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Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

progressively worsening

progressively worsening water crisis. Much of the original broadleaf forest in the Miyun watershed haddisappeared. Reforestation activities planted large areas of conifers and other species, and institutedstrict controls on land and forest use, including a total ban on logging. Four years ago, the problemwas that these strictly protected and mainly young, even-aged stands of trees were in a poorcondition. This was because they had not been actively managed. Local communities had alsobecome progressively disadvantaged in economic terms over the last decades, as a result of thelogging ban and strict regulation of their access to forests.It was against this backdrop that IUCN’s Livelihoods and Landscapes (LLS) project was initiated in theMiyun watershed in 2007. The project’s aim is “the establishment of national and local policies andprogrammes that optimize forest’s contribution to rural poverty reduction enhances long-term andequitable conservation of biodiversity and ensures the sustainable supply of forest-related goods andservices”.The project introduced a new set of forest management tools which represented a shift from a strictlyprotective and very conservative regime, to one which was based on sustainable use and activemanagement by local communities. At the same time, considerable efforts were made to find otherways of strengthening livelihoods, promoting sustainable forest use, and adding value at the locallevel.Among the main results of this project is the creation and support of a trans-boundary and inter-sectorcooperation mechanism for managing Miyun watershed. A road map was developed to support futurewatershed governance initiatives and a liaison group formed to translate willingness to actions. Theneed to establish a sustainable financing mechanism was identified, leading to the prioritization andeconomic analysis of Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) in Miyun. A second pilot phase wasimplemented in Hebei province and scaling up efforts were undertaken to promote Forest LandscapeRestoration across the country.Demonstration activities led to the development of forest management plans for two villages, improvedforest management in two pilot sites covering 80 hectares and direct benefits to nearly 60 householdsin the form of increases in local incomes.Accession of Lao PDR to the Ramsar ConventionOf the four countries in the Lower Mekong Basin only Lao PDR was not a member country of theRamsar Convention on Wetlands of International Significance. Lao wetlands, including those ofinternational importance, were neither effectively protected nor managed, leading to the loss of somewetlands and wetland functions. To address this situation IUCN supported the accession of Lao PDRin 2010 to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Significance, and a subsequentincreased coverage of wetlands under the conventionIUCN identified key materials for advocacy and awareness raising, and translated relevant documentsand materials from the Ramsar Secretariat into the Lao language. Both decision makers and technicalofficials from the Department of Treaties of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, IUCN State member, Water,Resource and Environmental Authority, and Ministry of Agriculture and Forests worked with IUCN tofurther pursue the ratification process and influence policy, especially working through the NationalEnvironment Committee and the National Assembly.The processes took eight years leading Lao PDR to join the Ramsar Convention, as its 160thmember, on 28 September 2010, the establishment of Laos’ first two Ramsar sites (Beung Kiat Nongin Champassak province on 02 February, and Xe Champhone in Savannakhet province on 06February 2011) and the creation of a National Committee for Wetland Management.Leveraging policy influence in Guinee-BissauIUCN’s work in Guinea-Bissau was originally set up to implement a coastal planning project, but hasemerged as a good example of working with Members and the government to create positive changesfor the environment. Through IUCN’s original work on coastal planning, the Institute of Biodiversity andProtected Areas and the Office of Coastal Planning were created as two new public institutions.IUCN has worked with its nine Members in the country alongside the government through a dialogueto define priorities for investment in projects on the ground. IUCN also helped form a network of346

Parliamentarians who support the environment, which has led indirectly to the establishment of morethan ten laws, decrees and conventions related to environment.Improving governance of large dams in West AfricaThe benefits derived from large dams in West Africa are not equally shared among local stakeholders.While the development of dams has fostered national development they also pose social andenvironmental challenges, particularly at the local level by disrupting means of subsistence (naturalresources) and production systems, and by increasing in conflict amongst local populations.In partnership with IIED, IUCN aimed to work with local stakeholders to achieve good governance ofthese reservoirs at the local, national and regional levels. IUCN promoted the participation, dialogueand agreement with all stakeholders, in particular the representatives of users and civil society in theidentification, construction and exploitation of dams. At the local level, IUCN raised awareness andfacilitated participatory processes to improve the management of dams. At the regional level, IUCNpromoted dialogue among stakeholders on large hydraulic infrastructure.The dialogues led to the official adoption of civil society’s contribution by the Economic Community ofWest Africa Countries (CEDAO) in December 2011, and the creation of a regional directive that will bestatutory for all countries in the region. This process has also influenced the Authority of the NigerBasin and its Water Charter. At the local level, IUCN also facilitated similar processes in Burkina Faso(Kompienga Dam), Mali (Sélingué Dam) and Senegal (Confluent/Niandouba), with tangible resultssuch as the creation of a roadmap where all actors have been involved, the reactivation of the localwater committee in Sélingué and the creation of an actors’ platform in the Anambé Dam.Enhancing wetland protection in UgandaWetland resources in Uganda have suffered the tragedy of the commons: all people rely on wetlandsbut few take responsibility for managing wetlands. The situation was made worse by the fact thatwetlands were not included in Uganda’s protected areas network, and the local government was illequippedto take on the management role. Current statistics indicate that Uganda’s wetlands had a3% decline in 2010.IUCN’s main goal has been to strengthen the Ugandan National Protected Area network by expandingits coverage to include the country’s biologically important wetland ecosystems.IUCN promoted the development and piloting of suitable PA management regimes in tworepresentative wetland systems: Bisina-Opeta (covering approximately 124,000 hectares) and LakeNakivaale-Mburo (approximately 27,000 hectares) system, which are also Ramsar sites. Six wetlandCommunity Conservation Area (CCA) models were designed to optimize the effective managementand sustainability of the expanded PA networks, which were included into local level planningprocesses.As concrete results on the ground, the Nakivaale-Mburo Ramsar wetland site has registered relevantresults, such as better fish catches, a marked recovery of the lake by two kilometres of the formerlyreceded length. Communities have indicated that wildlife such as the crane and hippos had returned.IUCN also influenced various national level policy processes that support protected areasmanagement including the Wetland Bill (2012) and the Wildlife Policy.Implementing Aichi Targets in South America: from Policy to Regional and National ActionSouth America, the most bio-diverse region in the world, faces several threats to conserve its naturalcapital, such as loss of habitat, invasive species, and traffic of natural resources. Various actors useIUCN governance tools, such as rights-based approaches, governance types for protected areas,increased participation of indigenous peoples and local communities, to address these drivers andthrough scaling-up processes from the local to the international levels.In the framework of Aichi Targets, IUCN is encouraging the integration of National Committees in theimplementation of these targets, both at the practical and political levels in countries like Ecuador andBrazil. IUCN was involved in sub-regional processes, supporting the Andean Community (CAN) in2009 for a South American dialogue to discuss the CBD 2010 Target. IUCN also supported the CBDSecretariat in the implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan SouthAmerican Capacity Building Workshop in 2011.347

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