Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

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Hungarian and Eskimo-Aleut

ALFRÉD TÓTH : HUNGARIAN AND ESKIMO-ALEUT — with Paleo-Siberian Cognates

Hungarian tok “box, case, chest, scabbard, sheath”

Proto-Eskimo *qat∂γ- “chest”

Sumerian dug (3196x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. dug; dugx(BI) “(clay) pot; a unit of

liquid capacity”

Hungarian tokhal “sturgeon” (hal “fish”)

Proto-Eskimo *ayaγta “pole” (cf. German Stock-fisch, Stock “stick, pole”, Northern

German Kabel-jau, Kabel “cable > cord > stick, pole”)

Sumerian dug (3196x: ED IIIb, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Early Old

Babylonian, Old Babylonian) wr. dug; dugx(BI) “(clay) pot; a unit of

liquid capacity”. Same etymology as Hung. tok “box”, cf. semantically

the parallele of Hung. tok and tokhal with English sturgeon (via

Normannic < Old French esturjon) and to stir from the common

Germanic etymon sturio “sturgeon” (> Old English styria).

Hungarian toklyó “one- or two-year old lamb”

Proto-Eskimo *∂pnaRiR “mountain sheep”

Sumerian tukur (8x: Old Babylonian) wr. tukur2; tukur; tukur3 “to shear, pluck

wool”. Semantically cf. Engl. sheep, Germ. Schaf to Germ. schaben

“to scrape” > “to cut, to trim, to shear”.

Hungarian toll “feather; pen”

Proto-Uralic *tulka “feather; wing”

Proto-Uralo-Siberian *tuγlï, *tiluγ “wing, feather”

Eskimo-Aleut culuγ “wing feather”

Inuit telxp “id.”

Yupik siluk “id.”

Chukotko-Kamch. til(til) “wing”

Sumerian dal (59x: Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. dal; dalx(HU) “to fly”

Hungarian tolni “to push, to shove; to delay, to postpone”

Proto-Finno-Ugric *tojз- “to push, to shove, tu thrust”

Proto-Eskimo *kayu- “to be strong”, *kay∂m∂(t)- “to push (forward)”

Sumerian du (82x: ED IIIb, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. du7 “to push,

thrust, gore”

Hungarian tolvaj “thief”

Proto-Uralic *sala(-) “to hide; to steal; thief”

Eskimo-Aleut teγleγ- “id.”

Aleut cxa- “id.”

Chukotko-Kamch. tu-lRaet- “to steal”

Sumerian sul, wr. su-ul “to cover”

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© Copyright Mikes International 2001-2007, Alfréd Tóth 2007 - 156 -

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