Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian szekér “cart, wagon”

Proto-Ugric *säkзrз “a kind of vehicle”

Proto-Inuit *caka- “to rock back and forth”

Sumerian zig (8574x: Lagash II, Ur III) wr. zig3 “to issue; to levy, raise, muster;

to swell; to expend; to rise” + hara, wr. harax(|NUNUZ.AB2×BI|) “a

part of a wagon”. Since in Sum. “the rising” one is associated with

“seat”, szekér means a wagon with a seat.

Hungarian szelni “to slice”, szelet “slice; part; schnitzel”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śälä-, *čälä- “to cut”

Eskimo-Aleut całiγ- “to scrape skin clean”, cili- “to sharpen”

Aleut saaliklaasi-X “skin scraper”

Sumerian sil (119x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. si-il; zil; silx(|EZEN×LAL2|);

sil5 “(to be) remote; to split apart; to split, slit”

Hungarian szél “edge”, széles “wide, broad”

Proto-Ugric *śelз “edge, rim”

Proto-Eskimo *aRvaγ “edge of hand

Sumerian sil (119x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. si-il; zil; silx(|EZEN×LAL2|);

sil5 “(to be) remote; to split apart; to split, slit”

Hungarian szél, szel- “wind”

Proto-Eskimo *anuq∂ “wind”

Sumerian til (770x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. til3 “to live”. Semantically, we have

here the connection of “to breathe, to live” with “to blow; breath,

wind”, cf. Greek ánemos “breath, wind”, Latin animus “mind”, Greek

pneîn “to blow”, pneūma “breath, wind” > “mind, soul of the world”.

Hungarian szem “eye”

Proto-Uralic *śilmä

Proto-Eskimo *∂δ∂ “eye”

Chukotko-Kamch. c∂lae, l∂lae “eye”

Sumerian sim (4x: Old Babylonian) wr. sim; si-im “to sieve, filter”

Hungarian szén “coal”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śine “charcoal”, *ś8ne “tinder”

Proto-Yupik-Sirenikski *una- “to handle”

Aleut una- “to cook, boil, bake, prepare food”

Sumerian šeĝ (261x: ED IIIa, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. šeĝ6

“to cook; to fire (pottery)”

Hungarian szép “beautiful, handsome, pretty”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śeppä “clever”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 139 -

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