Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. lal; lal2 “(to be) small, little;

minus sign; (to be) insignificant, low-value; diminution”

Hungarian le- (< lewe) “down (prefix)”, lenn, lent “below, down”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *l8 “lower, the lower part, sub, under”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *al(a), ïl(a) “below”

Proto-Yupik *aci- < *al-t∂ (?) “lower part”

Chukotko-Kamch. qale-lle-ŋ “downriver”

Sumerian lal (9977x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. lal; lal2 “(to be) small, little;

minus sign; (to be) insignificant, low-value; diminution”

Hungarian lé, levet “juice”, leves “broth, soup”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *leme, lēme “sap, soup”

Chukotko-Kamch.

n∂mi(n∂m) “broth”

Sumerian li, wr. li2 “oil; fat; cream”

Hungarian lebegni “to float, to hover; to hang”, lobogni “to blaze; to blow”,

lobogó “flag”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *lempз-, *lämpз- “to fly, to hang”

Proto-Inuit *napatkaq- “to fall head first”

Eskimo-Aleut n’apa- “to be upright”

Sirenikski japaR- “to raise”

Sumerian la (1399x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early

Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. la2; la; lal2 “to hang, balance,

suspend, be suspended”, lu (2x: Old Babylonian) wr. lu9 “to flare up”.

The Hung. apophony thus already exists in Sum.

Akkadian alālum

Hungarian leg- “most, -(e)st (superlative suffix), legesleg- (elative suffix)

Proto-Finno-Ugric *l8ŋз “fairly, very”

Proto-Eskimo *ilumun “truly”

Sumerian limum (1x: Old Babylonian) wr. li-mu-um; li-im “one thousand

Akkadian limu. These word-equations belong to the best proofs of the continuity

between Sum., Akk., Uralo-Sib., Ural., FU and Hung.

Hungarian légy “fly”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *l8ńćз

Proto-Eskimo *n∂vyuvaγ “fly”

Sumerian lili, wr. li-limušen “a bird”

Akkadian liligū

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