hole”

Sumerian u, wr. u “hole”

Hungarian vajúdik “to eke out a bare existence”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *woje- “to be able to”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 165 -

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