Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Proto-Eskimo *ip∂γ- “to be sharp”

Sumerian šab (25x: Old Babylonian) wr. šab “to trim; to make clear”. Since a

participle in the sense of inflectional languages does not exist in

Sumerian (non-finite verbal forms lack prefixes and suffixes, cf.

Edzard 2003, p. 130), šab means also “trimmed, made clear” and thus

“beautiful”.

Hungarian szeplő “freckle”

Proto-Eskimo-Aleut *isuRiq “spotted seal” < Aleut isuX, isuRi-X “id.”

Sumerian zib (16x: ED IIIb, Ur III) wr. za3; zib “a mark; mark, token; colour,

paint”

Hungarian szer “instrument, appliance; material, means; order, succession”,

-szer/-szor/-ször “... times”, sor “row, line, order”

Proto-Uralic *śerз “order, progression, series”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *s’erä “surroundings, nature”

Eskimo-Aleut cila “weather, nature, outside”

Aleut sla-X “id.”

Sumerian šar (245x: ED IIIa, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. šar2; šar; šar2-šar2

“totality, world; (to be) numerous; 3600”

Hungarian szérű “barn floor, threshing yard”

Proto-Eskimo *ilu “inside”

Sumerian šu rah (13x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. šu rah2 “to beat; to knead”

Hungarian szesz “alcohol, spirit”

Proto-Eskimo *iδ∂RaR “spirit being”

Sumerian ses (42x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. ses “(to be)

bitter, brackish”. Obviously, it concerns beer; there are not less than 12

denominations for “beer”.

Hungarian szidni “to scold”, szitkozódik

Proto-Yupik-Sirenikski *aRyuR- “to scold”

Proto-Finno-Volgaic *śoδa(-), *śoδ’a(-), śota(-) “battle, strife, war; to battle, to fight”

Sumerian šud (115x: ED IIIa, ED IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. šud3; šu-tu; šudx(|KA.ŠU|) “prayer,

dedication; blessing”. Semantically, cf. Latin sacer “holy; damned”

Hungarian szíj “strap”

Proto-Uralic *ś8wз “draught-cord”

Proto-Inuit *k∂t∂k “strap for fastening sth.”

Sumerian sa (68x: Old Babylonian) wr. sa “gut; sinew, tendon; string”

Hungarian szik “natron, alkali”

Proto-Ugric *ć8kkз “salt”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 140 -

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