Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

šillum-)

Akkadian šilingu

Hungarian som “cornel, dogberry”

Proto-Yupik-Serenikski *ciRunaq “horn, antler”

Sumerian si (262x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian, Middle Babylonian) wr. si “horn”. Like in

many languages (e.g. Engl. cornel, French corneille, Slowakian drien,

etc.), the name of the cornel is derived form the word for “horn”.

Hungarian sorvadni “to have atrophy, to decline, to pine/waste away”

Proto-Uralic *šorwa- “to dry up, to become dry”

Proto-Inuit *iyaŋa- “to be weak”

Sumerian sur (69x: ED IIIb, Early Old Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. sur;

sur8 “to press, squeeze; to flash; to drip; to rain; to milk”, cf.

semantically German Aus-Zehrung, aus-zehren, lit. “to pull out, to

squeeze out”.

Hungarian sovány “lean, meager, thin”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *čupa

Proto-Eskimo *qup∂- “to split (lengthwise)”

Sumerian sumun (522x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Early Old Babylonian,

Old Babylonian) wr. sumun “(to be) old; old wood, rot, decayed

matter”

Hungarian sőreg “sterlet”

Proto-Yupik *q∂RiR- “to be shiny”

Sumerian šer (29x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. sir2; šeer

“reddening, sunburn (?); (to be) bright; brilliance, ray”. Semantically,

the Latin name of the sterlet is Acipenser stellatus, whereby stellatus

means “with stars, shining”.

Hungarian sügér “perch”

Proto-Eskimo *qac∂li- “to sting”

Sumerian suhur (66x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Old Babylonian) wr. suhurku6;

ku6suhur “carp”

Hungarian süket “deaf”

Proto-Eskimo *tucilaR- “to be deaf”

Sumerian sig (74x: Old Babylonian) wr. si-ig; šeg5 “(deathly) hush; (to be) silent”

Hungarian sün, sül “porcupine”, sün-disznó “hedgehog” (disznó “swine”)

Proto-Finno-Ugric *śije-le

Proto-Inuit *isaluq “porcupine”

Sumerian zuhul (4x: Old Babylonian) wr. zu-hu-ul “to pierce”

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