3 years ago

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

aims to implement

aims to implement conservation efforts in the basin due to its high biodiversity value and ecosystemservices.Three types of strategies related to the provision of nature-based solutions were implemented.Ecological restoration to mitigate climate change in critical zones and of water recharge in the basinresulted in an increase in the forest coverage in 379 hectares; 1525 hectares of soil and waterconservation, particularly in coffee plantations; the forest management of 2268 hectares benefitingmore than 1324 families involved, among others. A strategy to reinforce livelihoods through “tianguisorganico” or organic markets as a means to use the products derived from this new conservationpractices has increased diversification of products and reduced the intervention of intermediaries,benefiting local people, in this case, mainly woman producers and sellers. Giving stakeholders a voicehas strengthened local governance institutions and their policy influence processes. At least three ofthese bodies gather actors of different sectors to promote nature-based solutions.Creating consensus on water allocation and climate change in Pangani River Basin, TanzaniaThe Pangani river basin covers an area of 43,650km 2 of which 95% in Tanzania and 5% in Kenya.Over three million people derive their livelihoods from the Pangani River Basin, primarily fromagriculture and fisheries. The 500km long river also serves a series of hydro-electric power stations,which, combined, contribute towards 17% of Tanzania’s national electricity needs. Ineffectivemanagement, climate change and the over exploitation of water resources is challenging thesustainability of the Pangani River Basin to deliver water services. Competition for diminishing waterresources has led to tensions between the various stakeholders within the basin.Together with the government of Tanzania and donor partners, IUCN responded to this crisis bysupporting the implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).As a result, there is now an increased understanding of environmental, economic and socialimplications of different river flow scenarios under expected climatic conditions and increased capacityto collect and analyze such information. The water sector’s vulnerability to climate change is nowbetter understood and pilot actions such as drilling of boreholes to sustain water supply for multipleuses and construction of cattle troughs for conservation of the river’s water source have generatedlessons in adaptation. Institutional and information gaps between the basin and national levelprocesses have now been bridged through studies, exchange of knowledge and collaborationbetween climate change and water sectors. The Pangani Basin Water Board now has the informationneeded to manage the basin in ways which support nature as well as people and their livelihoods.Moreover the water users have been empowered leading to a more participatory governance of theresources promoted by the creation of platforms for stakeholder dialogue.In order to achieve this, WANI and partners implemented monitoring and data collection systemsthrough training and mentoring of 28 experts from relevant governmental agencies, higher learninginstitutions and the private sector. This led to the development of a comprehensive assessment ofenvironmental flow requirements to effectively conserve the basin’s natural resources. Theassessment produced a series of 17 reports that have underpinned progress in achieving improvedand more sustainable water management in the Pangani Basin, with the policy and scientificrecommendations from the assessment applied to decision making.Simultaneously, WANI and partners facilitated negotiations between stakeholders and increasedcommunity participation. Support was also given for legal reviews and multi-stakeholder consultationsto be carried out to improve management planning and implement rational systems of water allocation.Lessons learned in the Pangani Basin are being replicated in the preparation of IWRM for allTanzanian river and lake basins and in development plans (eight other basins).Case Studies: Naturally Energizing the FutureSeeking a balance: the Western Gray Whale Advisory Panel (WGWAP)Since 2004, IUCN has worked with Sakhalin Energy in order to provide advice and recommendationson how the company can minimize risks associated with its operations on the Western Gray Whalesand their habitat. The western gray whale population is still today listed as an endangered species inthe Russian Federation Red Data Book and as a critically endangered sub-population in the IUCNRed List of Threatened Species.352

As one part of this broad initiative, in 2006 IUCN created a panel of independent scientists—theWestern Gray Whale Advisory Panel (WGWAP)—which provides scientific advice andrecommendations on the company’s operational plans and mitigation measures for the conservationand recovery of the Western Gray Whale population. The Panel includes 11 prominent internationalscientists from a broad range of scientific disciplines.The IUCN convened meetings between the WGWAP, Sakhalin Energy and other stakeholders providean important mechanism of cooperation and collaboration between various stakeholders. Moreover, itprovides a useful model of how business, scientists and the conservation community can workcollectively to address environmental threats.According to the External Evaluation of the WGWAP in 2011, the “WGWAP process is clearly relevantto the conservation and recovery of western grey whales”. Sakhalin Energy uses the advice of theWGWAP to understand its environmental impacts and conservation challenges. Thematically, theissues with which the panel and Sakhalin Energy are grappling in the WGWAP process are highlyrelevant to the other companies working on the Sakhalin Shelf and to the oil and gas industry morebroadly.Case Studies: Managing Ecosystems for Human Well-beingRestoring the Karez water system in Balochistan, PakistanQilaIskan Khan is a small village of 80 households in Balochistan, Pakistan suffered from acute watershortage, particularly during the drought of 1996–2003. Their Karez, a traditional underground waterchannel system, had collapsed due to lack of annual maintenance. IUCN through its project,Balochistan Partnerships for Sustainable Development (BPSD) used the innovative approach ofIntegrated Water Resource Management in rehabilitating the Karez and restoring water to the village.IUCN has been a pioneer in implementing the innovative Integrated Water Resource Management(IWRM) in the area with the help of Community Conservation Organizations. Under the IWRM, theproject intervened at the watershed, water source and conveyance and command area to enhance theconservation of water and diversify crop patterns as well as livelihood options.With an investment of 2.3 million rupees, the community has been able to earn 14.2 million rupees in asingle year from improved yield of eight crops. The outcome was immediately visible as the irrigatedland increased from 40 acres to 310 acres as of 2011. With increased water availability, thecommunity has started growing vegetables and fruit, which has provided them with alternate source offood while ensuring economic stability.Mountain Watershed Resilience & Risk Reduction in PalestineMarj Sanur and surrounding villages covers an area of nearly 60 km 2 with 25,000 inhabitants islocated in the southern part of the Jenin Governorate, Palestine, and suffers from water scarcity andflooding due to poor land use planning and water management.To address this situation, IUCN aims to support the creation of a development plan for watershedmanagement with the purpose of implementing strategies for building resilience and reducing risks.This plan intends to implement projects that will improve drastically social, economic andenvironmental conditions in the area. Several projects that range in two main categories: waterharvesting projects and reclamation and rehabilitation of land projects are under implementationduring the current development plan 2010–2025.While this work is in an early phase, the most important preliminary outcome is that the watersheddevelopment plan has been prepared and endorsed by its project partners and a watershedassociation has been established.Management of fisheries at the Al Hoceima National Park MoroccoAl Hoceima National Park in Morocco was created in 2004; it covers about 49,000 ha of which 19,000ha of marine environment. Due to administration constraints in the management of the National Park,the marine environment was not taken into account and problems arose such as disputes with localfishermen working in the park waters, illegal fishing activities, including the incursion of trawlers, theuse of dynamite near the coast and spearfishing.353

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