3 months ago

Judo In Montenegro

Judo In Montenegro/Božidar Markuš

On the other hand,

On the other hand, taking into account the fact that every school had its advantages and disadvantages, i concluded that jiu jitsu needed to be renewed as a martial art as well. And thus, selfishly keeping to myself all the knowledge I had mastered in various schools and as well as the knowledge I had acquired on my own, i founded a new method of physical culture and spiritual education, designed to be efficient in fight as well. I called it Judo Kodokan. Why did i call it judo and not jiu jitsu? What I teach is not only “jitsu” (skill, knowledge). It most certainly is “jitsu”, but i would especially want to insist on the term “do” (way, method, principle). Today it is quite common to use the term “judo” instead of “jiu jitsu”, but before i started studying it, this term had been used by one school only – the Jikishin School. Other schools used it very rarely. I chose this very little known term in order to make a difference between my school and other, better-known ones, which taught jiu jitsu. The reasons for which i could not adopt an entirely new name were many: Judo Kodokan (which i promote) has far higher ambitions, i.e. its goals and its techniques are different from those used in jiu jitsu; however, Judo Kodokan is founded mostly on the accumulated knowledge of old masters, so i could not give it a completely new name. Besides, there were two reasons why i did not adopt the term jiu jitsu. One of them was the fact that some schools used such violent and dangerous techniques in both throws and joint locks on arms and legs, and so many people found jiu jitsu dangerous and harmful. Also, in schools which were poorly run, the more experienced used to harass and beat the beginners (for fun), which is why jiu jitsu had a bad reputation and was considered a negative influence on youth. It was very important for me to prove that what i taught others was not a dangerous art and that it could not harm anyone, that it was not the same jiu jitsu the others were teaching but judo, something new and different. The second reason for rejecting this term was the fact that when I started my studies, jiu jitsu did not have followers. Some masters earned their living by selling tickets for the shows they were staging with a cast made up of students, whereas others arranged fights with professional sumo wrestlers. This made me bitter; such conduct I found to be humiliating fight itself. i avoided the term jiu jitsu and instead used 12

judo. Moreover, in order to differentiate it from the term judo as was used in the Jikishin School, i named my school Judo Kodokan, although this might have sounded a bit complicated” (Illustrated Kodokan Judo, Kondasha Tokyo, 1955, pp. 7-13). Prof. Kano put emphasis on two basic principles in order to facilitate better understanding of the judo idea and the mastering of judo techniques. Namely, these are: “Seiryoku zenyo” (maximum efficiency in using physical and mental energy) and “Jita kyoei” (helping each other and mutual benefit). On the aim of doing judo, prof. Kano said: “Judo is the way to the most effective use of both physical and spiritual strength. By training you in attacks and defences, it refines your body and your soul and helps you make the spiritual essence of judo a part of your very being. In this way you are able to perfect yourself and contribute something of value to the world. This is the final goal of judo discipline.” (Illustrated Kodokan Judo, Kondasha Tokyo, 1955, pp. 7-13). From a distance of 131 years, we can say that Kano’s idea has stood the test of time and that today, in terms of the highest civilisation standards, it is acceptable as a very successful and a rational way to human improvement. It is evident that professor Kano, in the pursuit of knowledge and using his own experience and the rich heritage of his culture, was one of those people who have gained such insights so that they can be considered sages. He turned this knowledge into life efficiently and made it accessible to everyone. This is how this magic art became one of the ways for man to outdo himself, a symbol which links our chances and desires, the visible and the invisible, and a path to discovering the truth and meaning. 13

  • Page 1 and 2: Božidar Markuš JUDO IN MONTENEGRO
  • Page 3 and 4: Božidar Markuš JUDO IN MONTENEGRO
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  • Page 8 and 9: The more we analyse what we know fr
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  • Page 14 and 15: Prof. dr dr D‘igoro Džigoro Kano
  • Page 16 and 17: manual for physical education in el
  • Page 18 and 19: In Cetinje in 1962, the Judo Union
  • Page 20 and 21: A great advantage for the developme
  • Page 22 and 23: A famous Montenengrin journalist, B
  • Page 24 and 25: The seminar administration was appo
  • Page 26 and 27: “Organised by the Youth Centre in
  • Page 28 and 29: The Seminar participants held their
  • Page 30 and 31: Pobjeda, Pobjeda, February 23. XII2
  • Page 32 and 33: The participants of Cetinje’s sem
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  • Page 36 and 37: club in Montenegro was established
  • Page 38 and 39: Milorad Vujović occasionally went
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  • Page 42 and 43: 6. 6. 1. 1. OMLADINSKI THE YOUTH JU
  • Page 44 and 45: Milorad - Mi{ko Vujovi} je, kako je
  • Page 46 and 47: Pobjeda, August 18, 1965 46
  • Page 48 and 49: Journalist Bato Kokolj wrote about
  • Page 50 and 51: Slavica Đurović and Zuvdija Hodž
  • Page 52 and 53: Petar Ilić Milovan Kankaraš, Peta
  • Page 54 and 55: time on January 21, 1973, at the co
  • Page 56 and 57: 6. 4. THE JUDO CLUB “PARTIZAN”
  • Page 58 and 59: 6. 5. THE JUDO CLUB “ZETA” - GO
  • Page 60 and 61: 6. 6. THE JUDO CLUB “ČELIK” -
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    Vujovi}a, da klub u~estvuje na kval

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    The members of the Judo Club “Tit

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    The match between “Bosna” and

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    zarda 5:5; Rašović - Puškarević

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    What decided their not reaching the

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    At this year’s Adriatic Cup, 110

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    But we can’t help them much, beca

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    this club and help it within their

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    stay in the company of the best, if

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    The national team of Montenegro, Sp

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    The team from Titograd competed suc

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    interesting was the final three-tea

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    7. 1. 1. PROBLEMS After the departu

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    which left lasting consequences. Ki

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    The club re-entered the First Feder

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    Petrov Petar’s Petrov mla|i young

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    Osvajanjem {ampionskih titula na ek

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    fear was present. The judge had to

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    7. 3. D@UDO KLUBOVI "^ELIK" , "CRNO

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    D`udo Judo Club klub “Ribnica”

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    not implemented, that is, the repub

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    The president of the Initiative Com

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    It was concluded that the formation

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    from Titograd and Branko Radujkovi

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    On April 4-5, 1981, as the newly el

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    Du{an Martinovi} Bo‘idar Marku{ B

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    Dragutin - Lale Martinovi} Dragutin

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    On September 16, 1990, in the “Mo

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    Before the match Russia - Montenegr

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    The working schedule which met the

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    For a long time, the judo school wa

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    Milinko Labudovi} i ja demonstriral

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    on judo was presented, as well as c

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    Na treninge d‘udoa dolazili su Dr

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    At the celebration Sa proslave of t

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    Assembly and the Presidency) were f

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    Martinović were the first federal

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    1999, after seven years of successf

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    Josuhiro Jamashita and Božidar Mar

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    The forerunner of the idea of the e

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    2. The following deserving individu

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    Veterani na Plavnici Veterani Veter

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    Of course, not all of them wanted t

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    Stanka Krivokapić, 2nd place for w

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    Women seniors: Mirsada Ganić, 1978

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    Among the top ten athletes of Monte

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    that he should be careful because h

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    This claim is corroborated by the f

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    many that he was the best Montenegr

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    17. 1. THE SHINBONE Ranko Miranovi

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    Škara understood the professor’s

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    17. 3. A SOLOIST Most anecdotes are

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    There was an unusual silence. Every

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    service in Skopje. I offered him to

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    184 180

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    and the president of the Judo Union

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