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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

- Ensure energy

- Ensure energy consumption reduction and the integration of renewable energy development into all activities and projects taking place in its territory in order to reduce fossil-based energy consumption. - Promote energy cost-benefit analyses (including cost of externalities) in on-going and future projects. - Set an example in terms of responsible energy management, especially by promoting concrete initiatives in energy efficiency and energy conservation, research and innovation towards sustainable practices, efficient and climate friendly infrastructure development, etc. - Partnerships: encourage citizens, private sector, NGO participation in the development and management of energy resources and renewables in the Governorate (Municipality), and - Educate and inform the local population and actors about the new Governorate (municipal) vision in favour of energy efficiency and renewables. 3.5. City of Luxor vision and objectives Keeping in mind its specific values and the local context, the City of Luxor develops a strategy consistent with Egypt’s Vision 2030, the Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 and national energy strategy 2035. This strategy is structured around two levers: - Reduce energy consumption in all sectors through energy conservation and efficiency, in order to provide better services while reducing costs and impacts; and - Promote energy production from locally available renewable resources in order to cover as far as possible energy needs from these decarbonised sources. Obviously, this strategy will assist the Governorate to reduce its dependency on energy supplies from outside its territory and consequently reducing its financial needs to fund these supplies. The strategy will also generate additional resources within the Governorate boundaries through energy production from local and renewable resources. All of the activities that take place within the Governorate will have to include an energy consumption reduction component and when possible an appropriate a renewable energy development component. While contributing to the protection of the national and global environment (reducing GHG emission to mitigate climate change), these measures also strive to protect the local environment (air and water quality, cleanliness and soil protection). In conformity with current regulations, the Governorate desires to promote a mix of incentive and coercive measures. These measures are obviously in accordance with the municipal code and public policies that favour local development and the protection of energy resources and the environment. As energy consumption and production is dependent on many stakeholders within a given territory, the strategy needs to include all of the concerned actors: public services, local entrepreneurs and companies, including tourism operators, citizen groups, etc. On-going information and awareness raising actions must lead to the strengthening of energy consumption reduction commitments and increasing the production of local renewable energy by actors operating in the Governorate of Luxor and the City of Luxor. The Governorate adopted the following strategic objectives within the framework of its Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP): 1. Reinforce and promote energy efficiency in municipal property, public infrastructure and other local activities. 22

2. Promote the integration of energy efficiency and renewables into public and private housing construction projects in the municipality. 3. Integrate the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy into the municipal sustainable development plan (job creation, local energy efficiency and renewables market, market for local services, etc.). 4. Engage all stakeholders on the territory to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy development. 5. Develop partnerships with all providers that are favourable to the implementation of the SECAP. 6. Inform the public about the true cost of energy and make known the incentives and initiatives that encourage energy conservation and efficiency. 7. Create energy conservation and efficiency measures, renewable energy development and environmental protection communication plans that target the local population and the socioprofessional categories present in the territory of the City of Luxor. 8. Reduce energy needs during peak periods by managing electricity demand and by changing energy and gas consumption behaviours and habits. 9. Coordinate with the government on the national strategy and energy efficiency and renewable energy action plan, as well as on the review of the municipal sustainable energy action plan. The primary objectives of the City of Luxor are: Short-term objectives 2020: - Reduce energy consumption across the board by around 10% to 15%, and - Reduce GHG emission by 10% in 2020, compared to the business as usual scenario (2015 baseline). Medium and long-term objectives 2030: - Boost efforts to reduce energy consumption and improve efficiency resulting in a continuous trend of improvement in energy intensity (energy consumption compared to gross development product), - Continue reducing GHG emission with the objective of reaching at least a reduction of 26 per cent by 2030 and if possible going to 30 per cent reduction compare to the BAU scenario. Such an effort will place the City of Luxor in the appropriate trajectory to match the collective target agreed at COP 21 end of 2015 and known as the Paris Agreement, - Improve quality of life in Luxor and optimize service delivery to inhabitants and all stakeholders in order to speed the energy transition towards sustainable development, and - Doing so, strengthen the City of Luxor attractiveness, positioning the city as an example of responsible tourism and culture. Note that the CES-MED project produced two national reports to be used as reference documents for the Governorate implementing their SECAP: • Institutional and regulatory analysis of energy efficiency and renewable energy development at the municipal level texts related to legislation that promotes investment in the energy efficiency and renewable energy sectors; and 23

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
  • Page 3 and 4: EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE
  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents Executive Summary
  • Page 7 and 8: 4.3. Renewable energy development .
  • Page 9 and 10: 2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu
  • Page 11 and 12: List of tables Table 1: Emission fa
  • Page 13 and 14: Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an
  • Page 15 and 16: Section I: Governorate climate and
  • Page 17 and 18: (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u
  • Page 19 and 20: implementing the NEEAP and using sm
  • Page 21 and 22: previously set by H.E. General Fara
  • Page 23: 8. Construct 4500 housing units in
  • Page 27 and 28: The SEAU will be in charge of all G
  • Page 29 and 30: To ensure the success of project im
  • Page 31 and 32: Financing the SECAP The Governorate
  • Page 33 and 34: consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.
  • Page 35 and 36: 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e
  • Page 37 and 38: Value provided Method Final value E
  • Page 39 and 40: * Emissions from livestock and anim
  • Page 41 and 42: average emissions per capita in Egy
  • Page 43 and 44: 10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui
  • Page 45 and 46: Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4
  • Page 47 and 48: Figure 11: Impression of the City o
  • Page 49 and 50: 4. Planned actions for the city of
  • Page 51 and 52: This commitment to act on its own p
  • Page 53 and 54: EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering
  • Page 55 and 56: places and avenues where the new li
  • Page 57 and 58: - Get a good understanding of the b
  • Page 59 and 60: energy conservation, energy efficie
  • Page 61 and 62: only possible when real alternative
  • Page 63 and 64: 155 boats with an average fuel cons
  • Page 65 and 66: Luxor and, by the way, a very effic
  • Page 67 and 68: 4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1
  • Page 69 and 70: electricity used in tertiary buildi
  • Page 71 and 72: 4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul
  • Page 73 and 74: a feed in tariff policy. If this po
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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    the installation of ordinary lamps

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    - Staff training needs: Coordinatio

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    - Coordinate with the road manageme

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    2.2.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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    3.1. Template Identification of CAP

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    expected in %. 2- Reduce carbon emi

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    staff and household owners and mana

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    Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre

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    References Elkhayt, M. 2016. The Eg

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    Climate Change Legislation in Egypt

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    Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..

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    1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of

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    2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult

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    Consequently, the following will be

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    - Tourism and Heritage problem Lack

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    The introduction of the by road, Lu

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    the constant stream of tourists has

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    Uncoordinated designation for herit

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    d) To mitigate visiting risks throu

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    from the SCA tourist info. Center s

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    - Awareness campaign for SCA staff

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    Provide comfortable environment fri

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    After minimising trips by 40 per ce

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    Public-Private-Partnerships (availa

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    to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean

  • Page 257 and 258:

    5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was

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    Phase 2: Continue with the rest of

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    5.1.5. Environmental public awarene

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    • Spreading information and train

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    Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D

  • Page 267 and 268:

    5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions

  • Page 269 and 270:

    Component 1: Select and formulate t

  • Page 271 and 272:

    6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra

  • Page 273:

    Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo

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