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Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

IntroductionThis

IntroductionThis document presents the results of implementation of the IUCN Programme 2009–12. Thedocument is intended to serve multiple purposes, including reporting to IUCN’s framework donors,preparation of the Annual Report 2012 and the Director General’s report to the World ConservationCongress.The report contains both quantitative indicators and case studies with quantitative and qualitativeresults. The choice of quantitative indicators reflects the availability of data within IUCN, while thechoice of case studies is intended to provide a representation of IUCN’s work over the 2009–12across each programme area.Results of the IUCN Programme 2009–12In this section, examples of IUCN’s results are presented for each programme area. In most of thecases, IUCN delivered against more than one programme area. The global results defined in theProgramme 2009–12 were, by design, very broad and intended to ensure that all components of IUCNwould be able to contribute to broad areas of work, rather than narrow targets. It was also assumedthat broader results would be more appealing to the IUCN Membership and to the volunteerCommission networks.IUCN’s Programme in 2009 to 2012 generated considerable new conservation science, based onassessments and experience from implementing projects on the ground. This knowledge was used todrive IUCN’s policy positions in several areas, resulting in a stronger Strategic Plan for Biodiversity,gender-aware approaches to environmental challenges and a pro-poor, pro-biodiversity approach tomitigating and adapting to climate change. In addition, IUCN demonstrated, time and again, the role ofnature-based solutions to the challenges of economic and social development, food security, disasterrisk reduction and climate change with numerous examples of tangible benefits delivered to the ruralpoor.Between 2008 and 2012, IUCN produced 685 publications, forming an enviable knowledge base fromwhich IUCN was able to influence policy and action. While it is impossible to list all publications, someof the highlights include:• Wildlife in a changing world: an analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(Conserving Biodiversity);• Gender equality within the REDD and REDD-plus framework (Changing the ClimateForecast);• Greening blue energy: identifying and managing biodiversity risks and opportunities ofoffshore renewable energy (Naturally Energizing the Future);• Visualizing landscapes: understanding and negotiating conservation and development tradeoffsusing visual techniques (Managing Ecosystems for Human Wellbeing);• TEEB: the economics of ecosystems and biodiversity report for business (Greening the WorldEconomy).IUCN was also very active in publishing in peer-reviewed scientific journals, including Science. Recentexamples include The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World’s Vertebrates by Hoffmannet al (2010), as the first-ever global measure of the impact of conservation, Global Biodiversity:Indicators of Recent Declines by Butchart, et al., and Reconsidering the Consequences of SelectiveFisheries by Garcia et al.IUCN also published on the topics of water, forest conservation, economics and marine in a range oftop journals. In relation to water, articles dealt with issues such as water governance, climate changeand multi-stakeholder dialogues. Concerning forest conservation, IUCN and partner organizationshave published on topics of Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR), forest dependency, landscape332

management, REDD Readiness, among others. IUCN’s contribution in this field has been picked up intechnical contexts such as The Forest Dialogue, Arbovitae (IUCN periodical 2009–2012), the “Ecologyand Society Journal”, etc. On the topic of economics, articles mainly focused in the link betweenpoverty and conservation, the economic valuation of biodiversity as a means to improve environmentalmanagement and landscape management. Finally, another marine publication that has had an impactin the scientific community is: The management of natural coastal carbon sinks, by Laffoley, D. andGrimsditch, G., which highlights the importance of coastal ecosystems as a critical component of thecarbon cycle.Key Lessons from Implementation 2009–12IUCN’s top lessons learned in 2009–12 include:• Basic science, such as the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, serves multiplepurposes as a global public good. In the case of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species,the knowledge has wide influence on policy at global (e.g. the Convention on BiologicalDiversity, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna andFlora (CITES)) and national levels, was used in numerous examples of species conservationaction planning (e.g. multiple examples of planning for amphibian recovery), in secondarysource knowledge products compiled outside of IUCN (e.g. the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3report), to underpin private sector biodiversity management tools (e.g. Holcim’s BiodiversityManagement System), donor allocation (e.g. the Global Environment Facility’s System forTransparent Allocation of Resources) and investment in biodiversity (e.g. the World Bank andprivate sector supported Save Our Species fund).• Policy influence and practical demonstration can create a virtuous circle of action andpolicy influence that is positive for biodiversity and human wellbeing. IUCN’s work onclimate change is a good example of this virtuous circle at work. IUCN promoted EcosystembasedAdaptation, a socially equitable Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forestDegradation (REDD+) and a pro-gender approach to climate change under the United NationsFramework Convention on Climate Change. Based on this, IUCN has started climateadaptation and mitigation projects based on some tried and true natural resourcemanagement techniques that include sustainable forest management and forest landscaperestoration. The effects have continued to build as gender sensitive climate strategies havebeen developed in many countries around the world and with the recent Bonn Challengedeclaration for the restoration of 150 million hectares of degraded forest around the world.• IUCN’s proven role of convening local stakeholders and empowering the mostvulnerable segments of society has emerged as a key strategy in a variety of efforts toimprove rural livelihoods while managing and restoring ecosystems. IUCN convenesand empowers where other organizations and governments have been unsuccessful creatingtransboundary water governance regimes that reduce conflict (e.g. the Pangani watershedstraddling Kenya and Tanzania), improve forest law enforcement and governance (e.g.Eastern Europe, West Africa and Brazil) and in many other contexts and locations globally.• Nature does provide solutions to the global challenges of economic development, foodsecurity, climate change and disaster risk reduction. In 2009, the idea that nature couldprovide solutions was largely untested and undocumented. When IUCN started to look closerat projects that were working in landscapes populated by the rural poor, clear evidence thatempowering local people to govern and manage their landscapes and watersheds wasleading to clear and measurable gains in income, availability of food, climate adaptationsolutions and reduced risks. IUCN used this knowledge to design a new generation of projectinterventions, focusing specifically on these challenges.• IUCN leverages more knowledge, influence and action as a Union than as a singleorganization. With over 1,200 Member organizations at all levels of society and more than11,000 volunteer scientists, IUCN’s reach as a Union is globally significant. IUCN works withits Members to influence policy. During the CBD negotiations, IUCN’s Union of the Secretariat,Members and Commissions led to considerable and specific influence over the Strategic Plan333

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