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280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

10 x 340,000 = 3,400,000

10 x 340,000 = 3,400,000 EGP 1 Trailer: 50,000 EGP 20 x 50,000 = 1,000,000 EGP Total Price = 4,900,000 EGP = 235,000 € Training Similar to Tourist information centre = 1,521€ Total cost: 235,000 + 1,521 = 236,521 € = 237,000 € Since the farmers will be recycling their waste, they would be benefitting from recycling: • 1 ton of sugarcane/banana waste costs after recycling 700 EGP, • Each Feddan (4,200 sq m) of sugarcane/banana produces 3 tons of waste, • There is 4,900 Feddan of Sugar Cane with one harvest a year, • There is 2,450 Feddan of Banana with two harvests a year and • We can calculate that after shredding they will amount to 2 Tons of waste only. Sugarcane waste: 2 tons of waste x 4,900 Feddan x 700 EGP = 6,860,000 EGP = 327,000 € Banana waste: 2 tons of waste x (2,450 x 2 Feddan) x 700 EGP = 6,860,000 EGP = 327,000 € 327,000 x 2 = 654,000 € Emissions analysis For agricultural waste from sugar cane: 1,280gr CO2 per 1 kg of dry waste (sugarcane bagasse). For banana waste: 1,515 gr CO2 per 1 kg of dry waste. • Each feddan of sugarcane/banana produces 3 tons of waste, • There is 4,900 Feddan of Sugar Cane with one harvest a year, • There is 2,450 Feddan of Banana with two harvests a year. The amount of sugarcane waste:(3 x 4900) = 14,700 tons = 14,700,000 kg The amount of banana waste:(3 x 2 x 2450) = 14,700 tons = 14,700,000 kg - CO2 from Sugarcane = 1,280 Kg CO2 x 14,700,000 Kg = 18,816,000 kg CO 2 = 18,816 tn CO2 - CO2 from Banana waste = 1,515 Kg CO 2 x 14,700,000 Kg = 22,270,500 kg CO2 = 22,270.5 tn CO2 Total emissions reduced = 18,816 + 22,270 = 41,086 tn CO2 Link to municipal development plan Preserving clean free of smoke and burning crops waste shall regain the green image of Luxor coping with Luxor as a green heritage governorate. Implementation plan Phase 1: Component 1: Estimate the needs and requirements of the west side. Start with limited numbers of tractors, trailers, shredder machines and trucks. Exact number needed to cover a vast range of farms in Al-Qurna: 10 Tractors, 10 shredder machines, 20 Trailers. Component 2: While the Agriculture department in Luxor Governorate is managing the renting and recycling process, they should urge farmers to start renting and recycling agriculture waste, Each truck shall be leased on a monthly payment, tentative subjected to further calculation to include shredding machine and 2 trailers with each tractor. This is to be leased to substantial farmers, who will be responsible for serving the vast agricultural farms as well as serving other farmers in the harvesting seasons as well as doing the necessary maintenance and operation cost. The environmental quality law enforcement will be only possible if the above machinery is introduced to Al-Qurna. Component 3: Provide training for a period of a week for drivers and staff. The training will include management of machinery, dealing with farmers and some agriculture-related knowledge. 33

Phase 2: Continue with the rest of the required machinery to cover up the rest of the West Bank which amount to: 10 Tractors, 10 shredder machines, 20 Trailers. The cost could be compiled from the renting of Phase 1 machinery. 3. Organization and procedures Formal approval The Agricultural division, Luxor Governorate. Staff training needs Through the already trained and aware staff of the agricultural machinery department, Ministry of Agriculture. In Luxor, the farmers leasing the tractors and machinery, will be trained on how to use shredding machine and the process needed to produce straw and efficient collection and loading etc. to minimise dropped waste on the roads Staff allocated to prepare, implement, monitor action Agricultural department in Luxor Governorate, Ministry of Agriculture. Role of Partners The agricultural department shall lease and follow up; the big farmers will lease and operate in their farms and provide and rent the machine ties for other farmers. 4. Summary of related Awareness Raising (AR) actions An awareness campaign could be suggested to raise farmers’ awareness of the burning impacts on the environment and tourism. Also, the campaign could tackle the benefits of the recycled waste (fertilisers) and its return of investment. 5. Assumptions and risks - Delay in establishing a unit to monitor and evaluate the recycling process in the Governorate of Luxor. - Rejection from farmers’ syndicate to start renting necessary equipment and keep burning the waste. 6. Key success factors 1. This process could be catalyst for the rest of the governorate to recycle agriculture waste. Starting with Al-Qurna as a catalyst example to be applied to all other farms in Luxor is the message to be conveyed to the farmer syndicate as well as the agricultural and environment authorities in charge. 2. The effective law enforcement led by Dr. Sedeek, the CES-MED rep. in Luxor Governorate, is guaranteed. Hence, there will be effective follow up and applied fines in case of any violation after applying the project. 7. Cost estimates Initial and start-up expenses: basic equipment for the unit Approximate operational Costs (including maintenance) 237,000 € N/A Approximate annual income for energy producing projects Return of Investment (draft calculation) >>0 8. Available and foreseen sources of funding Local authority's own resources: International Financial Institutions: Public-Private-Partnerships (available or to raise) Loans and potential borrower 9. Projected Energy Estimates in 2030 (or other set target year) - Available in Egypt: EG JICA N/A Hotel chains overlooking the West Bank and in the West Bank. - 34

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    This project is funded by the Europ

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    EuropeAid/132630/C/SER/Multi CLEANE

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    Table of contents Executive Summary

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    4.3. Renewable energy development .

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    2.2.1 Template 2.2.1 Proposed Commu

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    List of tables Table 1: Emission fa

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    Industry; d) Transport; e) Waste an

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    Section I: Governorate climate and

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    (MCEI) is responsible for drawing u

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    implementing the NEEAP and using sm

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    previously set by H.E. General Fara

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    8. Construct 4500 housing units in

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    2. Promote the integration of energ

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    The SEAU will be in charge of all G

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    To ensure the success of project im

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    Financing the SECAP The Governorate

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    consumption and GHG emissions. 1.2.

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    1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The e

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    Value provided Method Final value E

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    * Emissions from livestock and anim

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    average emissions per capita in Egy

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    10% 10% Governorate (Municipal) Bui

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    Agriculture 1 692 0 2 622 0 0 0 0 4

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    Figure 11: Impression of the City o

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    4. Planned actions for the city of

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    This commitment to act on its own p

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    EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering

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    places and avenues where the new li

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    - Get a good understanding of the b

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    energy conservation, energy efficie

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    only possible when real alternative

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    155 boats with an average fuel cons

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    Luxor and, by the way, a very effic

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    4.2.3.3 Medium-term actions (3 to 1

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    electricity used in tertiary buildi

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    4.2.5.2 Possible actions As agricul

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    a feed in tariff policy. If this po

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    producing solar heater in small wor

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    TRANSPORT Common charter for servic

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    Figure 14: Seasonal (winter: Decemb

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    2.2. Climate Change Impacts in Egyp

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    cause mortalities 18 . In line with

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    36 million from 1950 to 2010, popul

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    harbour) in Alexandria 45 . Moreove

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    The national strategy, its goals an

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    The key players of this strategy st

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    a. Ambient temperature (2000-2012)

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    Figure 20: Change in cool nights (a

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    a. Dry-bulb temperature (°C) scena

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    • “C”, corresponds to complet

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    Future Cities Adaptation Compass To

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Riv

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Storms - Higher maintenance cost -

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    Storms Floods - Damages/ loss of ha

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    esult of a partnership between Egyp

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    necessary adaptation policies. Prov

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    2. Build institutional and technica

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    Alert / Communication / Education D

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    Table 17: Suggested adaptation acti

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    Adoption of methods to reduce water

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    Section V: Project Fiches City of L

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    Strategy - Transport Strategy and A

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    in the Nile river is absolutely cen

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    • Structuring the urban transport

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    5. Assumptions and risks • Mobili

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    Loans and potential borrower Expect

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    water quality of the surrounding en

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    - Reduce energy consumption in all

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    • Environmental permit: EEAA appr

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    - Minimum NG required per Cruise bo

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    • MoTr through River Transport Au

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    8. Cost estimates Technical support

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    City of Luxor - Governorate of Luxo

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    - Second National Communication on

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    - Reduce fossil fuel consumption in

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    - Directive 2001/42/EC (SEA Directi

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    - Train small local companies that

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    Staff training Governorate (Municip

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    - Lamp replacement by LED 10% 783 k

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    City of Luxor (Governorate of Luxor

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    Laws, Regulations and Decrees Laws

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    lower GHG emissions. This action is

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    Component 2: Develop Solar Water He

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    • The development of Green hotels

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    - Reduction as related to BAU scena

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    is a need to make use of green labe

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    - Incentives for Generating Electri

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    • Install PV Solar panels and SHW

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    This includes: - Switch from AC/ He

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    The development would require the f

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    • Municipality determination to a

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    Energy savings GWh/y - Lamp replace

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    the workshop participants towards t

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    From this study concerning the targ

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    - Link to other opportunities and/o

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    2.1.2. Template Proposed Communicat

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  • Page 221 and 222: Key Message: - Luxor is turning gre
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  • Page 225 and 226: Climate Change Legislation in Egypt
  • Page 227 and 228: Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES ..
  • Page 229 and 230: 1. Introduction Al-Qurna is one of
  • Page 231 and 232: 2 3 (1) Heritage Sites (2) Agricult
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  • Page 239 and 240: the constant stream of tourists has
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  • Page 243 and 244: d) To mitigate visiting risks throu
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  • Page 247 and 248: - Awareness campaign for SCA staff
  • Page 249 and 250: Provide comfortable environment fri
  • Page 251 and 252: After minimising trips by 40 per ce
  • Page 253 and 254: Public-Private-Partnerships (availa
  • Page 255 and 256: to PV system. Conclusion: - A clean
  • Page 257: 5.1.4 Management of Agriculture was
  • Page 261 and 262: 5.1.5. Environmental public awarene
  • Page 263 and 264: • Spreading information and train
  • Page 265 and 266: Total cost of Project: 13,000 € D
  • Page 267 and 268: 5.2 Project fiches mid-term actions
  • Page 269 and 270: Component 1: Select and formulate t
  • Page 271 and 272: 6. Appendix: Luxor Governorate Stra
  • Page 273: Declared by H.E. the governor, Luxo
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