3 years ago

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

Premios de la UICN - IUCN Portals

for Biodiversity, the

for Biodiversity, the Aichi Targets and the Nagoya Protocol for Access and Benefit Sharing.Harnessing science based on IUCN’s work, influencing through government Members andworking cohesively was key to such an important policy gain. Similarly, the knowledge andexpertise deployed led to thousands of species assessments and a myriad of biodiversityplans and policies.Not every lesson is positive, so here is one tough lesson IUCN learned in 2009–12:• Without an international entry point and a cohesive body of demonstration andknowledge, IUCN’s programme area on energy was not successful. It’s challenging tostart on a new area of work, such as the energy programme area that IUCN embarked on asearly as 2007. In planning the 2009–12 Programme, ambitions were high for IUCN to play akey role in helping the world transition to a new energy regime that is more environmentallyfriendly. However, the world was not ready for such a transition. For IUCN, there was nosingle global policy regime to influence and far too many possibilities to follow from ruralenergy supplies to biofuel development to the corporate behaviour of global energycompanies. IUCN sees great potential in the role of nature providing solutions to energyneeds, particularly for the rural poor and of course, a need for a more environmentally friendlyenergy regime.Conserving biodiversityGlobal Result 1.1 – Biodiversity-related policies and governance systems enable actiontowards the achievement of biodiversity conservation.Global Result 1.2 – IUCN standards, tools and knowledge for sustainable natural resourcemanagement are available and actions are taken for biodiversity conservation includingeffective management of global and regional common natural resources.IUCN’s progress in conserving biodiversity included a rapid expansion in the knowledge and toolsavailable for biodiversity conservation, particularly from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species,conservation planning and action that included species conservation, improvements in the coverageand management effectiveness of protected areas, management and restoration of forest landscapes,watersheds, drylands and mangrove ecosystems and policy influencing, particularly in the ConventionBiological Diversity.IUCN produced basic knowledge and upgrades to the functionality and operation of the IUCN RedList of Threatened Species with 41,672 new assessments covering 8 taxonomic groups (Figure 1).IUCN completely updated and improved the functioning of the World Database on Protected Areas.The Red List data for completely assessed taxonomic groups has been used as one of the maindatasets to support the application of the GEF5 STAR (System for Transparent Allocation ofResources—to determine how much money each country receives under the biodiversity window ofThe Global Environment Facility’s fifth replenishment cycle. In addition the Red List Index and variousversions of it were fundamental in the reporting on the Convention on Biological Diversity 2010 Targetand national Red List assessments have been adopted as an indicator of achievement for MillenniumDevelopment Goal 7.Among the 600+ publications IUCN produced, were a number of new tools for biodiversityconservation, including toolkits that support learning on how to mainstream an ecosystems approachin water resource management. Current toolkits cover the management of flows (FLOW), governance(NEGOTIATE, RULE, SHARE), economics (VALUE, PAY) and incentives for adaptation to climatechange (CHANGE). Moreover, there have been updates of existing tools covering managementeffectiveness for protected areas, forest landscape restoration and others.334

20000180001600014000120001000080006000400020000Number of Red List assessments 2009-2012by taxonomic group18,5938,6904,272 3,767 3,052 2,315832 151Total: 41,672FIGURE 1: RED LIST ASSESSMENTS BY TAXONOMIC GROUPA large number of IUCN authors also made significant contributions to peer reviewed journals andother influential publications. One of the most significant peer-reviewed articles co-authored by IUCNin the last four years is The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World’s Vertebrates byHoffmann et al (2010), as the first-ever global measure of the impact of conservation. Anotherinfluential article, Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines by Butchart, et al (2010)demonstrated that the CBD 2010 Target was not met and provided a basis for the Global BiodiversityOutlook 3.IUCN also increasingly engaged in species conservation planning and action at local, regional andglobal levels, in capacity building for the implementation of conservation actions as well as in directspecies conservation actions. This is a growing area of work as a number of IUCN Species SurvivalCommission (SSC) Specialist Groups move beyond Red List assessments to promote speciesconservation action more proactively.A number of diverse conservation planning initiatives have been selected for support, including onSawfish, the Brown Howler Monkey in Brazil, the Wild Water Buffalo in India, the Golden MantellaFrog in Madagascar, the Ethiopian Wolf, and threatened land animals in Djibouti. Responding to theneed to promote conservation action more aggressively, investments have also been made to developthe new “Action Asia” initiative on threatened vertebrates in Southeast Asia, and on intertidal wetlandsimportant for migratory birds in East Asia.To address the amphibian extinction crisis, a new inter-institutional Amphibian Survival Alliance (ASA)was formed. As a result of the work of ASA, the amphibian Ark; and the IUCN Amphibian SpecialistGroup, twelve national and regional amphibian action plans have been or are being developed, 55threatened species protected in situ (including 22,000 ha of new protected areas), conservation needshave been assessed for 2,435 amphibian species, and ex-situ programmes have been established for100 threatened species.The Save Our Species (SOS) fund was launched and in 2010 made five grants of 0.625m USDcovering 37 species and in 2011 a further 23 grants of 3.3m USD covering 67 species leading to thedevelopment of conservation strategies and increased protection of habitats. SOS grants targetconservation action on the ground, largely implemented by IUCN Members.Area under protection grew by over 800 km 2 for terrestrial and over 9000 km 2 for marine and IUCN’swork on World Heritage led to the inscription and/or extension of 20 new natural World Heritageproperties. While IUCN cannot claim responsibility for the growth in protected areas in all cases, this isa positive sign (see Figure 2).335

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